黄宾虹（1865 年1月27日——1955 年3月25日），原籍安徽省徽州歙县，生于浙江金华，成长于老家歙县潭渡村，初名懋质，后改名质，字朴存，号宾虹，别署予向。近现代画家，擅画山水，为山水画一代宗师。六岁时，临摹家藏的沈庭瑞（樗崖）山水册，曾从郑珊，陈崇光等学花鸟。精研传统与关注写生齐头并进，早年受“新安画派”影响，以干笔淡墨、疏淡清逸为特色，为“白宾虹”；八十岁后以黑密厚重、黑里透亮为特色，为“黑宾虹”。
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Jinhua to Shexian period (1865 ~ 1907). Huang Binhong was studying poetry history, learning calligraphy and seal cutting, at the same time poring over the Huang and Liu Xianting, Gu Yanwu, Huang Zongxi and other writings of the Ming dynasty. In 1886, Yingxian County, Lin Gong health supplement. In Yangzhou from Chen Chongguang flower painting. In Anqing from Zheng Shanxue landscape. In 1904, the Wuhu public school in Anhui to teach the teaching in Shexian Xinan school. Go to Shanghai in 1907.
Shanghai period (1908 ~ 1937). "Guocui journal" published in 1905, Shanghai as "Guocui journal" editor. 1911 to 1927 years, he has edited "set", "Shenzhou Shenzhou Guoguang", "grand masters of calligraphy and painting collection", "China name album" etc. the stone painting album, as the "Painting Monthly" editor, director of the Fine Arts Department of the commercial press and other staff, do a lot of collecting, editing and publishing work of art heritage. In 1925, painting monograph "micro paintings" published. In 1926, the organization of painting and calligraphy art view society, editor of "art view" bimonthly. 1928, published "the brilliant album" first series, complete the "art series" fourth series. He has coached Yu Changming art school, Xinhua art college, Shanghai art college, and he is the tutor of the Chinese Painting Association of Jinan University. In 1934, Huang Binhong published "travel book", published "painting" and so on.
The Beijing period (1937 ~ 1948). In June 1937, Beijing should antiquities and Beiping art school recruits, and served as professor of painting and calligraphy identification to beijing. When his landscape paintings melt of the ancients and nature, creative style, increasingly clear.
The Hangzhou period (1948 ~ 1955), from 1948 to Hangzhou Ren Ping, Professor of Chinese painting. 1949, East Branch of China Central Academy of Fine Arts (now Zhejiang Academy of Fine Arts professor). 1953, was awarded the title of people's artist. China Central Academy of Fine Arts Institute of Chinese painting (after the National Institute of Fine Arts) director. 1955 was elected vice chairman of East China Artists Association, the Chinese people's Political Consultative Conference of the second national committee.
In the history of modern painting, the "Southern Yellow Qi", "Qi" is the living in Beijing flower and bird painter Qi Baishi, and "South Yellow" said that the Zhejiang painter Huang Binhong, two people by the art circle together, which shows Huang Binhong's artistic skill and extraordinary achievement. Huang Binhong was born in 1865 in Zhejiang, Jinhua, died in 1955. Name quality, word Park, good at landscape, flowers and focus on sketching, but relatively late fame. 50 years later, his style tends to be realistic, really formed after the age of 80, people familiar with the "black, dense, thick and heavy. Huang Binhong's landscape painting, the painting of mountains and deep layers, of great momentum, surprisingly, this trait also makes China landscape painting rose to a supreme level. Because of the outstanding contributions of Huang Binhong in the history of art, when he was 90 years old birthday, was awarded the "outstanding artist" title of National People's Chinese.
His painting techniques, the line force in the early years of Li Liufang, Cheng mysterious, and kuncan, Hirohito and so on, but also the law of yuan ming. The combination of the actual situation, pay attention to the character and the density of the pen; such as Zhuan Zhou, powerful, in the line of careful and precise, with vertical and horizontal Qiqiao of fun. Xin'an painting Shudan Seiitsu style of Huang Binhong's lifetime, before the age of sixty is a typical "Bai Binhong".
