保罗·塞尚Paul Cezanne

   保罗·塞尚(Paul Cézanne,1839—1906)法国著名画家,是后期印象派的主将,从19世纪末便被推崇为“新艺术之父”,作为现代艺术的先驱,西方现代画家称他为“现代艺术之父”、“造型之父”或“现代绘画之父”。
   他对物体体积感的追求和表现,为“立体派”开启了思路;塞尚重视色彩视觉的真实性,其“客观地”观察自然色彩的独特性大大区别于以往的“理智地”或“主观地”观察自然色彩的画家。

人物关系
  • 中文名保罗·塞尚
  • 外文名Paul Cezanne
  • 性别
  • 国籍法国
  • 出生地埃克斯
  • 出生日期1839年1月19日
  • 逝世日期1906年10月22日
  • 信仰天主教
  • 职业画家
  • 主要成就有“现代绘画之父”的称谓
  • 代表作品《圣维克多山》、《法黎耶肖像》、静物系列
生活和工作

塞尚从圣索沃尔(上阿尔卑斯省,镇来到欧西坦尼亚)。塞尚在出生于1839年1月19日普罗旺斯地区艾克斯。[1] 2月22日,他被洗礼,在马德莱娜教堂,与他的祖母和叔叔路易作为教父教母,并在以后的生活成为了一个虔诚的天主教徒。[5]他的父亲(1798年至1886年),[6]圣扎沙里耶(VAR)的人,是一个银行公司(BANQUE塞尚等Cabassol)在整个艺术家的生活是繁荣的共同创办人,获得他的财务安全这是不可用的大部分他的同时代人,并最终导致一大笔遗产。
他的母亲,安妮伊丽莎白霍诺奥贝尔(1814年至1897年),[8]是“活泼浪漫,但迅速采取罪行”。[9]这是从她那塞尚得到了他的观念和生活的憧憬。[9]他也有两个妹妹,玛丽和玫瑰,与他每天去一所小学。

在十岁塞尚进入了艾克斯的圣约瑟夫学校。[11]在1852年,塞尚进入大学波旁王朝(已经大学Mignet),在那里他成为了朋友与左拉,谁是在一个不太先进的阶级,[7] [10]以及巴浦斯汀Baille谁走过来的三防朋友被称为“莱斯三河离不开”(三个离不开)。[12]他在那里呆了六年,虽然在过去的两年中,他每天学者。[13]在1857年,他开始参加绘画的自由公立学校在艾克斯,师从约瑟夫·吉伯特,西班牙的和尚画画。[14]从1858年至1861年,与他的父亲的愿望相符时,塞尚参加了法学院艾克斯大学,同时也接收借鉴。

逆着他的银行家父亲的反对,他致力于追求他的艺术发展,于1861年离开艾克斯巴黎他被强烈鼓励,使左拉,谁已经居住在首都当时这个决定。最终,他的父亲不甘心与塞尚和支持他的职业选择。塞尚以后收到的40万继承法郎从他的父亲,摆脱所有经济上的忧虑他。

作品风格

在巴黎,塞尚会见了印象派 毕沙罗。初步形成了毕沙罗塞尚的19世纪60年代中期的友谊是大师和弟子,其中毕沙罗施加在年轻的艺术家形成性影响。在接下来的十年中他们的山水画一起游览,在Louveciennes的和蓬图瓦兹,导致之间平等合作的工作关系。

塞尚的早期作品往往关注的景观图,其中包括在山水大而重的人物群体的许多画,画想象力。后来在他的职业生涯中,他变得更感兴趣的是从直接观察工作,并逐步形成了光,通风的绘画风格。尽管如此,在塞尚的成熟的作品有绘画的固化,几乎建筑风格的发展。纵观他的一生,他挣扎着油漆,他可以找到它代表的最准确的方法来开发世界看到一个真实的观察。为此,他下令结构无论他察觉到简单的形式和颜色的飞机。他的发言“我想使印象派东西坚实和持久如艺术博物馆”,[17]和他的论点,他被重新普桑 “自然后”强调了他的愿望,凝聚大自然的观察与经典组成的持久。


塞尚感兴趣的是自然发生的形式,其几何要领简化:他想“由气缸对待自然,球体,圆锥体”(树干可能被设想为一个圆柱体,一个苹果或橘子一个球体,例如)。此外,塞尚的捕捉感知的真理的愿望促使他探讨双眼视觉图形,渲染同样的现象略有不同,但同时视觉感受,提供从那些早期理想的不同深度的审美体验观众的角度来看,在特别是单点透视。塞尚的创新已经促使评论家认为如此不同的解释为生病的 视网膜,[18]纯净的眼光,[19]和影响的蒸汽火车。[20]


