中国美术网 09-17 浏览
Wu Changshuo, the Qing Dynasty twenty-four years (1844) Wu Cun was born in August 1st in Zhejiang Province, Fengxian County filial piety a reading people. When young father reading, after studying at the village school. More than 10 years old hi carved seal to be pointing his father, entering the way.
Xianfeng ten years (1860) the Taiping Army and the war in Western Zhejiang, the whole family avoid chaos in the wild Valley, brothers and sisters have died of starvation. After they separated from their families, by doing odd jobs, odd jobs to survive, successively in Hubei, Anhui and other places of exile for several years, at the age of 21 to return home farming. In addition to farming, studying buchuo. At the same time studying carving calligraphy.
Tongzhi four years (1865) Wu Changshuo scholar, former Anton County of Jiangsu province (now Lianshui county) county magistrate, only in January that, since the moment "in January to mark Anton".
Tongzhi eleven years (1872), he was in Anji city and Wu Xingshi wine (Ji Xian) married, Zhejiang county (now Wu Xingxian) Ling town. Soon after marriage, in order to make a living, but also to find teachers and friends, seeking artistic studies, he is often away from home not return year after year.
Eight years Guangxu (1882), he only received family settled in Suzhou, and later moved to Shanghai. After the age of 31, moved to Suzhou, and from Jiangsu and Zhejiang, through generation of the massive golden tablet, seal, calligraphy and painting, he said. After settling in Shanghai, broadlyreceives seeks, poetry, books, paintings, India advancetogether; old age style prominent, carving, calligraphy and painting art three Jingjue, Barghouti, Dean of public art, as the "Houhai school" of art, modern art Chinese mountains represent a link generation master.
Twenty-two years have been cited as Anton (now in Jiangsu Province even the county magistrate), arrived a month would resign south.
In the summer of thirty, and Ye Weiming, Ding Ren, Wu Jinpei seal, Wang et al in Hangzhou poly West Lake yilou, explore the Yuan Dynasty art, 1913 Hangzhou Xiling Seal-Engravers'Society formally established, Wu Changshuo was elected as the first president, a "stage name Yiyang, fou Lu Ji", "Lu", "Shicun fou fou Lu Yincun" painting and calligraphy and set a variety of publication.
Seventy years old and deaf. Chinese outstanding modern artists, was recognized as the Shanghai art world, India altar leaders, renowned.
In November 6, 1927, Wu Changshuo suffered a stroke in Shanghai Yu died at the age of 84.
In November 1933, another in the vicinity of the Tangqi Zhejiang Yuhang County mountain at the west side of the temple's super cemetery is located in the foothills of Song Meiting river. The door pillars inscribed with Shen Qiquan (the guardian) written by the language: "artificial stone home, sleep to the three generation of Yi Ding and two Beijing stele. Here near the residence surrounded by a few hidden jade, heavy shanse, ten plum. "Wu Changshuo's painting, calligraphy and seal cutting works with" Wu Changshuo album "" Wu Changshuo works "" bitter iron pieces of gold "" ink "" Wu Cangshi fou Lu yinpu "" deposit "India fou hut, the poem" fou hut ". Wu Changshuo has three sons and a daughter, the second son of Wu Han, three son of Wu Dongmai are good at carving calligraphy and painting
When he was young his father by influence, or as a book, engraved. His regular script, starting subject, following the Zhong Yuanchang script; learn Chinese stone; the stone of fragrance, pen of the law by the beginning of Deng Shiru, Zhao Zhiqian et al, after "Shigu" written on both modifications. Sha Menghai: Mr. Wu tried to avoid "pro side potential", "hold the heart of dental caries", the three tripod pottery text's body, which mix more clever than Zhao Zhiqian, so. Wu Changshuo, Huang Tingjian, Wang Duo. Because of the tilt, Huang Daozhou tricks, but also affected by the wind and seal his book, Tangbei pen of the Dubai run risk change radically.
His seal is from the "Zhejiang School" after the start, studies the Chinese India, is influenced by Deng Shiru, Wu Rangzhi, Zhao Zhiqian et al. As a master. His painting has a big drop, good at white, or diagonally skewed, meteorological towering, composition block surface volume feeling strong. Seal his strong personality, India's character with Italy, the knife into the pen. So his carving often show male and fawn, clumsy and plain, ugly and beautiful, ancient, and the characteristics are now. Wu Changshuo took the seal under Yi Ding, Yi Qin and Han Dynasties, creatively to "out of the front of the knife, the obtuse" money back, cut loose, Wu rushed two knife combined with india. So his carving works, in the beautiful place was vigorous, smooth see magnolia, often inadvertently see this.