After sixty years old, has been the two time from Shanghai to Anhui, Guichi, visit the Lake crossing, autumn Pu, Qi shan. The river scenery is very good, he has settled the idea. The impact of Guichi tour in the style of Huang Binhong, is from the Xin'an School of Shudan Seiitsu, away from the black and thick and the study of Wuzhen ink style. In order for the better, "Bai Binhong" by Huang Binhong began to gradually transition to the "black rainbow". 1928 Huang Binhong first tour GUI, Guangdong, painting a large number of sketches.
69~70 years old, Huang Binhong had a tour of sichuan. This is an opportunity for his painting to leap. Its greatest harvest is from the real landscape of the realization of his old age reform". Enlightenment in two romantic trip: "Qingcheng sit rain" and "at night".
The "Qingcheng sit rain" is in the early spring of 1933, Huang Binhong on his way to Qingchengshan rain, wet, sitting in the rain fine appreciation of scenery changes, from dawu. The second day, he drew a dozen copies of "Qingcheng rain": ink, ink, ink and dry chapped. In these words in the test, he will find "rain wall" feeling. The rain poured down from the top of the wall, any aspect in some places especially dense, wet and thick, some places may leave a dry place
White, and along the wall to flow down the waterway are leaking marks". When we put this feeling to "control" - "Qingcheng Mountain, how rain wall"! Completely is the Northern Song Dynasty panoramic landscape painting composition, and save the cluster like layers, is deep, ink dripping, clouds rain torrential, disillusionment, Jimo, ink, ink stains, water shop, do anything!
"Noctivagant Qutang" is in the green city tour after May, Fengjie way back to shanghai. One night, Huang Binhong wanted to see the stone on the vines in this year saw Du Fu "". He along the river towards the Baidicheng direction. The moonlight night mountain fascinated him, and in the moonlight painting groping for more than an hour to sketch. The next morning, Huang Binhong looked at the sketch draft and shouted: "move the wall, move the wall! Real and imaginary, virtual reality. Wonderful, wonderful, wonderful!" At this point, Huang Binhong, Yu Shan mountain is the theme of painting the night at the most, most often, with vigorous and Wordsworth and pursuit of aesthetic consciousness.
After seventy years, the painting works, excited, Wordsworth; Xi to Jimo, ink, ink, ink used each other, the mountains and deep layers, of great momentum, is very tall and straight. The so-called "black, dense, thick and heavy" is a significant feature of his style, gradually formed. This remarkable characteristic, also causes China's landscape painting to rise to one kind of Supreme state.
Huang Binhong said that the traditional learning should follow the steps of: "first copy yuan painting, with its pen in time; G Ming painting, with its stable structure, not easily into the way; then G Tang painting, so that students can catch the ancient; finally copying paintings of Song Dynasty, as the change of preparation method." Huang Binhong said the Song Dynasty painting, in addition to all of the Northern Song Dynasty, often five generations of Jing Hao, Guan Tong, Dong Yuan, Ju ran home.
In Peiping, eleven years, Huang Binhong completed the transformation of black rainbow ", and" experimental ink painting fit ". With the color of the stone dyed method of cinnabar, azurite, malachite green dye to place thick dense black ink, the ink ink painting hidden, hidden Dan ", which is inspired by western impressionism, thinking to two systems China landscape painting (painting and green) was a pioneering work of fusion.
South of Hangzhou, see the Liangzhu unearthed jade and Wu Xia ink, stone and jade will sonorous summer mottled with hazy picture is more close to the harmony of Jiangnan landscape charm, pen and ink of a machine.
Huang Binhong, a generation of masters, his works unique style, mostly landscape! His paintings, Wordsworth's vigorous, profound artistic conception, style, composition dignified, later works is, with the "black bright" style. However, its works are not only landscapes, occasionally will make several flowers and birds. So here are a few famous paintings of Mr. Huang Binhong.