塞尚的画作在第一展览来表现的沙龙des拒绝在1863年,这显示不是由官员的陪审团接受作品巴黎沙龙。沙龙每年都拒绝了塞尚的意见,从1864年1869年他继续提交作品的沙龙,直到1882年。在这一年,通过老乡艺术家的干预安托万Guillemet,他展出的肖像去工作重点,大概肖像路易古斯塞尚,艺术家的父亲,阅读“L'Événement” 1866年(国家艺术画廊,华盛顿特区),[21]他的第一次和最后一次成功提交给沙龙。[22] [23]

1895年之前,与塞尚(在1874年第一次印象派展览和第三印象派画展于1877年)印象派展出的两倍。在以后的几年中的几个单独的画作在各个场馆显示,直到1895年,当巴黎的经销商安布鲁瓦兹沃拉德,给了艺术家的首次个展。尽管提高公众识别和财务上的成功,塞尚选择在增加美观的隔离,通常是在法国南部的绘画,在他心爱的普罗旺斯工作,远离巴黎。

他集中在少数科目和在每一个流派同样精通:静物,肖像,风景和游泳的研究。在过去,塞尚被迫从他的想象设计,由于缺乏可用的裸体模特。像风景,他的画像被从哪个熟悉,这样不仅他的妻子和儿子,但当地农民,孩子和他的艺术品经销商担任主题绘制。他的静物画是在一次设计装饰,涂上厚厚的,平坦的表面,但与让人想起的重量库尔贝。他作品中的“道具”仍然被发现,因为他离开了他们,在他的工作室(工作室),在现代艾克斯郊区。

塞尚的画没有得到很好的小间收到的资产阶级艾克斯。1903年,亨利·罗什福尔参观了曾在左拉的占有和三月1903年发表在9画作拍卖L'Intransigeant题为“爱的丑女”一个非常关键的文章。罗什福尔说明观众是如何按说经历笑着配合,看“超印象派塞尚命名”的画作时。错误地认为塞尚的其实画为代表的“艺术亲爱的左拉”(罗什福尔的Dreyfusard夙敌),他画了连接之间的“Dreyfusard势利小人”,所谓的谁被指控的法国军官之后,但无辜的被卖防御计划的德国和左拉的理应珍惜艺术家,塞尚。在普罗旺斯地区公众被激怒了,和了很多天,L'Intransigeant的副本出现在塞尚的门垫与要求他离开小镇的消息“,他dishonouring”。[24]

有一天,塞尚是遇上了风暴在外地工作一段时间。[25]只为一场倾盆大雨不到两个小时的工作之后,他才决定回家; 但在途中,他崩溃了。他被路过的司机带回家。[25]他的老管家揉了揉胳膊和腿,恢复循环; 结果,他苏醒。[25]在接下来的一天,他打算继续工作,但后来他昏了过去; 与他正在大声呼救模型; 他被放在床上,他从来没有离开过它。[25]他数天后死亡,在1906年10月22日[25]的肺炎和被埋没在圣皮埃尔公墓在他的普罗旺斯地区艾克斯的故乡。

1863年拿破仑三世颁布法令创建沙龙des拒绝,在此画作拒绝在沙龙展出法兰西艺术院是要显示。被拒绝的作品的艺术家包括年轻的印象派画家,谁被认为是革命性的。塞尚是通过自己的风格的影响,但他与他们的社会关系是不称职的,他似乎粗鲁,害羞,生气,给抑郁症。他这一时期的作品[28]用深颜色和大量使用的黑色表征。他们从他早些时候在巴黎高等SPECIALE德DESSIN水彩画和素描明显差异的普罗旺斯地区艾克斯在1859年,他们的表情暴力是相对于他后来的作品。

在1866年至1867年,通过的例子启发库尔贝塞尚画了一系列的绘画调色刀。后来,他称这些作品,大多是人物肖像,UNE couillarde(“为炫耀性能力粗字”)。[29] 劳伦斯·高英撰文指出,塞尚的画刀相“,不仅是现代的发明表现,虽然它是顺带;艺术作为情感射精的念头在这一刻做了它的首次亮相。” [29]

