Li Kuchan (01 1899 11 August 06 1983 11 August), formerly known as Li Ying, Li Yingjie, Li Gong, Shandong gaotang. Childhood poverty, under the influence of folk painting artist in painting. 1919 Peking University attached "work study society" (also known as the French training hall) part-time, while learning from the Western sketch to Xu Beihong at the Peking University affiliated "amateur painting research association. In 1920 Chinese department at Peking University Chinese, 1922 Beijing Oil Painting Department of National Art College learning. During the night, often by pulling rickshaw living. To this end, the students Lin Lu donated its "bitter Zen" two words in the name (bitter, that suffering experience; Zen, ancient painting as a Zen painting). In 1923 thanks to Qi Baishi to learn Chinese painting, become the first disciple zimen. The old man Bai Shi donated his calligraphy "(the cloud brush and thought bitter meditation will play more than generation, is not the real defection, that there shall be high"; that "the British (bitter like) also me, English is invincible, if have no thing name, no ghosts". In 1925 at the Beijing national art college he graduated from Beijing Normal School of fine arts college painting teacher, Professor of Hangzhou Academy of Arts in 1930, during the early days of the resignation of resident in Beijing. For weekdays and patriots very close contacts, was arrested and imprisoned in the prison unyielding. In 1946 he was appointed professor of Beijing National Art College, and he was a research fellow of National Institute of fine arts, China Central Academy of Fine Arts in 1950. He served as professor of the Academy of Chinese painting department. Good at freehand flower and bird painting works, inherit the fine tradition of painting, and Western techniques for melting furnace, the theme of Chang Yisong, bamboo, plum, orchid, chrysanthemum, lotus, stone, fish, chicken, eagle, with thick ink bold, with unique style of great momentum, the male will deep horizon, succinct bright image, set a large freehand bird new style, long a huge screen is more attracted worldwide attention.
In 1919 to Beijing, the first in the Peking University attached to "work" (also known as the French training hall), adhere to the study of part-time work. At the same time, also at the Peking University with a "amateur descriptive study, learning to sketch and Western painting to Mr. Xu Beihong. In 1920 Chinese department at Peking University Chinese, in 1922 to the "Beijing National Art College" Western painting learning. During this period, often rely on the evening pull a rickshaw to maintain life. To this end, the students Lin Lu donated him "bitter Zen" two words in the name (bitter, that is suffering experience; Zen, the ancient said freehand painting for Zen painting). In 1923, Betsybus Von as a teacher. At this time, Qi Weng fame is micro, coupled with the Beijing style wind Sheng Qi Weng, only open up a fresh outlook and bold innovation. Therefore, the popular drub.
In 1925, the "Beijing national art college graduate, Ren Beijing normal school professor, adjunct professor of Baoding normal school second. In 1930, candidates to the Hangzhou art painting full-time professor.
The beginning of the Anti Japanese War, the fall of Beijing, Mr. Li is very angry, resigned from all public, in the front door Laoyemiao and West willow wells two, because he usually with patriots closely, was jailed in 1939, tortured, unyielding.
After the war, in 1946, "Professor of Beijing National Art College". In 1949, after the liberation of Beijing as adjunct professor, Mr. Li wrote Chairman Mao in 1950, request to arrange work, Chairman Mao immediately wrote a letter to President Xu Beihong, and sent his secretary to visit, then Mr. Li was assigned to the "China Central Academy of Fine Arts" affiliated "of National Fine Arts Institute researcher. And then to the hospital as professor of Department of Chinese painting freehand brushwork.
During the "Cultural Revolution", Mr. Lee persecution, has been accused of "reactionary academic authority", in "the bullpen" has been put under the later afflict by every means, the rural labor force.
1972 dear premier Zhou sent for the old painter, Mr. Li was invited to participate in three years for the country to paint more than 300 pieces.
After the cultural revolution, Mr. Lee restored his reputation. Draw the map "," plum blossoms "sunny snow map" and so on, then, and any "Research Institute" China Painting Council member, Chinese Artists Association and the fifth CPPCC National Committee, sixth.
In 1981 and "Chinese painting", "bitter meditation picture" and "bitter meditation freehand" work, life will be valuable artistic experience unreservedly into the screen, offering to future generations. During the creation of a "bamboo" and "summer map" masterpiece.
The spring of 1982 in Guangdong special economic zone to visit, very excited, great revitalization of the Chinese hope, made a hundred pieces of creative ambition.
1983 spring, the relevant departments held professor Li Kuchan engaged in education sixty years to congratulate the general assembly. June 8th was invited to Japan Nagasaki Confucius Temple wrote: "holy Julian no domain Ze Sheng de world, a range of vertical earth".
