高翔

高翔(1688--1753),字凤岗,号西唐,又号犀堂、西堂、樨堂等,别号山林外臣,擅画山水花卉,间作佛像人物。篆刻与汪士慎丁敬齐名。又与高凤翰潘西凤沈凤并称"四凤"。高翔少年时期崇尚石涛,后与石涛结识为友,常相往来,情谊深长,受益颇深,是石涛的挚友和忠实追随者

人物关系
  • 中文名高翔
  • 性别
  • 祖籍江苏扬州
  • 出生地扬州
  • 出生日期1688
  • 逝世日期1753
  • 职业画家
  • 主要成就扬州八怪之一
  • 所属年代清代
  • 凤岗
  • 西唐,又号犀堂、西堂、樨堂等
  • 别号山林外臣
简介

高翔晚年时由于右手残废,常以左手作画。与石涛金农汪士慎为友。清朝的李斗在《扬州画舫录》中有过这样的记载:“石涛死,西唐每岁春扫其墓,至死弗辍”。意思是说,石涛死后,高翔每年春天都去扫墓,直到死都没有断过。从这里也可以看出他们之间的友谊很深。高翔除擅长画山水花卉外,也精于写真和刻印。他的山水画取法弘仁石涛,所画的园林小景,大多是从写生中来。金农汪士慎诗集上的小像,就是高翔的手笔,线描简练,神态逼真。著有《西唐诗钞》,“扬州八怪”之一。

他与汪士慎都喜画梅花,汪梅繁枝,高梅简枝,各有意趣。金农曾说过高翔笔下的梅花“其瘦处如鹭立寒汀,不欲为人作近玩也“。

人物画风

高翔山石常以“披麻皴”画出,苔点恰到好处,很少渲染,笔法简练,墨色淡雅,有空灵之感。树干常用双钩技法,树叶或圈或点,墨色清润。他是石涛的学生,但画并不与石涛相同,他的画个性很强,正是石涛“师造化,用我法”的体现。高翔山水、人物、花鸟、书法等方面无所不精,人们可以通过他的作品增加一些对扬州八怪的认识,收藏的境界有时并非体现在经济价值上,而在于收藏一段历史,保存一段文化。 目前来看,高翔的作品真迹很少在拍卖场上出现,拍卖价格每方尺在十万元左右,但仍然是价值高于价格。这主要与高翔作品不多,且仅有少数专家学者认识他所造成的。高翔扬州八怪中的重要人物,扬州八怪[2]  又是一个承前启后,影响深远的重要的画派,他的画作非常值得收藏。

English is introduced

Gao Xiang

Gao Xiang (1688--1753), the word Fenggang, the number of West Tang, and the number of rhinoceros, West Hall, Xi Tang, etc., alias mountains minister, good painting landscapes flowers, inter-Buddhist figures. Seal and Wang Shishen, Ding Jing name. And with Gao Fenghan, Pan Xi Feng, Shen Feng and said "four phoenix". Gao Xiang Shitao advocate Shi Tao, after the meeting with the Friends of Shi Tao, often intercourse, friendship, deep, deep benefit is Shi Tao's close friend and loyal followers

Gao Xiang in his later years due to the right hand disability, often left hand painting. And Shi Tao, Jinnong, Wang Shishen friends. The Qing dynasty Li Dou in the "Yangzhou Huafang recorded" in such a record: "Shi Tao died, the Western Tang Dynasty spring sweep each tomb, to death died." Means that, after the death of Shi Tao, Gao Xiang to the grave every spring, until the death did not cut off. From here we can see that the friendship between them is very deep. Gao Xiang in addition to good painting landscape flowers, but also skilled in portrait and engraving. His landscape painting method Hongren and Shi Tao, the painting of the small garden landscape, mostly from the sketch. Jinnong, Wang Shizhen poetry on the small, is Gao Xiang's handwriting, line drawing concise, air of realism. Author of "Western Tang Dynasty poem", "Yangzhou eight strange" one.

He and Wang Shixin are like painting plum, Wang Mei-chi, Gomel Jane branch, each interesting. Jinnong once said Gao Xiang's plum blossom "its thin, such as Heron Li Hang Ting, do not want to make people close to play."

Character style

Gao Xiangshan stone often "Phi Ma Cun" to draw, moss point just right, very little rendering, writing Concise, elegant ink, a sense of ethereal. Trunk commonly used double hook technique, leaves or circle or point, ink moist. He is a student of Shi Tao, but the painting is not the same with Shi Tao, his painting is very strong personality, it is Shi Tao, "the teacher of good fortune, with my law" embodiment. Gao Xiang in the landscape, figures, flowers, birds, calligraphy and other aspects of all fine, people can add some of his works on Yangzhou eight strange understanding, the realm of collection sometimes is not reflected in the economic value, but rather a collection of history, save a culture . At present, Gao Xiang's works rarely appeared in the auction site, the auction price of 100,000 yuan per square foot, but still higher than the price value. This is not much work with Gao Xiang, and only a small number of experts and scholars to understand what he caused. Gao Xiang is an important figure in the Eight Eccentrics of Yangzhou, Yangzhou eight strange [2] is a link between past and far-reaching important school of painting, his paintings are very worthy of collection.

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