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王仲清

( 中国美术家协会会员 )

王仲清四川成都人。擅长中国画、连环画。1945年毕业于省立成都师范美师科,后毕业于国立社会教育学院。师从我国著名绘画大师张大千,历任上海人民美术出版社创作员、上海戏剧学院中国画教师、上海市文史研究馆馆

  • 中文名王仲清
  • 性别
  • 国籍中国
  • 民族汉族
  • 祖籍四川成都
  • 居住地上海
  • 出生日期1924
  • 逝世日期2012-02-28
  • 职业美术家
  • 擅长山水,其他
  • 协会中国美术家协会
艺术家王仲清简介

王仲清,四川成都人。擅长中国画、连环画。1945年毕业于省立成都师范美师科,后毕业于国立社会教育学院。师从我国著名绘画大师张大千,历任上海人民美术出版社创作员、上海戏剧学院中国画教师、上海市文史研究馆馆员。作品有中国画《小三峡》、《胡笳十八拍》(合作)、连环画《阿诗玛》等。出版有《王仲清画集》等,现为中国美术家协会会员,中国禅画研究院名誉院长。
1924年,王仲清出生于四川成都的一个大姓之家,从儿时起就与绘画结下了不解之缘,并表现出了不凡的天赋。1943年,王仲清考取了四川省立成都师范学校,选修美术师范科,师从名家丁忠瑛。这段求学经历使他接受了较全面的美术基础教育,对他的艺术之路产生了重大的影响。他回忆说:“丁老师不但中西画艺非常出众,而且通音律,擅词曲。故而先生笔下秀作,极富内涵。我随师学习西画水彩画,通过水彩和素描之写生来建立西画水彩画之基础。这方面得益于先生巨大。”
抗战期间,天府之国四川是大后方,许多书画名家云集于此。在王仲清就读于成都师范学校的三年中,成都经常举办高水平的书画展,他在参观完张大千徐悲鸿及其弟子们的画展后,从中得到启迪,受益良多。张大千清丽的画风,集山水、人物、翎毛、花卉之大成于一身的宽广画路征服了青年王仲清。更难得的是,他还有幸亲聆张大千徐悲鸿两位大师的谆谆教诲。张大千鼓励王仲清说:“要不怕苦,要立志出名,冲出夔门,集众家之长,方可成器。”徐悲鸿则强调说:“中国画要发展,一定要借鉴西方绘画的长处,倘若因循守旧,那一定是一代不如一代。”两位大师的绘画理论和艺术风格,对青年时代的王仲清产生了强烈的冲击。自此之后,他渐渐确立了以张大千作品为蓝本,借鉴岭南派的渲染技巧,仿效赵望云、关山月旅行写生之法,来实现徐悲鸿倡导的融贯中西、开拓新国画之路的艺术目标。
王仲清画路十分宽广,山水、人物、花鸟无一不精,但是,不论从艺术风格还是艺术成就的角度来看,最能反映他一生所孜孜以求的艺术目标的还是他的山水画。其原因并不难深究,王仲清解释说:“从成都师范毕业后,曾随丁师到峨眉山下任教。峨眉山云山深邃,雾霭氤氲,我有幸能朝夕感受这天下秀的山灵神髓,成了我迷恋山水画并准备为之献身的内在原因。”在饱餐了巴山蜀水的清新、秀丽和雄伟之余,他须臾不忘去实现张大千先生要他“冲出夔门”的期望,决心要走出一条自己的艺术之路。
