黄胄80年前的作品主要使用研磨作画，其特点：笔走龙蛇 简练传神 。如双驴图，用笔如神，寥寥几笔，形神尽显。
The word, male, Ying Zhai, Changan school representative. Because of his father more than and 40 years old the child, a nickname "old fool", in order to safely. "Huang Zhou" is the pseudonym since his junior high school, later has always been like this. The beam leaves, Miao Di. During the cultural revolution, Liang Quan Liang Peng works title. Was born in March 1925 in Hebei, Lixian County, later moved to Xi'an. Early participation in the revolution, the northwest military region soldiers reading press editor. 1942 Lixian County middle school art teacher. In 1946, Shaanxi province Xi'an Yong Hua book magazine editor. May 1949 to participate in the PLA Army art work, served as cultural member of the Political Department of the northwest military region, the head of the art group. 1955 General Political Department of the Ministry of culture. 1959, the Chinese people's Revolutionary Military Museum Art Company consultant. 1981, deputy director of the Institute of Chinese painting. Huang Zhou is a famous Chinese artist, the sixth, the seven CPPCC National Committee, the Standing Committee of the CPPCC National Committee, the former Ministry of Light Industry Arts and crafts company adviser, executive director of the China Artists Association (eighth).
March 31, 1925 born in Hebei, Lixian County Liang Jia zhuang. His childhood love of painting, self-taught.
1933 with his mother to Shaanxi Baoji primary school.
1939 (already Mao, fourteen years old) in February 15th, the Japanese aircraft bombing of Tongguan, after the bombing of Xi'an, with his mother and sister fled to Baoji, studying in Baoji spinning changban Huigong middle school. A school of sports competition, he won a written "Yanhuang helmet" banner. The Chinese teacher, then named Huang Zhou, to do for all the children of the Yellow Emperor.
His father died in 1941 due to the second grade junior high school dropout.
By the age of eight in his hometown through. From contact with adults playing lion, stilt folk acrobatics see karma; folk fresco in Town God's Temple; often listen to mother Wu Jianzhi tells tales of filial piety. Grandfather Liang Jingfeng farm, like singing, every year when the village first, take the stage. Father Liang Jianxun first Mr. village, after the old army, love calligraphy and painting art. These played a subtle influence on the cultivation of his childhood art interest, which made him develop a strong interest in art.
Huang Zhou from childish showed artistic talent. He often painted on the books in school; write imitation is often stopped halfway, draw up human drama, can distinguish and draw the characters in the play are Facebook, animal painter wrote to his father, also draw a few small. A village, a man wearing a straw hat riding a bicycle through the door from his home, he immediately clod a head wearing a straw hat riding a bicycle man painting on the wall. When Grandpa looked at him, he drew another, and soon he drew a similar painting on the ground.
Meet the teacher
In 1942 (the seventeen, July), the famous painter Zhao Wangyun Zhao Wangyun moved to Xi'an, with fellow Liu Chijun, he met Zhao Wangyun. He put his sketch to Zhao, unexpectedly, by Zhao Wangyun teacher appreciation and encouragement.
In 1943 Xiabai famous painter Zhao Wangyun teacher.
With the famous painter Han Leran in 1944 eight hundred in Qinchuan travel sketch.
1945 (B, twenty) in autumn, he returned to Xi'an to watch the teacher who first house. Period, in addition to painting, and writing novels, and contribute to the newspaper. With his pen name "Huang Zhou", the first time in the "Xi'an daily" published in Lu Xun's Novels "show" illustrations, excited. Winter, Zhao Wangyun introduced him to Henan city "Min Bao" social work, a friend of Zhao Wangyun, Fu Heng Ren Min Bao "," book. During his creation of "load" and other comic works, received praise. With Yao Xueyin, Liu Yan and American patriotic overseas Chinese painter Stucho et al.
In 1946 a salvaging mission to Henan Huangfanqu sketch.
