Wu Hufan, twentieth Century China painting an important painter in painting history, he Chinese meaning actually far beyond his significance as a landscape painter.
As a collection of painting, appreciation, collection in a prominent figure, his achievements are multifaceted, can be said to represent a phenomenon in the history of Chinese painting.
Wu Hufan master of modern painting, calligraphy and painting appraiser. In his early years and was known as the "south Pu Ru Wu Beipu", with Wu Zishen, Wu Daiqiu, Feng Chaoran, in the painting "three Wu Feng" said.
Wu Hufan was born in the late Qing Dynasty, was born in Suzhou door, due to the change of social environment, the traditional literati he belongs to the last generation, and from him also reflects the ancient art in the modern development of traces.
Wu Hufan's painting is praise. He starts from the orthodox, and thus to all school much earlier, learning, which is rare in the painters group. In 40s, he has been reputed as the southeast; Wu, he inherited the essence of Wu school; in Shanghai, he led the three Wu Feng is the epitome of an era.
His collection of paintings is also a tribute to his collection. His collection provides abundant resources and solid foundation for his creation and appraisal, which is also a major feature of traditional painting. Today, although most of these works of art are the major domestic and foreign museums and other public and private collections, but from a certain point of view, perhaps not a continuation of Wu Hufan's life.
Wu Hufan's style of painting, from his early masterpieces, basically not orthodox barriers. As he made in 1916 of "pro Dong Qichang like crazy Akiyama map" fan shape mountain clearly from Dong Qichang, although the general level of pimacun, but has revealed the affinity relationship with "southern" -- orthodox.
Shanghai after the Opium War, because of its special environment has become a modern city - Chinese painting collection, to the Republic of China period, only Beijing can compete. So, Shanghai became a painter of collectors, longing for paradise, and even can be said that an important painter, almost no collectors since the Republic of China to Shanghai, or live in here, such as Pang Yuanji, Qian Jingtang collectors, artists, collectors Zhang Daqian and Xie Zhiliu kam. Wu Hufan to Shanghai after the day, making friends widely in a new environment, the role can not be ignored as he further broaden their horizons, to draw up Chinese hall inside.
According to the current understanding of the material, Wu Hufan understanding of the painting history, painting consciousness before and after 1924 to Shanghai gradually show. According to the two: first, after which he copied works a large jump, did not show a certain system; two, since then, a lot of painting painting history, painting, inscriptions appear on.
From his early works, in addition to learning "and" Wu Yun, Dong Qichang, Shen Zhou etc. we, for since the mid Qing Dynasty painting almost without a pen (a point throughout his life and art). From the traditional pen and ink skill training, if not prejudiced, orthodox in Yangzhou school, Shanghai on land. But orthodoxy is good, not absolute good. In order to learn "and" concerned, since in the late Qing Dynasty has become quite hit, no "and" beyond the stereotype of a painter. This is mainly manifested in the ink weakness, rigid. So, how to remedy the orthodox learning is easy to form and weak, stereotype?
The biggest drawback is that orthodox moliu from previous confined to or failed to do their parochial prejudice. In the artistic origin, orthodox "southern" based. Dong Qichang proposed the landscape of the "north and south school theory, mainly carried out a comb from the style of painting, the aesthetic ideal of traditional schema, teacher-student relationship, in order to learn the traditional Yanliutaoyuan. Although Dong Qichang made it clear that "beizong" - Wu Cao when learning, but also pointed out that, in the "fundamental" to which at the same time, must be on the "north and South" Yi Zong Zong "club, in the future". Orthodox painter, Wang Shimin Wang Yuanqi, for the traditional understanding only focus on Dong Ju and Huang Gongwang's "southern" is helpful to the veins, Wang Jian "beizong", but the key is "south". "To the north and South were" for one hand, the traditional big winners, as Wang hui. From the orthodox works, Wang Hui's painting is unique, because of its rich "painting", so it seems particularly rigorous and refined, simple and subtle testimonies. There is a Wang Hui painting may give great influence to Wu Hufan "Yuan ink, transported by the Tang and Song Mountain, Ze Qiyun, is great". Then, the yuan text, the Tang Dynasty and the spirit of Vals and what is it? So, Wu Hufan will continue to look towards the "and" vertical and horizontal expansion.