1947年,王仲清从峨眉山经乐山到重庆,顺流东下,奔赴他向往已久的南京国立中央大学艺术系。对于这段旅程,王仲清一直将其视为人生中刻骨铭心的艺术之旅。即使到了现在,步入晚年生活的他仍常饱含深情地回忆道:“船进三峡后,壮丽无比的自然山水图卷迎面展开,置身其中,真是如梦如幻,如痴如醉。我废寝忘食地沉浸在这目不暇接的立体图卷中,全神贯注,不停地一张接一张地速写下去。突然,主船上传来一片惊叫声,我这才发现船过险滩,水手正举起斧子砍断缚木船的粗绳,同时感到我的双脚已被涌上木船油布的急浪所淹没,待我站起身往主船上逃命时,速写夹子已滑开,所有的画稿均随急流漂去,只有挂在脖子上的空夹随我逃到了安华轮上,所幸险情没有进一步恶化,顺利闯过了险滩。”王仲清很快就为那场几乎使自己葬身于三峡急流的危难感到欣慰了,因为没有它,恐怕也就不能领略到何谓真正的“三峡天下雄”。
到南京后,他以社会为课堂,以行人为对象进行绘画速写。及至国立社会教育学院艺术系招生,王仲清应试录取,到苏州入学,多年的大学艺术深造之梦一朝得以实现,这使得王仲清特别珍视在校园画室中的分分秒秒,从此如饥似渴地学习绘画的技巧,沉浸在艺术的殿堂之中。1949年底,王仲清应新华书店华东总分店编辑部之邀到上海工作,从此揭开了他艺术人生最重要的一页。1954年,王仲清担任上海人民美术出版社连环画创作室的创作组长,迎来了他艺术事业的第一个高峰。
在上世纪50年代,王仲清萌发了创作一些有关于少数民族和二万五千里长征故事的念头。于是,他用了将近一年的时间深入苗家生活,从广西到贵州,几乎跑遍了苗族所有的生活居住地,创作出了反映苗族人民生活的大量素描作品,由于当时大苗山地区土匪很多,在外出写生的过程中,王仲清有时甚至还必须冒着付出生命的风险。除了每天要面对土匪的骚扰、野兽的威胁之外,其生活条件也相当艰苦,几乎每天就是靠一桶泉水和几个玉米饼充饥。然而这些困难和险阻都没能动摇王仲清的绘画热情,他用自己的青春和激情,热血和汗水换来了大量珍贵的作品,完成了他新中国成立后的第一本长篇彩墨连环画巨作——《苗山怒火》。同时,他又创作了《苗家生活素描集》和历史画《歃血为盟》,由上海人民美术出版社以大型开本出版。1977年,又被文化部选中,用以在纪念毛泽东《在延安文艺座谈会上的讲话》。60年代初,王仲清先生自编自画完成了一部长篇诗情彩墨画《阿诗玛》,这也是他的成名作。为了将这则动人的爱情故事绘成连环画,王仲清先生曾长期深入西南边陲地写生,采用意笔重彩连环画的形式向读者再诉了这个令人感动而又伤感的爱情故事。而西南边陲的秀丽风光也在他的画笔下得以充分的展现。此书出版后,被选送日本名古屋万国博览会参赛。王仲清长期深入到广西、贵州、云南等地区,进行大量的写生和创作活动,用自己的实际行动,实践了徐悲鸿先生倡导的拿起画笔到生活中去、跳出模仿的老路、对景写生,并以中西结合的方式发展开拓新国画的艺术道路,他创作出了大量有影响力的作品,除了前面提到的那些代表作之外,他还有许多脍炙人口的代表作,如中国画《八路军子弟大战南泥湾》、《山村乡邮员》参加了全国美展和建国十周年美展;国画写生《滇西古镇》选入1978年云南出版的《云南写生集》画册;白描连环画《沙家浜》(与丁斌曾合作)获全国连环画二等奖,彩色的展出稿则为中国美术馆收藏。改革开放后,王仲清夫妇组建了“双清楼画室”。在这个时期,他的绘画创作又达到一个顶峰。他们夫妇合作创作了很多名作,如《胡笳十八拍》、《木兰辞》、《长恨歌》、《关汉卿名剧选》等诗画集,为中国历史上的东汉蔡文姬,北魏花木兰,唐代杨贵妃、文成公主,宋代梁红玉、李清照等杰出女性塑造出了各具历史内涵和特点的艺术形象。
他的作品无论是人物画、山水画和花鸟画,都非常有个性,他一直主张三不重复:不重复古人,不重复自己,不重复名家。他的每一幅作品里,人、景、情,借助水墨、淡彩与独具匠心的构思,婉约抒情,浑然一体,是一幅幅动人的诗情画。

