启功

( 中国书法家协会名誉主席 )

启功(1912——2005),自称“姓启名功”,字元白,也作元伯,号苑北居士,北京市满人。  雍正皇帝的第九代孙。  中国当代著名书画家、教育家、古典文献学家、鉴定家、红学家、诗人,国学大师。曾任北京师范大学副教授、教授,中国人民政治协商会议全国委员会常务委员、国家文物鉴定委员会主任委员、中央文史研究馆馆长、博士研究生导师、九三学社顾问、中国书法家协会名誉主席,世界华人书画家联合会创会主席,中国佛教协会、故宫博物院、国家博物馆顾问,西泠印社社长。

  • 中文名启功
  • 外文名Qi Gong
  • 别名察格多尔札布
  • 性别
  • 国籍中国
  • 民族满族
  • 祖籍北京
  • 出生地北京
  • 出生日期1912年7月26日
  • 逝世日期2005年6月30日
  • 信仰佛教
  • 职业书画家、教育家
  • 协会中国书法家协会
  • 主要成就中国人民政治协商会议全国委员会常务委员
  • 代表作品《红楼梦注释》,《古代字体论稿》 《诗文声律论稿》
最新新闻更多
启功:别说我是书法家

中国美术网 09-18 浏览

书法家、文物家、史学家,所有的光环在他看来都是副业  成为大名鼎鼎的书法家后,慕名求字者自然不少,启功则不论尊卑,凡有所请,便欣然从命,不忍拂意。先生作书,不择砚墨,宣纸下垫几张旧...
相关作品更多
人物介绍

爱新觉罗·启功(1912-2005年)中国当代著名教育家、国学大师、古典文献学家、书画家、文物鉴定家、诗人,满族,爱新觉罗氏,是清世宗的第五子和亲王弘昼的第八代孙[1] 。北京人。字元白,也作元伯。幼年失怙且家境中落,自北京汇文中学中途辍学后,发愤自学。稍长,从贾羲民、吴镜汀习书法丹青,从戴姜福修古典文学。刻苦钻研,终至学业有成1933年经傅增湘先生推介,受业于陈垣,获闻学术流别与考证之学。后聘为辅仁中学国文教员;1935年任辅仁大学美术系助教;1938年后任辅仁大学国文系讲师,兼任故宫博物院专门委员,从事故宫文献馆审稿及文物鉴定工作;1949年任辅仁大学国文系副教授兼北京大学博物馆系副教授;1952年后任北京师范大学副教授、教授。中国人民政治协商会议全国委员会常务委员会委员、国家文物鉴定委员会主任委员、中央文史研究馆馆长、中国书法家协会名誉主席、北京师范大学教授、博士研究生导师。九三学社顾问、国家文物鉴定委员会主任委员、中国书法家协会名誉主席,中国佛教协会、故宫博物院、国家博物馆顾问,西泠印社社长。2005年6月30日2时25分病逝于北京。其主要著作《古代字体论稿》、《诗文声律论稿》、《启功丛稿》、《启功韵语》、《启功絮语》、《启功赘语》、《汉语现象论丛》、《论书绝句》、《论书札记》、《说八股》、《启功书画留影册》。
 

