恽冰

恽冰,清代乾隆、嘉庆、道光年间深得家传的一位女画家,生卒年不详。字清於,号浩如,别号兰陵女史,亦署南兰女子。武进(今江苏常州)人。诸生恽钟隆次女,恽南田族玄孙女。善花果,芊绵蕴藉,用粉精纯,作已辄题小诗,名著吴中。乾隆初,江苏巡抚君继善以恽冰画进呈孝圣太后,乾隆帝题诗嘉奖。

  • 中文名恽冰
  • 性别
  • 祖籍武进(今江苏常州)
  • 职业清代女画家
  • 所属年代清代
  • 生卒年不详
  • 清於
  • 浩如,别号兰陵女史
  • 代表作品《蒲塘秋艳图》、《华春双艳图》、《南山佳色图》、《紫藤月季图》、《紫霞朱帐图》
人物简介

恽冰,清初画坛"四王吴恽"中恽南田家族的后裔。她自幼潜心于花鸟画创作,不仅整日观摩家中所藏恽南田的画作,掌握表现技法,而且常观察房前屋后的花草 、虫蝶,从中汲取大自然赋予的创作灵感。成年后,嫁同郡毛鸿调为妻。清吴德旋《初月楼续闻见录》记载他们"筑小楼,夫妻吟诗作画以老焉"。婚后良好的文化环境有助于恽冰的艺术日臻成熟。其花鸟画注重逼真写实,造型生动传神。花瓣常以水墨着色晕染,通过灵动多变的用笔,把墨、色与画中的形象完全融为一体;茎枝、叶筋以娴熟的笔力一笔勾就;叶片注重阴阳向背的处理关系,颇具立体感。她与以擅勾染闻名的马荃合称为清代女性画坛双绝。吴德旋《初月接续闻见录》中云:"时武进恽冰画,以没骨名。而江香(马扶曦女)以勾染名,江南人谓之'双绝'"。子凤朝、凤梧、凤仪均习画,孙女周尤能得其笔意。

绘画作品

恽冰存世的作品很多,有故宫博物院藏《蒲塘秋艳图》、《华春双艳图》、《南山佳色图》、《紫藤月季图》、《紫霞朱帐图》;上海博物院藏《春风鸜鹆图》及广州市美术馆藏《南山秋艳图》。北京故宫博物院明清书画陈列馆曾经展出过一幅恽冰画的《藤花翠鸟图》扇面画,此图用没骨法画折枝紫藤,由右向左伸展,花疏叶茂,虬枝飘荡,紫膝上一鸟窝。内有四只小鸟,张着小嘴,喳喳鸣叫;一翠鸟嘴衔一虫,飞向窝来哺育小乌。笔墨不多,生动有趣。此幅扇面画画面构图新颖,笔墨清秀,色彩艳丽,别有风致。自题:"四月藤花香满衣,清於恽冰"。下钤"恽冰之印"白文方印、"兰陵大史"朱白文印。

English is introduced

Yun Bing, Qing Dynasty Qianlong, Jiaqing, Daoguang years won a family of a female painter, birth and death unknown. The word clear, Hao Hao, alias Lanling female history, also Department of Southland woman. Wujin (now Jiangsu Changzhou) people. Zhu Yun Yunzhong daughter, Yunnan Tianxu granddaughter. Good flower and fruit, Qian cotton Yun by, with powder pure, for the title has been a poem, Wuzhong famous. Qianlong, governor of Jiangsu Jun good to Yun Bing painted into the filial saint of the Empress Dowager, Emperor Qianlong poem awards.
Artwork
Yun Bing survived a lot of works, there are the National Palace Museum, "Pu Tong Qiuyan map", "Hua Chun Shuangyan map", "Nanshan good color map", "Wisteria Rose map", " Tibetan "Chunfeng 鹆 鹆 map" and the Guangzhou Art Museum "Nanshan Qiuyan map." Beijing Palace Museum Ming and Qing Dynasties Painting and Calligraphy Exhibition Hall has exhibited a Yunbing painted "Fujino Kingfisher" fan painting, this map with no bone painting Wistaria broken branches, stretched from right to left, flowers Shu Mao, Qiu floating , Purple knee on a bird's nest. There are four small birds, Zhang mouth, chirping twitter; a Kingfisher mouth title of an insect, fly to the nest to nurture small black. Not much ink, interesting. This fan frame picture composition of novel, ink and ink show, colorful, do not have wind. From: "April vine flowers full of clothing, clear in Yun Bing." Under the seal "Yun Bing of India" Bai Wenfang India, "Lanling History" Zhu white printed.
 

Biography

Yun Bing, early Qing Dynasty painting "Four King Wu Yun" in Yun Nantian family descendants. Since her childhood, she has devoted herself to the creation of flower and bird paintings. She not only observes the paintings of Yun Nantian in her home all day, mastering the techniques of expression, but also observes the flowers and insects behind the houses. It draws inspiration from nature. After the adult, married to the county with the county of Mao Hong. Qing Wu De Xuan, "the first floor of the building continued to smell the record," recorded them "to build small building, husband and wife painting poetry to the old Yan." After marriage a good cultural environment to help Yun Bing's art matures. The flower-and-bird paintings focus on realism, realistic vivid shape. Petals often ink coloring blooming, through the Smart and changeable pen, the ink, color and image of the image completely integrated; stems, leaves tendons to the skill of a pen on the hook; leaves focus on handling the yin and yang back Relationship, rather three-dimensional sense. She and well-known hook to the well-known horse Quan together as the Qing Dynasty women painting double.
Wu De Xuan, "the beginning of the month to hear the news recorded," said: "When Wujin Yunbing painting, to no bone name, while Jiang Xiang (Ma Fu Xi female) to hook dyeing name, Jiangnan people that 'double absolute'. Zifeng Chao, Feng Wu, Feng Yi are learning to draw, the granddaughter of Zhou You can get their pen.

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