The Song painting shows a rich and colorful world in front of Wu Hufan. In April 10, 1929, the Ministry of education in Shanghai new Pu Yu Tang held the first session of the national art exhibition, Wu Hufan served as the Standing Committee of the national art exhibition since then. 1934, Wu Hufan Shanghai Museum Preparatory Committee and the identity of the director to accept the invitation of the Imperial Palace, Beijing cultural relics appraisal and Accreditation of the Imperial Palace. In 1935, the the Imperial Palace Museum collection in London preview in Shanghai to participate in international exhibition, Wu Hufan again to examine a member responsible for finishing. In April 1, 1937, the second national art exhibition held in Nanjing, Wu Hufan went to Nanjing to observe the ancient works. The two national art exhibition exhibition of ancient masterpieces with the wide range of "travelling Xishan", "Dong Yuan map", "night from Dragon Mountain Paradise map", Li Tang "Guo Xi" Fengtu myriad pines, "early spring", the "dragon" Zhao Mengtiao "Han Lin, wood bamboo and stone", "high Ca fine foot cross cloud", Huang Gongwang "fuchunshan Tu" and so on. Here, Wu Hufan is also a source of "summer" Shantu Dong, "Xiaoxiang map" and other important works. The Mei King library collection at this time has been famous at home, Wu Hufan also in the identification of painting "one eye", so, with his special identity and reputation, collectors at home and abroad have to show that knowledge collection for him. All this, in order to deepen the understanding of the Wu Hufan open view of traditional calligraphy and painting itself improve the appreciation ability to lay a solid foundation. He from Yun, Wu Li and Hui Nantian worships Dai Xi to Dong Qichang, "the four", Zhao Mengtiao, "the four", "two Zhao" (Zhao Boju, Zhao Bosu), Guo Xi, Fan Kuan, Li Cheng, Dong Yuan, Ju ran up and down for thousands of years, and so on, North and south 100, all from the reference, in order to absorb the essence of traditional painting.
"Pro Dong Qichang landscape book" is the important work of 193 years of Wu Hufan, and also the representative work of his period of the past 0 years. This book is the twenty open, it is actually the female Pro Dong Qichang "instructional manual". This kind of China Huapu painting study is very useful, not to mention Dong Qichang's handwriting. In the twenty book in the Dong Qichang is a great painter before all gathered together, the Tong, Li Cheng, Li Gonglin, "two meters", Zhao Mengtiao, Cao Zhibai, Huang Gongwang, Wang Meng, Ni Zan and so on. Through the practice of this book, he has combed the past important painting again. "Like Guo Xi Valley Map" in 1933, compared with Guo Xi's "valley of painting", different strokes, such as tree and mountain Cunfa, although its composition and elaborate the difference between Guo, to sum up in a word, this painting is in the Ming and Qing Wu Yun Song Jiang and ink.
Wu Hufan and modern paintings of bamboo first reputation, this piece of "enjoy the spring map" also showed his superb skill of bamboo painting. He painted bamboo hook from the song of Zhao Yong and Shen Yun Shouping Mozhu and boneless. To light or light the bamboo, the bamboo pen has a charm of thin elegant, especially the use and control of water so that the leaves are just perfect, "Phoenix shoot volume trend. Although not coloring, but there are still Zhen Li Hua Zi rich, lush gorgeous feeling. This picture is Zhu Cong, but Wu Mozhu has accentuates the charm.
Wu Hufan and modern paintings of bamboo first reputation, this piece of "enjoy the spring map" also showed his superb skill of bamboo painting. He painted bamboo hook from the song of Zhao Yong and Shen Yun Shouping Mozhu and boneless. To light or light the bamboo, the bamboo pen has a charm of thin elegant, especially the use and control of water so that the leaves are just perfect, "Phoenix shoot volume trend. Although not coloring, but there are still Zhen Li Hua Zi rich, lush gorgeous feeling. This picture is Zhu Cong, but Wu Mozhu has accentuates the charm. Atlas
During this period, Wu Hufan in flower, pommel horse, figure painting is also a lot of work, such as he made in 1931, "like Zheng South orchid", "1935, 1935" Ladies "imitation Tang Xinyi", "Lin Zhao three Ma, Zhang Lin" map "and" the end of Zizheng Shuang yuan to early 1936, "Lin Wang Ruobing Shuang yuan", showing the process of moving to Wu Hufan by the landscape characters, pommel horse, bird. In 1936 the "fog" green Luo is Wu Hufan painting lotus in a boutique, the picture with the freehand technique, color and ink to depict the lotus blooming scene, from the knowledge, it is Wu Hufan's chance of landscape painting work. From this picture we can see that Wu Hufan painting lotus wonderful colors, elegant elegant tone and sweet, crisp, Yun Hui Nantian worships deep roots are.