June 11, 1983 early in the morning to do ancient.
The development of Chinese painting in the past hundred years, the innovative achievements of birds and flowers is very high, but further development is also extremely difficult step forward. Because of the great masters! Senior achievement is too high, if further development step it is not easy. Mr. Li Kuchan is very successful in the contemporary painter, has its own originality, his personality appearance is very strong, very rich spiritual connotations of his works, Mr. Li Kuchan's artistic achievement is also worth to in-depth study. In addition, for Mr. Li's early art road, there is also a need for a new understanding of artistic achievements.
At that time in two and 30s, bitter Zen Mr. at the time of artistic practice, he is walking in the forefront of the whole era, at this point is very valuable. To take into account the whole of this era a large cultural environment, cultural background, put Li on such a large overall background to see his role, look at his value.
In the early twentieth Century, the center of our Chinese art movement, one is Shanghai, one is Beijing, and a later is Hangzhou. Mr. Zen was living in these three areas, worked. His early art practice, with contemporary art development, we China forward, when moving up and in, where he played an important role in the side. He is not on the conservative side, but on one side of innovation. Mr. Chan's art as a kind of knowledge structure, he has Chinese tradition, western art concept.
He integrates a very wide Eastern background into his artistic conception and artistic creation. So I feel bitter Zen's art, contemporary painting in Chinese Chinese, he is an outstanding representative in history, he is also very good
His works inherited the fine tradition of China painting, from Shi Tao, Badashanren, Yangzhou school, Wu Changshuo, Qi Baishi and other advanced techniques, and blending techniques in a furnace, the traditional method can penetrate a large freehand painting in flowers and birds have developed their own unique characteristics. Mr. Li Kuchan's flower and bird world, vigorous, plain and wonderful nature. He often with pine, bamboo, plum, orchid, chrysanthemum, lotus, stone, starlings, cormorants and eagle and so on as the theme of painting. He used his own unique aesthetic view and rich expression, create many vivid artistic images in different poses and with different expressions. Under his pen flower, has certain realistic elements, but not the natural phenomena of pure objective description, but highly condensed after re creation. In the seemingly random contains a clumsy gas, in the natural implicitly contains masculinity, his pen lines such as vigorous simplicity, freely flowing style of writing, writing concise and simple, but interesting. Yi bold, majestic vigorous vertical text. His ability to control pen and ink, the ability to control freehand skills is amazing. For him, the greater the more free format can sway. His works especially in his old age, more vigorous and vigorous, and recover the original simplicity, beauty has reached pen concise and complex art realm.
He will western sculpture, painting methods, spirit into Chinese painting teaching. It will be the first opera as "traditional aesthetics and art comprehensive introduction of art teaching, personal experience, Regalia on stage, as the year's" Morning News "comment:" Xianfeng years North art creation school, different flag is unique, the famous Mr. Li Ku chan."
Calligraphy and painting "Li Kuchan, complement each other. Highly praised "book to painting for height, painting to book is extremely". Li Kuchan believes that China freehand painting is to write out, Western painting is painted, in this regard, Chinese than Western better than others. This is reflected in the "melting results of the United States" and "means of beauty" in one, "melting space art" and "time art" in one of the changes. The combination of calligraphy and painting is the opportunity and key of this reform. Li Kuchan said: do not understand calligraphy art, do not practice calligraphy, do not understand freehand brushwork and freehand aesthetics". Thus Li Kuchan in Chinese calligraphy art "painter word" unique. Li Kuchan in the decades since a monument for post visit Puya, vigorous, Aeolus and melodious cursive art.
"Big" is the remarkable characteristic of Li Kuchan's painting. Such as: the huge "summer map" (Lotus), with four pieces of two pieces of paper with Zhang and painting, an area of 22.04 square meters. Such as flower pots, leaf stalk as a cover, such as the arm, the lotus in full bloom, birds, rocks, forming a huge picture. And as the "bamboo": with huge three Zhang two horse pieced together the Xuan paper. Li Kuchan is painting love with heavy ink, ink, ink ink use, halo chapter, with a large stroke works slightly. Li Kuchan said "thick ink ink is beautiful. When the ink color should also be used, regardless of the red or green colored ink can reach only thick". Such as the works of "Jin Festival map" a dignified, have a unique style. Chinese traditional painting freehand brushwork of traditional painting less level, mainly from one to two levels. (right Atlas ) Li Kuchan landscape painting of Pingyuan, lofty method, applied to the painting, can reach three or four levels. Li Kuchan used the ink color shade wet and dry, warm and cold colors, black and white and white screen to increase the sense of hierarchy, the viewer and the feeling to distant layers. Such as "summer", the first layer is near the shore, with a light colored ochre. The second layer is the ink painting line and arrowhead, water, third layer with light ink painting lotus with red painted flowers. The fourth layer is the picture painted eye stone and water birds, fifth layer is the back of the lotus, this layer slowly progressive. Li Kuchan painting realm plain naive. Such as "green rain Qing bamboo village", is depicted in the rain, the banana leaves, a few four around cormorant stopped in the sincere vigorous rock and look different, enjoying the fresh air after the rain. Cormorant neck with vermilion Mogu painting, wide eyes make birds appears in high spirits. The surrounding landscape around the theme of description, pointing out the living environment of the cormorant. "Naturally, without affectation, the color is pure, simple shapes. And as the "arrowhead" Egret, painting in the background of Jiangnan, is a description of a heron in nature carefree and content. Li Kuchan used coarse and thick ink painting, taro leaves egrets, with lines of a grass. The south of the wild nature. "Lotus" Kingfisher map, a kingfisher flew over the breeze lotus leaf, dew fall, leaves in Liantang, full of vitality.
