朱屺瞻

屺瞻,男,汉族,江苏太仓人,1892年生,八岁起临摹古画,中年时期两次东渡日本学习油画,五十年代后主攻中国画,擅山水,花卉,尤精兰、竹、石。创作继承传统,融会中西,致力创新,所作笔墨雄劲,气势磅礴,具有鲜明的民族特色和个人风格,生前历任上海艺术专科学校教授,西画系研究所主任,中国美术家协会顾问。

  • 中文名朱屺瞻
  • 别名名增钧,号起哉、二瞻老民
  • 性别
  • 国籍中国
  • 民族汉族
  • 祖籍江苏太仓
  • 出生地江苏太仓
  • 出生日期1892年
  • 逝世日期1996年
  • 信仰中国共产党
  • 职业画家
  • 主要成就画坛一代宗师
  • 代表作品《朱屺瞻画集》、《癖斯居画谈》、《朱屺瞻画选》
人物简介

朱屺瞻,名增钧,号起哉,又号二哉老民,斋名梅花草堂、癖斯居等,系我国著名的寿星画家,画坛的一代宗师。曾任中国美术家协会、中国书法家协会、上海美术家协会常务理事、西泠印社顾问等职。
朱屺瞻习画自幼年始,曾两度赴日本学习油画与考察美术教育 ,27岁时,其油画参加过首届苏州美术画赛会。 新中国建立后 ,朱屺瞻受聘为上海市文史馆馆员,后又被聘为上海中国画院画师。此后,多次赴外地写生、创作,举办个人画展,成为我国著 名国画大师。朱屺瞻画风老辣,自成一体。著有《朱屺瞻画集》、《癖斯居画谈》、《朱屺瞻画选》等多种,作品被海内外多家博物馆、美术馆收藏。1995年上海市政府在虹口公署内建造了朱屺瞻艺术馆。
朱屺瞻一生喜爱梅花。抗战时,浏河老宅被日军焚毁,新宅亦弹洞满壁,遂拆老宅之余屋,修缮新宅,并把日寇炸弹坑挖为“铁卵池”,池边土坡上遍植梅花,题其居曰“梅花草堂”,自号“梅花草堂主人”。1936年,朱屺瞻潘天寿、姜丹书、金维坚、吴茀之张振铎至浏河梅花草堂雅集,吟诗作画,研讨艺事,欢聚数日而散。后征集得海内名家王一亭齐白石黄宾虹吴湖帆贺天健、丁辅之等所作梅花草堂图,汇为一巨册。1991年朱屺瞻百岁时,家乡政府在其故居重建“梅花草堂”,计一院五室,分为展厅、画室、会客厅等。为此,朱屺瞻向梅花草堂赠送了《春风新长紫兰芽》、《老干横生色如铁》、《雨后溪山》等六幅精品力作。

人物经历

祖辈世代经营酱园生意。8岁丧母。9岁入私塾,受塾师童颂禹的影响,开始习画。名字为童老师感其思母心切,据《诗经·魏风·陟岵》“陟彼屺兮,瞻望母兮”而取。1905年就读于宝山县学堂。1908年毕业后,考入邮传部上海实业学校(上海交通大学前身)就读,曾得时任校监的著名国学家唐文治教益。
1912年开始接触西方油画,入上海图画美术院(后改为上海美术专科学校)就读。次年在该校执教,并兼任函授乙部主任。26岁赴日留学,入川端美术学校,师从藤岛武二。首次接触后印象派梵高塞尚马蒂斯等的作品。
1918年油画作品《风景》入选首届苏州美术画赛会展览。1928年10月,与王济远、江小鹣、李秋君、张辰伯、潘玉良等创办艺术绘画研究所。1929年国画作品《春寒》等和油画作品《劳苦》、《静物》入选第一届全国美展。1931年任上海新华艺专教授。1933年出资营造新华艺专绘画研究所。次年任研究所主任兼导师,同时教授国画和西画。在该所任教的还有庞薰琴、汪亚尘、杨秀涛等。1936年与徐悲鸿、汪亚尘等创办“默社画会”。1934年受陶行知影响,回乡创办农民业余教习所“乡村改进社”。1937年再次赴日考察美术教育两个月。同年国画作品《竹石图》和油画作品《菊花》参加第二届全国美展。为使国宝不流失国外,筹集钱款购买收藏了石涛名作《万点恶墨图卷》、《八大山人书画册》等,1949年后交国家博物馆收藏。
1950年当选为上海市第一次文化会代表。1952年“三反”“五反”运动中受冲击,书画房产变卖殆尽,生活困窘。1953年,老小6口住在一间“过街楼”里。同年作品《潇湘烟雨》入选全国国画展。1954年当选人民代表。翌年又被聘为上海文史馆馆员。境遇好转。1956年受聘为上海中国画院画师。
1966年因文化大革命被迫停笔。
1977年应邀为北京饭店和首都机场作画。1979年以88岁高龄为人民大会堂创造了巨幅国画《红梅图》。同年被聘为聘为文化部中国画研究组成员。92岁为旧金山国际机场所作的《葡萄图》颇得好评。1984年山水画作品《大地春意浓》获第六届全国美展荣誉奖。1995年2月大英博物馆举办了他的艺术作品展览,7月美国旧金山亚洲美术博物馆举办其画展。1996年4月20日因肺部感染而致急性左心衰竭在华东医院病逝,享年一百零五岁。绝笔画为枇杷红柿图。
弟子有潘玉良、邢少兰、倪衍诚、尹光华等。上海美术电影制片厂1981年拍摄艺术纪录片《画家朱屺瞻》。1995年上海市政府在鲁迅公园创建了朱屺瞻艺术馆,不仅用于收藏和研究朱的作品,也是一个高品位的艺术交流机构。