"Shoushan old pit chocolate carved lion button", "the world", "read", "eternal book learning", "Fu", "black Qingtian", "Huzhou January Antoine Anji county", "Taishan", "Huzhou remnant Shilou County of Anji", "Taishan remnant" Yuan Dingsheng, "Shi Lou Mei", "bamboo hole hole is longer than the storm", "book", "Chihiro Zhu Zhai Zhu Zhai" Chihiro 3 moment, "Wu Junqing," Yinrili letter longevity "Anji Wu Junzhang", "Lei Jun", "fresh cream," Chrysanthemum "Gueiren. People"
Wu Changshuo began to study the Tang Dynasty (AD script, 618-- ad 907) subject of learning, Li Han Dynasty stone, seal stone Wu Changshuo learning, learning style, Wang Duo Huang Tingjian. Wu Changshuo is very good at painting flowers, by Xu Wei and eight greatest impact, because of his calligraphy profound knowledge, he put the knife into the art of calligraphy and seal cutting and painting Shi Mei painting, forming a unique style of calligraphy taste, he often write with pen method Melanie seal script, cursive strokes and sophistication, painting grapes. The strong momentum, the layout of the novel. In composition, like to use "and" female type composition pattern. Like Zhao Zhiqian in color, with gorgeous color of love, especially love with western red color, strong bright. Wu Changshuo's seal, today a lot of people learning. The Japanese seal River wells began to ask Wu Changshuo Quan Lu from 1898, and to the Japanese carving circles, have a great impact.
The calligraphy of Wu Changshuo, no doubt to the script, cursive script, but Wu Changshuo is not a short period of time, in the period of youth has clinical learning Hanbei, such as "Zhang Qian tablet", "Songshan stone", "Zhang Gongfang monument", etc., and is affected by Deng Shiru, from Mr Ng, Yang see the mountains. Yang, writing a script similar to see the mountains, he was thirty-five years old when the book was "Zhang Qian" style, Jieti founder, is cautious, careful pen. Wu Changshuo's book has become the official script, Jieti, take longitudinal potential, like this piece of "Feng Shou Jue said, blowing Song Sheng", a powerful, full, from some of the lines, with seal marks, then Wu Changshuo can be said to have a fragrance, as one solution, formed its own unique special features.
Wu Changshuo's script "three times Lin Han sacrifice contributed to" "" "stone stele of Zhang Qian Songshan" "Shimen song" Hanbei etc.. After middle age, many of the original and the Expo stone rubbings, choose the stone as the main object of imitation. For decades, repeatedly studied, not to deliberately imitate acts for the shape to meet, with Qin Quanming, Langya Taiwan, Taishan stone stele text body styles, so that the stone from the new, concise and elegant, unique style. 60 years after the book especially fine, mellow and lean, firmness and flexibility. Writing the couplet in Shigu. In his later years to zhuanli cursive strokes as a gesture, Pentium, vigorous and strong, informal method.
Wu Changshuo is very good at freehand flowers, by Xu Wei and Badashanren the greatest impact, because of his calligraphy and seal of profound knowledge, his calligraphy and seal cutting line, the knife and body composition, into the painting, forming a unique style stone rich taste, he said: "I have to force lies in the book painting method." He often write Merlin with seal pen Kuangcao for grape. The flower of wood and stone, called LaoLa, forceful and unrestrained, and strong momentum, layout novel, is also close to the composition book composition of white cloth, like "the" and "female" pattern, or diagonal potential, false and true, the main highlight. The use of color, like Zhao Zhiqian, like everything with contrasting colors, especially the use of western red color, strong bright. The painter at the time were heavy on Wu Changshuo Ren Zhuan method to the picturesque stone and predicted that it will become overwhelmed with admiration for, painting the mainstay. Wu Changshuo used to paint "the grass seal" in calligraphy and painting; line extraordinary skill. Although the line from the angle shaped drawing texture seems to be rich enough, and, but it is abandoned form fetters, Wu Changshuo's painting entered the "Yi" hall, thus forming a modern Chinese painting because of the mind, fully and delightfully "impressionistic" form.
