改琦

改琦(1773-1828),清代画家。字伯韫,号香白,又号七芗、玉壶山人、玉壶外史、玉壶仙叟等。回族,先世本西域人,松江(今上海市)人,宗法华喦,喜用兰叶描,仕女衣纹细秀,树石背景简逸,造型纤细,敷色清雅,创立了仕女画新的体格,时人称为“改派”。

  • 中文名改琦
  • 性别
  • 民族回族
  • 出生日期1773
  • 逝世日期1828
  • 职业画家
  • 主要成就创立了仕女画新的体格,时人称为“改派”
  • 代表作品《玉壶山房词选》
  • 所属年代清代
  • 字号字伯韫,号香白,又号七芗、玉壶山人、玉壶外史、玉壶仙叟
人物简介

改琦(1773-1828),中国清代画家。字伯韫,号香白,又号七芗、玉壶山人、玉壶外史、玉壶仙叟等。松江(今上海市)人,宗法华喦,喜用兰叶描,仕女衣纹细秀,树石背景简逸,造型纤细,敷色清雅,创立了仕女画新的体格,时人称为“改派”。工人物,佛像,仕女,笔意秀逸潇洒,其远祖为西域人,于元朝时入居中原  ,明清两代世居宛平(今属北京),祖父改光宗一度任松江(今属上海)参将,遂入籍于此。明清以来,松江地区文人荟萃,书画鼎盛,改琦从小耳濡目染,深受影响,青少年时就在艺术上取得一定成就。稍长,结交地方名人,如王芑孙李廷敬李筠嘉等,诗、书、画上得到指点,开阔了眼界,名声渐著,慕名索画者接踵而至,作品不但在江浙一带备受推崇,而且还得到京师的王公贵族、官僚文人的赞许。与之交往的有钱杜蒋宝龄陈文述陈鸿寿等画家、鉴赏家和文学家,相互唱和、切磋画艺。先后到过上海、杭州、吴兴、苏州、常熟、无锡、金陵、宜兴、溧阳、当涂、扬州、袁浦诸地。外游期间,与所到之处的文人、画家均有书画应酬、诗词赠答,并游山玩水,领略江湖名胜,使其视野、胸襟得到了开拓和丰富,对其艺术创作有一定的影响。改琦善画人物、花竹,尤以仕女画最为著名,数量较多。曾画《红楼梦图咏》50幅,镌版行世,笔下仕女形象柔弱削瘦,别具风格。其花鸟、山水、兰竹等,吸取前人之长,亦有一定造诣。代表作有《张夫人晓窗点黛图》、《元机诗意图》、《仕女别泪忧伤图 》等。能诗词,有《玉壶山房词选》问世。其子改小芗、孙改再芗均能画,画风尚能相似。

红楼梦图咏

改琦善画人物、花竹,尤以仕女画最为著名,数量较多。曾画《红楼梦图咏》50幅, 镌版行世,笔下仕女形象柔弱削瘦,别具风格。其花鸟、山水、兰竹等,吸取前人之长,亦有一定造诣。改琦的生年刚好在红楼梦作者曹雪芹逝世10年以后,那时候《红楼梦》算是流行读物,所以他也情有独钟,人物画作中自然少不了红楼梦人物,以至出版红楼梦人物画册,已印行的至少有《红楼梦图咏》、《红楼梦图》、《红楼梦临本》三种,其中以《红楼梦图咏》尤为著称。这部《红楼梦图咏》成书比较早,可出版发行很晚。资料记载:该书从大约嘉庆二十年开始绘制,间隔了60多年。因为当时改琦以《红楼梦》图见示于住在上海的风雅盟主李荀香,荀香以为“珍秘奇甚,每图倩名流题咏,当时即拟刻以行世”。但道光九年,李荀香和改琦相继去世,“图册遂传于外”。到道光十三年,被改琦弟子顾春福复得,但不知为何又流于南昌,光绪三年被淮浦居士购得,直到光绪五年方才出版发行。

English is introduced

Gai Qi (1773-1828), the Qing Dynasty painter. Word Bo Yun, No. Xiangbai, and the number of seven Xiang, Yu Hu Shan, jade pot outside the history of jade pot Xian old man and so on. Hui people, Songjiang (now Shanghai) people, Patriarch Huayan, like to use Lan Ye description, beautiful ladies fine clothes, tree stone background Jane Yi, slim shape, color and elegant, the creation of a new painting of the ladies Physical, when people called "reassignment."
Biography
Gai Qi(1773-1828), the Chinese Qing Dynasty painter. Word Bo Yun, No. Xiangbai, and the number of seven Xiang, Yu Hu Shan, jade pot outside the history of jade pot Xian old man and so on. Songjiang (now Shanghai) people, Zonghua Huayan, like to use the blue leaves painted, beautiful ladies clothing line pattern, tree stone background Jane Yi, slim shape, coloring elegant, created a new painting of the ladies, when people called " send". The Ming and Qing dynasties living in Wanping (now a Beijing), Grandfather Guangzong once Ren Songjiang (this is a Shanghai) Senate will be the future of the people of the Western Regions, , Then naturalized here. Since the Ming and Qing Dynasties, the Songjiang region literati blend, calligraphy and painting heyday, changed Qi childhood monasteries, deeply affected, young people in art to achieve certain success. Poems, books, paintings on the get guidance, broaden the horizons, fame gradually, attracted to cable painting followed, the works not only in the highly respected Jiangsu and Zhejiang Provinces along the way, to make the most famous works, such as Wang Jun, Li Jingjing, , But also by the capital of the nobility, bureaucratic scholar of praise. The artists, connoisseurs and writers of Qian Du, Jiang Baoling, Chen Wenshu and Chen Hongshou interacted with each other and studied painting. Has visited Shanghai, Hangzhou, Wuxing, Suzhou, Changshu, Wuxi, Jinling, Yixing, Liyang, Dangtu, Yangzhou, Yuan Pu all. During the outing, and wherever the literati, painters have painting and calligraphy, poetry gifts, and sightseeing, enjoy the rivers and lakes attractions, its vision, mind has been pioneering and rich, its artistic creation has a certain influences. Qi good painting figures, flowers bamboo, especially in the most famous ladies painting, the number of more. Has painted "A Dream of Red Mansions" 50, engraved version of the world, described the image of weak ladies thin, unique style. Its flowers and birds, landscapes, blue bamboo, etc., learn from their predecessors, there are certain accomplishments. Representative works are "Mrs. Zhang Xiao Dai Dian point", "Yuan machine poetic", "ladies do not cry sad map" and so on. Can poetry, "Yu Hu Shan Fang Ci Ci" come out. His son changed to small Xiang, Sun change and then Xiang can be painted, painting style can be similar.

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