作品赏析

作品特点
朱屺瞻精通中西艺术,其画贯通古今,融合中西。朱屺瞻齐白石关系密切,齐白石前后为他刻印70多方,作画题跋、赠扇面数十幅。从50年代以来,他先后在上海、南京、北京、香港、新加坡等地举办过十多次个人画展。1962年参加法国春季沙龙画展。1983年为美国旧金山国际机场画巨幅《葡萄》,1986年应邀赴美讲学。他是为数不多的百岁画家,并在百岁纪念日,在上海举办了“百岁书画展”。
画作《可人图》赏析
此图是朱屺瞻的代表作品之一,画中题:“嘉瓠吾所爱,孤高更可人。辛酉夏日于北京钓鱼台所见,归后写之,屺瞻。”山石焦墨勾凃,淡墨皴擦,干湿并用,浓淡相宜。葫芦藤叶以粗、涩的焦墨和浓淡不同的湿墨勾出,粗头乱服而有韵致。深重的山石衬出绿色的葫芦,葫芦造型稚拙天真,用笔生涩有力,响亮的绿色中渗透出赭石的光辉,泼辣而稳重。
朱屺瞻的绘画受西方现代绘画影响,色彩鲜明响亮,节奏感、力量感和层次感极强。他的这幅作品用笔概括有力,用色泼辣生涩,气势磅礴,使人感到强烈的个性和内在的力量,这是朱屺瞻绘画的最大特色。
作品行情
朱屺瞻作品丰富,极受收藏家欢迎,几乎每次重要的拍卖会都有他的作品出售,价格很高。除香港大量出售他的作品外,纽约的拍卖行也拍卖过他的画作,最近1991年5月美国拍卖的一幅《露气远山晴》达到1.4万美元。国内由北京荣宝斋经售他的作品。

人物成就

屺瞻习画自幼年始,曾两度赴日本学习油画与考察美术教育 ,27岁时,其油画参加过首届苏州美术画赛会。新中国建立后,朱屺瞻受聘为上海市文史馆馆员,后又被聘为上海中国画院画师。此后,多次赴外地写生、创作,举办个人画展,成为我国著名国画大师。朱屺瞻画风老辣,自成一体。著有《朱屺瞻画集》、《癖斯居画谈》、《朱屺瞻画选》等多种,作品被海内外多家博物馆、美术馆收藏。1995年上海市政府在鲁迅公园内建造了朱屺瞻艺术馆。