1947 (Dinghai, twenty-two) continued to serve as "Yong Hua" magazine editor. In the eighth period to beam leaves the painter and the "times" wrote under the pseudonym of famous persons who were cynical, denounce, further express their artistic views. Writes: "to do a new era of the painter, but will pursue and create their own beautiful road, just eat a meal and then forget those who do not eat people is not enough, he should and other art, always stand at the forefront of the times, is not the same as the age of the horn and the dawn of the Xiao Zhong?" his artistic thought, artistic path more clearly. In March, Xu Shuzhi worship Zhao Wangyun as a teacher. In July 30th, Mr. Han Leran flew from Urumqi to Lanzhou on the plane crash killed, he got very sad, with a heavy heart, the teacher came to Lanzhou home, condolence condolences teacher, mrs.. In winter, Girolamo van aertselaer speech teacher ".
1948 (lunar, twenty-three years old) at the beginning of the year, "Yong Hua" magazine because of financial difficulties, it was forced to stop a total of ten. "In the periodicals, see his extraordinary handwriting. Huangfanqu brush sketch and literary sketch of the factory and dramatic sketches, sharp pictures and woodcut. The characters and themes are like a donkey. Although with the teacher's shadow and three young Nenqi, but smooth, vivid characters painted the shape accuracy, lines, and his 50s sketch style is very close to the standard." Art critic Cheng Zheng looked after him.
During the office of "Yong Hua" magazine, he also taught painting classes in Northwest middle school. Summer, with teacher Zhao Wangyun to Qinghai Qilian Mountains minority areas travel sketch. When their work was exhibited in Lanzhou, he went to the airport on behalf of the teacher to pick up the famous painter, art career book mr.. At the airport, Chang Shuhong saw him carry his making automatic sketches very strange, like painting after the start of full one or two feet long banner, painted with various characters and donkey sketches, unrestrained freely, without restraint. Chang Shuhong said excitedly: "you keep your hand, a hard, will certainly become a great painter!"
British director general Zhang Zhizhong to the northwest exhibition after the visit, inviting them to go from Xinjiang, they flew to Urumqi, with nearly three months painted a large number of local ethnic customs and life works, the Spring Festival is coming back to Xi'an. Xu Shuzhi saw his work and said: "well painted, my heart." Dark determination, must go to Xinjiang.
May 1949 to participate in the PLA, art work in the northwest military region.
Huang Zhou Zhao Wangyun, from early Han obligingly painting. The profound influence on Huang Zhou's artistic life was from 1948 to the northwest by Zhao Wangyun. Xinjiang ethnic customs, Huangfan area people's suffering, touched Huang Zhou's art string. 1949, Huang Zhou joined the northwest military region engaged in soldiers reading art work. Extensive contact and in-depth understanding is the source of Huang Zhou's Xinjiang theme.
In 1950 the creation of "father" in Chiang Kai Shek to play the national art exhibition, by art circles. Woodcut "booming livestock" by the Ministry of culture award.
From the same year in autumn to 1954 concurrently Northwest Normal College Art Department creative class lecturer.
1951 (January, twenty-six) continue to work in the "warrior" reading agency. Xu Beihong in the "new construction" magazine published "the new year Chinese art achievement", mentioned in the northwest Shi Lu and Huang Zhou, praised the "two people are in their prime, have a brilliant future."
1952 apple blossom time to participate in the exhibition and award-winning.
1953 "playing polo" won the national youth art exhibition first prize.
Married to Ms. Zheng Wenhui in 1954.
1955 spring transferred to the general office of the Political Department of the Beijing Cultural Office creative member.
1956 (Bing Shen, thirty-one) to harvest on the eve of war hero Li Laicai interview, through to Henan huangfanqu. The changes made him feel very deep. Then as "" war "in Xie Shang, also known as the burning of the place". The performance of peasant women happy working life of calm when Xie shang. This picture shows the beauty of women's curves. The "Cultural Revolution", and the confiscation of labeled "yellow" painted hat, is still missing. The same year, as the "Golden Road", shows the Tibetan compatriots on the edge of the Qinghai Tibet highway, the tent for the road to Liberation Army on a bowl of buttered tea. This is published by the people's Art Publishing House adult paintings, loved by the people of northwest. Autumn, as a reporter in the central and the people's Liberation Army composed of Xinjiang condolences condolences to mission, mission Xu Guangping kitchen as the theme, "Spring Festival" for the troops. Continue in the northern, southern and other regions with the first half of the sketch.
In 1957 the "Snow" won the sixth session of the world youth and students peace and friendship Festival Gold medal.
