石鲁

石鲁(1919-1982),当代中国画家。原名冯亚珩,四川仁寿人。早年就学于成都东方美专,1940年赴延安入陕北公学院,从事版画创作,后专攻中国画。1959年创作《转战陕北》,名声日隆。后与赵望云创立长安画派。擅长人物、山水、花鸟。早期画风偏于写实,用笔坚实谨严,多画革命题材;后期画风奇崛劲健,常以华山、荷花为题,笔力纵恣雄豪。曾任中国美术家协会常务理事、中国书法家协会常务理事、陕西省美术家协会主席、陕西省书法家协会主席、陕西省国画院名誉院长、中国画研究院院委等职。著有《石鲁学画录》、电影剧本《暴风中的雄鹰》等。

  • 中文名石鲁
  • 别名原名冯亚珩
  • 性别
  • 国籍中国
  • 民族汉族
  • 祖籍四川省仁寿县
  • 出生地四川省仁寿县
  • 出生日期1919年12月13日
  • 逝世日期1982年8月25日
  • 职业画家
  • 毕业院校延安陕北公学院
  • 主要成就长安画派主要创始人
  • 代表作品《转战陕北》《延河饮马》《东方欲晓》《家家都在花丛中》等
人物介绍

石鲁,1919年12月13日生于四川省仁寿县,原名冯亚衡。中国现代中国画家,山水、人物、花鸟画家,长安画派主要创始人。1936年毕业于成都东方美术专科学校,1938年肄业于四川华西大学文学院历史社会学系。1939年入陕西安吴堡青训班学习。1938年投身抗日救亡运动,1940年投奔延安入陕北公学院,开始以画笔为宣传工具献身革命,因慕石涛和鲁迅,易名石鲁。在延安历任西北文艺工作团美术组长、陕甘宁边区文化协会美术干部、《群众画报》编辑、延安大学文艺系美术班主任。1949年后历任西北美术工作者协会副主任、《西北画报》社社长、中国美术家协会陕西分会主席、陕西国画院名誉院长、中国美协常务理事等。1961年在北京举办“西安美术家协会国画研究室习作展”,被誉为“长安画派”。十年浩劫中备受摧残,仍顽强斗争、坚持作画。1979年中国美术家协会在北京举办“石鲁书画展”。出版画集多种,创作有电影剧本《暴风中的雄鹰》。中国画作品有《转战南北》、《华岳之雄》、《荷雨图》等。著有画论《石鲁学画录》等。1982年8月25日卒于陕西省西安市。

艺术特色

石鲁是20世纪中国书画领域的革新家。他早年学习中国传统绘画,进入创作期以后,艺术大体经历了三个阶段。第一阶段40年代和50年代,以比较写实的通俗人物故事画宣传社会革命,代表作有木刻版画《打倒封建》和彩墨画《长城内外》。第二阶段60年代,一方面以叙事、抒情、象征手法结合的巨幅历史画《转战陕北》取得了突破,另一方面以《南泥湾途中》等一批新山水画成为"长安画派"最有影响力的画家。第三阶段70年代,他以花鸟大写意为主,创作了一批极具个性化的诗、书、画、印,具有强烈的主观表现性,以强力提按的用笔和激烈抒情的品格构成了对传统书画的变革,成为书画由传统形态向现代形态转变的艺术家。
石鲁因为敬慕清代画家石涛和现代著名作家鲁迅,就把自己的号称为“石鲁”。石鲁(1919~1982)是长安画派的领军人物,他的画作是中国最早进入国际市场的近现代书画作品。石鲁年轻时只身赴延安参加革命,枣园星灯、山颠塔影、皇天后土、古塬狂飙成为石鲁主要的创作题材。有人说石鲁的作品“野、怪、乱、黑”,对此石鲁以诗应道:“人骂我野我更野,搜尽平凡创奇迹;人责我怪我何怪,不屑为奴偏自裁;人为我乱不为乱,无法之法法更严;人笑我黑不太黑,黑到惊心动魂魄,野怪乱黑何足论,你有嘴舌我有心。”石鲁是位极具灵气和创新的画家,黄土高原和陕北风情既寄寓了石鲁对那段革命历史的深情回忆,也表现了他对美和美的价值的全新理解。这种独特的创作手法使他成为了二十世纪中国画坛上最具反传统色彩的一代大师。