艺术风格

启功先生是当代著名学者、画家和书法家。他著作丰富,通晓语言文字学,甚至对已成为历史陈迹的八股文也很有研究;他做得一手好诗词,同时又是古书画鉴定家,尤精碑帖之学。
欣赏他的书法作品,我总要联想到他对碑帖的精深研究,因为他对碑帖的研究和他的书法艺术的成就有着不可分割的联系,碑帖之学是明清两代兴起的一门学问,这门学问现在随着地下墨迹的不断出土,开辟了新的境界。他就是这片园地的开拓者之一。这门学问除夸扬珍异、竞炫收藏的古董藏家不能算外,其路子约分为二类:一是研究其中历史资料,以碑刻文辞证史补事,或校读文辞;二是赏鉴、研究其书法艺术。启功先生兼于两者,更精于后者,他在两者之间融合贯通,其方法突破前人藩篱。“买椟还珠事不同,拓碑多半为书工。滔滔骈散终何用,几见藏家诵一通”。他写这首诗是有感于过去多少鉴赏家重视碑帖的书法,而对其中文辞则往往视而不见。名家如孙承泽、翁方纲以及叶昌炽莫不有此疵病,而他且不放过文辞内容。正因为这样,他把历来定论的《曹娥碑》驳得体无完肤。因此,所谓王羲之小楷《曹娥碑》,也就不存在了。更何况蔡邕的书丹。
启功先生的书法理论著作,我最喜欢他的发比喻,时出妙语,对书法艺术以及书法史上的许多问题,有其独特的《论书绝句百首》,这是他数十年书法实践、研究的体会。特别是诗中的自注,行文隽逸,阐见解。我自己有些长期窒碍的问题,读了之后感到迎刃而解,有豁然开朗之感。诸如考证《鶺鸰颂》出于开元翰林供奉之手;日本藤远后之临《乐毅论》以证明王羲之书体势之雄强;鉴定张旭书庚信《步虚词作》实为大中祥符以后宋之笔;以西陲晋人残纸证《阁帖》中索靖书法的本来面目。这些都是翻书法史上成说的案,论据充分坚实有力,不得不令人信服。此外如论蔡襄祝允明书法之未成自己体段;柳公权黄庭坚书法用笔尽笔心之力,结字聚字心之势。而其中对历代著名书法家之特色,各时代书法的体势、风格,以至辨别书体源流,变迁原因,都是非常精辟的。

生平经历

早期
启功先生受业于著名史学家陈垣先生,专门从事中国文学史、中国美术史、中国历代散文、历代诗选和唐宋词等课程的教学与研究。他执教六十余年,在中国古典文学教学与研究等方面取得了突出成就,为国家培育了一大批古典文学的教学与研究人才。他为促进祖国教育事业,报答老师教育之恩,延绵陈垣先生的教泽,用出售字画所得200余万元,设立了励耘奖学金。
生平
1913年,父亲去世,随祖父生活。为祈福,祖父曾让他拜雍和宫的一位老喇嘛为师,做记名的小喇嘛,取名“察格多尔札布”。当时正是辛亥之后,清帝逊位,其曾祖绝意政治,不愿居京城,以示不再过问国事。恰其曾祖有一门生,名陈云诰,亦是翰林,家为河北易县首富,广有资财,于是出资在易县城中购买房舍,请其曾祖居住。曾祖乃携家人迁居易县,启功时年方三四岁。稍后,入私塾读诗文。
1933年经傅增湘先生推介,受业于陈垣,涉足学术流别与考证之学。后聘为辅仁中学国文教员。
1935年任辅仁大学美术系助教。
1938年后任辅仁大学国文系讲师,兼任故宫博物院专门委员,从事故宫文献馆审稿及文物鉴定工作。
1949年任辅仁大学国文系副教授兼北京大学博物馆系副教授。
1952年后任北京师范大学副教授、教授,中国人民政治协商会议全国委员会常务委员、国家文物鉴定委员会主任委员、中央文史研究馆馆长、博士研究生导师。
晚年担任九三学社顾问、中国书法家协会名誉主席,世界华人书画家联合会创会主席,中国佛教协会、故宫博物院、国家博物馆顾问,西泠印社社长。
2005年6月30日2时25分病逝于北京。
著作
其主要著作《古代字体论稿》《诗文声律论稿》《启功丛稿》《启功韵语》《启功絮语》《启功赘语》《汉语现象论丛》《论书绝句》《论书札记》《说八股》《启功书画留影册》。
《启功全集》由北京师范大学出版社出版。《启功全集》共20卷,前10卷为著述,包括诗词创作、讲学、口述历史、书信、日记等,后10卷为书画作品,汇集了启功先生创作的册页、成扇、手卷、横幅、立轴、字课、临写等。《启功全集》不仅具有珍贵的史料价值,而且具有极大的鉴赏价值和极高的研究价值。
家谱
雍正帝胤禛——五子和亲王弘昼——一子永璧——二子绵循——三子奕亨——五子载崇——二子溥良——长子毓隆——独长子恒同——独长子启功
启功出生于书香世家,启功之祖父毓隆(1872年-1923年)幼承家学,在光绪二十年(1894年)中甲午恩科二甲109名进士,散馆授编修。
启功之曾祖父溥良(1854年-1922年)年轻时,请求革去封号、俸禄,参加科举,并考中光绪六年(1880年)二甲第三十七名进士,选庶吉士,散馆授编修。
启功之远祖和亲王弘昼(1712年-1765年)是历史上有名的荒唐王爷,喜好办丧事,吃祭品,但亦有历史学家指他其实是为免卷入弘时(雍正三子)和弘历(雍正四子乾隆皇帝)对皇位的争夺而以“荒唐”为名韬光养晦。