1958 "fair" won the Seventh World Youth Festival bronze award.
1959 transferred to the military museum as an art writer.
1960 (1901, thirty-five) in July, was ordered to Sichuan Jinsha River Army soldier training a year under the company. The soldiers all call him "yellow veteran". Often go to camp outside Tibetan pastoral area, understanding herdsman life.
The same year, "I love Beijing Tiananmen", and for the "green far" children's books for illustration.
1961 (1901, thirty-six) for cousin Liang Bin novel "red flag" illustration image collection. Successively for the people's Literature Publishing House and China Youth Publishing House each draw a set of illustrations. At the end of July, was ordered to war correspondent's identity, and fellow in Fujian border battle front, in-depth interview forty days border Island painting, painted a large number of military and civilian defense combat performance of coastal front life paintings. Beijing, held the exhibition and fellow. He made the "female militia", "cook" received etc..
1962 (renyin, thirty-seven)
Again as "the eyes of the motherland", later renamed "patrol map". Patrol map was once again sent to the national defense minister Hu Zhiming as chairman.
Autumn, ordered to the Sino Indian border counterattack in self-defense Army front, do the interview. Before the trip from the train space in front of more than three hours, no scratch, ink brush, coherent, painted a picture of Zhang two horse painting, named "Pentium" urgent ", also known as the Tibetan children to school", gave the people's Fine Arts Publishing House Shao Yu. In the later Huang Zhou created the Yanhuang Art Museum, Shao Yu also donated to the Yanhuang Art museum.
1963 (Mao, thirty-eight)
People's Fine Arts Publishing House "Huang Zhou anthology". This is his first album, Deng Tuo in the "people's pictorial" ninth stage writing "in the works of Huang Zhou", Huang Zhou put forward the "three new" works include "characters, artistic technique, new new new".
The same year, held in Baoding on the sketch show, flood, loss of work.
In the same year, the fourth visit to Xinjiang sketch.
1964 (Chen, thirty-nine)
Go to Jinggangshan, Shaoshan and other old revolutionary interview.
With the theme of revolutionary history as the "Jinggangshan first red flag", "talk", "family" etc..
Interview sketch to the old revolutionary base areas, began painting bamboo.
The same year, the mother died.
The same year, again for "the snow".
1965 (ulsa, forty)
To Hunan Liling county to participate in the "four clean ups" movement.
From 1966 to 1972 due to the "Cultural Revolution" was forced to sign off.
1975 Ministry of Light Industry Arts and crafts company consultants.
From November 1976 to February 1977 for the creation of "Premier Zhou Memorial dedicated for people".
The summer of 1978, the creation of Yugoslavia country gift "for national leaders visit sick pine and eagle". For Comrade Deng Xiaoping's visit to Japan to create 100 donkey map, as a gift courtesy of emperor Hirohito.
In August 1979 fifth visit to Xinjiang, painting.
1980 to participate in the preparation of the Chinese Academy of painting preparatory work, the Chinese Academy of painting executive vice president. Has for the Diaoyutai, Zhongnanhai, the Great Hall of the people at two hundred pieces of paint.
In October 1987 the project build Yanhuang Art Museum, and served as director of the preparatory office.
In December 1988 to raise funds for the establishment of the Yanhuang Art Museum, the Huang Zhou art foundation, and served as president.
On September 28, 1991, Chinese Museum was formally established, curator Yanhuang Art museum. Served as member of the CPPCC National Committee, standing committee, director of painting and calligraphy, executive director of the China Artists association.
Died in April 23, 1997.
Huang Zhou to promote the development of contemporary art, international cultural and artistic exchanges, in order to promote the great cause of reunification of the motherland has made outstanding contributions. He was deep in frontier, diligent painting, from the 50s "apple blossom", "Snow", "the market", 70s and 80s "map", "100 donkey return on a snowy night," "Huang Zhou" in the Songliang people, rich life foundation, the formation of distinctive personal style of painting, is the the earliest Jiang Xu figure painter system breakthrough. His outstanding works in different periods have been awarded in international and domestic. In late 70s, he was drawn to commemorate Zhou Enlai "dedicated for people" s masterpiece. Liang Huangzhou's artistic practice had a profound and positive impact for the development of contemporary art.
