周炼霞

( 中国美术家协会会员 )

周炼霞,字紫宜,号螺川,书斋名“螺川诗屋”,1908年生于湖南湘潭,14岁始学画,先后师从尹和白鹤郑凝德,17岁起学诗,师从朱古微,后又从蒋梅笙学词。周炼霞的画风格清新,设色明净,诗词多佳句,著有《嘤鸣诗集》、《学诗浅说》(与瞿蜕园合作)等。她的画风和诗风气息相通,若与她本人相比,则有“画如其人”和“文如其人”之感。

  • 中文名周炼霞
  • 性别
  • 国籍中国
  • 民族汉族
  • 出生地湖南湘潭
  • 居住地北京
  • 出生日期1909-10-15
  • 逝世日期2000
  • 职业美术家
  • 擅长花鸟
  • 协会中国美术家协会
艺术家周炼霞简介

周炼霞,字紫宜,号螺川,书斋名“螺川诗屋”,1908年生于湖南湘潭,14岁始学画,先后师从尹和白鹤郑凝德,17岁起学诗,师从朱古微,后又从蒋梅笙学词。周炼霞的画风格清新,设色明净,诗词多佳句,著有《嘤鸣诗集》、《学诗浅说》(与瞿蜕园合作)等。她的画风和诗风气息相通,若与她本人相比,则有“画如其人”和“文如其人”之感。
周炼霞品貌双全,高雅风致,人称“金闺国士”。昔年上海名医卢施福为她摄影一帧,年约二十,布景为一窗口薄纱,她隐身于纱后,微露半脸,人皆赞叹“美而艳”。复旦大学教授、著名掌故专家郑逸梅说她体态清丽婉转,如流风回雪,是女画家中的美人,“本身就是一幅仕女图”。直到古稀之年,仍然风韵犹存。有人记叙在周炼霞年近古稀时去拜访她,见她举手投足,一颦一笑,仍如花季少女,且不失大家风范,毫无做作之态,倾慕不已。复旦大学著名教授苏渊雷当年是周炼霞的众多仰慕者之一,对已入迟暮之年的周炼霞仍盛赞“七十犹倾城”。
周炼霞凭借着她的美丽容貌和聪明才智,将机敏、诙谐、洒脱巧妙地结合在一起,构成了她色彩绚丽的品性人格,活跃于上海文化艺术界而为人称道。有人称周炼霞、吴青霞陆小曼为上海三大美女,周炼霞的高贵优雅,吴青霞的娟秀清丽,陆小曼的蕴籍风流,名闻遐迩。有人见过周炼霞,看过她的书画诗词,惊叹为“天人”。
周炼霞生性机敏诙谐,幽默风趣,在上海诗词书画界是很有名的。有一天,北京画家周怀民到上海,吴青霞特在家中设宴招待,邀请唐云江寒汀、陈巨来、周炼霞作陪。席间,陈巨来请江寒汀作一扇面,内容为梁祝化蝶,又请唐云补草,周炼霞补花。当时,正当盛夏,为防汗渍,周炼霞补花时从怀里抽出一块大手帕盖在扇面的另一半上。唐云见了,便戏谑道:“这手帕这么大,是男人手帕么?”周氏笑答:“是的。”唐云强夺了去,说:“归我吧!”周氏不动声色道:“拿去不妨。”接着又说:“你拿的是我儿子揩鼻涕用的手帕。”满座倾倒,唐云只好笑着把手帕还给她。又有一次,周炼霞到吴青霞家中闲坐。吴青霞篆香阁中有一巨案,长寻丈,阔三尺许,乃独杏木制成,购自吴中。吴青霞说这是为彭玉麟绘梅花而特制的。周炼霞闻之,笑对青霞说:“原来是‘彭公案’。”其机敏诙谐如此。
上海孤岛时期,周炼霞孤身一人,周旋于书画诗艺界,与众多文人墨客交往,左右逢源,应对自如,又生性洒脱,不拘小节,引得多方人士追捧,许多小报记者如蜂逐野花般打听采访,几乎每天都有五六家小报刊登其所谓艳闻轶事,一时艳称之为“炼师娘”。面对这些,她不置一词,一笑了之。