Wu Changshuo's painting themes with flowers, but later, after 40 years old will show pictures. Early to get Ren Yi and Shen guidance, in Zhao Zhiqian's painting, subject to Xu Wei, Zhu Da, Yangzhou eight strange the painter of painting art, benefit from many. He is very fond of plum, often with plum painting, write cursive seal and strokes, ink painting, plum with plum and water color just perfect, red and purple ink, hearty, rich taste, had "bitter railway Mei friend" of the poem, to express the world determined by plum vulgar mood. And like the orchid, orchid to highlight clean aloof character, like to paint or dense or light ink and painted with Zhuanshu technique, is vigorous and effective. To wipe the ink painting of bamboo leaves, to the edges of point, density and white, rich change, or accompanied by pine, plum, stone, a "double" or "friends", to express feelings. He often chrysanthemum is the suitable subject matter. He painted with chrysanthemum or rock, or insert ancient bottles to tall and thin, and chrysanthemum situation contrast. Chrysanthemum more yellow, or as red chrysanthemum and chrysanthemum. To draw ink chrysanthemum, chrysanthemum leaves with big splash, white shades, clear. Later many painted peony flowers in full bloom, with bright coloured thekermes red colors, containing more moisture, with dense foliage contrast, appears vigorous. Lotus, Narcissus, pine and cypress is often a suitable subject matter. Fruit vegetables such as bamboo shoots, green vegetables, pumpkin, pumpkin, peach, loquat and pomegranate have picturesque, very breath of life. Works of ink and color, vigorous vigorous, coupled with the painting inscribed really fun filled the poetry and calligraphy and extraordinary, and stamped with the simplicity of the seal, the poem calligraphy seal is a melting furnace, have a great influence on modern painting.
In modern Chinese painting history, master Wu Changshuo is undoubtedly the most dazzling light, his art influenced him after two or three generations, many modern masters or from under his door, or by his artistic effects, such as Shanghai, Beijing School of modern scholars, such as Qi Baishi Chen Shiceng, the most powerful Fu Baoshi, Li Keran, Huang Binhong, a few people are derived from Wu Changshuo, Wu Changshuo is the most famous in the late Qing Dynasty painter, calligrapher and seal, as "Houhai school" in the. Wu Changshuo you to create art, calligraphy and painting art to him, not even the provision of paths, Qi Baishi said: "I want to Jiuyuan as stooges, three (Xu Wei, Chu and Wu Changshuo) under the door to the runner (sometimes also wrote" Ivy old fou door ")."
The art of Wu Changshuo not only makes the China Maestro benefited greatly, but also let Oriental Japanese artist worship. The famous Japanese seal River wells had consulted Wu Changshuo Lu Quan for many years, and to the Japanese carving circles, have a great impact. Japanese praised Wu Changshuo for the Tang Dynasty after the first, when he was 30 years old at the time of the turn to the famous painter Ren Bonian, with art stone Ren Bonian Zhuan method, and predicted that Wu Changshuo will become overwhelmed with admiration for, painting the mainstay. Japanese calligraphy and painting of Wu Changshuo highly specialized casting bronze bust of Wu Changshuo, a Xiling Seal-Engravers'Society display.
Master of Arts 160 anniversary of the birth of Wu Changshuo of Shanghai, Hangzhou, Suzhou, organized a series of cultural activities, to commemorate the immortal deeds of the master, in memory of Wu Changshuo and other senior artist "to Chinese arts Philip" spirit, such as the Wu Changshuo memorial hall, Xiling Seal-Engravers'Society have organized large-scale activities, "CCTV TV film art master Wu Changshuo" also aired in early September. Zhejiang and Hangzhou held in commemoration of the 160 anniversary of the birth of Wu Changshuo's activities in Anji.
Wu Cangshuo Memorial Hall
Wu Changshuo memorial hall, built in September 12, 1995 opened. Located in the vicinity of Shanghai Pudong Chuansha town of Huaxia Culture Park, covers an area of 6 acres, built according to the original Shanghai Shanxi Road No. 12 in the former residence of Wu Changshuo auspicious pattern, two layer of Shikumen building, Piyou "art life" and "works exhibition", "bedroom" and "studio", "sea painting school" 5 room. The hall after rotation Wu Changshuo display calligraphy carving works and related activities of life history, and Wu Changshuo's artistic creation activities, life appliances, provides a wealth of information for researchers. Also repeatedly held in Japan and Korea calligraphy and exchange activities.
Former residence of Wu Changshuo in Zhejiang
Wu Changshuo's former residence, located in the village of Anji County of Zhejiang Province, Wu Zhen Zhang, Huzhou city streets. The former residence is a courtyard style courtyard, the original building, East and West Hall, down the hall and the "champion bridge", half pool and other buildings, a total area of about 2500 square meters. Wu Changshuo spent twenty-two years here.
Tomb of Wu Changshuo
The tomb of Wu Changshuo, located in Yuhang District of Hangzhou City, ultra Hill 200 meters west of the hillside outside the Ming Tang, 1989 was listed as the provincial cultural relics protection units. Tomb 2 meters high, diameter of 3 meters. The tombstone engraved with "Anji Mr. Wu Changshuo tomb" eight. 1.4 meters high, width of 0.65 meters. Department of Zhulesan supplement book. The tomb of the tomb of the front right Tingnei legislation through the description of their life stories. The tomb of Taiwan, under the left front plastic Wu Changshuo statue is a human body body.