王概

王概(生卒年未详),又作王槩。最初名“匄”(发音:gai),可以写为“改”,也可以写为“丐”,一作改,亦名丐,字东郭,又字安节,后改今名,秀水(今浙江嘉兴)人,久居江苏金陵(今南京)。兄王蓍,初名尸,字宓草。以花鸟擅名,兼善诗文、治印。

  • 中文名王概
  • 别名王槩
  • 性别
  • 民族
  • 祖籍秀水(今浙江嘉兴)
  • 职业清代画家
  • 代表作品《芥子园画谱》、《采芝图扇》
  • 所属年代明末清初
  • 初名匄(gai),亦名丐
  • 东郭,又字安节,后改今名
  • 生卒年不详
人物简介

王概龚贤(1618—1689)学山水画,用墨浓重,善作大幅及松石等。
王概曾应李渔之婿沈因伯之请,与其兄王耆,其弟王臬在沈因伯保存的明末画家李流芳原有四十三幅画稿的基础上,补绘完成《芥子园画传》,后经李渔的帮助,刻印出版。
王概兄弟皆笃行嗜古,旁及诗、画,擅名于时。一生专心艺事,不入仕途,以卖画为生。山水学龚贤,黑色疏淡浓墨相间,皴点粗放,苍劲深厚。尤善画大幅山水及松石,《中国美术家人名辞典》称其作品:“雄快以取势,苍健或过之,而冲和不足。人物、花卉、翎毛之类,都有味外之味。”与当时名流汤燕生、李渔程邃、孔尚任、周亮工等交往。
王概兼擅治印、刻竹,并善诗文,著有《澄心堂纸赋》称于时。康熙四十四年(1705)作《采芝图扇》,现藏故宫博物院。
王蓍,初名尸,字宓草。以花鸟擅名,兼善诗文、治印。
弟王臬,初名孽,字司直。擅诗画。

绘画方面

王概在中国绘画史上有名,主要是三十五岁时曾应沈因伯之请,以明李流芳课徒画稿为基础,为《芥子园画传》编绘山水集,率先编绘中国画技法图谱——《芥子园画谱》。初集山水谱5卷,于清康熙十八年(1679)木版彩色套印,誉满艺林;二集为兰、竹、梅、菊4谱,8卷,由诸升、王质绘,王概与兄王蓍、弟王臬论订;三集为花卉、草虫及花木、禽鸟2谱,4卷,王氏兄弟编绘。二、三集均于康熙四十年木版彩色套印。四集人物画谱,系嘉庆二十三年(1818)书坊以丁皋《写真秘诀》,及《晚笑堂画传》等人物画谱中的图绘编成。清光绪间巢勋(嘉兴人)又将《芥子园画谱》重摹增编,在上海石版印行,流传益广。《芥子园画谱》介绍中国画基本法较为系统,虽间有舛误,但浅显明了,便于初学者参考。

传世作品

传世作品有康熙二十一年(1682)作《玉山观画图》轴、四十四年(1705)作《采芝图》扇页,现藏故宫博物院;二十一年作《秋山喜客图》卷藏浙江省博物馆;《秋帆旷揽图》卷藏上海博物馆;三十五年(1696)作《幽溪积雪图》轴藏中国美术学院;四十年作《山卷晴云图》轴藏中央美术学院;四十一年(1702)作《山水图册》藏天津市艺术博物馆;三十二年(1693)与王蓍作《杂画合册》藏常熟市博物馆。著有《画学浅说》《山飞泉立草堂集》。
王概兼擅治印、刻竹,并善诗文,著有《澄心堂纸赋》称于时。

English is introduced

Wang (birth and death is unknown), but also for Wang. The original name "匄" (pronounced: gai), can be written as "change", can also be written as "beggar", a change, also name beggar, word Dong Guo, Jiaxing) people, living in Jiangsu Jinling (now Nanjing). Wang Yarrow brother, early name dead, the word Mi grass. Good name to the birds and flowers, and good poetry, governance India.

Wang Jie from Gong Xian (1618-1689) to learn landscape painting, with ink thick, good for large and turquoise.
Wang Yu should be due to the request of the son of Shen Yu Bo, and his brother Wang Qi, his brother Wang Jing in Shen Bo saved the Ming Dynasty painter Li Liufang original forty-three drafts on the basis of the completion of painting "mustard garden", after Li Yu's help, engraved published.
Wang Jie brothers are Duduxian ancient, next to the poem, painting, good name at the time. Life to concentrate on art, not into the career, to sell paintings for a living. Landscape Gongxian, black sparse thick ink and white, Cun point extensive, vigorous deep. Especially good painting large landscapes and turquoise, "Chinese Artists Dictionary" called his work: "male fast to take the potential, or through the Cang, and red and inadequate.People, flowers, feathers and the like, "And the celebrities Tang Yansheng, Li Yu, Cheng Sui, Kong Shang Ren, Zhou Liang workers and other exchanges.
Wang and good governance India, carved bamboo, and good poetry, author of "Cheng Xin Tang Fu" said at the time. Forty-four years of Kangxi (1705) as "Chi Chi fan", is now the National Palace Museum.
Wang Yarrow brother, early name dead, the word Mi grass. Good name to the birds and flowers, and good poetry, governance India.
Brother King Standard, the beginning of sin, the word Secretary straight. Good poetry and painting.

Painting

Wang is famous in the history of Chinese painting, mainly at the age of thirty-five was Shen Yingbo's invitation to Ming Liuliu classics painting draft as the basis for << mustard garden painting >> compilation of landscape collection, the first to compile Chinese painting techniques map - - "Mustard Park painting." The second set of blue, bamboo, plum, chrysanthemum 4 spectrum, 8 volumes, by Zhu Sheng, Wang quality painting, the king of the general set of five, eighteen years of Qing Emperor Kangxi (1679) wood color overprint, With the king of the king of Achillea, King of critics set; three sets for the flowers, grass insects and flowers, birds 2 spectrum, 4 volumes, Wang brothers compilation. Two, three sets are in the Kangxi 40 years of wood color overprint. Four sets of figure painting, Department of Jiaqing twenty-three years (1818) Bookstore to Ding Gao "pictorial secret", and "late Laughing Hall painting" and other figures drawn in the map. Qing Xun between the nest Xun (Jiaxing) in turn, "mustard garden picture" re-G addendum, printed in Shanghai lithography, spread wide benefits. "Mustard Garden" describes the basic law of Chinese painting is more systematic, although there is a mistake, but plainly clear, easy for beginners.

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