艺术贡献

书法
成就在书法→自创“启体”卖价高
启功曾临习大量碑帖,他的书法作品,无论条幅、册页、屏联,都能表现出优美的韵律和深远的意境,被称为“启体”。书法界评论道:“不仅是书家之书,更是学者之书、诗人之书。”
对于书法艺术本身,他也有很多创见。一般人学书法都是从写“九宫格”或“米字格”开始,并把字的重心放在方格中心。启功却发现,字的重心不在传统的米字格的中心点,而是在距离中心不远的四角处,还推算出它们之间的比例关系正符合所谓的“黄金分割率”,对学习书法有重要的指导意义。
启功的书法作品在市场上极受青睐。以2003年北京春拍为例,中国嘉德共推出他的10幅作品,全部成交,其中超过8万元的有4幅,《行书唐宋诗七幅》镜心被拍至41.8万元,成交价令人咋舌。
绘画
绘画→山水竹石表意趣
启功画作的风格是:构图严谨,手法生动,色彩鲜明,韵味悠长,尤其擅长山水竹石,极富传统文人画的意趣。“秋山人在画中行”是其常用的题材。上世纪三四十年代,他已在画坛崭露头角,50年代达到艺术高峰。他也曾作画卖钱,贴补生活。
启功晚年画作价位呈稳定上升趋势。中国嘉德1999年秋季拍卖他的《朱竹墨石图》,以7万余元成交。到了2002年,同样的四尺整纸启功朱竹图价位已在10万元以上了。启功眼疾加重,作画十分困难,画作更显珍贵。
他多次为国家领导人出访及国际交流绘制作品。启功生前风趣地说:“我这里是礼品制造公司。”