其中couillarde画是一个系列中,塞尚实现了风格,“是作为统一的印象派是零碎”他的叔叔多米尼克的画像。[30]黑暗时期的作品后来包括几个色情或暴力的科目,如女式(角 1867年),强奸(以下。 1867),和谋杀(以下。 1867年至1868年),它描绘了一个人捅死谁是他的女帮凶按住一个女人。

印象派时期

普罗旺斯和巴黎,1870年至1878年
在开始后普法战争七月1870年,塞尚和他的情妇,玛丽-顿斯Fiquet,离开巴黎欧莱雅埃斯塔克附近的马赛,在那里他改变主题主要景观。他被宣布于1871年一月欺骗者草案,但战争下个月结束,2月,这对夫妻于1872年一月搬回巴黎,在1871年夏天他们的儿子保罗出生后,在巴黎,他们搬到瓦兹在巴黎附近的瓦勒德瓦兹。塞尚的母亲保持一方家庭活动,但他的父亲并没有因为害怕冒着愤怒的通知霍滕斯的。从他的父亲接到艺术家百法郎每月津贴。[31]

毕沙罗住在蓬图瓦兹。还有在瓦兹他和塞尚画风景在一起。很长一段时间之后,塞尚形容自己是毕沙罗的学生,提到他作为“上帝父亲”,以及说:“我们从毕沙罗都干” [32]在毕沙罗的影响,塞尚开始摒弃黑暗的颜色和他的画布变得更加光明。[33]

在马赛地区留下霍滕斯,塞尚巴黎和普罗旺斯之间移动,在第一(1874年)和第三印象派展览(1877年)参展。1875年,他吸引了收藏家的关注维克多Chocquet  (德),其佣金提供了一些经济援助。但是,塞尚的画作展出吸引了欢闹,愤怒,和讽刺。Chocquet的塞尚的肖像评论家路易·勒鲁瓦说:“这种奇特的找头,一个老开机的颜色可能会给[孕妇]震动,并在她的子宫其进入世界前水果引起黄热病。” [34]

1878年三月,塞尚的父亲发现了霍滕斯并威胁要切断关闭塞尚经济,但是,9月,他心软了,决定给他400法郎为他的家庭。塞尚持续到巴黎大区和普罗旺斯之间迁移,直到路易·奥古斯特曾在他家为他建了一个工作室,城堡庄园杜雅代Bouffan,在1880年代早期。这是在楼上,并提供了一个扩大的窗口,允许在北方轻,但中断屋檐线。今天此功能仍然存在。塞尚在L'埃斯塔克稳定了他的住所。他画与雷诺阿在1882年出现,并参观了雷诺阿莫奈于1883年[35]

成熟的时期,普罗旺斯,1878年至1890年
在19世纪80年代初的家庭塞尚稳定居住在普罗旺斯,他们依然存在,除了在国外逗留短暂的,从那时起。此举反映了从巴黎为中心的印象派一个新的独立和南部,塞尚的乡土明显的偏爱。霍顿斯的哥哥曾在视图的房子蒙塔涅圣-维克多在埃斯塔克。1880年至1883年这山的画和其他的跑的Gardanne 1885年至1888年,有时被称为“项目建设周期。”

1886年,是家庭的一个转折点。塞尚结婚霍滕斯。在这一年还,塞尚的父亲去世,留下他在1859年购置的地产;他是47. 1888年家庭是在前庄园,雅代Bouffan,大幅房子和庭院与外屋,得到一个新发现的舒适度。这所房子,其中大部分减少的原因,现在由城市拥有和开放有限制的基础上公众。

也是在这一年塞尚断绝了他与左拉的友谊,后者使用他之后,在很大程度上,对于成功,并且最终酿成悲剧虚构的艺术家克劳德·朗捷的基础上,在小说L'作品。塞尚认为这是一个违反礼仪,并在童年开始了友谊是无法修复的损伤。

决赛期间,普罗旺斯,1890年至1906年
塞尚在雅代Bouffan田园时期只是暂时的。从1890年直到他去世,他被麻烦困扰的事件,他进一步缩回到自己的绘画,花费很长时间作为一个虚拟的隐士。他的绘画成为了知名的和追捧,他是尊重而成的新一代画家的对象。

