托马斯·科尔Thomas Cole

托马斯·科尔Thomas Cole(1801年2月1日—1848年2月11日),美国画家。出生在博尔顿le摩尔人1801年,兰开夏郡,科尔的家庭在1818年移民到美国,定居俄亥俄州斯托本维尔。22岁的科尔搬到费城,后来,1825年,纽约和他的家人。科尔在早期作为一个雕刻师找到了工作。他基本上是自学的作为一个画家,依靠书籍和研究其他艺术家的作品。科尔在1822年开始作为一个肖像画家,后来逐渐把焦点转向景观。

  • 中文名托马斯·科尔
  • 外文名Thomas Cole
  • 性别
  • 国籍美国
  • 出生地博尔顿
  • 出生日期1801年2月1日
  • 逝世日期1848年2月11日
  • 职业画家
中文简介

出生在博尔顿le摩尔人1801年,兰开夏郡,科尔的家庭在1818年移民到美国,定居俄亥俄州斯托本维尔。22岁的科尔搬到费城,后来,1825年,纽约和他的家人。

科尔在早期作为一个雕刻师找到了工作。他基本上是自学的作为一个画家,依靠书籍和研究其他艺术家的作品。科尔在1822年开始作为一个肖像画家,后来逐渐把焦点转向景观。
在纽约,科尔5画卖给乔治·w·Bruen资助一个夏天去哈德逊河谷艺术家制作景观特色在哪里卡茨基尔山的房子,著名的Kaaterskill瀑布堡垒的废墟,普特南,两个的观点冷泉.回到纽约,他显示五个风景在威廉·科尔曼的书店的窗口;根据纽约晚邮报冷泉的两个视图是购买的a·斯通先生,谁借给他们美国美术学院的1826年年度展览。这获得了科尔的注意——贝瑟尔约翰特兰伯尔——,亚设b杜兰,威廉•邓拉普。画中是一个景观的观点提康德罗加堡从Gelyna。Trumbull尤其对年轻的艺术家的工作和寻求他,买了他的画作之一,使他接触到许多富有的朋友包括罗伯特Gilmor巴尔的摩和丹尼尔•沃兹沃思的哈特福德成为艺术家的重要顾客。

科尔是主要的画家风景,但他也画寓言作品。其中最著名的是五个部分的系列中,帝国的过程中,描述同一景观从近自然状态的完善帝国,然后下降desolation-now的集合纽约历史学会和四生命的旅程。有两个版本的,一个在国家美术馆在华盛顿特区,另一个在Munson-Williams-Proctor艺术研究所在纽约州尤蒂卡。在科尔的其他著名作品u型(1836),怀特山脉的切口,丹尼尔·布恩在他的小屋里大奥色治湖,湖和死树(1825)的艾伦纪念碑艺术博物馆.他还画了伊甸园(1828),与奢华的细节亚当和夏娃生活在瀑布,生动的植物,和鹿。2014年,壁雕画的科尔在他家里的墙壁上,但已经装修结束,被发现。

科尔影响了他的艺术同行,尤其是亚设b杜兰和弗雷德里克埃德温教堂研究与科尔从1844年到1846年。科尔在1829年至1832年和1841年至1842年在国外,主要在英格兰和意大利。

 

 

English Introduction

Le Moore was born in Bolton in 1801, Lancashire, Cole's family immigrated to the United States in 1818, settled in Ohio, steubenville. 22 year old Cole moved to Philadelphia, and later, in 1825, New York and his family.
Cole got a job as an engraver in the early days. He was largely self-taught as a painter, relying on books and other works of art. In 1822, Cole began as a portrait painter, and later turned to the landscape.
In New York, Cole sold 5 paintings of George w Bruen funded a summer to the Hudson Valley landscape features artists where Katz Kiel mountain house, Putnam ruins, the famous Kaaterskill Falls Fort, two point Lengquan. Back in New York, he showed five scenery in William Coleman's bookstore according to the window; two New York evening post cold spring view is to buy a, Mr. Stone, who lent them the Academy of Fine Arts's 1826 annual exhibition. This got the attention of Cole, Bethel John Tran burr, Asher B Duran, William Dunlap. The painting is a landscape view of Fort Ticonderoga from Gelyna. Trumbull especially for the young artist's work and seek him, bought one of his paintings, brought him into contact with many wealthy friends including Robert Gilmor and Daniel Wadsworth of the Baltimore - Hartford becomes an important customer of the artist.
Cole was the chief painter of landscapes, but he also painted fables. One of the most famous is the five part of the series, the process of the Empire, describing the same landscape from the near natural state of the perfect Empire, and then dropping the desolation-now collection of the New York historical society and the journey of the four life. There are two versions, one in The National Gallery in Washington, D. C. the other in the Munson-Williams-Proctor Art Institute in New York, Utica. In Cole's other famous works of U (1836), the White mountains incision, Daniel Boone in his hut in Osage lake, lake and dead trees (1825) of the Alan Memorial Art Museum. He also painted the garden of Eden (1828), and the luxurious details of Adam and Eve in the waterfall, vivid and plants. Deer. In 2014, Cole painted friezes at his home on the wall, but it is the end of the decoration, were found.
Cole influenced his artistic peers, especially the study of Edwin and Church of Asher B and from 1844 to 1846. Cole from 1829 to 1832 and from 1841 to 1842 in foreign countries, mainly in England and Italy.

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