"The cloud" Qifeng Wu Hufan's masterpiece, is a masterpiece, it was first published in 1936 the art of life. This picture is surrounded by the peaks of the columns subject to write into a cave, far from the peak valley was filled with clouds, clouds Chuxiu, rows of pine covered pavilions in the middle of the mountain, Cong Cui, near streams gurgling, water and a dense cloud of vision...... The picture was the beauty of the mountain. In the drawing, or "light of shading, swing or Mingyan; solution the chapped, or pimacun, or a small ax cracked the Yuanhou Mourinho, deep gas. In this picture, Wu Hufan can be seen on the traditional landscape painting "north and South", green ink eclectic, has emerged from the genre of bondage, and thus formed his own style of painting.
In addition to "cloud" peaks, "Bi", "Zhang Xiao Yun", "autumn Ling heyel Yungang cross cloud" are marked his style mature works.
"Peach blossom" is a representative of Yue Pu Wu Hufan's landscape painting. This painting depicts the beautiful scenery of Jiangnan in March world. The spring grass delicious, Jiangnan, the joys of spring peach red reflecting surface, by twos and threes, fishing boat waves in the ocean between dumping million, reminiscent of the ideal world Tao Yuanming is depicted in "peach blossom spring. The composition by Pingyuan law, can be seen from Dong Yuan and Ju ran as the representative of the southern school. In the painting, "peach blossom" Yue Pu main absorption integrated Dong Yuan, Juran, Huang Gongwang Wong, such as mountain pimacun, the short note from Dong Yuan "Xiaoxiang map", "summer Shantu", "summer pass to be crossing", but the "giant", "Akiyama asked map layer rock Cong Huang Gongwang in particular" tree plots, "graph". These works are basically to see Wu Hufan in the Republic of china. "Graph" Juan is Wu Hufan Mei King Library in 1936 in one of the important secrets hidden, Wu of repeatedly copying, from the picture we can see the deep yellow heartprints wu. But with Huang Gongwang Cunfa compared they have subtle differences, such as yellow pen empty loose, Wu in the smart foundation is solid and it tends to be upright, imitating the Wu Tang has a great relationship, in fact, this is also a tribute to Wu Hufan in the tradition of the offer and characteristics.
Adapting to his health, from 60s, is another transitional period of Wu Hufan's painting style. In calligraphy, He Lin Xi Huai Su cursive "autobiography", matching this is his painting to Su Shi, Zhao Mengtiao wood and bamboo freehand painting inscription is to expand, cursive, rather than from Xue Ji, Mi Fei used the xingkai. "Bamboo wood" (1963), "bamboo landscape" (1963), "play an indispensable role" (1963), the "Lotus" (1964), (1965) the meaning of "Islamic" is representative of his work from this period. However, from the terms of art itself, he tried to change the style of work is not completely successful. Mainly for the organization, more chaos, the ink slightly rotten. Of course, this is with him in 60s as a basic neat style is closely related to the road. From the neat to bold, pen and paper on ink change difference control required, this for him, do not seem to do it so.