Introduction to the artist

Person of Chengdu of Wang Zhongqing Sichuan. Be good at Chinese picture, comic. Was graduated from division of beautiful division of provincial Chengdu normal school 1945, national society is graduated from to teach a college after. Master from magnify of Great Master of our country famous brushwork 1000, house of house of research of literary history of teacher of picture of China of Thespian institute of the member that have successively held the posts of publishing house of Shanghai people art to create, Shanghai, Shanghai member. Does work have China to draw " small 3 gorge " , "  A reed instrument used by the northern tribes in ancient China 18 pat " (collaboration) , comic " Ashima " etc. Publish have " does Wang Zhongqing draw volume " etc , it is Chinese artist academician now, chinese buddhist draws academy reputation dean.
 1924, wang Zhongqing is born in the home of a of Sichuan Chengdu big last name, from when the reason that had to fall to indissoluble with painterly knot, showed uncommon talent. 1943, king intermediate clear pass an entrance examination Sichuan provincial Chengdu training school, division of normal school of art of take as an elective course, master from Ding Zhongying of a person of academic or artistic distinction. Experience of this paragraph of attend school makes he accepted more comprehensive art foundation education, produced major effect to his artistic road. His memory says: "Fourth teacher not only Chinese and Western is drawn art very conspicuous, and connect swing, a general term for ci and qu of arrogate to oneself. So show of gentleman the wording and purpose of what one writes is made, extremely rich connotation. I learn along with division watercolour painting is painted on the west, the paint from life that carries watercolour and sketch will build the base that watercolour painting paints on the west. Gentleman of this respect profit from is tremendous. Gentleman of this respect profit from is tremendous..
 During war of resistance against aggression, sichuan of the land of abundance is rear area, a person of academic or artistic distinction of a lot of painting and calligraphy gather hereat. Read in Wang Zhongqing in 3 years at Chengdu training school, chengdu often holds book art exhibition of Gao Shuiping, he is visitting magnify 1000, Xu Beihong and its child people after art exhibition, get edificatory from which, be benefited fine is much. Magnify 1000 picture wind of Qing Li, of collect landscape, character, plume, flowers became the broad picture Lu Zheng at a suit to take young Wang Zhongqing greatly. More god-given is, he still has Xing Qinling magnify 1000 with Xu Beihong the inculcate of two Great Masters. Magnify 1000 encourage Wang Zhongqing to say:  Make  Gou Niu of redfish of Gui confused ass smooth with a rake to brag Sha Shanao of charming of  health Liang of Qiu of Xia of the  that kill hub " Chinese picture should develop, must draw lessons from the good qualities with painterly west, if lockstep, that is generation is inferior to generation certainly. " the painterly theory of two Great Masters and artistic style, produced strong impact to the Wang Zhongqing of young times. From this later, he gradually establish with magnify 1000 work are chief source, the apply colours to a drawing that draws lessons from the clique austral mountain skill, the law of paint from life of journey of imitated Zhao Wangyun, month closing hill, the artistic goal of the Chinese and Western of be linked together of be in harmony that will realize Xu Beihong to advocate, way that develops new traditional Chinese painting.
 Region of Wang Zhongqing picture is very vast, landscape, character, painting of flowers and birds in traditional Chinese style is not had one not essence of life, but, in light of the point of view that makes from artistic style or art no matter, what can reflect the artistic end of in an attempt to of diligent of his lifetime place most still is his landscape painting. Its reason is not difficult get to the bottom of, the explanation says Wang Zhongqing: "After graduating from Chengdu normal school, ever arrived along with Ding Shi below hill of high mountain eyebrow teach. Hill of cloud of hill of high mountain eyebrow is abstruse, mist brume is dense, the marrow of Shan Ling god that I have Xing Nengchao evening to experience show of this the world, became the immanent cause that I am infatuated with a landscape painting and preparation devotes for it. " in play knife and fork of Ba Shanshu water pure and fresh, beautiful and grand, he does not forget to realize magnify instantly 1000 gentlemen want him " strong door giving Kui " expectation, determination should walk out of his artistic road.
1947, wang Zhongqing arrives via Le Shan from hill of high mountain eyebrow Chongqing, direct current east below, hurry off to him yearning long already Nanjing is national central university art is. Itinerary to this paragraph, wang Zhongqing regards his as the artistic brigade that remembers to the end of his life in life all the time. Although arrived now, he what enter old age life often still recollects full of and affectionately: "After the boat enters 3 gorge, gallant and clinking natural landscape graph coils to spread out head on, place oneself among them, if the dream is like unreal,be really, be like crazy be like drunk. I forget food and sleep the block diagram that the ground is enmeshed in this too many things to see coils in, preoccupied, keep one piece receives literary sketch of a piece of ground to go down. Abrupt, advocate the boat uploads come sound of a cry in fear, my this ability discovers the ship passes dangerous shoal, jack-tar is raising the rope of wooden vessel of ax stump ligature, the double foot that feels me at the same time already was emerged the urgent billow place of load boat linoleum is flooded, wait for me to stand up toward advocate when fleeing for his life on the boat, literary sketch clincher already slipped, all rough sketch all float along with race, the empty clip that is hanged on the neck only escaped to install Hua Lun to go up along with me, affection of place favour danger does not have farther aggravation, had entered dangerous shoal smoothly. " Wang Zhongqing is that very quickly to make him be buried feels gratified at the jeopardy of 3 gorge race almost, because do not have it, be afraid also cannot appreciate what is meant by true " 3 gorge the world is male " .
