Ren Yi (1840-1896), that Ren Bo, the late Qing Dynasty famous painter. The name of Run, word times, number of small buildings, later renamed the word, the word year, alias mountain vagina ascendant, Shou Taoist, to word line, Zhejiang Shan Yin dockyard Hill (now Hangzhou Xiaoshan District). RenBoNian is China's outstanding painter, in the "four term" among the most outstanding achievements, is the "sea school" in the crowd, "one of the four Shanghai". RenBoNian painting began in folk art, he attached great importance to inherit the tradition, the integration of the length of various home, absorbing the Western painting sketches, coloring various laws to form their own rich and lush, novel and vivid unique style, enriched the Chinese painting Connotation.
Ren Born in the Opium War of the Qing Dynasty nineteen years (1840), died in twenty-two years Guangxu (1896). Is the leader of the Shanghai School of painting figures and outstanding representatives, and Ren Xiong, Ren Xun, any pre-collectively known as "Shanghai four", and Pu Hua, Xu Gu, Wu Changshuo collectively known as the "Shanghai four".
At the end of five Qing Dynasty, Shanghai had become the largest commercial port in China. It was called the "Ten Mile Land". At that time, all over the country were concentrated in Shanghai to sell gold. In the field of painting art, due to the influence of the Shanghai painting by the change of ancient times, the traditional way is already a spent force, so the innovative painter and new style came into being, Ren Boian is one of the best.
Ren Bornian living in a folk artist family, father Ren Sheng crane is a folk portrait, uncle Ren Xiong, two Bo Ren Kaoru, is a famous painter. From time to time by the family, has been able to paint. Ten years old, a home visitors, sat for a moment to leave, his father came back to ask who is, Bo can not answer the name, then pick up the paper, the visitors to draw, his father read, . This shows that Ren Bo years to master the portrait painting techniques.
RenBoNian in teenage youth, in the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom army "palm banner", at that time the flag is bigger, "wartime reptile, think predecessor". Until the fall of Tianjing, Ren Bo years before returning to his hometown, to Shanghai with the Xiong Ren Ren Renxue painting. After a long time in Shanghai to sell paintings for a living. RenBoNian was straightforward, slovenly, learning to draw nearly 30 years old, draw more and more famous fame, but its physical and mental suffering from opium, damage strength, which is only 56 years old died of premature reasons.
RenBoNian painting began in the folk art, he attached importance to inherit the tradition, the integration of the long home, absorbing Western sketches, coloring all kinds of law, to form their own rich and colorful, novel and vivid unique style.
Ren Bonian proficient in portrait, is an outstanding portrait painter. Figure painting early Xiaofu from, Chen Hongshou, Fei Xiaolou, Ren Xiong and others. Fine painting of the ladies painting near Fei Xiaolou, exaggerated Qi Wei's character painting Chen Hongshou, decorative street description of the school since the Dong, after practice pencil sketch, become more Ben Yat, later years of absorption Hua (rock) pen Italy, more simple Yi flexible . Vivid works such as the "Three Friends of the map", "Sha Fu small like", "Zhong Ying small like", can be described as divinity
Ren Boian's personal artistic attainments, the ability to draw flowers and birds is relatively high, if the circumstances of the painting at the time, the impact of his characters is relatively large, because at that time less painter painting, the higher the less, Year so accomplished, naturally pushed to the side of the first.
RenBoNian flower-and-bird painting is more creative, full of clever, early to fine brushwork, "imitation of the Northern Song Dynasty method, pure to focus on ink hook bone, color color hypertrophy, near the old lotus." Yun Shouping after bone method, Chen Chun, Xu Wei, Zhu Da's freehand method, pen and ink tends to Jane Yi indulgence, the color is bright and clean and elegant, the formation of concurrent work with writing, crisp and warm style, this painting, opened up a new world of flowers and birds, the modern, Impact.
RenBoNian landscape painting creation is not much, the early years of Shitao, middle-aged and after the Ming Dynasty Shen Zhou, Ding Yunpeng, blue Ying, and on the recovery of the Yuan Dynasty Wuzhen, Wang Meng, to Stanford, Jin really pen known.
In the 1880's, Ren Bonian's creative period, the scope of subject matter expanded, with profound social content, with obscure means to send deep feeling. 90 years, the number of many, but the works of thought does not seem to go beyond the 80's, but the artistic approach is more skilled, bold, general, especially flower and bird paintings, to achieve a "consummate" nirvana.
RenBoNian flower and bird painting creation, can be divided into three stages. As early as the Tongzhi to Guangxu early, he copied the Chen Hongshou double hook color, and by the family Uncle Xiong, Ren Yan Meticulous painting painting instructions, catching the "imitation of the Northern Song Dynasty method, the pure ink hook bone, Fu color strong ", The Song dynasty painting birds and flowers extremely fine, meticulous realism in Ren Bo's works are reflected. "Lotus" a stone green tea, the picture is divided into upper and lower halves, painting outside the semi-Zhang leaves to the lower left corner of the painting, breaking the balance of the screen, lotus leaf surface, leaf back, different shades of color, Leaf edge with shallow ocher, to show the old leaves broken, Ye Jin to thick ink outline, light ink double hook load stems, color yellow green, stems on the class covered with sharp spikes. In the large stone green lotus leaf next to the white lotus in full bloom, Yan Li delicate, like a shy desolate, only half-face exposed. Shi color transparent and transparent, full of water, showing the lotus texture. In the shallow petals on the book, again fine cents, pale yellow line tick petals on the network veins. Golden stamens, bright and shiny, as if to make people feel in the sunlight for the drop of fresh lotus, fragrant. Lotus leaf next to the long lush plants, but not chaotic, with shallow ocher, color Qingli, outlined fine. The whole screen, simple and simple, giving a fresh sense of the sense of joy.
Any of the flowers and birds painting
Water grass goldfish 1868
New Autumn Bathing Geese, 1870
Basho swallows in 1872
Narcissus Fowl 1872
Sanyang Kaitai 1874
Four Seasons Peace 1877
Peach cypress Shuangyan map
Furong white head (folding fan) 1879