作品赏析

“1959年,石鲁创作了《转战陕北》,奠定了他在美术界的地位。石鲁若无《转战陕北》一画,他在美术界的地位就不可能有今日之高。《转战陕北》的成功,关键在于他画了别人从未画过的题材,历史上有人画过北方的雄伟高山、长松巨石、飞泉流湍;也有人画南方平缓山水、草木葱茏、云兴霞蔚;因此,画南北方的山水都有现成的技法可供借鉴,但也很难突破。历史上从来没有人画黄土高原,石鲁画了,他画得很费力气,但他成功了。画上没有一棵树,一棵草,全是黄土,但他表现得好,令人耳目一新。用今天一句流行的话说:他填补了画史上的一个空白。接着,他又画《延河饮马》和《南泥湾途中》,虽然画得很好,但比《转战陕北》逊色多了。因为他用传统的方法多了一些,他的传统功力又不十分过硬。当然,比那些因循守旧的作品不知强胜多少倍。再接着,他又创作了《东方欲晓》、《树大成荫》、《家家都在花丛中》等。由于石鲁天才颖悟,又有文学修养,他善于发现、捕捉美,也善于作艺术的处理,画出来皆不同凡响,令人一览难忘。”
(陈传席《画坛点将录》)

人物年表

1919年十二月十三日出生在中国四川省仁寿县文公乡松林湾。取名:冯亚衍。父:冯子融,母:王氏,大哥:冯伯磷,二哥:冯建吴,三哥:冯伯琴,姐:冯汀祷辛亥鼎革,家世破落而余韵犹丰,科举废除而诗书尚存。先生聪颖好学,自
幼熟读经书。余学三年,随兄赴锦城入《东方美专》习中国画。旧科新学,良修杂芜,国运不兴,烽烟四起,杂言群出,触蛮相竟,重技轻文,宣法抑道。于先生之正气布下了无名火,亦为先生之画道植下了谬误根。学成归执教乡里。越明年,先生弱冠,感国乱、伤时事,愤污吏,怜子民,于是孑然一身,登自行车越巴山,穿秦岭,由川入陕,辗转至晋而赴延安。于旧作中曾有[足踏日月促双轮,投笔从戎万里征]之句,即谓先生此举也。
1925年六岁在家读私垫。特别喜爱绘画。
1934年十五岁经二哥引导,到成都东方美术专科学校学习国画。
1937年十八岁东方美术国画系毕业,回仁寿县文公镇县立中心小学任教。
1938年十九岁赴成都借读华西协和大学文学院历史社会学系。
1939年二十岁元月赴陕西。改名:石鲁。经西安八路军办事处介绍,到三原县安吴堡青年训练班学习。结业后,到宜川第二战区民族革命大学前锋剧团工作,任戏剧、宣传股长。
1940年二十一岁年初到达延安。先在陕北公学院学习,后分到西北文艺工作团工作。历任宣传股长,美术组长和舞美设计等职。
1942年二十三岁十一月七日,与西工团同事、演员阑力生结婚。
1943年二十四岁参加中央党校三部整风运动。同年九月,第一个儿子出生。
1945年二十六岁调陕甘宁边区文化协会美术工作委员会工作。创作《群英会八《改造西洋景》等版画作品。同年春,第二个儿子出生。
1946年二十七岁七月六日,加入中国共产党。
1947年二十八岁八月调回西工团工作,任宣传组长,参加转战陕北战争。同年冬,二儿子在转移中,病残于黄河边上。
1948二十九岁调延安群众日报社,主编群众画报。
1949年三十岁年初,调任延安大学文艺系美术班主任工作。创作《说理八《打倒封建》等版画作品。五月赴北京出席第一届全国文代会,当选中华全国美术工作者协会执行委员。会后回西安,调陕甘宁边区文化协会创作部工作。同年十月,第三个儿子在西安出生。
1950年三十一岁赴青海藏族自治区写生。创作《侦察》等国画作品。
1951年三十二岁出席西北文代大会,当选西北文联常委、西北美协副主任。同年,调任西北画报社社长。1952年三十三岁去陕南、甘肃、青海等地写生。创作《兰新路上》等版画作品。
1953年三十四岁创作《幸福婚姻》等国画作品。出席第二届全国文代会。同年七月,第四个儿子出生。
1954年三十五岁当选美协西安分会副主席。创作《古长城外》等国画作品,撰写电影文学剧本《暴风雨中的雄鹰况(1956年由长春电影制片厂拍成故事片)