After going to Nanjing, he is classroom with the society, with going factitious object undertakes painterly literary sketch. Until state-maintaineding society teachs academic art to fasten recruit students, wang Zhongqing should try admit, to Suzhou enter a school, the dream in one day that old university art takes advanced courses is able to come true, this makes Wang Zhongqing special cherish every minutes of minute second in campus atelier, from now on the skill with eagerly geoscience painterly be used to, be enmeshed in artistic hall. By 1949, the inviting of editorial office of total branch of Hua Dong of bookshop of king intermediate clear Ying Xinhua works to Shanghai, opened the one page with his art the most important life from now on. 1954, wang Zhongqing holds the position of comic of publishing house of Shanghai people art to write the creation group leader of the room, greeted the first height of his art career.
 Going up century 50 time, king Zhong Qingmeng sent creative work a few have the idea about minority and story of 25 thousand lis of long march. Then, he used home of time development seedling to live, arrive from Guangxi Guizhou, went around Miao Zu almost all lives occupy a dwelling place, the many sketch work that creation gave to mirror Miao Zu people to live, because bandit of region of country of big at that time young plant is very much, outer in giving sketchy course, wang Zhongqing still must risk the risk that gives life even sometimes. Besides the menace of the ado that should face a bandit everyday, beast, its living conditions is quite difficult also, rely on a pail of spring and allay one's hunger of a few hoecake namely everyday almost. However these difficulty and dangerous and difficult road fail to shake Wang Zhongqing's brushwork is enthusiastic, he uses his youth and passion, warm blood and sweat changed a large number of precious work, finished he is new comic of Chinese ink of the first after China holds water full length colour is gigantic make -- " Miao Shan fury " . In the meantime, he was created again " collect of sketch of seedling home life " draw with the history " smear the blood as a sign of the oath " , publish with large book size by publishing house of Shanghai people art. 1977, by culture ministry pitch on, in order to is in commemorate Mao Zedong " in Yan'an the speech on literary informal discussion " . At the beginning of 60 time, qing Dynasty gentleman made up king intermediate to finish Chinese ink of colour of a full length poetics to draw from the picture oneself " Ashima " , this also is him become famous. To become this moving love story draw comic, mr Wang Zhongqing ever ground of long-term and thorough southwest borderland is sketchy, the form that uses meaning pen to weigh colour comic accused to the reader this your person is touched again and sad love story. And the beautiful scene of southwest borderland also is below his paintbrush be able to show adequately. After this book is published, be chosen to send world exposition of Japanese name ancient house to take part in the match. Wang Zhongqing arrives for a long time deep area of and other places of Guangxi, Guizhou, Yunnan, have many paint from life and creation activity, with oneself real operation, carried out what Mr Xu Beihong advocates to take paintbrush to go in the life, jump out me-too old road, right scene is sketchy, the kind that ties with Chinese and Western develops the artistic way that develops new traditional Chinese painting, he creates the work that gave a large number of influential power, besides in front besides those mentioned masterpiece, he still has the masterpiece of a lot of win universal praise, if China is drawn " bay of the mud austral big fight of children of the Eight Route Army " , " village rural postal service member " attended the whole nation to the United States is exhibited and found a state 10 years the United States is exhibited; Traditional Chinese painting is sketchy " another name for Yunnan Province on the west ancient town " choose what Yunnan published 1978 " collect of Yunnan paint from life " an album of paintings; Line drawing comic " sanded home creek " (ever cooperated with Ding Bin) obtain countrywide comic second-class award, of color stalk of grain to be collected for Chinese art gallery showpiece. After reforming and opening, wang Zhongqing's couple was established " Shuang Qinglou atelier " . In this period, his painterly creation reachs a peak again. Their couple collaboration created a lot of master, be like " Hu Jia 18 pat " , " lily magnolia demit " , " song length hate " , " drama of Guan Hanqing name is chosen " collect of picture waiting for a poem, for the Wen Ji of Cai of the Eastern Han Dynasty on Chinese history, northen Wei Dynasty spends lily magnolia, high-ranked imperial concubine of Tang Dynasty poplar, article becomes a princess, balas of acting bridge of the Song Dynasty, Li Qing is illuminated wait for crackajack female to model the artistic figure that gave each history connotation and characteristic.
No matter his work is landscape painting and picture of character picture, painting of flowers and birds in traditional Chinese style, special individualize, he advocates all the time 3 do not repeat: Do not repeat the ancients, do not repeat oneself, do not repeat a person of academic or artistic distinction. In each his work, person, scene, affection, chinese ink of water of have the aid of, light color is conceived with what show originality, graceful and restrained is lyric, one integrated mass, be a moving poetics picture.

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