--------Introduction in English--------
Prehistoric humans lived in dark caves, and the story we are going to tell today, although it is tens of thousands of years from that time, people do not live in much more places than caves. They live in mud-piled earthen houses, which are very simple. Strangely enough, they didn't really care where they lived when they were alive. What they were more interested in and more willing to devote their energies to planning their residence after death was the ancient Egyptians who lived 5000 years ago, who spent almost their whole lives preparing for the afterlife. Why?
Ancient Egyptians believed that after their death, their bodies would be reborn in thousands of years. They think that compared with the eternal afterlife, the present short life is insignificant. Ancient Egyptians saw the sun rising and setting from the Nile every day, and it began again and again. So they think that the sun god is immortal and can bless them into the afterlife. The Sun God is the God of the hawk. The ancient Egyptians believe in the sun god. He is the highest god in ancient Egypt.
The Book of the Dead, drawn on papyrus, contains incantations and paintings, which can help ancient Egyptians reach the afterlife through various obstacles and achieve eternal life. The Book of the Dead will be placed in the tomb with other burials.
The tombs of the ancient Egyptians were magnificently built, and they brought precious treasures and statues to the tombs. In order to make a better life for themselves in the afterlife, besides making mummies for long-term preservation, they also painted tombs full of paintings, which are for the gods to see, to tell the gods what life was like before death, so that they can continue their original way of life in the afterlife. These paintings may include the work scenes of the deceased, their deeds, and even their hobbies, such as some of their favorite games. The following picture shows the wife of Pharaoh Ramses II, Queen Nefertiti, who is playing an ancient desktop game, Senite.
Ancient Egyptian paintings combined portraits with hieroglyphics, which became part of the composition and decoration of paintings.
Does ancient Egyptian painting feel like it was painted by a person? Ancient Egyptian paintings differ in content, but they all have the same style. They seem to be painted by one person. The style of ancient Egyptian painting has hardly changed in the long 3000 years. Their artists have been trained since they were 9 years old and have very strict painting rules. They choose the best angle when describing each part of the character, with the chest and eyes on the front and the head and limbs on the side. Everything in the picture is presented in two-dimensional plane. Ancient Egyptians believed that if sowing, harvesting, animals and servants were shown correctly in tomb paintings, the deceased could enjoy them forever. Below is a mural from the tomb of the ancient Egyptian craftsman Master Senededjam. The role of the murals is to cast a spell to ensure that Senededjam and his wife, Linafuti, are well-fed and well-clothed in their afterlife.
Did the ancient Egyptians finally get immortality? Thousands of years later, we can learn from museums how ancient Egyptians lived, how they worked, how they sowed, what interests and hobbies, they have been immortalized in our hearts, and people can appreciate paintings depicting their life scenes from generation to generation, and they really live forever.