后世纪念

朱屺瞻艺术馆是以中国当代著名书画大师朱屺瞻先生命名的一座公立美术馆,1995年建成开馆。它既是收藏、陈列与研究朱屺瞻先生书画艺术的专门机构,也是开展国内外艺术交流的重要窗口,履行中小型艺术博物馆的功能。自成立之日起即以高品位与学术性为目标开展研究、收藏、展览、交流及艺术教育工作。开馆以来除致力于朱屺瞻先生的艺术研究和出版展览外,还成功举办了一系列有影响的艺术大展,包括引进国外的优秀展览,加强与兄弟省市博物馆的交流合作,实现资源共享。同时也策划了一些当代艺术家的主题性展览,产生了较好的社会效益,树立了良好的信誉。
朱屺瞻艺术馆坐落于鲁迅公园东北隅的欧阳路580号,西门直通公园,毗邻市中心,环境优美、交通便利。朱屺瞻艺术馆在朴素典雅的江南建筑风格中注入了现代建筑元素,具有VRV空调、电子监控、防盗报警系统以及恒温恒湿专业性库房等硬件设施、设备先进、功能齐全。占地面积800余平方米,建筑面积2000平方米,展厅面积850平方米。馆内除了常年陈列朱屺瞻先生作品的常设展厅外,还拥有三个设施完备的艺术交流展厅,并具有良好的安保系统及其他附属设施。
朱屺瞻艺术馆的典藏以朱屺瞻先生所捐献的艺术作品为基础,包括屺老本人的100余件作品,以及当代书画名家作品七十余件;还有屺老历年所收藏的历代名家书画作品三十件。这些古画虽属劫后余物,数量不多然不乏精品。近年本馆又陆续有计划的收藏一些当代艺术家的优秀作品,逐步充实典藏,在同类纪念馆馆藏中尚属位列前茅。以传承经典、关注当代为己任的朱屺瞻艺术馆,举办了“水墨与心性—齐白石朱屺瞻刘海粟联展”和“朱宣咸画展”等一系列展览,以此呈现传统文化精神的传承和演绎,并力图把水墨艺术的独特语言展示出来。
朱屺瞻艺术馆拥有良好的专业服务系统。它的业务结构主要由学术部、典藏部及展览部组成。除了收藏、出版、研究、陈列、组织艺术交流外,同时开展广泛的艺术教育、普及高雅艺术。
走过十年创业之路,本馆将以“传统创新、现代经典与当今视觉”为学术定位,并以“传承历史文脉,创新现代经典、培养艺术新锐”为办馆理念,同时以上海新水墨的学术建设为切入点,构建新水墨论坛、面向国际面向未来,推动有民族特色的当代美术事业的发展,并与上海多伦现代美术馆携手合作,为共同打造上海东北城区的现代文化艺术中心而努力!

English Introduction

Zhu Qizhan, who by Jun, No. two, Zai Zai, and old people, vegetarian, addiction, in plum cottage, a famous painter of Chinese painting, longevity, master. Former China Artists Association, China Calligraphers Association, executive director of Shanghai Artists Association, Xiling Seal-Engravers'Society consultant.
Zhu Qizhan painting since childhood years, twice went to Japan to study painting and study art education, at the age of 27, it participated in the first Suzhou oil painting art painting competition. After the establishment of new Chinese, Zhu Qizhan employed as Shanghai city museumlibrarian, and was appointed Shanghai Chinese painting artist. Since then, many times went abroad sketch, creation, organized personal exhibition, become a famous Chinese painting master. Zhu Qizhan's painting style and sophistication, self-contained. The author of "Zhu Qizhan album", "addiction," talk "in painting, Zhu Qizhan" and other paintings, works at home and abroad by many museums and art galleries. In 1995, the Shanghai municipal government built the art museum in Hongkou.
Zhu Qizhan loved plum blossom. The Anti Japanese War, the Japanese Liuhe house burned, the new house also play the hole over the wall, then remove the old house over the house, repair house, and put the bomb hole as the "iron egg pool", the slope planted plum, the problem in said "plum cottage", call himself "plum blossom cottage owner". In 1936, Zhu Qizhan invited Pan Tianshou, Jiang Danshu, Jin Weijian, Wu Fuzhi, Zhang Zhenduo to Liuhe plum cottage gathering, poetry and painting, artistic research, gather a few days away. After collecting to domestic famous Wang Yiting, Qi Baishi, Huang Binhong, Wu Hufan, He Tianjian and Ding Fuzhi made plum cottage, merged into one big volume. In 1991, Zhu Qizhan hundred years old when the home government in its reconstruction in the "plum blossom cottage", a five meter room, divided into exhibition hall, studio, room etc.. To this end, Zhu Qizhan presented to the plum cottage "Spring Bud", "new long violet color phenomena such as iron," old "after the rain Xi mountain" six masterpieces.