1955年三十六岁赴印度,参加国际博览会中国馆总体设计工作,并画了大量的写生。
1956年三十七岁赴埃及,出席国际艺术会议。进行了大量的写生,并创作了《沙漠之舟》等国画作品。在京举办印度埃及写生画展。同年七月,女儿出生。
1957年三十八岁多次赴陕南陕北山区农村写生,指导基层群众美术工作。创作了《高山放牧》等国画作品。
1958年三十九岁创建并主持美协西安分会国画创作研究室。提出了"一手伸向生活,一手伸向传统"的创新原则,并积极倡导"成家立业"、"独特风格"。创作了《背矿》等国画作品。《埃及写生集》由长安美术出版社出版。同年到商洛、渭北、志丹县等地采访,收集电影剧本《刘志丹》的素材。
1959年四十岁年初,赴北京为国庆十周年创作巨幅国画《转战陕北》。四月参加全国文化工作会议。提出"风景画可以通过曲折的关系表现人的伟大"的美学观点。
1960年四十一岁为人民大会堂陕西厅创作巨幅国画《延河饮马大七月出席第三届全国文代会。当选全国美协常务理事。创作了《南泥湾途中》等国画作品。
1961年四十二岁创作《东方欲晓》等国画作品。十月一日组织参加了在京举办的美协西安分会国画创作研究室习作展。画展引起强烈反响,被称为"新派",关中画派的崛起。年底,由全国美协拨专款,率数位画家赴南京、上海、杭州巡回展出。
1962年四十三岁十一月,出席全国美协在广东新会召集的重点分会会议。其间创作国画《家家都在花丛中》等,同年还创作了《秋收》等国画作品。
1963年四十四岁初春,在西安长宁宫疗养治病期间,撰写理论著作《学画录》。提出《为生活而画则画活"、"以神造形"、"求笔墨当归于性情,归于意志"等一系列美学观点。从习作展作品中编选《国画选》,由长安美术出版社出版。同年,创作《延河水长流》等国画作品。
1964年四十五岁赴陕北黄河沿岸体验生活,收集素材,带病创作巨幅国画《东渡》,遭冷遇,被指责"丑化领袖"。因小说《刘志丹》被批为反党事件,被迫中止电影剧本《刘志丹》的创作。同年九月,由人民美术出版社出版的《石鲁作品集》,刚发行一星期,即被通知停售收回。
1965年四十六岁年初,赴陕南安康写生,创作了《蚕乡童年》等国画作品。七月出席在京召开的全国美协重点分会创作座谈会,明确表示不同意"有人说我们方向有问题"的说法。因病自学气功和针灸。同年秋,突然患精神分裂症,十一月入院治疗。
1966年四十七岁十月,被原单位"文革小组"强迫提前出院,接受批斗。
1967四十八岁遭受批斗、游街、拷打等残酷虐待,并被强迫隔离管制。
1968四十九岁夏末,被工宣队集中于文化系统"牛棚"重复进行审查批判。
1970五十一岁元月,岳母李润卿病逝,被特准回家办丧事。之后拒回"牛棚",在家创作《美典神》等国画作品,《莽昆仑阅尽人问春色》等书法作
1971五十二岁因精神病院的证明,省政法小组未批准死刑,暂搁此案。六月出院回家。秋后,创作了《华山英雄》《黄河两岸度春秋》等国画作品,品。夏初,被省斗批改领导小组定为"现行反革命分子"上报省政法小组,要求判死刑。十一月第二次被送往精神病院治疗。《风流千载》等书法作品。
1972五十三岁在家养病,多方申诉冤案。创作了《雪弄华峰》等国画作品,《暮墨写之,书道为风》等书法作品。
1973五十四岁年初,被聘为省文化局美术顾问。为省外贸出口作书画。同年创作了《峨媚积雪图》等国画作品,《天高为极,大莽为仑》等书法作品。
1974五十五岁在全国性"批黑线回潮"讨比黑画"运动中,再被列为重点对象,遭受批判。同年创作了《苍苍白月挂高松》等国画作品,《大风吹宇宙,红日照高山》等书法作品。
1975五十六岁患肺结核。病中写作了大量诗词。创作了《兰宜乎瘦土》等国画作品,《平生惯惹千夫气,两手勤浇万木春》等书法作品。七月,被勒令迁居陕南山区,经医生证明,家属申诉,被缓办。