社会评价

中国书法家协会理事、北京书法家协会副主席彭利铭如此评价启功先生:“启功先生是中国书法界和文物收藏界的泰斗,他率直刚正、儒雅大方、幽默风趣,是为人师表的典范。启功是第二届中国书法家协会主席,为中国书法的正本清源、发展创新做出过巨大贡献,他的逝世,是中国书法界和文艺界的巨大损失。启功先生直到晚年还坚持带学生,一生桃李满天下,我们将会永远记住他。”书法大家谢泾廉说:“老师作为知名的学者,以他博大的胸怀给予我不仅仅书法上的教导,最重要的是潜移默化中学习了他的人生观。”彭利铭先生回忆说,启功老师非常幽默风趣,一生有许多有趣的小故事。
山东省博物馆研究馆员、中国书法家协会评审委员陈梗桥先生说:“启老是一代著名的学者、教育家、书法家,也是社会公认的鉴赏家,一直大力支持中国的文物鉴赏和文物拍卖,中国文物界对他敬爱有加。从20世纪80年代初开始,我与启功先生有过多次交往,他给我印象最深、启发最大的是在文物鉴定方面的实事求是:鉴定古代书画,知道的就是知道,不明晰的就说不知道,非常坦诚。我曾携带省博物馆收藏的一清代的册页到北京请启功先生鉴定,他给了我很多启发。另外,在交往中我感觉到他的一些观念都十分开明,并且往往以朴实的语言深入浅出地表述出来。他是个京剧迷,常说:‘京剧里板眼第一,然后才能讲韵味。写字也是如此,先讲究结体,才能求韵味。’这句话在我多年的艺术创作中起到很大的启迪作用,避免了一些弯路。”
中央美术学院人文学院教授、博士生导师薛永年曾撰文纪录:故宫博物院有个比我年轻的学者王连起,虽然没有读过大学,工人出身,但善于学习,精通碑帖和书画,对赵孟頫有系统研究。他八九十年代是徐邦达的助手,启功先生非常器重他,当做忘年交,而且逢人说项,不断为他创造发挥与提高的机会。90 年代初,启功先生让我推荐王连起去美国大都会做研究,“让美国人也知道我们有这样年轻的专家”。稍后我问王连起这回事,他说为他去美国,启功先生煞费苦心。在一次宴会中,启功先生在与方闻的交谈中,特地引出一个话题,就是赵孟頫的《双松平远图》。这件作品一真一假都在美国,一件在大都会,另一件在辛辛那提。启功先生对方闻说,在座的王连起能告诉你谁真谁伪的铁证,你听他讲讲。”于是王连起讲道,真迹不但有乾隆印玺,而且有一段乾隆题跋,在宣统元年狄平子出版的《中国名画集》里就引出来了,可是后来乾隆题跋被挖掉了,谭敬组织人作假时就没有乾隆题跋了。因此。流传到美国的一真一假两件,没有挖痕的必假,那件细看有挖痕的真迹无疑。他又仔细讲了真迹的流传经过和伪作出现并卖给美国的历史,方闻大为折服,当即拍板邀请王连起赴美。
口述历史
作为启功先生口述的整理者,北师大文学院教授、启功先生的学生赵仁珪告诉记者,其实早在十多年前,他就希望能够帮先生整理出一份记录自己人生的口述历史,但是一直以来启功都婉拒了。“先生拒绝一方面是由于他的出身家族不好评价,难以措辞;另一方面也是因为他不希望重复过去的痛苦,去回忆那些藏在心底的痛苦。”但是随着时间的推移,在大家的呼吁下,启功终于勉为其难同意口述。
书摘欣赏
我叫启功,字元白,也作元伯,是满洲族人,简称满族人,属正蓝旗。
我既然叫启功,当然就是姓启名功。有的人说您不是姓爱新觉罗名启功吗?
别人也愿意这样称他,觉得这是对他的一种恭维。这实际很无聊。事实证明,爱新觉罗如果真的能作为一个姓,它的辱也罢,荣也罢,完全要听政治的摆布,这还有什么好夸耀的呢?何必还抱着它津津乐道呢?这是我从感情上不愿以爱新觉罗为姓的原因。
上世纪八十年代一些爱新觉罗家族的人,想以这个家族的名义开一个书画展,邀我参加。我对这样的名义不感兴趣,于是写了两首诗,第一首的意思是说,即使像王、谢那样的世家望族,也难免要经历“旧时王谢堂前燕,飞入寻常百姓家”的沧桑变化,真正有本事的人是不以自己的家族为重的,就像王羲之那样,他在署名时,从来不标榜自己是高贵的琅琊王家的后人,但谁又能说他不是“书圣”呢!第二首的意思是说,我就像古时戏剧舞台上的丑角“鲍老”,本来就衣衫褴褛,貌不惊人,郎当已久,怎么能配得上和你们共演这么高雅的戏呢?即使要找捧场的也别找我啊。我这两首诗也许会得罪那些同族的人,但这是我真实的想法。
但偏偏有人喜好这一套。有人给我写信,爱写“爱新觉罗启功”收,开始我只是一笑了之。后来越来越多。我索性标明“查无此人,请退回”。确实啊,不信你查查我的身份证、户口本,以及所有正式的档案材料,从来没有“爱新觉罗启功”那样一个人。
我虽然不愿称自己是爱新觉罗,但我确实是清代皇族后裔。我在这里简述一下我的家世,并不是想炫耀自己的贵族出身,之所以要简述一下,是因为其中的很多事是和中国近代史密切相关的。我是雍正皇帝的第九代孙。雍正的第四子名弘历,他继承了皇位,这就是乾隆皇帝。雍正的第五子名弘昼,只比弘历晚出生一个时辰,当然他们是异母兄弟。乾隆即位后,封弘昼为和亲王。我们这支就是和亲王的后代。