这些问题开始发作的糖尿病在1890年,动摇他的个性到与他人的关系再次紧张的地步。他前往瑞士,与霍顿斯和他的儿子,或许是希望挽回他们的关系。塞尚,然而,回到普罗旺斯的生活; 霍顿斯和保罗大三,巴黎。经济需要提示霍滕斯重返普罗旺斯,但在不同的宿舍。塞尚移动了与他的母亲和妹妹。1891年,他转向了天主教。

塞尚绘画之间交替在雅代Bouffan并在巴黎地区,如前。1895年,他提出Bibémus采石场生发访问,爬上蒙塔涅圣-维克多。采石场的迷宫般的景观必须敲了一记,因为他在1897年租了一间小屋那里,并从它广泛画。形状被认为启发了胚胎“立体主义”的风格。也是在这一年,他的母亲去世了,这与他的妻子可能提出和解镦锻事件,但之一。他卖掉了空巢在雅代Bouffan和租用的Rue Boulegon,他在那里建立工作室的地方。

的关系,但是,仍然是风雨飘摇。他需要的是他自己的地方。1901年,他买沿着舍曼宫Lauves一些土地,在一些高地上一个孤立的道路在AIX和委托工作室建在那里(现向公众开放)。他于1903年搬到那里与此同时,在1902年,他起草了一份将他的遗产扣除他的妻子和把一切给他的儿子。的关系显然再次脱落; 据说她烧了他母亲的纪念品。

从1903年到他生命的尽头,他画在他的工作室,一个月在1904年的工作埃米尔·伯纳德,谁住一个宾馆。他去世后,它成为一个纪念碑,工作室塞尚,或LES Lauves。

塞尚的怀疑:莫里斯·梅洛-庞蒂随笔
塞尚的风格办法和有关如何画进行了分析和法国哲学家写的信念莫里斯·梅洛-庞蒂谁是主要闻名,他与现象学和结社存在主义。[36]在他1945年的文章题为塞尚的怀疑,梅洛-庞蒂讨论塞尚如何放弃了经典的艺术元素如画报安排,单一视图的观点,并概述了在试图得到一个“活视角”通过捕捉封闭颜色全部复杂情况眼观察。他想看到和感受到他画的对象,而不是去想他们。最终,他想要去的地方“视线”也被“碰”的地步。他会花几个小时,有时放下单招,因为需要互搏含有“空气,光,对象,构图,人物的轮廓,和风格”。静物可能采取塞尚百工作会议,而一个人像他花了周围150会议。塞尚认为,当他画,他捕捉一时的,一旦获得通过,也没有回来。围绕什么,他画的气氛很煽情实际上他是在画的一部分。塞尚声称:“艺术是个人感知,这是我的感觉中体现和我要求的理解整理成一幅画。”

Life and work

Cezanne from Saint SAUVEUR (Alpine Province, town to Occitania). Cezanne was born in January 19, 1839 in Provence region AIKE. [1] in February 22nd, he was baptized in Ma De Lena church, and his grandmother and uncle Louis as godparents, and in later life became a devout Catholic. His father, [5] (1798 to 1886), [6] Shengzhasha Liye (VAR) who is a bank company (BANQUE Cezanne Cabassol) in the artist's life is co-founder of prosperity, to get his financial security which is not available for most of his contemporaries, and eventually lead to a fortune.
His mother, Anne Elizabeth Honor Obel (1814 to 1897), [8] was "lively romantic, but swift to take offense". [9] it was from her that Cezanne got his ideas and visions of life. [9] he also has two sisters, Marie and rose, and he goes to a primary school every day.
At the age of ten, Cezanne entered the AIKE, St. Joseph's school. [11] in 1852, Cezanne entered the University of Bourbon (University has Mignet), where he became friends with Zola, who is in a less advanced class, three friends [7] [10] and Baptistin Baille who came to known as "Les Sanhe cannot do without" (three cannot do without). [12] he stayed there for six years, although in the past two years, he learned every day. [13] in 1857, he began painting in free public schools in AIKE, under the tutelage of Joseph Gilbert, a Spanish monk. [14] from 1858 to 1861, in line with his father's wishes, Cezanne attended the law school AIKE University, but also to learn from.
Contrary to the opposition of his banker father, he was committed to the pursuit of his artistic development, and in 1861 he left AIKE Paris to be strongly encouraged to make the decision of Zola, who had lived in the capital at that time. Ultimately, his father was not reconciled with Cezanne and supported his career choice. Cezanne later received 400 thousand francs from his father, getting rid of all the economic worries he had.