1976五十七岁为贺仆四人帮"垮台,抱病创作《花逢时雨俏八《春到人问》等书画作品。
1977五十八岁平反冤案的努力受阻,病情恶化。家属和友人直接向中央申诉。
1978五十九岁元月,文化部派专人来陕调查,并护送赴京,进行抢救治疗。八月病情好转,曾为专程来访,摄制录像片的陕西电视台作《青春者长松八《欲穷千里目,更上一层楼》书画。十一月二十一日,陕西省委审干领导小组正式行文,作出"予以彻底平反,恢复名誉"的审查结论。年底,应邀在中央美术学院国画系讲课。
1979六十岁二月出院返回西安参加美协陕西分会的重组工作。三月又赴北京出席全国美协常务理事扩大会议。在会上作了重要发言,痛斥对艺术家的迫害,回西安后,因病情复发,住院治疗。同年,缺席当选美协陕西分会主席,省书法家协会主席。十二月,由全国美协和中国美术馆联合举办的石鲁书画展在北京展出,引起强烈反响。
1981年六十二岁肺病转好。十月救灾义卖作大幅《荷花图》,同年当选中国书画研究院院长,陕西省人大常委。
1982年六十三岁,发现胃癌,病情急剧恶化,经多方抢救无效,于八月二十五日十六时十八分在陕西省人民医院逝世,终年六十三岁。

English Introduction

Shi Lu, born in Renshou County, Sichuan Province in December 13, 1919, formerly known as Feng Yaheng. Chinese China modern painter, landscape, figure, flower and bird painter, the main founder of Changan school. 1936 graduated from the Chengdu Oriental Art College in 1938, graduated from Sichuan Huaxi University School of history and social culture department. 1939 into Shaanxi Xi'an Wubao youth training classes. In 1938 to join the Anti Japanese national salvation movement, 1940 to Yanan public school in Northern Shaanxi, began to brush as the propaganda tool dedicated to revolution, by Mu Shitao and Lu Xun, "Shi lu. In the northwest of Yanan served as the mission of art, head of the Shaanxi Gansu Ningxia Border Region Cultural Association of fine arts cadres, "the masses" magazine editor, Yan'an University Art Department of fine arts teacher. In 1949 after the former vice director of Artist Association, "Northwest pictorial" club president, chairman of the Shaanxi branch of Chinese Artists Association, honorary president of Shaanxi Painting Institute China, executive director of the association. Held in 1961 "Chamber of Xi'an Artists Association, Chinese painting research works exhibition" in Beijing, known as the "School of Changan". Tortured in ten years of catastrophe, still tenacious struggle, adhere to the painting. 1979 Chinese Artists Association held Lushu stone exhibition in Beijing". Publishing the album, writing a film script "storm of eagles". China painting works "," fight north and South "following the male", "Lotus rain map" etc.. The author of "painting painting Shi Lu Lu" etc.. August 25, 1982 died in Shaanxi, Xi'an.
Shi Lu is an innovative Chinese painting and calligraphy field in twentieth Century. His early study of Chinese traditional painting, after entering the creative period, art generally experienced three stages. The first stage in 40s and 50s, with more realistic stories popular posters social revolution, the representative of woodcut "and" the overthrow of the feudal color ink painting "the Great Wall" inside and outside. The second phase in 60s, on the one hand, narrative and lyric symbolism with large historical paintings "Northern Shanxi" made a breakthrough, on the other hand the "Nanniwan way" and a number of new landscape paintings as "Changan school" the most influential painter. The third phase in 70s, he mainly freehand flowers and birds, the creation of a number of highly personalized poetry calligraphy and painting, has a strong subjective performance, with a strong lift and press the pen and intense lyrical characters consist of traditional painting and calligraphy painting change, become the transformation from traditional form to modern form of artists.
Admire Shi Lu because the Qing Dynasty painter Shi Tao and modern famous writer Lu Xun, his so-called "Shi Lu". Shi Lu (1919 ~ 1982) is the leader of the Changan school, his work is the first to enter the international market China modern painting works. Shi Lu young went to Yanan to participate in the revolution, star lights, mountain jujube tower shadow, Heaven and Earth, Gu Yuan Shi Lu became the major hurricane theme. It is said that Shi Lu's works of "wild, strange, chaotic, black", this poem by Shi Lu said: "people call me the wild wild I, searching for all ordinary miracles; people responsible for my blame me blame, disdain for the partial ruling slave chaos is not for me; for the chaos, no law people laugh at me more strict; black is not black, black to I soul, the strange wild black mess you have it on, I have a mouth tongue." Shi Lu is a very clever and innovative painter, Loess Plateau and Northern Shaanxi style both as memories of that revolution in the history of Shi Lu deep, also showed a new understanding of his beauty and value. This unique style made him with anti traditional color painting on the twentieth Century China generation master.