The representative works: "Qiulin map" axis, the colored paper. Longitudinal 122.8 cm, transverse to 48.8 cm. Tianjin people's Art Publishing house. This figure saw the mountains overlap, forest trees, clouds. Vision for the hills, verdant pines, a few bungalows scattered around. After the garden there are four corners Pavilion, one sitting in the pavilion. The mountain trees, branches skewed upward, there are high mountains, towering independent. On the left side of a broad lake, there are two sailing downwind of the mountains between the mountains to water, water baked mountains, so that the landscape has a close relationship between the two. This picture despite the high mountains and lofty hills, winding mountain road circling, forested, level a lot, but the picture is still Qing Yan Xiu Yun, vivid charm. The idea of flat see odd, near the matter, far from its potential does not fall, ordinary ink line, run dry white, does, complex but not chaotic. The painter and art practice long inseparable, the painting reached a high degree of excellence. This picture can fully reflect his "with vigorous vegetation Wordsworth" style of art.
In Chinese modern painting, Huang Binhong is one of the important painters. The dark, dense, thick and heavy style, Wordsworth ink, contains the aesthetic orientation of social commitment. For decades, Huang Binhong's painting art has been the subject of attention, and gradually release enormous energy, affect the Chinese painting. "Why is Huang Binhong's painting hard to identify? Because the content of his paintings is not much sense of aesthetic culture, so desolate, in the Guangzhou daily Guardian art salon style auditorium, art critic Mei Mosheng told of Huang Binhong's paintings in the tours "so sigh. His teacher had seen Huang Binhong put out their own draw from the table to the visitors, but the visitors refused, saying "you painted black, I cannot read," Huang Binhong is very embarrassing, only to draw back. Huang Binhong's work is difficult to identify the main reason for its market circulation. Mei Mosheng through research found that Huang Binhong has a considerable number of works are not signed, such as in accordance with his will donated to the Zhejiang museum's works, mostly no inscription. This may explain al that is because, in the life of Huang Binhong in his artistic exploration and experiment. Perhaps from another perspective, he did not put these test items as a show of their artistic achievements, "finished goods", but "semi-finished products". However, from Huang Binhong at the age of 77, each of his paintings are inscribed. In his most experimental works in his later works also have models, because he failed to complete the final works. "From the age of 77 to the age of, these are the true years of his artistic maturity, and his best work is between the ages of 85 and the age of 92," said Huang Binhong." Mei so commented on Huang Binhong's works.
The calligraphy of Huang Binhong, has a unique and practical meaning, is the springhead of his penmanship and painting skills "". Huang Binhong's basic emphasis on calligraphy and freehand brushwork in literati painting practice, almost accompanied by his life. Huang Binhong actively applied calligraphy principle to painting, and achieved such a high practical effect. It can be said that Huang Binhong's painting is established on the basis of calligraphy of the pavilion, its stability and highly related to calligraphy.
In twentieth Century Chinese painting history, Huang Binhong is a painter of the past. He personally practice the dynamic process of Chinese traditional culture inheritance, evolution and development, has left thousands of images, otherworldly landscape painting art, modern aesthetic realm created a profound China traditional cultural connotation and aesthetic value of "Wordsworth". He has profound reflection of traditional, unique aesthetic feeling, aesthetic reconstruction of ink form and Chinese painting "inner beauty" of the expansion, had a profound impact on the later Chinese painting, which has established its status in modern painters.
Today, Chinese art to a new historical period, and the exhibition and publication aimed at the most rigorous academic standards, from Huang Binhong the important works of more than 100, through exhibitions, publications and academic research activities, comprehensive arrangement, showing great creation in Chinese Binhong painting and innovation, highlighting its the immortal contribution in Modern Art history Chinese. As the exhibition organizers, Hangzhou will participate in the entire process of Huang Binhong's academic research exhibits judgment and check, but also got Chinese Artists Association, Xiling Seal-Engravers'Society support, the final selection of representative Mr. Huang Binhong art works in this exhibition. And hope that the commemoration will have a positive impact on the development of contemporary Chinese art.