Leng mei(1669 - 1742) Qing court painter Ji Chen, Jinmen painting history, Shandong Jiaozhou, Jiao Bingzhen disciples, good painting figures, circles painting, especially fine ladies, painting effective Western painting, , Dotted the house as fine as the border painting, ink clean, Fu color Shao show, the Code Lai Yan Ya, quite a division. Since the Kangxi to the Qianlong end, blend of Chinese and Western techniques of painting style in the painting is quite popular, but also affect the folk art, pieces for the active promotion of this technique.
Cold in Jiaozhou in the first generation of the famous painter cold rock, because he was a portrait of Emperor Shun Shun active merit, along with the emperor to give him a number of Jiaozhou Huangbu Ling land, then home Yan. Its ancestors Huangpu Ling in the west of Jiaozhou City, about three years from the city, before the cold pieces of several generations have moved to Jiaozhou City, the watershed Street (now Qingdao Jiaozhou Central Hospital resident).
Cold pieces of about Kangxi thirty-five years (1696) before the introduction of his division Jiao Bingzhen into the palace, "Bing Cheng Feng Chi painting" farming weaving map ", pieces of assistance", this figure by two drawn, A total of 46, the performance of the folk "village scenery, Tian Jia Zuoku, the best of its music, Shen Qi deep heart." As the cold pieces of life most of the time living in the court, so outside the little is known about his situation. Cold pieces into the inner court, in the Kangxi later years of painting is the most famous "Wanshou map" and "summer resort map" and so on.
"Addendum Chi" contains: cold pieces of "Gong Danqing, wonderful color, painting characters, especially the moment crown." Once for "" Tong Ye Feng brother map "especially famous at the time, there are several of this, because the king of friendship and love for the king. According to the Qing Dynasty Zhang Geng, "the Korean painting collection" set, the early Qing Dynasty, four painters from Shandong, "Wei-ching and the only gold and Jiaozhou law if the true man, Gao Fenghan four only." In the Kangxi fifty years (1711) or so, he has become a forerunner of the Court of painting in the court.... This can be from his famous 14 leading palace painter cooperation Kangxi sixty "Wanshou map" at the end of the volume to see: "Kangxi fifty-six years of spring lunar month cold pieces ...... Xu Ming Shi Feng Zhi Gong painting." "Wanshou map" Beginning in fifty-two years of Kangxi (1713), the beginning of Song Chun industry presided over. After the manuscript, Kangxi also ordered Wang Yuanqi president. Wang died two years later, all painted things led by the cold pieces. From the volume on the title we can see that this figure is recorded Kangxi "sixty thousand years of life" celebration scene, "according to chariot road line, painting for the picture", from the Shenwu Men from Xizhimen to Changchun Park up to dozens In the celebration scene truthfully recorded, from the scene to complete the sketch to write, the project is how vast and arduous.
Cold pieces in the painting on the outstanding performance skills, by Kangxi appreciated. But in the Yongzheng period has been neglected, was expelled from the court, the Yongzheng reign of thirteen years, the Qing archives in the name of the cold. Lengmei left the court and became a painter in the field. At this point the cold pieces of multi-dwelling in the Prince of Hong Kong sentence in the house, had to draw a Prince of Prince, "command wishful ceiling," the top position of the painting covered with "Feng Enguo Gongzhang chapter", to support his This experience. During this period, the works such as "Farmhouse Storybook", "Gouguo Tu", "Garment Picture", "Ou Lu Tu", "Cai Sang Tu" and "Paper Kite" "And the" Jinmen painting history "Zhu Wenyin, this is his special painting in the palace when the seal. The expert analysis, the European missionary painter to bring Western painting techniques, Chinese and Western style, in the traditional style, although the style, but also the cold pieces were expelled from the real reason. Yongzheng did not like Chinese painting mixed with Western painting, and cold pieces and their teacher Jiao Bingzhen, who is absorbed in the Western painting techniques representative. At the same time, Xu Shiming, a painter who was also expelled from the academy, was also sent back to his bachelor.
Qianlong was an eminent emperor. Before he ascended the throne, he had noticed the works of Leng Mei. So after he was in power, the Office of the Qing Dynasty to create a living file in the file suddenly appeared in the name of cold gold, but not uncommon, as many as dozens. The earliest one is: "the first year of Qianlong (1736) the first month on the 9th, the Minister of the sea will be served on the encyclical will be painted cold man came, according to the Cining Palace painting reward to the money and grain. 11 two. This is the highest in the painting of the people (the Qianlong dynasty painting painter treatment: first-class 11 two, two 9 two, three two 7, not into the painting and other people under the two 6. Qianlong early two silver can buy a stone Meter).
Qianlong to cold pieces of the first task is to order him to draw the Yuanmingyuan temples, each drawing a picture, drawing a total map (clear "made clear"). In this way, more than a year's time, the cold are in the Yuanmingyuan in the construction, landscape painting and creation. He ignored the old and feeble, cheer up the spirit, painting the "Yuanmingyuan 40 King" and other huge works.
Qianlong on the cold pieces of life care is very thoughtful, according to the Qing Dynasty, "Office of the Office of clearing" records: the first year of Qianlong (1736) lunar January 12 "due to cold pieces of household population, lack of money and grain with" Silver 3 two. In this way, the cold pieces of food and food actually eat up to 14 two. As the cold pieces of old, Qianlong arrangements for his son cold cold to help cold-painted. The second year on April 11, Emperor Qianlong and reward a few official room to live a few years; Qianlong six years (1741) the first month to enjoy the cold pieces of blue treasure chestnut Two, large satin two; to seven years (1742) on July 23, Emperor Qianlong and reward the silver silver 50 two. These are the Emperor Qianlong very attentive to the cold pieces, to his life is also very favorable treatment.
Qianlong is not only concerned about the cold pieces in life, at work is to take care of, so he will not be too tired, but also give full play to its strengths. Sometimes only let the cold paint a draft, and then let the cold pieces of the son or apprentice to complete. And sometimes let the cold pieces of painting only an important part of the rest for others to paint. Such as the four years of Qianlong (1739) the first month of the seventh day of the "cold-painted pieces of the current painting," Sheng Ming emperors "," Yang Zheng map "on the surface like a cold painting, the other painting ... ... Painting the painting, where all the paintings are painted with Iraq, the rest of the people painting, Qin this. This is the general situation of the late years in the painting studio activities.