沈荃与董其昌是同乡， 自幼即倾慕董书，并以之为其书学的基础，极得董书的笔法特点与风神。爱好董其昌书法的康熙皇帝曾向他学习书法，或者说是他专习董书而影响到康熙皇帝对董书的偏爱。据记载，在康熙皇帝向他学习书法时，他每每能够“下笔即指其弊，兼析其由”。好学的皇帝，则十分感慨，并赏赐良多。康熙曾对李光地说：“ 朕初学书，宗敬（沈宗敬）之父荃实侍、屡指陈得失、时下每作书、未尝不思荃之勤也。”而且，“凡御制碑版、及殿廷屏障、御座箴铭、辄命公书之。或自作大书、命题其后”。因此朝野间盛行董书，成为了一时风尚。与沈荃同时，还出人称“康熙四家”的姜宸英和汪士铉、何焯与陈邦彦，他们皆以董书为主，又兼取晋唐或者宋米芾书法。
Shen Quan (1624-1684), a native of Huating, Jiangsu Province, has the character of zhenrui, Yitang, chongzhai. In the ninth year of Shunzhi (1652) of the Qing Dynasty, he explored flowers and was given editing and revision. He was also a member of Zhan Shi's government, a bachelor's degree in Hanlin academy, and a servant in the Ministry of rites. Zhushi Wen Ke. He is the author of the collection of Chong Zhai. He is well-known for his profound knowledge, and likes to win awards and be backward, which is quite time-honored. Gong calligraphy, patriarchal clan system, and Dong's family, were appreciated by Emperor Kangxi. They were called to the inner court to discuss the calligraphy. "All the inscriptions made by the imperial government and the motto of the throne on the screen of the palace and the court are often written by the official script." Fang Bao is one of the calligraphers of Emperor Kangxi. "Jiangnan general annals" comment: "Tsuen learn to practice pure, calligraphy especially push alone."
The reason why Shen Quan didn't have the name of "Chong Zhai" is that "in order to talk about the beauty of enrichment, a few sentences have a province, so he used the name of" Chong Zhai " In the ninth year of Shunzhi (1652), Shen Quan was appointed editor of Hanbang of Renchen. During the palace examination, it was the first topic of the branch, which was the second sentence of "the gentleman has the road", the second topic was the chapter of "participating in the consistency of our road", and the third topic was "the regular prosperity of the common people". Huiyuan Cheng Keze, born in the South China Sea of Guangdong Province, was removed from the palace because he didn't respond to Zhu Xi's comments. Shen Quan is a young, intelligent and studious calligrapher. He has a broad knowledge of the world. He lives in the east of aijiaqiao, a descendant of Mr. kujie. His father Shen Shaozeng lived in maobin and had filial piety. Shen Quan lost his father when he was young, and he was very filial to serve his mother. Shen Quan, a native of Qingpu in the south of the Yangtze River, was awarded the editor of the Imperial Academy. When the official comes to Zhan Shi's office, he is the assistant of the etiquette department. ?
