牛石慧

牛石慧(朱道明),明末清初画家(约1628—1707),字秋月,道号望云子。南昌人,系明太祖第十七子朱权后裔,八大山人朱耷之弟。善画。得兄八大山人朱耷)影响,笔墨更其粗犷简练。字露锋芒,近黄鲁直(庭坚)一格。尝署名“牛石慧”三字草书写成“生不拜君”字样,其反抗清朝统治之情绪可以想见。因此作品留传至今极少。有猫现藏故宫博物院,松鹰今藏上海博物馆

人物关系
  • 中文名牛石慧
  • 性别
  • 国籍江西南昌
  • 民族
  • 出生地约1628
  • 出生日期1707
  • 信仰道教
  • 职业明末清初画家
  • 代表作品《蕉叶兰草图》
  • 所属年代明末清初
  • 秋月
  • 道号望云子
人物简介

道士。传即朱道明,字秋月,道号望云子。明宗室,弋阳王孙,出家南昌青云谱为道士。善画。得兄八大山人(朱耷)影响,笔墨更其粗犷简练。字露锋芒,近黄鲁直(庭坚)一格。尝署名“牛石慧”三字草书写成“生不拜君”字样,其反抗清朝统治之情绪可以想见。因此作品留传至今极少。有猫现藏故宫博物院,松鹰今藏上海博物馆。葬南昌牌楼山下,现迁回青云谱。按其族叔朱谋垔在画史会要中有载族侄统锲,字仲韶,写花卉用墨有神,无俗气。第赋性偏僻,每以画自矜贵,为人所嫉。其“锲”字,似与“牛石”二字有关,疑即牛石慧。《文物一九六o年第七期》
明亡后,皇室子孙多隐姓埋名,潜伏山林。牛石慧也随家避于新建、奉新等地。后在奉新山中入牛石庵(一名柏馥寺)为僧。顺治末年回南昌,又由僧转而为道。据《净明忠孝宗谱》载,他于康熙二年(1663)与朱道朗同时隐居南昌市郊青云谱,取道名朱道明,道号望云子。
牛石慧三个字连缀起来草写,形似“生不拜君”四字,表现了他不屈服于清王朝的态度。牛石慧这个名字,除了他签署字画作品外,极少公开出现。牛石慧擅长花鸟,尤喜画人物山水,笔情画意充分表现了他的磊落不平之气。他的书法艺术和八大山人相近,然笔墨则较八大山人要粗犷泼辣。牛石慧的绘画作品有《蕉叶兰草图》《墨猫》、《鸡鸣》等,书法有《草书唐诗》、《草书醉翁亭记》等。牛石慧《蕉叶兰草图》,现为金陵天渡楼收藏。
 
 

English is introduced

Niu Shihui (Zhu Daoming), the late Ming and early Qing Dynasty painter (about 1628-1707), the word Moon, Road, Wang cloud son. Nanchang, the Department of the Ming Dynasty Taizu seventeenth son Zhu Quan descent, eight mountain people Zhu Da's brother Taoist. Biography that Zhu Daoming, the word Moon, Road, Wang Yun son. Ming clan room, Yiyang Wang Sun, monk Nanchang Qingyunpu for the priests. Good painting. Daxiong Ba Da Shan people (Zhu Da) influence, ink is more rough and concise. Word exposed edge, near Huang Lu straight (Ting Jian) ​​a grid. Taste signature "Niu Shi Hui" three-character cursive written as "Health does not worship Jun" words, its resistance to the rule of the Qing Dynasty can imagine the mood. So works passed so far rarely. There are cats are the possession of the National Palace Museum, Songying this possession of the Shanghai Museum. Nanchang arch buried hill, now moved to Qingyunpu. According to his family Shu Zhu Mou in the painting history will have in the family of nephew system, the word Zhongshao, write flowers with ink, God, no cheesy. First endowed remote, each painting from the expansive, jealous. The "Qie" word, like "cattle stone" word on the suspect Niu Shi Hui. "Cultural relics in the 1960s seventh issue"
After the death of the Ming Dynasty, the royal family and descendants buried anonymity, lurking mountains. Niu Shihui also avoid the new home, Fengxin and other places. After Fengshan in the cattle into the stone temple (a Bo Fu Temple) as a monk. Shunzhi back to Nanchang, but also by the monks turn for the Road. According to the "net Ming Zhong Xiaozong spectrum" set, he was in Kangxi two years (1663) and Zhu Daolang at the same time seclusion suburb of Nanchang Qingyun spectrum, take the road name Zhu Daoming, Road No. Wang cloud son.

Biography

Niu Shihui three words together up and write, the shape of "Health is not worship Jun" four words, he did not yield to the performance of the attitude of the Qing Dynasty.
Niu Shihui the name, in addition to his signature works of calligraphy and painting, very few public appearances. Niu Shi Hui is good at flowers and birds, especially hi painting landscape, pen and paint full expression of his fair and square gas.
His art of calligraphy and eight mountain people are similar, but the ink is rugged than the Bada Shanren.
Niu Shihui's paintings are "banana leaf blue sketch", "ink cat", "cock", calligraphy "cursive Tang", "cursive drunkard Pavilion" and so on.
Niu Shi Hui "banana leaf blue sketch", now Jinling Tiandou floor collection.

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