Style of work

In Paris, Cezanne met with Impressionist Pissarro. The initial formation of Pissarro and Cezanne's mid 1860s friendship is the formative influence of masters and disciples, in which a young artist was exerted by the artist in which the influence of the influence of the artist on the formation of the friendship between the master and the disciples of the age of the year of the year of the founding of the Republic of China was in the middle of the period of the. In the next ten years, their landscape paintings tour together in Louveciennes and Pon Tu Vaz, resulting in an equal and cooperative working relationship.
Cezanne's early works tended to focus on the landscape map, which included a large number of paintings in the landscape of large and heavy character groups, painting imagination. Later in his career, he became more interested in working from direct observation, and gradually formed a light, airy painting style. Nevertheless, in Cezanne's mature works have the solidification of painting, the development of almost architectural style. Throughout his life, he struggled to paint, he could find it to represent the most accurate way to develop the world to see a real observation. To this end, he ordered the structure regardless of his perceived simplicity of form and color of the aircraft. His speech "I want to make something solid and lasting as the Impressionist Art Museum", [17] and his argument, he was "natural" after Poussin again stressed his desire to unite, observation and nature of the composition of the enduring classic.
Cezanne is interested in the naturally occurring form, simplifying the geometric Essentials: he wanted to "treat nature, by the cylinder cone sphere," (the trunk may be conceived as a cylinder, an apple or an orange ball, for example). In addition, capture the perception of Cezanne's desire to explore the truth makes him the binocular visual graphics, render the same phenomenon is slightly different, but also provide visual experience, from different depths of those early ideal aesthetic experience of the audience's point of view, especially in single point perspective. Cezanne's innovation has prompted critics to think of such a different explanation for the sick retina, [18] pure vision, [19] and the impact of the steam train. [20]
Cezanne's paintings in the first exhibition to show the Salon des declined in 1863, which shows that the salon was not accepted by the jury of the official Paris salon. Sharon rejected Cezanne's comments every year, from 1864 to 1869, he continued to submit the work of Sharon until the year of 1882. In this year, through the intervention of Guillemet Antoine fellow artist, portrait he exhibited to work on, probably a portrait of Louis August Cescon, the artist's father, read "L'e v e nement" 1866 (National Gallery of art, Washington DC), [21] his first and last successful submission to the salon. [23] [22]
Prior to 1895, with Cezanne (the first Impressionist exhibition in 1874 and the third impressionist painting exhibition in 1877), the Impressionists exhibited a factor of two. Several individual paintings in the next few years show that until 1895 at various venues, when the Paris dealer Bruce wollard to Ann watts, the first solo artist. Despite increased public recognition and financial success, Cezanne chose to increase the beauty of the isolation, usually in the southern French painting, working in his beloved Provence, away from Paris.
He concentrated on a few subjects and in every genre equally proficient in: still life, portraits, landscapes and swimming research. In the past, Cezanne was forced from his imagination to design, due to the lack of available nude models. Like the landscape, his portrait was drawn from the familiar, so that not only his wife and son, but local farmers, children and his art dealers served as the theme of the drawing. His painting is in a decorative design, coated with a thick, flat surface, but reminiscent of the weight of Courbet. The "props" in his works are still found as he left them in his studio (Studio), in the modern AIKE suburb.
Cezanne's paintings were not well received by the small bourgeois AIKE. In 1903, Henry Rochefort visited once in Zola's possession and in March 1903 published in the 9 paintings auction L'Intransigeant entitled "love the ugly" is one of the key articles. Roche Faure shows the audience how supposedly experience laughing fit, "super Cezanne named Impressionist paintings". In fact, the misconception that Cezanne painting as the representative of the art of "dear Zola" (Rochefort Dreyfusard, he drew SUDI) connection between "Dreyfusard snob", after the French officer who was accused of, but innocent defense plan was sold in Germany and Zola should cherish the artist Cezanne. In the area of Provence angered the public, and for many days, a copy of L'Intransigeant appeared in Cezanne and asked him to leave the town doormat, "he dishonouring news". [24]
One day, Cezanne was caught in a storm in the field for some time. After [25] for a downpour in less than two hours of work, he decided to go home; but on the way, he broke down. He was taken home by a passing driver. [25] his old housekeeper rubbed his arms and legs to restore circulation; as a result, he regained consciousness. [25] in the next day, he intends to continue to work, but then he fainted; and he was shouting for help model; he was put on the bed, he never left it. [25] he died a few days later, in October 22, 1906 [25] pneumonia and is buried in San Pierre cemetery in his hometown in Provence, AIKE.