"In 1959, Shi Lu created the" Northern Shanxi ", established his position in the art world. No "Northern Shanxi" Rougeau stone painting, he in the art circles status would not have today's high. "Northern Shanxi" is the key to success, he drew others never painted subjects, there have been people who have painted the majestic mountains, north of the long loose boulders, waterfalls are turbulent; painting landscapes, lush vegetation, flat south north and south so United States and Wei Xia Yun Xing; painting landscapes have ready-made techniques for reference, but it is very difficult to break through. History has never painted Loess Plateau, stone Lu painted, he painted a lot of effort, but he succeeded. No tree on the painting, a grass, all loess, but he performed well, refreshing. Today a popular saying: he fills a gap in the painting history. Then, he painted "Yin" and "Yan Nanniwan way", although the painting is very good, but better than the "Northern Shanxi" much less. Because he used the traditional method of some of his traditional skill and is not very strong. Of course, I do not know than those traditional works Jonson many times. Then, he also created the "dawn", "big tree lined", "each family in the flowers". Because Shi Lu genius comprehension, and literary accomplishment, he discover and capture beauty, also good at art, painting is an unforgettable list be not of the common sort."
(Chen Chuanxi painting "Dianjianglu")

Born in Sichuan province renshoucounty Chinese Wen Xiang Song Lin Wan on thirteen December 1919. Name: Feng Yayan. Feng Zirong: father, mother, brother Wang, Feng Bolin, Feng Jianwu, Feng Boqin: brother: brother, Sister Feng Ting: the prayer at family, dilapidated and.it Judah Feng, the abolition of the imperial examination and the remaining books. Mr. studious, since
Young read the book. More than Xuesan years, with his brother to Jincheng into the "Oriental Art" Xi China painting. Old, new, good repair and miscellaneous, the fortunes of fashion, by four, miscellaneous group, is actually quite touching, heavy technique light paper, Xuan and tao. Mr. Yu righteousness laid a nameless fire, as well as Mr. draw planted false root. Learn to teach village. The next year, Mr. twenties, sense of chaos, injury events, anger and avaricious, poor people, so alone, climbing bicycle more Bashan, through Qinling Mountains, the Sichuan in Shaanxi, Shanxi and removed to go to Yanan. In the old had [foot and promoting double, investment levy] sentence from Rong Wan, which is also the mr..
1925 six years old at home reading private pad. Particularly fond of painting.
In 1934 fifteen the brother guide to Chengdu Oriental Art school to learn traditional Chinese painting.
In 1937 at the age of eighteen, graduated from the Department of Oriental Art of Chinese painting, back to the county town center primary school after the teacher.
In 1938 at the age of nineteen in Chengdu at West China Union University College History Department of sociology.
At the age of twenty in January 1939 in Shaanxi. Name: Shi lu. The Eight Route Army Office introduced to Xi'an, Sanyuan County, an Wubao youth training class. After graduation, work to Yichuan in the second national revolutionary vanguard university theater, drama, as propaganda chief.
1940 arrived in Yanan at the age of twenty-one. First in the Northern Shaanxi Institute of public learning, after the Northwest Literature and art mission to work. Served as propaganda chief, head of art and stage design and other staff.
In 1942 at the age of twenty-three in November 7th, and the group of colleagues, Xigong Lanna Lisheng married actor.
In 1943 at the age of twenty-four in the Central Party school three rectification movement. In September of the same year, the first son was born.
In 1945 twenty-six adjusted the Shaanxi Gansu Ningxia Border Region Cultural Association Working Committee of art work. The creation of "Heroes eight" transformation "diorama prints etc.. In the same year spring, second sons were born.
1946 twenty-seven years old in July 6th, joined the Communist Party of china.