English Introduction

Aixinjueluo Kikoma (1912-2005) China famous contemporary educators, Ancient Chinese Literature Search master, classical philologist, painting and calligraphy, cultural identification, poet, Manchu, Qing Chang fifth is the aishingorio clan, and Prince of the Hong eighth generation [1]. Beijing people. White characters, but also for the primary element. Young fatherless and come down in the world, since the Beijing Huiwen Middle school dropout, learning to work harder. A little longer, from Jia Ximin, Wu Jingting learning calligraphy painting, from wearing ginger for classical literature. Study hard, and finally to achieving by 1933, Mr. Fu Zengxiang introduction, the industry in the yuan, has been heard in the academic stream of study and research. Appointed after the Chinese Catholic school teacher; 1935 assistant professor of Art Department of Fu Jen University; in 1938 he was appointed a lecturer in Chinese at Fu Jen University, the Imperial Palace museum serves as the special committee, engaged in the review and identification of the work of cultural relics the Imperial Palace Literature Museum; 1949 literature Associate professor and associate professor, Department of Peking University Museum of Fu Jen University professor; Associate Professor, Beijing Normal University, 1952. Members of the Standing Committee of the National People's Political Consultative Conference Committee Chinese identification of national heritage committee chairman, director, Central Research Institute of culture and history Chinese Calligraphers Association honorary chairman, Beijing Normal University Professor, doctoral tutor. 93 society of consultants, identification of national heritage committee chairman, China Calligraphers Association honorary president of the Buddhist Association of China, the Imperial Palace Museum, National Museum consultant, Xiling Seal-Engravers'Society president. 2:25 on June 30, 2005 died in Beijing. The main works of "ancient font on the draft", "sound poetry on the draft", "Qi", "Qi Cong draft" and "Rhyme" words, Qi Gong whispers "Qi Gong", "Chinese essays", "on the books", "on the book of poems", "eight", "Qi Gong said a Book of painting and calligraphy".

Mr. Qi Gong is a famous contemporary scholar, painter and calligrapher. He works rich in language proficiency in language study, and even has become a thing of the past stereotyped writing is research; he did a good poetry, at the same time the ancient paintings and calligraphy identification, especially fine rubbing inscription of the study.
Appreciation of his calligraphy works, I always think of his profound study on rubbings, because of his works of calligraphy art research and his achievements are inextricably linked, learning is a learning from the Ming and Qing Dynasties and two dynasties, this knowledge now with the underground ink unearthed, opened up new realm. He is one of the pioneers of this garden. This knowledge, in addition to Kuayang rare collection of antique collectors competing Hyun not, the way to research into two categories: one is the historical data to fill the card history or language inscriptions, the school is two, of diction; appreciation of the art of calligraphy. Mr. Qi Gong and the two, in the latter, he blend between the two methods, the breakthrough barriers. "Maiduhaizhu something different, Tuobei for most of the book industry. A final parallel prose what, see a few collectors chanting". He wrote the poem on the past how many connoisseurs attention to the works of calligraphy, Chinese speech is often ignored. Artists such as Sun Chengze, Weng and leaves a Changchi this flaw, and he did not miss the content and diction. Because of this, he has always been about "tablet" arguments to Caoejiang injured all over the body. Therefore, the so-called "small Wang Xizhi Cao'e monument", would not exist. Not to mention the Cai Yong ho.
Mr. Qi Gong's theory of calligraphy works, I love his hair when a metaphor, wit, and many problems on the art of calligraphy and calligraphy history, has its unique "on the book" this is the first hundred poems, and his experience for decades, the research on the practice of calligraphy. Especially since the note in the poem, the Junyi, this opinion. I met some long-term problems, after reading feel a sense of click into place smoothly done or easily solved. Textual "Wagtail song" for Kaiyuan Hanlin gongfeng hand; after the pro Japanese vine far "Leyi theory" to prove that Wang Xizhi's strong potential book; Zhang Xushu identified the letter G "step" is empty words for Dazhong Xiangfu after Song Dynasty to Jin pen; the remnant paper card "Ge tie" in cable Jing calligraphy. These are all over the history of calligraphy into the case, the full argument is strong, compelling. In addition, if it not on the calligraphy of Zhu Yunming into his own body; Liu Gongquan and Huang Tingjian as the lead of calligraphy, the word heart knot word poly potential. The characteristics of the ancient famous calligrapher, calligraphy style, the era of potential, and identify the style of origin, the change reason is very incisive.