It is recorded that after Shen Quan was granted the editing of the Imperial Academy, Emperor Shunzhi chose Shen Quan as the Deputy envoy of Daliang road in Henan Province. During this period, Dong Tianlu and Niu Guangtian, bandits who plundered in Xuzhou and Yingzhou, became one of the victims. Shen Quan urged the soldiers to capture, bandits to flee, and the place was under control. In Yuzhou, officers and captains were sent to fight against the bandit's nest who killed people and robbed money. Dig out more than ten corpses and execute all the thieves according to the law. One of the rescued was a concubine who had no offspring. The concubine was pregnant and eloped because of adultery with the servant. The thief caught her. The thief killed the servant and hid the concubine. Shen Quan catches the concubine when catching the thief. She has been put in prison and has given birth to a son. Shen Quan greets the old man to give him his son. The concubine is punished according to law. The old student knelt down and kowtowed and said, "let me have the latter, Duke Shen!" Shen Quan was very popular with the people in his search for stealing and protecting the people. Soon, Shen Quan was promoted to an inspector. After he took office, he began to explain that: if you are tired and tired from collecting the houses and post houses, please give them silver; if you raise soldiers and horses, please ask several county governments to give orders to five or six hundred stones in big counties and three or four hundred stone granaries in small counties; because of the situation of Kaifeng Yellow River, the officials are scattered, please temporarily move the Kaifeng rural test to Huixian County, and ask for money and grain to repair Kaifeng City; if the land in Henan Province is poor and ridged, you should pay the same If the money and food are not appropriate, please issue a decree to pay for the food according to the land; in addition, if the number of soldiers is insufficient, they will not be paid for use; please issue a decree to recruit soldiers, make up the difference, maintain the number of soldiers in 12000, etc. It was approved by the Ministry of communications of the emperor Shunzhi and then implemented. In the first year of Kangxi, the old man died one after another, and Shen Quan returned to Dingyou. In the sixth year of Kangxi's reign, Shen Quan was filled with contentment. He was granted Zhili as a member of Jidao. Because of the involvement of others, he was engraved with two ranks. In the ninth year of Kangxi, Tongzhi was granted to Ningbo Prefecture, Zhejiang Province. Before taking office, Shen Quan was specially called to write all kinds of calligraphy, which was very popular with Emperor Kangxi. He ordered the officials to return to their original duties and stay in the inner court. In the 10th year of Kangxi's reign, it was specially summoned to wear the top of the four items, and the assistant of buhanlin Academy was on duty in the South study. In the 11th year of Kangxi, Shen Quandian tried Jiangsu and Zhejiang. I've moved to the Ministry of rites, and I'm also a Zhan Shi in Zhan Shi's office. He once said four things about the pavilion, and turned to serve as a reader. In the 12th year of Kangxi's reign, he served as the official of daily life. In the 13th year of Kangxi's reign, Shen Quan was promoted to the Imperial College to sacrifice wine. In the 15th year of Kangxi's reign, he was transferred to Zhan Shi's office, and the next year, Shen Quan was promoted to Zhan Shi. "On the 10th day of April, the 16th year of Kangxi, I went to the palace of Emperor Kangxi, and said to rashari," you can join Zhan to call Shen Quan at the gate of the Qianqing Dynasty. "Shaoqing said that Shen Quan entered the hall of maoqin, and ordered Shen Quan to write the two characters of" loyalty and filial piety "and the four characters of" justice and brightness " Emperor Kangxi gave Shen Quan a seat in the inner hall. It can be seen that Shen Quan was favored by Emperor Kangxi for his calligraphy. In the 18th year of Kangxi, when there was a severe drought, Emperor Kangxi sought advice on how to eliminate the drought. At that time, the old and new regulations were changed, and the exiled distribution area was changed into urah. Shen Quan and Xiang Jingxiang's servant together play: Wula is three or four thousand miles away from Mongolia, where it is very cold, and most people and animals are frozen to death. Since sin does not deserve to die, it will be sent away, and it will be sent to the place where it must die. It is better to follow the old rule. And play words: so touched heaven, three days will surely rain. Emperor Kangxi asked, "can you guarantee it?" Shen Quan replied, "I can guarantee it." Emperor Kangxi asked again, "what if it doesn't rain for three days?" Xiang Shilang dared not speak any more, so he stepped back and returned to the train. Shen Quan still insists on his opinion, and says, "if this proposal is issued, it will not rain for three days, and he is willing to bear the crime of deceiving the king and neglecting it." All the officials of Jiuqing in the imperial court thought they had heard it wrong, and they were shocked. Emperor Kangxi's face changed a lot and ordered Shen Quan to wait for rain at the Meridian Gate on the third day. On the third day, Shen Quan knelt outside the Meridian Gate in the hot sun and prayed for rain straightly. Emperor Kangxi also sat at the gate of Qianqing and waited. He didn't even eat lunch. Some people who care about Shen Quan advised him to get rid of the crown and blame himself. They went to thank him and asked the emperor to return to the palace. As long as he didn't die, he could be demoted to serve the people