The use of color is a major feature of Wu Hufan's painting, especially his landscape paintings, such as "Snow", "Dong Guan Po Ling Wang Yun", "autumn peach" Yue Pu, both bright and bright, highly decorative. This is he of a color to its edges, repeated inquiry results. Tang and Song Dynasty landscape painting during the peak period, in addition to the wall painting, "Jiang Fan Pavilion map", "Trinidad jiangshantu", "Jin que map" is wan song for the green landscape in the immortal masterpiece. The Yuan Dynasty Ming Dynasty Zhao Mengtiao, Wen Zhiming, Qiu Ying, Dong Qichang, Wang Jian and other development in Qing Dynasty can still inherit the green landscape, but generally speaking, the Yuan Dynasty, the light purple ink into the mainstream, green is getting worse. The green landscape with big green, small green branch. The hook profile, less brushwork, color thick, strong decoration; the latter is based on ink and light color on the thin green cover. Two have certain difference, but the mineral azurite, malachite green as the main color. So, the Tang and Song Dynasties green (Jin Bi) highly pure landscape form of language is its important characteristics. On the other hand, the high purity of formal language does not hinder its richness. This is because its color is done after many rendering and backing side. In 30s Wu Hufan Zhao Boju had found the green landscape design has seven layers, the landscape painting is his design inspiration. Wu Hufan made further development on this basis. His landscape design is far more than the azurite, malachite green, like gold, almost all of the traditional Chinese painting will be used in this way, under Wu Hufan's pen, the highly pure and elegant style of the development of ancient green landscape language as the language of rich, colourful bright Qing style.
Wu Hufan used to take the occasion of the Tang and Song Dynasties leisure pen famous poetry reading in relation to Su Shi once said that his art is ", so we can There is poetry in a painting.", said Wu Hufan is a word painting, especially graceful words. It seems that careful, beautiful, distinguished and admirable style of painting and graceful meaning in the book is very important.
Monument as "wife": good at Chinese painting. He was born in 1894, Mei Lanfang and had, Zhou Xinfang, fan Yanqiao, Wang Yachen and other 20 people as "the 1894 g". Wu Hufan 13 years old painting, from the beginning of "Four Wangs", Dong Qichang start, then on the five generation, two song and Yuan Ming home. With Zhao Shuru, Wu Daiqiu, Feng aloof hailed as "the sea four everyone". With Wu Zishen, Wu Daiqiu, Feng Wu Feng detachment are called "three". In 1930s, Chinese painting "Southern Wu (Hu Fan) North (known as Zhang Daqian). In the "2.5 admire Daqian painter", the first is Wu Hufan.
Identification of community "eye": Wu Hufan has identified "eye" in the last century, in 30s and 40s the name, enough to imagine him in the authoritative identification of industry. He is quite confident about his level of expertise. In twenty-seven years (1938), Shanghai Ji Gu Ge master Cao Youqing and just buy a shabby "left mountain map" to ask him to identify. He knows it for men, the "negotiation" will be the home collection business week Yi bronzes changed this canjuan. After the the Imperial Palace Museum and the "graph" copy of a control, it is his element "graph" front. Found a title, "Tai Chi road Pingyang in painting in the clouds at the age of eight in rank one" landscape painting he also painted broken pile, no previous collection of seals, and have never seen the record, but through his research, this is crazy old paintings actually true pen. He purchased, with lots of money carefully framed, saving precious paintings.
As "atomic bomb radiation map": Wu Hufan's painting is praise. He starts from the orthodox, and thus to all school much earlier, learning, which is rare in the painters group. In 40s, he has been reputed as the southeast; Wu, he inherited the essence of Wu school; in Shanghai, he led the "three Wu Feng" is the epitome of an era.
Wu Hufan is also good at landscape, pine, bamboo, lotus. From the early Qing Dynasty "and" start, after a lot of work on the Song Dynasty by Dong Qichang, Dong Yuan, Guo Xi Ju ran, they influence style unchanged, painting, is dignified. Style beautiful plump elegant colors, delicate, deep clouds misty, Quan Shi Xidang induced. Wu Hufan's most distinctive landscape painting, when he was at first with a large amount of water, paper, slightly dry after use ordinary pen dipped in ink, slightly exaggerated, a mounting view like Chuxiu stretches, not matter. Sometimes painting birds, painting cattle, even more rare for expensive. There is a picture of the five Niutu "scroll, cattle or back or down, or review or erect, very powerful. The line is fine structure complex move among force and soft, and.
In 1964, China tried to put the first atomic bomb, he saw several documentaries, saw color photos, with the usual Dianran pen, as "atomic bomb radiation". When the exhibition was on display, there are people's Liberation Army visited the book on the request: please put this painting plate, printed as promotional materials for the masses to buy." The influence of the large, as can be imagined. Wu Hufan was founded in the new China reserve by courtesy. The representative of "Dong Guan Po," Mount Lu "snow map" scene, "write poetry", "Lotus Ying Mi Fu first day" etc..