early stage
Mr. Qi Gong as a famous historian Mr. Chen Yuan, specializing in teaching and research China literary history, art history, China Chinese prose poems and CI in Tang and Song Dynasties, history courses. He has been teaching for more than sixty years and has made outstanding achievements in the teaching and research of Chinese classical literature. He is promoting China's education, teacher education for grace, which taught Mr. Chen Yuan Ze, by selling paintings income more than 200 yuan, set up Li Yun scholarship.
Life
In 1913, father died, with grandfather life. Pray for my grandfather, he was assigned to Lama Temple the Dalai Lama as a teacher, do a little lama, named "Chahar katol Zagreb cloth". It was after 1911, the Qing emperor to abdicate, his great grandfather never intended to reside in the capital, political, is no longer a single state. Just cengzu one student, Chen Yungao, is also home to the Hebei Hanlin, Yixian County's richest man, wide wealth, and funded the purchase of houses in Yixian County City, please cengzu living. Grandfather is his family moved in Yi County, starting when he was three or four. Later, into the school to read poetry.
In 1933 by Mr. Fu Zengxiang introduction, the industry in the yuan, involved in the academic stream of study and research. Appointed after the Chinese Catholic school teacher.
In 1935 as an assistant professor of Art Department of Fu Jen Catholic university.
In 1938 he was appointed a lecturer in Chinese at Fu Jen University, the Imperial Palace museum serves as the special committee, engaged in the review and identification of the work of cultural relics the Imperial Palace literature museum.
In 1949 the literature associate professor and associate professor, Department of Peking University Museum of Fu Jen university.
In 1952, he served as associate professor, Professor of Beijing Normal University, member of the Standing Committee of the National Committee of Chinese, people's Political Consultative Conference Chairman, national cultural relics appraisal committee director, Central Research Institute of culture and history, doctoral tutor.
93 old age as a society of consultants, Chinese Calligraphers Association honorary president, United World Chinese calligraphy and painting will be the founding chairman of the Buddhist Association of the Imperial Palace Museum, the National Museum, China consultant, Xiling Seal-Engravers'Society president.
2:25 on June 30, 2005 died in Beijing.
Work
The main works of "ancient font on the draft" sound poetry "on the draft" "Qi Gong" "Qi Gong" Cong draft rhyme "Qi Gong" Qi Gong "whispers" words "Chinese essays" phenomenon "on the book of poems" "on the book of the" "eight" "Qi Gong said." the book of painting and calligraphy.
"Qi Gong" the complete works published by Beijing Normal University press. "The complete works of Qi Gong" in 20 volumes, the first 10 volumes of works, including poems, lectures, oral history, letters, diaries, after 10 volumes of works of calligraphy and painting, a collection of Qi Gong's literary creation album, fan, roll, banners, vertical shaft, word class, writing pro. "Qi Gong" the complete works not only has precious historical value and research value but also has great value and high.
Genealogy
The emperor Yong Zheng emperor, five son and Prince of the Hong - a permanent bi - two - three - son of Mian Yi Heng - five - two sub sub carrier Chong Pu Liang - eldest son Yu Long - only the eldest son of the eldest son of Qi Gong -- with only constant
Qi Gong was born in the literary family, the grandfather of Yu Qi Gong long (1872 - 1923) the family, in twenty years Guangxu (1894) in the two 109 Enke Jinshi, powder house granted editing.
The grandfather Pu Qi Gong Liang (1854 - 1922) when young, request to leather title, salary, to participate in the imperial examinations, and six years Guangxu (1880) two of the top thirty-seven scholars, for shujishi, powder house granted editing.
The ancestors and the prince of the Hong Qi Gong (1712 - 1765) is the history of the famous absurd Wangyeh, like a funeral, eat the offerings, but also that he is free for historians in Hong (Yong Zheng three) and Hong Li (Yong Zheng four son of emperor Qian Long) to the throne of the competition with "absurd" in the name of low profile.