English Introduction

Provence and Paris, 1870 - 1878
At the beginning of 1870 after the Franco Prussian War in July, Cezanne and his mistress, Marie at Fiquet, near Paris, leaving L'OREAL stark Marseille, where he changed the main theme of the landscape. He was declared in January 1871 or next month bill, but the war ended, in February, in January 1872 the couple moved back to Paris in the summer of 1871, their son Paul was born, in Paris, they moved to Auvers near Paris in Valle Deva Azee. Cezanne's mother kept a party, but his father did not because of fear of angry to notify Hortense. Received a monthly allowance of 100 francs from his father. [31]
Pissarro lives in Pon Tu Vaz. There he was with Cezanne watts painted landscapes. After a long period of time, Cezanne described himself as a student of Pissarro, referred to him as "God Father", and said: "we are from the Pissarro" [32] under the influence of Pissarro, Cezanne began to abandon the dark color and his canvas is brighter. [33]
In Marseille, Cezanne, Paris and Provence were left to move between the first (1874) and the third Impressionist Exhibition (1877). In 1875, he attracted the attention of collectors to Victor Chocquet (DE), whose Commission provided some financial assistance. However, Cezanne's painting exhibition attracted hilarity, anger, and irony. Louis Leroy Chocquet's portrait of Cezanne critic said: "this strange change, an old boot may give [color] pregnant women in her womb and shake its fruit in the world before the cause of yellow fever." [34]
In March 1878, Cezanne's father found Hortense and threatened to cut off the Cezanne economy, however, in September, he relented and decided to give him 400 francs for his family. Cezanne continued to move between Paris and Provence until Louis August had built a studio for him in his home, Castle manor, Bouffan, in early 1880s. It is upstairs and provides an enlarged window that allows light in the north, but breaks the eaves line. Today this feature still exists. Cezanne took up his residence in L'stark. He painted with Renoir appeared in 1882, and visited the Renoir and Monet in 1883 [35]
Mature period, Provence, from 1878 to 1890
In the early 1880s, the family of Cezanne settled in Provence, and they remained there, except for a short stay abroad, since then. The move reflects a new independence from Paris as the center of the southern and southern, Cezanne's local preference. Hortons's brother was in the view of the house Mengtaniesheng Victor in stark. From 1880 to 1883, the paintings of this mountain and other running Gardanne from the year of 1885 to the year of the year of the year of the year of the year of the year of the year of the year to the year of the year, sometimes called "project construction cycle" of the."
1886 is a turning point for the family. Cezanne married hortense. In this year, Cezanne's father died, leaving him in the 1859 purchase of real estate; he was 47.1888 years ago, the family is in the manor, Bouffan, a courtyard and the house and outbuildings, get a new found comfort. The house, most of which is reduced by the reason, is now owned by the city and open to the public on a limited basis.
Also in this year Cezanne lost his friendship with Zola, after which he used, to a great extent, and the foundation for success, and ultimately tragic fiction artist Claude Rante, in the novel L'works. Cezanne thought it was a breach of etiquette, and in childhood friendship began to be irreparable damage.
During the final, Provence, 1890 to 1906
Cezanne was only temporary in the pastoral period of the Bouffan. From 1890 until his death, he was troubled by the events of his further retraction of his paintings, which took a long time as a virtual recluse. His paintings became famous and sought after, and he was the object of a new generation of painters who were respected.
These problems began to develop diabetes in 1890, shaking his personality into another relationship with others. He went to Switzerland with Hortons and his son, perhaps hoping to restore their relationship. Cezanne, however, returned to life in Provence; Hortons and junior, Paris. The economy needs prompt Hortense to return to Provence, but in different quarters. Cezanne moved with his mother and sister. In 1891, he turned to catholicism.
Cezanne alternated between paintings in the Bouffan and in the Paris region, as before. In 1895, he proposed Bib mus quarry germinal access, climb Mengtaniesheng - Victor. The labyrinth of the quarry must be struck, as he rented a cottage in 1897, and drew extensively from it. The shape is considered embryonic inspired "Cubism" style. Also in that year, his mother died, and his wife, this may make the settlement of upsetting events, but one of the. He sold the empty nest in Ya Bouffan and rented Rue Boulegon, he set up the studio where.

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