Shanghai people's Art Publishing House published the "contemporary ten painters," a book, and Wu Hufan is one of them. At that time, Beijing has an expert to see me, to think of Wu Hufan as "one of the top ten contemporary artists" not good enough; I asked him who qualified? He said Shi Lu should replace Wu Hufan. I immediately said: Although there is little doubt Shi Lu meticulously, but most of his works are insane under the vent, not too hasty? The expert actually said: "this is the art of expression! The talented artist is crazy and only one step away!" if such a speech a, to an "avant-garde" youth, since it was not surprising; however, that in a "traditional" expert of the mouth!
Here, is not to deny the achievements from Xu Wei, eight, until the end of Wu Changshuo, and so on, and then, he, and he, and he, and then, the achievements of, and so on, and so on, and so on, and so on, and so on, and so on, and so on. As a strange cultural tradition there is no doubt that they are Chinese history achievement to reflect future self-sufficiency. However, it is obviously not desirable to popularize the odd cultural tradition with special truth only. It is not advisable to negate the positive cultural tradition by taking the odd cultural tradition as the only tradition.
From generation Wu Hufan realizes that the traditional family of scholars use Qizheng discrimination. The so-called "is unripe, endless", from universal, only based on the Yu Zheng culture have positive value. Therefore, although he also appreciate the odd culture, including eight, Shi Tao, but his personal value orientation, is more inclined to the Yu Zheng culture. From this, his personality and artistic quality, calligraphy and appreciation and collection, almost can be reflected, halal peace, a stately elegance, harmonious atmosphere, and must go to weird things madness engorgement, acid decadent.
On his character, his life has a lot of setbacks, one after another blow upon his body, a little less than those of wild Yi abstractismartist minor. Coupled with his evil spirit, is always the superior, unwilling people. However, he did not have the blame on others, but still detest the world and its ways, with gentle, modest and courteous criteria unmoved either by gain or loss.
On his paintings, although by Dong Qichang, the orthodox Southern hands entry, but to see the eyes of the rich, high, not for you, then take Zhao Mengtiao, Guo Xi, Tang law, tend to portray beizong style. Many mountains, clouds spring with serious Ke Qin dignified and imposing, ten water, five day of the stone, in a calm mood, keep going by painstaking effort hook cracked dyed, meteorological Ghosn ink painting, layered flamboyant, a kind of harmony between man and nature of Gao Hua's charm, refined and cultured, sufficient to enable the author and audience in mind with worry free. Have all seen the bright world courteous and accessible, clear, clear heart namely the sky, thus conserving people for the ideal of the pursuit of life, resolve the people and the society are not harmonious.
No doubt, for the construction of socialist spiritual civilization, to promote the traditional, we need to send the wild peculiar style, but more needs and should be vigorously promoted, popularized, it is like Wu Hufan in just the art of fashion.
Wu Hufan because of a generous in "Chinese school, where there is a clear three hundred years no buyers", and to Dong Qichang the quasi Yang Sheng "closed hole Pu snow map", and the title poem: Chinese painting no authentic silk eight hundred years will lose the soul. Dong Guan Pu is fortunate to have light snow map, fragrant writing pen of Yang Sheng. Zhu Shi man Fendui layered, howling autumn maple city. Is the fear of the whole day at night, a beautiful land. The so-called "dark around", refers to the time the painting filled his style, "black clouds in the clouds of ink, black ink group Zhongtian wide". Just as Fu Baoshi said: "Wu Changshuo (style) wind diffuse painting, utterly ridiculous" China painting, blindly follow the example of Shi Tao, was also formed as luyanshao said "good not learn, but in his illness, his habits with yourself". The truth, one step forward, becomes falsehood. While the "beautiful land", is refers to the quality of the painting is the pulse of Tang and Song dynasty Grand place. Wu Hufan knew that, with his foresight, his artistic ideas may not be widely recognized at the time of the situation, so as to be five hundred years later on to ". However, just in case of just fifty years, more than a strong resistance to interference in the Wu Hufan era, Jin Tang Song and Yuan Dynasty painting tradition, inheriting the traditional way of Wu Hufan, Zhang Dagan, Lu Yanshao, Xie Zhiliu's artistic achievements, has won more and more circles home and abroad, especially in hot pursuit of outside. From this phenomenon to anticipate, and for carrying forward the traditional understanding, clear, zhengshuo, will open a new chapter.