Calligraphy
Achievements in calligraphy, "Kai" high prices
Once a large number of clinical learning Qi Gong rubbings, his calligraphy works, both banners, album, screen, can show the beautiful rhythm and profound artistic conception, known as "Kai body". The calligraphy circles commented: "not only is the study book, is the book of the book of scholar and poet."
The art of calligraphy itself, he also have a lot of ideas. Most people are beginning to learn calligraphy from writing "squares" or "rice", and the words focus on the center of square. Qi Gong has found that word is not the focus of the center point of the traditional M word, but in the four corner not far from the center, also calculate the ratio between them is in line with the so-called "golden ratio", has an important significance for the study of calligraphy.
Qi Gong calligraphy works very popular in the market. In 2003 spring auction in Beijing as an example, the China launched a total of 10 of his paintings, all transactions, of which more than 80 thousand yuan has 4, seven pieces of "Tang poetry" script mirror heart was taken to 418 thousand yuan, the transaction price staggering.
painting
Painting, landscape bamboo ideographic interest
Qi Gong painting style is rigorous composition, vivid, vivid color, long lasting appeal, especially good at landscape bamboo, a traditional literati painting charm. "Akiyama people bank of China in the painting" is the common theme. In 30s and 40s, he has been painting emerged in 50s reached the peak of art. He also painted for her living.
Starting the steady increase in the price of paintings of old age. China Guardian 1999 autumn auction of his "Zhu Zhumo stone", sold more than 7 yuan. In 2002, the same four feet the whole paper Zhu Qi Gong Zhutu price in 100 thousand yuan of above. Qi Gong eye aggravating, painting is very difficult, more precious paintings.
He has repeatedly made paintings for national leaders and international exchanges. Qi Gong had said humorously: "here is my gift manufacturing company."

Chinese Calligraphers Association, vice chairman of Beijing Calligraphers Association, Mr. Qi Gong Peng Liming commented: "Mr. Qi Gong is dean of China calligraphy and cultural relics collection circles, his frank founder, refined generous, humorous, is a model. Qigong was president of the second Chinese Calligraphers Association, as Chinese calligraphy root, innovation and development have made great contributions, his death is a great loss to China calligraphy and art circles. Mr. Qi Gong also insisted with students until late in life, life students everywhere, we will remember him forever." Calligraphy everyone Xie Jinglian said: "the teacher as a well-known scholar, with his broad mind to give me not only the teaching of calligraphy, the most important thing is imperceptible in learning his outlook on life." Mr Peng Liming recalls, Qi Gong teacher is very humorous, life has many interesting stories.
Shandong Provincial Museum of librarians, China Calligraphers Association Review Committee Mr. Chen Gengqiao said: "Kai always generation famous scholar, educator, calligrapher, is recognized by the connoisseur, has always been a strong supporter of China cultural relics appreciation and cultural relics auction, China cultural circles have added to his beloved. From the beginning of 1980s, Mr. Qi Gong and I have had many contacts, he impressed me most, the biggest inspiration is that the Cultural Relics Identification: identification of the facts of ancient calligraphy and painting, know is not clear, you don't know, very honest. I had to carry a museum in the Qing Dynasty to Beijing album please Mr. Qi Gong identified, he gave me a lot of inspiration. In addition, in the exchanges I feel some of his ideas are very liberal, and often use simple language to express out in. He is an opera fan, often said: "Peking Opera in the first and then to charm orderliness. Writing is also the case, first pay attention to knot body, in order to seek charm. This sentence in my years of art has played a great role in enlightenment, to avoid some detours."
China Central Academy of Fine Arts College of humanities, Professor, doctoral tutor Xue Yongnian has written record: the Imperial Palace Museum has a younger than me scholar Wang Lianqi, although not read the University, a worker was born, but good at learning, proficient in painting and calligraphy rubbings and have a systematic study of Zhao Mengtiao. In 80s and 90s he was Xu Bangda's assistant, Mr. Qi Gong liked him as a friendship between generations, and continue to create opportunities to play and praise a person before everybody, improve for him. In early 90s, Mr. Qi Gong asked me to recommend Wang Lianqi to do research in the American metropolis, "let the Americans know that we have such young experts". Later I asked Wang Lianqi about it, he said as he went to the United States, Mr. Qi Gong took pains. In a banquet, Mr. Qi Gong in conversation with Fang Wen, specifically cited a topic, that is, Zhao Mengtiao's "double pine Pingyuan map". This work is true and false in the United States, one in the metropolis, the other in Cincinnati. Mr. Qi Gong said the other side heard here, Wang Lianqi can tell you who is who you listen to him talk about the evidence." Then Wang Lianqi said, not only have the authentic seal and a period of Qianlong, Qianlong inscription, in Xuantong first year published "Chinese Di child name album" in come out, but later Qianlong inscriptions had been deprived of, Tan Jing organization false without the Qianlong inscriptions. Therefore. Spread to the United States a really a fake two, no dig marks must be false, it is at the dig marks is undoubtedly authentic. He carefully told the authenticity and spread through the history of the United States and sell fake, Fang Wen was impressed by inviting Wang Lianqi to the United States, immediately closed.
oral history
As Mr. Qi Gong oral finishing, Professor of Beijing Normal University, the college student Qi Gong Mr. Zhao Rengui told reporters, in fact, as early as more than and 10 years ago, he was hoping to help Mr. sorting out a record of his life's oral history, but Qi Gong has always been declined. "Sir, on the one hand, because his family background is not good evaluation, difficult to speak; on the other hand is because he does not want to repeat the pain of the past, to recall those hidden in the bottom of my heart pain." But as time goes on, in everyone's appeal, finally reluctantly agreed to the oral Qi gong.
Digest appreciation
My name is Qi Gong, white characters, but also for the primary element, is referred to as the Manchuria tribe, Manchu, belongs to zhenglanqi.
Since I call Qi Gong, of course, is the surname Rev. Some people say that you are not Aixinjueluo Qi Gong?