In 1947 twenty-eight years back in August in west area, propaganda leader in northern Shanxi war. The winter of the same year, the two son of the transfer, and on the the Yellow River river.
1948 twenty-nine year old Yanan people daily, editor of people magazine.
At the beginning of 1949 at the age of thirty, was transferred to the work of art teacher of Yan'an University Department of literature. The creation of "eight" reasoning "prints the overthrow of the feudal etc.. May went to Beijing to attend the first session of the national literary and art workers association, was elected the national executive committee. After back to Xi'an, working in the Shaanxi Gansu Ningxia Border Region Cultural Association creative department. In October of the same year, third sons were born in Xi'an.
1950 thirty-one years old to Qinghai Tibetan Autonomous Region sketch. Creation of "reconnaissance" and other Chinese painting works.
In 1951 at the age of thirty-two at the Northwest Chinese Congress, was elected deputy director of the Standing Committee, the text of the northwest northwest association. The same year, was transferred to the northwest pictorial agency. In 1952 thirty-three, Gansu and Qinghai to southern provinces. The creation of "new road" and other prints.
1953 thirty-four years old creation "happy marriage" and other Chinese painting works. To attend the second session of the national literary. In July of the same year, fourth sons were born.
Vice chairman of Xi'an Artists Association, was elected in 1954 at the age of thirty-five. The creation of "the Great Wall" and other ancient Chinese painting, writing the eagle condition in the storm (film script "in 1956 by the Changchun studios, a story)
1955 thirty-six years old went to India to participate in the International Expo China Pavilion overall design work, and painted a large number of sketches.
1956 thirty-seven year old went to Egypt to attend the international art conference. A large number of sketches, and created the "boat of the desert" and other Chinese painting works. India Egypt sketch exhibition held in beijing. In July of the same year, daughter was born.
In 1957 thirty-eight times to the rural painting mountains of Northern Shaanxi Shaanxi, guide the grassroots work of art. Created "Alpine grazing" and other Chinese painting works.
In 1958 at the age of thirty-nine and presided over the creation of Chinese painting to create room Artists Association of Xi'an. Put forward "one hand, one hand the traditional principle of innovation", and actively promote "marry and settle down" and "unique style". Created the "back mine" and other Chinese painting works. "Egyptian sketch collection" published by Changan Fine Arts Publishing house. The same year to Shangluo, Zhidan County, north of Weihe River and interview, collected movie "Liu Zhidan".
At the beginning of 1959 at the age of forty, went to Beijing for the national day ten anniversary of the huge Chinese painting creation "Northern Shanxi". April national cultural work conference. The author points out that "landscape painting can express people's greatness through tortuous relations".
In 1960 at the age of forty-one for the Great Hall of the Shaanxi Office of the huge Chinese painting creation "in July to attend the third session of the Yinmahe national literary and art. Elected to the national executive director of the association. The creation of the "traditional Chinese painting" and other works on the way of nanniwan.
1961 forty-two years old creation "Oriental desire" and other Chinese painting works. In October 1st the organization participated in the creation of the Xi'an Artists Association held in Beijing Branch of Chinese painting exhibition project. The exhibition has aroused strong repercussions, known as the "new", the rise of Guanzhong school. At the end of the year by the National Association of fund, the rate of digital artist in Nanjing, Shanghai, Hangzhou tour.
In 1962 at the age of forty-three in November, the key branch meeting convened in Guangdong Xinhui national artists association. During the creation of Chinese painting "each family in the flowers", the same year also created the "autumn harvest" and other works of traditional Chinese painting.