My ancestors Jiangyuan business management. 8 year old mother died. The 9 annual school, influenced by the Tong Songyu, began to study painting. The name for the child teacher sense of its mother eager, according to the "Book of Songs - Wei Feng Hu Zhi" "Zhi that Qi Xi, see mother Xi" and take. 1905 study in Baoshan County school. After graduating in 1908, admitted to the Department of post Shanghai Industrial School (the predecessor of Shanghai Jiao Tong University), was a famous Chinese scientist Tang Wenzhi from when he was chancellor.
1912 began to contact Western painting, into the Shanghai picture art academy (after the Shanghai art school). The following year in the school coach, and served as director of correspondence B. At the age of 26 in Japan, at Sichuan Fine Arts School, under the tutelage of Toshima Takeji. Impressionism, Van Gogh, Matisse and other works after the first exposure to the works of Impressionism, such as the works of the Impressionists, the Impressionists and the Impressionists, and so on.
1918 oil painting "landscape" in the first Suzhou art painting competition exhibition. October 1928, and Wang Jiyuan, Jiang Xiaojian, and so on, such as the founding of the Institute of art painting, and so on, and so on, and so on, such as the founding of the Institute of art and painting of China, such as, such as. 1929 Chinese painting "spring" and "hard", "painting still life" selected the first national art exhibition. In 1931, Professor of Shanghai Xinhua art school. 1933 funded construction of Xinhua art painting. The following year as director of the Institute and mentor, Professor of Chinese painting and Western painting at the same time. In the taught there Pang Xunqin, Wang Yachen, Yang Xiutao, etc.. 1936 and Xu Beihong, such as the founder of the silent society Painting Society of Wang Yachen". In 1934, influenced by Tao Xingzhi, he created the "rural farmers amateur learning improvement society". 1937 went to Japan to visit art education two months. The same year painting works "and" bamboo and stone paintings "Chrysanthemum" in the second national art exhibition. In order to make the loss of national treasure abroad, to raise money to buy a collection of famous masterpieces "10000 Tu", "evil ink Badashan 1919 album", in 1949 after the National Museum collection.
1950 was elected as the first cultural representative of Shanghai. In 1952, the "three evils" in the movement by the impact, and real estate selling out the embarrassment of life. In 1953, the youngest of 6 living in a "Shanghai". The same year, "Xiaoxiang" amidst the works selected for the national traditional Chinese painting exhibition. Elected people's representative in 1954. The following year he was appointed Shanghai museumlibrarian. Situation improvement. 1956 was hired for Shanghai Chinese painting artist.
1966 was forced to stop writing because of the cultural revolution.
1977 was invited to Beijing Hotel and the capital airport painting. 1979 created a huge painting "plum figure at the age of 88 for the Great Hall of the people". In the same year, he was employed as a member of the Chinese painting research group of the Ministry of culture. 92 year old San Francisco International Airport for the "grape map" quite well received. The works of landscape painting in the 1984 "earth strong spring" won the Sixth National Art Exhibition award. In February 1995, British Museum held his art exhibition, and held his art exhibition in San Francisco Asian Art Museum in July. April 20, 1996 died in Huadong Hospital because of acute left heart failure due to pulmonary infection, at the age of one hundred and five. It is red persimmon loquat figure painting.
Disciples Pan Yuliang, Xing Shaolan, Ni Yancheng, Yin Guanghua, etc.. Shanghai art film studio 1981 shooting documentary "art painter Zhu Qizhan". In 1995, the Shanghai municipal government created Lu Xun Art Museum, which is not only used to collect and study Zhu's works, but also a high grade art exchange institution.

Features of works
Zhu Qizhan proficient in Chinese and Western art, painting through ancient and modern, integration of Chinese and western. Zhu Qizhan and Qi Baishi close, Qi Baishi and for his engraving 70 multi painting inscriptions, a fan of dozens of pieces. Since 50s, he has held more than and 10 personal exhibitions in Shanghai, Nanjing, Beijing, Hongkong, Singapore and other places. 1962 France spring salon exhibition. San Francisco International Airport in 1983 for the huge painting "grape", in 1986 the United States was invited to give lectures. He is one of the few hundred year old painter, and in centennial anniversary, held in Shanghai, "Centennial Book exhibition".
"Map" of paintings.
This map is one of the representative works of Zhu Qizhan Painting Jia Hu: "my love, but more aloof. Summer in Beijing Diaoyutai Xinyou see, to write, qizhan." The ink stone hook Tu, light cunca, dry and wet with appropriate strength. Wet ink gourd vine leaves with coarse, astringent and ink shades of tick, thick head clothes and charm. Deep rocks lining out green gourd, gourd and other innocent pen jerky strong, penetration of ochre brilliance loud green, vigorous and steady.
Zhu Qizhan's painting is influenced by western modern painting, with bright color, strong sense of rhythm, strength and sense of hierarchy. His works with strong generalization, use of color and jerky, of great momentum, makes people feel a strong personality and inner strength, this is the biggest characteristic of Zhu Qizhan's painting.
Quotation of works
Zhu Qizhan works rich, very popular collectors, almost every important auction will have his works for sale, the price is very high. In addition to the sale of a large number of his works in Hongkong, New York auction auction of his paintings, recently the United States in May 1991 auction of a "Mountain Dew" fine of $14 thousand. Home from Beijing rongbaozhai sells his work.