Li Kuchan painting unique selection, often painting with pine, bamboo, plum, orchid, chrysanthemum, lotus, stone, starlings, cormorants and eagle etc.. Such as "Godson" learn to fly, drew back, attached to the eagle jump to fly young eagles. Square eyes, dolabriform mouth, the relative emphasis on the eagle and chicks. Oblique triangle of the overall shape, the overall dynamic upward flight. Li Kuchan picture is "static" Eagle, is seen squatting posture. Such as "pine and Eagle", the number of eagle poised in the hills.
Calligraphy and painting "Li Kuchan, complement each other. Highly praised "book to painting for height, painting to book is extremely". Li Kuchan believes that Chinese freehand painting is written out, melt the results of the United States and the means of beauty in one, melting space art and time art in one of the changes. The combination of calligraphy and painting is the opportunity and key of this reform. Li Kuchan said: do not understand calligraphy art, do not practice calligraphy, do not understand freehand brushwork and freehand aesthetics". Thus Li Kuchan in Chinese calligraphy art "painter word" unique. Li Kuchan in the decades since a monument for post visit Puya, vigorous, Aeolus and melodious cursive art.
Li Kuchan China inherited the tradition of painting, drawing Shi Tao, Badashanren, Yangzhou school, Wu Changshuo, Qi Baishi et al techniques, in the flower and bird freehand painting characteristics. A bold, of great momentum, vivid style, set a large freehandbird air fan. Li Kuchan painted flowers and birds, have certain realistic elements, not the natural phenomena of the objective description is concise after creation. Random contains a clumsy gas natural, subtle contains masculinity. Li Kuchan. The bigger the free flow. Li Kuchan's works in his later years reached the artistic realm of "pen simple meaning complex"..
Qi Baishi evaluation: "Li Kuchan learn I don't like me".
Qi Baishi's picture of the painting "clear for map" way: "Li Kuchan also more than me" ".
Hao Zuochun evaluation: "Li Kuchan is the precursor of art revolution".
"Morning News" commented: "Li Kuchan is a pioneer in art creation School of North China".
Xu Beihong Li Kuchan's paintings: "nature filled with flesh".
Playwright Cao Yu evaluation: "Li Kuchan is a legendary figure. Life is short, art is long. This is not to say any art, but the art of affirmation. Li Kuchan's painting is such an art".
Li Kuchan memorial hall is located in Shandong Baotu Spring Park in Ji'nan million bamboo park, the memorial was built in the Yuan Dynasty, named after the park for many bamboo, covers an area of 10 acres, with a total construction area of 4782 square meters, the total height of the building is 17.9 meters. The park has 3 sets of courtyards, compact structure, pay attention to the layout of 13 courtyards, 186 houses and five bridges and four Pavilion, pavilion confused with errors and omission. June 1986 Li Kuchan Memorial Museum opened in 10000 bamboo garden. A total of 18 rooms, more than 160 houses in the annual exhibition of Li Kuchan and his works of painting and calligraphy collection more than 400 pieces of cultural relics, including the "plum blossoms" map "," sunny snow map ", Mozhu map", "summer" boutique.
Li Kuchan art museum is located in the Shandong Lake scenic spot of Gaotang County, in September 2006 the completion of the opening, a total investment of 20 million yuan, is an art museum in Gaotang county to commemorate Li Kuchan built. Li Kuchan Art Museum for three storey building, construction area of 5000 square meters. A museum of art painting and calligraphy exhibition hall 9 (of which 2 constant temperature and humidity, studio hall) 5, 100 people in a hall, a library of Tibet, the annual exhibition of Li Kuchan's life and work performance