Introduction to the artist

Violet appropriate of Zhou Lianxia word, date snail plain, study name " house of snail plain poem " , was born at Hunan Xiangtan 1908, 14 years old only then learn a picture, early or late heart of Zheng Ning of Shi Congyin and white crane, the poem learns since 17 years old, master from bright red Gu Wei, the word learns from Jiang Meisheng again after. Drawing style of Zhou Lianxia is pure and fresh, fill in colors on a sketch is bright and clean, poetic word much well-turned phrase, have " with a chirp cry peotry anthology " , " elementary introduction learning a poem " (cooperate with Qu exuviate garden) etc. Her picture wind and poetic wind breath are interlinked, if be compared with her herself, have " picture if person " and " article if person " feeling.
Complete in both respects of Zhou Lianxia appearance, decorous wind is sent, person " Jin Guiguo person " . In former years Lu Shifu of Shanghai name cure photographs for her one frame, year about 20, setting is one window gauze, her concealed body after gauze, small dew half face, the person all gasps in admiration " beautiful and colourful " . Plum of ease of Zheng of expert of Fudan University professor, famous anecdotes says her posture Qing Liwan turns, if shed wind to answer snow, it is the beauty in paintress, "Itself is graph of a traditional Chinese painting of beautiful women " . Till seventy years of age year, still charm still is put. Narrate is in somebody Zhou Lianxia year go visitting her when close seventy years of age, see her raise one's hand is cast sufficient, frown and smile, still be like beautiful season girl, and do not lose authority wind model, be without feigned condition, adore unceasingly. Fudan University is famous one of numerous admirer that thunder of professor Su Yuan is Zhou Lianxia in those days, of late to already was being entered evening year Zhou Lianxia still highly praise " 70 still bend city " .
Zhou Lianxia is depending on her beautiful appearance and intelligence an wisdom, ably union is together, formed the moral character character with her flowery colour, active at group of Shanghai culture art humanness commend. Someone call Zhou Lianxia, Wu Qingxia, Liu Xiaoman 3 great beauties of Shanghai, zhou Lianxia's nobility is elegant, beautiful Qing Li of Wu Qingxia, of Liu Xiaoman accumulate book is tasteful, the name hears far and near. Somebody has seen Zhou Lianxia, had read statement of her poem of painting and calligraphy, exclaim is " day person " .
Tack of natural disposition of glow of week temper with fire is humorous, humorous and humor, in bound of painting and calligraphy of Shanghai poem word it is well known. One day, beijing painter Zhou Huaimin goes to Shanghai, wu Qingxia is entertained in the fete in the home especially, invite Tang Yun, Jiang Hanting, Chen Ju to come, Zhou Lianxia company. Between banquet, chen Ju will ask Jiang Hanting to make one covering of the fan, content is bridge Zhu Huadie, ask Tang Yun filling grass again, zhou Lianxia applique. At that time, proper midsummer, to prevent sweat be soiled, zhou Lianxia takes out lid of a big handkerchief to be on the other in part of covering of the fan from the bosom when applique. Tang Yun saw, joking path: "This handkerchief is so big, be man handkerchief? " Zhou laughs answer: "Yes. " Tang Yunjiang was seized, say: "Put in me 's charge! " Zhou maintains his composure path: "Go off with mights as well. " add: "What you take is the handkerchief that my son wipes drivel to use. " capacity audience dump, tang Yun is forced to laughing at handle handkerchief to return her. Once, zhou Lianxia sits to the idle in Home Wu Qingxia. Wu Qingxia has one huge case in seal sweet cabinet, long seek measure, 3 feet make broadness, therefore alone apricot is ligneous into, buy from Wu Zhong. Wu Qingxia says this is tailor-made for wintersweet of Peng Yulin draw. Zhou Lianxia hears, laugh to say to Qing Xia: "It is so ' Peng as complicated legal case ' . " its tack is humorous and such.
Period of Shanghai Gu island, zhou Lianxia is alone, deal with at bound of Shi Yi of painting and calligraphy, interact with guest of Chinese ink of numerous man of letters, be able to achieve success one way or another, answer freely, natural disposition is free and easy, regardless of trival matters, bring with all possible means the personage is chased after hold in both hands, a lot of tab reporters are chased like bee ask to interview like wild flower, almost everyday 56 tab publish his thing of alleged colourful Wen Yi, admire temporarily say for " refine the wife of one's teacher or master " . Face these, she not buy one word, laughed.

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