Qizhan painting since childhood years, twice went to Japan to study painting and study art education, at the age of 27, it participated in the first Suzhou oil painting art painting competition. After the establishment of new Chinese, Zhu Qizhan employed as Shanghai city museumlibrarian, and was appointed Shanghai Chinese painting artist. Since then, many times went abroad sketch, creation, organized personal exhibition, become a famous Chinese painting master. Zhu Qizhan's painting style and sophistication, self-contained. The author of "Zhu Qizhan album", "addiction," talk "in painting, Zhu Qizhan" and other paintings, works at home and abroad by many museums and art galleries. In 1995, the Shanghai municipal government built the art museum in Lu Xun park.
Zhu Zhu Qizhan art museum is a public art museum named Chinese famous contemporary painting master Mr. Zhu Qizhan, built in 1995 opened. It is not only the collection, display and research of Mr. Zhu Qizhan painting and calligraphy art specialized institutions, but also to carry out the domestic and international art exchange important window, fulfill the function of small and medium-sized art museum. Since the date of its establishment, we should carry out research, collection, exhibition, communication and art education with the aim of high grade and academic nature. The opening in the art research and publishing exhibition dedicated to Mr. Zhu Qizhan, successfully held a series of influential art exhibitions, including the introduction of foreign excellent exhibition, strengthen exchanges and cooperation with other provinces of the museum, realize the sharing of resources. At the same time, it also planned some contemporary artists' theme exhibitions, produced better social benefits and established a good reputation.
Zhu Qizhan art museum is located in the northeast corner of Lu Xun Park No. 580 Ouyang Road, Simon through park, adjacent to the city center, a beautiful environment, convenient transportation. Zhu Qizhan art museum with modern architectural elements in the simple and elegant Jiangnan architectural style, with VRV air conditioning, electronic monitoring, anti-theft alarm system, constant temperature and humidity professional warehouse facilities, advanced equipment, complete function. Covers an area of 800 square meters, construction area of 2000 square meters, exhibition area of 850 square meters. Museum in addition to the perennial exhibition of Mr. Zhu Qizhan's permanent exhibition hall, but also has three facilities complete art exchange hall, and has a good security system and other ancillary facilities.
Zhu Qizhan Art Museum collection by Mr. Zhu Qizhan donated works of art as the foundation, including more than 100 pieces of works of his own, and contemporary painting and calligraphy works of more than 70 pieces; and his collection of over thirty pieces of famous calligraphy and painting history. These ancient paintings is a residue number and lack of quality. In recent years, the museum has excellent works planned collection of contemporary artists, and gradually enrich collections, in the same Memorial Collection is still in the forefront. In the classical tradition, pay close attention to the contemporary mission of the Zhu Qizhan Art Museum, organized the "ink and mind - Qi Baishi, Liu Haisu, Zhu Qizhan Exhibition" and "the Zhu Xuanxian show" and a series of exhibitions, in order to show the inheritance and interpretation of the spirit of traditional culture, and tries to show the unique language of ink art.
Art Gallery has a good professional service system. It is mainly composed of the academic structure of business department, collection and Exhibition Department. In addition to collection, publishing, research, display, organization of art exchanges, while extensive arts education, the popularity of elegant art.
Through ten years of entrepreneurial road, the museum will be the traditional innovation, modern classic and contemporary vision "for the academic position, and to inherit the historical context, the modern classic and innovative cutting-edge art" as the concept of library management, at the same time in Shanghai new ink painting academic construction as the breakthrough point, to build a new forum for international ink for the future, to promote the development of contemporary art with national characteristics, and to cooperate with the Shanghai Duolun Museum of Contemporary Art, and strive for the modern culture and Art Center jointly build Shanghai city in Northeast china!

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