Others would like to call him, think this is a compliment to him. This is actually very boring. Facts have proved that if Aixinjueluo really can as a surname, it's worth mentioning, glory worth mentioning, completely listen to the mercy of politics, there is nothing to boast about it? Why hold it to relish it? That's why I don't want to be a Aixinjueluo.
In the 80s of last century, some of the Aixinjueluo family wanted to open a Book Exhibition in the name of the family and invited me to participate. I'm not interested in this name, and wrote two poems, the first meaning is that, even as Wang and Xie that the families are bound to experience the "old king hall swallows vicissitudes, flying into the homes of ordinary people, people who truly have the ability is not heavy with his family, like Wang Xizhi, he signed in, never advertised himself as the Langya Royal noble descendants, but who can say that he is not a" book "! The first second of the mean, I like the ancient drama clown "Bao old", originally shabby in dress, appearance is not very easy for a long time, how can match and you played so elegant show? Even if you want to find supporters do not find me. My two poem may offend those same people, but this is my true feelings.
But some people like this set. Some people write to me, love to write "Aixinjueluo Qi Gong", I just laugh. More and more later. I simply marked "check this person, please return". Yes, do not believe you check my ID card, account of this, and all official documents, "Aixinjueluo Qi Gong" never a person like that.
Though I don't say he is Aixinjueluo, but I was really the descendants of the royal family in the Qing dynasty. Here I introduce my family, do not want to show off their noble birth, the reason to introduce, because a lot of things which are closely related to China and modern history. I am emperor Yong Zheng's ninth generation sun. Yong Zheng's fourth son Hongli, he inherited the throne, this is the emperor Qian Long. Yong Zheng's fifth son named Hong Zhou, only an hour later than my birth, of course they are half brother. After the Qianlong emperor, and Prince Hong letter. We are the offspring of the prince.

美术家百科推荐
美术百科信息统计与合作
  • 1
  • 2
关于美术网

美术网(www.meishu.com)专注解决美术家网络推广问题,全力打造美术家专属网络经纪人服务,美术网站内设美术搜索,网络美术展,美术报,美术知识库,名家档案,美术视频库,资源库,美术论坛,美术高考网及书画衍生品的加工与分销等为一体的名画库等总共20余个栏目,我们以弘扬中华民族的文化事业为己任,以建设世界一流的美术文化生态系统为目标,诚邀合作共赢。

Copyright (c) 2013-2019 中国美术网 All Rights Reserved 鲁ICP备12031715号-1 法律顾问:杨俊涛律师 客服QQ:800015090 微信①:4081532
会员 客服 名家 我的
复制链接 微信 QQ好友 QQ空间 新浪微博