约翰·瓦利John Varley

约翰·瓦利John Varley(1778年8月17日——1842年11月17日),英国画家。瓦利发表景观制图原则一篇论文,1816年至1821年和实用伤寒论绘画的透视艺术。他还写了占星有权文本(插图)上的一篇论文本命 地貌于1828年。

  • 中文名约翰·瓦利
  • 外文名John Varley
  • 性别
  • 国籍英国
  • 出生地哈克尼
  • 出生日期1778年8月17日
  • 逝世日期1842年11月17日
  • 职业画家
中文介绍

约翰·瓦利出生在旧蓝贴酒馆,哈克尼,8月17日1778年他的父亲理查德·瓦利,出生于爱华在林肯郡,在安定了伦敦在他的第一任妻子去世后约克郡。在短暂的时间瓦利约翰是由肖像画家采用霍尔本,然后,在15或16岁时,他成为查尔斯·约瑟夫·巴罗的学生(佛罗里达州, 1789年至1802年),每周两次在谁了一个晚上绘画学校12弗尼沃尔的酒店法院,霍尔本。这是巴罗谁了瓦利在素描参观彼得伯勒从他成为职业画家。1798年,他表现出的高度重视素描彼得伯勒大教堂的皇家艺术学院,并成为在RA常规参展商,直到基础老水彩画会在1805年。

由于OWS瓦利的创始人之一,主要表现在那里,超过700图纸。他也成为了一个非常成功的绘图与师傅学生,包括科普利菲尔丁,大卫·考克斯约翰·林内尔和威廉·特纳(艺术家),牛津。尽管他的成功,他不断地在财政困难“,因为他既是商人无望和气质东西的米考伯 ”。(Mallalieu)。瓦利特别擅长哪个适合波澜不惊,沉思的情绪,他经常试图唤起水彩平洗的铺设。

瓦利发表景观制图原则一篇论文,1816年至1821年和实用伤寒论绘画的透视艺术。他还写了占星有权文本(插图)上的一篇论文本命 地貌于1828年。

他被埋葬在位于Kensal绿色公墓。

English Introduction

John Varley was born at the Old Blue Post Tavern, Hackney, on 17 August 1778. His father, Richard Varley, born at Epworth in Lincolnshire, had settled in London after the death of his first wife in Yorkshire. For a brief time John Varley was employed by a portrait painter in Holborn and then, at the age of 15 or 16, he became a pupil of Joseph Charles Barrow (fl. 1789–1802) who had an evening drawing school twice a week at 12 Furnival's Inn Court, Holborn. It was Barrow who took Varley on a sketching tour to Peterboroughfrom which he emerged as a professional painter. In 1798 he exhibited a highly regarded sketch ofPeterborough Cathedral at the Royal Academy and became a regular exhibitor at the RA until the foundation of the Old Watercolour Society in 1805.

As one of the founders of the OWS Varley exhibited largely there, over 700 drawings. He also became a highly successful drawing master with pupils including Copley Fielding, David Cox, John Linnell andWilliam Turner (artist) of Oxford. Despite his success he was constantly in financial difficulties, "since he was both a hopeless businessman and by temperament something of a Micawber". (Mallalieu). Varley was particularly skilled at the laying of flat washes of watercolour which suited the placid, contemplative mood that he often sought to evoke.

Varley published A Treatise on the Principles of Landscape Drawing, 1816–21 and A Practical Treatise on the Art of Drawing in Perspective. He also wrote an astrological text (with illustrations) entitled A Treatise on Zodiacal Physiognomy in 1828.

He is buried at Kensal Green Cemetery.

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