In 1964 at the age of forty-five to the Northern Shaanxi along the coast of the Yellow River to experience life, collect material, in spite of the huge Chinese painting creation "East", being snubbed, accused of "demonize leader". Because of the novel "Liu Zhidan" has been criticized as anti party events, was forced to suspend the movie "Liu Zhidan" creation. In the same year in September, published by the people's fine arts publishing house, Shi Lu works set, just released a week, that was notified to stop selling back.
In 1965 at the age of forty-six at the beginning of the year, to the well-being of painting, created "Tian Xiang" and other works of traditional Chinese painting in childhood. July held in Beijing to attend the National Association of key branch creation forum expressly agreed that "some people say we have the problem direction". Due to the self acupuncture and qigong. The same year autumn, suddenly suffering from schizophrenia, hospitalized in November.
In 1966 October at the age of forty-seven, was the original unit "Cultural Revolution Group" forced to accept one hospital in advance.
1967 forty-eight year old suffered torture, denounced, paraded through cruelty and forced isolation control.
1968 at the age of forty-nine at the end of the summer, gongxuandui was concentrated in the culture system of "bullpen" repeated criticism review.
1970 fifty-one year old mother-in-law January, Li Runqing died, was chartered in the funeral home. After refusing to "cow", "the creation of beauty in God" and other traditional Chinese painting works, "Kunlun mang try reading people ask" spring calligraphy etc.
1971 fifty-two year old mental hospital, and the group without the approval of the death penalty, the case set. June discharge home. In autumn, the creation of "Huashan heroes" "spring and Autumn" and so on both sides of the Yellow River of Chinese painting, goods. At the beginning of summer, by the provincial leading group for the current struggle criticism transformation of counter revolutionaries "submitted to the provincial political group, a penalty of death. November second was sent to psychiatric hospital treatment. "Qian Qian Qian" and other calligraphy works.
1972 fifty-three years old at home to recuperate, unjust case of multiple complaints. The creation of the "Snow" Nong Huafeng and other traditional Chinese painting works, "Twilight written in ink, calligraphy and calligraphy works for wind".
Fifty-four at the beginning of 1973, was hired as Provincial Cultural Bureau art adviser. Calligraphy and painting for export trade. The same year the creation of "e Mei snow map" and other traditional Chinese painting works, "the sky is very big," the calligraphy for mang lun.
1974 at the age of fifty-five in the national "black black painting" resurgence "beg than movement, and was listed as a key object of criticism. The same year the creation of "gray white moon" and "Takamatsu painting works, the gale universe," red mountain sunshine calligraphy.
1975 fifty-six year old suffering from pulmonary tuberculosis. In a large number of poetry writing. The creation of the "blue" should be thin soil and other traditional Chinese painting works, "life and get used to gas, hands wash poured wanmuchun" and other works of calligraphy. In July, was ordered to move to the mountains in southern Shaanxi, confirmed by a doctor, family appeal, was postponed.
1976 fifty-seven years old was he and four "fall ill" spend time writing "spring rain Qiao eight people to ask" and other works of calligraphy and painting.
1977 fifty-eight years old to redress unjust case blocked, deterioration. Families and friends directly to the central complaint.
1978 at the age of fifty-nine in January, the Ministry of culture sent to Shaanxi investigation, and escorted to Beijing, emergency treatment. August condition improved, had made a special trip to visit, filming the video of Shaanxi TV station for the youth long pine eight "to poor thousand miles, more on the floor" painting. In November 21st, the Shaanxi Provincial Leading Group for the formal trial work, to be completely rehabilitated, the conclusions of the review to restore the reputation of ". By the end of 2013, was invited to teach Chinese painting department in China Central Academy of Fine Arts.
1979 sixty year old restructuring from the hospital in February to return to Xi'an in the United States Association of Shaanxi branch. In March went to Beijing to attend the National Artists Association executive director of the enlarged meeting. Made an important speech at the meeting, denounced the artist's persecution, after returning to Xi'an, due to relapse, hospitalization. The same year, the absence of elected chairman of the Shaanxi branch of the association, chairman of Calligraphers association. In December, jointly organized by the National Art Association and Chinese Art Museum Lushu stone exhibition in Beijing exhibition, has aroused strong repercussions.
In 1981 sixty-two improved pulmonary disease. The October disaster relief charity big lotus "map", the same year was elected president of the Chinese painting and Calligraphy Institute, Shaanxi Provincial People's Congress Standing committee.
1982 sixty-three years old, found that gastric cancer, the condition rapidly deteriorated, after multiple rescue invalid, at sixteen eighteen on August 25th at Shaanxi People's Hospital died, at the age of sixty-three years old.

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