Liang Huangzhou is not only a people's artist, but also a social movement. At the beginning of 80s, he and the famous painter Li Keran, Cai Ruohong and Hua Junwu co founded the Institute of Chinese and painting; Yanhuang Art Museum is the founder of Liang Huangzhou is an outstanding representative. Huang Zhou caused a stir in 1986 his personal exhibition in Singapore, it is proposed to build the Huang Zhou Museum of art, he said, I personally do not enough to build a museum, to be built on the human and belongs to all the children of the Yellow Emperor Yanhuang Art museum. After raising the construction, 1991 of the 4 year, the modern art museum Chinese first large-scale governmental support -- the Yanhuang Art Gallery was finally completed. Liang Huangzhou curator of Art Museum, and donated his collection of ancient calligraphy and painting more than 200 pieces of cultural relics and representatives, more than 1000 pieces of sketches. Yanhuang Art Museum in the protection and promotion of national arts, promote the development of art education and strengthen international cultural exchanges to do a lot of work, the art of Liang Huangzhou, the spirit of learning and to promote the development of national culture pursuit, profound influence at home and abroad.
April 23, 1997, the famous artist Huang Zhou died.
The publication of a variety of texts and different forms of "Huang Zhou works" theory has more than 30, "Huang Zhou anthology about art", "Huang Zhou calligraphy theory" etc..
"Time", "the father of painter and play", "Chiang booming livestock", "apple blossom", "playing polo", "burned in the flames of war," local "Golden Road", "Spring Festival", "the snow troops figure", "fair", "I love Beijing Tiananmen", "female" and "cook" militia patrol, "map", "Tibetan children," Jinggangshan school "the first red flag", "talk", "family", "pine and Eagle", "100 donkey map" etc..
80 years ago Huang Zhou's works mainly used grinding painting, its concise vivid features: good penmanship. Such as double donkey, a God, a few pens, full of spirit.
Huang Zhou "food map" sold 240 thousand yuan
In December 18, 2012, after three days of the auction, the thirty-second Guardian seasons auction in Beijing today to close the hammer. The auction total turnover of 121 million yuan, of which 1973 Huang Zhou works "map" to 240 thousand yuan traded grain price list of modern painting first.
The evening of December 2, 2013 at 7:45, 2013 Beijing poly autumn auction of modern painting and calligraphy "Huang Zhou art foundation recommended special" the first piece of Huang Zhou "joy of the prairie" to 1 million 300 thousand yuan Qipai, first price is out of 300 thousand yuan, second yuan is given 500 thousand, third bidders are 600 thousand, the bidding began to standard bidding ladder up. After about 8 minutes of the 35 round of bidding work, the final price of 1 million 120 thousand yuan hammer, plus commission price up to 1 million 280 thousand yuan.
"Huang Zhou": painting, the spirit of heaven and earth, knot in the minds of wonderful thought. The painter standing between the heaven and earth, in vientiane. The mental state financial interest, suddenly marked, then straight to catch the vibration, the sense of what one sees and hears cries; the vast, and in the boutique. My country well-grounded painting, since Jin Gu Kaizhi, Qianshubai years, school buildings, many generations of Xian; Ji Zhe Jiang between North and south, between, style, self style; the vast Yangtze River, towering Kunlun, insufficient to the lofty road. People to know details see the point, also difficult to.
For students not for the painting, and throughout the ancient and modern masters, and the moment to change, beginning can be unable to understand. Predecessors said, that can send Xing, so tonight? Read the ancient fort, more aware of its law as, such as a mirage and insubstantial objects, can not grasp; and not, as long as water, mang dang.
I choose the famous ancient heritage agency Xiangfan, in particular, the life story, painting idea, technique characteristics, so that people who look after the prequel, looking to see the whole picture, as a painter and Xiao a generation of painting, reading ten painters set, and know of my country for thousands of years of civilization painting.
Because the age, frequent wars, the loss of damaged numerous paintings. Because of a famous painting does not exist, there is a few paintings and rare, although the name of a painter, and his whereabouts not recorded, it is rare in graphic, not comprehensive, but the number of people, also Something is better than nothing.
In the series of "Yiwenleiju" officials said: "in order to make the rich Sui beads, with Jin Yu, thought that predecessors with set, each express the meaning." This set is also intended to.