冯建吴（1910—1989），四川仁寿人。字太虞 ，别字游，斋名蔗境堂、小徘徊楼；中国著名书画家；擅国画、书法、篆刻；生前曾当选为中国美术家协会四川分会理事、中国书法家协会理事、重庆国画院副院长、成都画院顾问、杭州西泠印社社员 、四川省政协常委、四川美术学院教授、硕士生导师等。 冯建吴先生是20世纪川渝地区中国画的奠基者、传播人，是百年来川渝地区少有的艺术大师之一；他1910年生于四川仁寿，17岁考入四川艺专，后赴上海师从王一亭、王个簃、潘天寿、诸乐三等名师；1932年在成都创办东方美术专科学校；1956年开始在四川美术学院担任山水、书法、篆刻、诗词教学，一生桃李满天下，1982年举办个人书画展览，有《冯建吴画集》、《山水技法基础》行世；四川省高教电教中心和四川美院曾联合摄制教学片《老骥出枥，志在万里——访画家冯建吴》。
Feng Jianwu (1910 - 1989), Renshou, Sichuan. The word is too Yu, or swim, tadana cane hall, small floor around the exit; China famous painter; good at painting, calligraphy and seal cutting; who had been elected directors, China Artists Association of Sichuan branch China Calligraphers Association, vice president of Chongqing Painting Institute of Chengdu Academy of painting consultants, Hangzhou Xiling Seal-Engravers'Society, Sichuan province CPPCC members member of the Standing Committee, Sichuan Fine Art Institute Professor, master tutor. Mr. Feng Jianwu is twentieth Century in Sichuan and Chongqing, the foundation Chinese painting spread for hundreds of years, is one of the few artists in Sichuan and Chongqing; he was born in 1910 in Sichuan the 17 year old, was admitted to the Sichuan art school, he went to Shanghai after Wang Geyi, Pan Tianshou, Wang Yiting's name, all happy third class division; in 1932 founded the Oriental Art School in Chengdu; beginning in 1956 the Sichuan Fine Art Institute as a landscape, calligraphy and seal, poetry teaching, life spanned 1982, held a personal painting exhibition, a "Feng Jianwu album", "landscape technique foundation" World Bank; audio-visual center and Sichuan Academy of fine arts has jointly produced the teaching film "old Ji Li out of higher education in Sichuan Province, aimed at the million - visit the painter Feng Jianwu".
More than half a century, so artistic achievements, Yu, Yamakawa Yukio, masculine sublime, the vast sea of clouds, the towering peaks, but it is high risk, the indiscriminate, steady, vigorous lines, strong bright colors appear fully and delightfully in his paintings, profound knowledge of literature that Mr. Feng's paintings more distant mood, and blending.
"A few wear cloud upper top, leaning on his alpine diffuse. The snow mountains towering broken end, silver tide the vast boundless sea." "I received map drawings, Huo five wonders. On a pitch, tripideas spring up." Are born with poetry.
The whole sky was vertical eyes, cold blown ancient sorrow: Feng Jianwu's life is rough and hard, but devoted to the exploration of creation and art education from the footsteps stopped, he made great contributions to Chinese art education.
Feng Jianwu was born in 1910 in Sichuan Province, Ren County Pine Bay a literary family. He carved from the side of the seal, know that he has a "million volumes of books, the father of ten acres garden". Young family with tertiary learning poetry, Chinese under the influence of traditional culture. The young student in Sichuan province. Three years after the boat to the East, Shanghai was founded by descendants of Wu Changshuo's flourishing art college. The flourishing art college he Shibing Wang Yiting, Pan Tianshou, Wu called all happy third class other disciples. He founded the Oriental Art College with friends in Chengdu, had hired Mr. Huang Binhong to give lectures in sichuan. At the age of ten, his little brother Changan painting founder Shi Lu (Feng Yaheng) affected by it, attending the school, go on the road in the painting, after half a century of time, his fate and art combined Shi Lu tightly together, if not Feng Jianwu, Shi Lu can not become a painter. Without Shi Lu, Feng Jianwu may be in the tradition of his life.
Feng Jianwu in the school during the period of Anti Japanese war had to buy a painting school, on the ba. There are poetry cloud: hoof trace four village road, million people sea Lonely Tibet drive. Humiliate with single silk intoxicated dirge, Mount swing Jiangshan run drawing. But a few auxiliary gold soul statue couch, the wind shook the dust dream dance woollen blanket. The chest injuries and invading the body, a Ge pan Wuhu idle thoughts "demonstrated his whereabouts and his time. Before the liberation of the time, in addition to studying at home literature, "painting is ten years, ten years he bought paintings" with 20 years of traditional learning, exploring the meaning of art. He back to the Ming Dynasty, the Shang Dynasty, the study of Ma Yuan and Xia GUI, Li Sixun, Wang Wei, Dong Yuan, Ju ran the technique characteristics, in the river of poetry and print in the cable flow.
After the founding of new China, he is a member of Chengdu Province Artists Association, works "soul" "Castle" in the first Chengdu Pentium exhibition, in 1954 his painting "vegetable harvest" in the first session of the national art exhibition. This is then displayed in Japan sent Wenxiu takeover. 1956 southwest Art College (Sichuan Fine Art Institute) hired him to teach, is the value of his profound knowledge of traditional skill. In the school, he served as the landscape poetry, calligraphy and seal cutting four courses teaching. Art teaching is very intuitive, he can speak vivid, there is a teacher painting teacher, naturally welcomed by students.
His artistic development, all the time, he was riding a boat into the traditional, did not stick to the traditional city, but to seek new breakthroughs. From 50s to early 60s, academic thought active, Shi Lu in Xi'an led a large number of enthusiastic Chinese painting reform to explore the China old painter, painting quality "to create a new form of" a new content, a diligent practice, the first school of Changan. 1960 - 1961 winter vacation to Xi'an with Feng Jianwu, and his younger brother Shi Lu Qiecuo art, discuss the innovation plan. At the same time along the Qinling Mountains by the Three Gorges to Wuhan to Guilin, Yunnan and other places to paint, painting more than ten monthly. Both of landscape painting, and variety to the absolute truth of the king. Feng Jianwu also used this sketch method in teaching, so that students feel the freedom to control the description of the object.
He held the "Feng Jianwu Art Exhibition" in Sichuan, Chengdu, Xi'an, Fuzhou and other places reflect the superb tour in 1963, mingzao painting. He finally broke through a group of barriers to sketch as the basis, since the extension of Tang Wu, personal style primaryachievement. One or two years style mutation, for a man. In fact the accumulation of knowledge, improve the results of self-cultivation. As the volcano erupted, already occur in many years, once the time is ripe, natural gushing out.
Shi Lu to hand toward the traditional hand toward life, ideas, exploring new life new painting language, for the performance of the Loess Plateau landform, Shi Lu created the messy, like cracked like dye, even with dye in the Loess Plateau Song cun. Feng Jianwu several times on Xi'an respected stone Lu life for me out of new ideas, I preach life for the spirit of the proposition. Feng Jianwu always ran "out of new ideas in the testimonies" principle. He opposed to change and change, he considered that the words game like the so-called "heart" to "Wildfox Zen", that is "no", there will be no vitality.
The end of the cultural revolution, he got ill Mount Huangshan, Mount Jiuhua, the Fuchun River, Xin'An River and other places traveled. Mountain driving away the clouds, waves over the sea...... I fight old life, come back comfortable. The poems on paintings, reflect him, Dan veteran to know the mental state and creative enthusiasm.
In February 1989 ten years before his death, he suffered "after I was born, before I die," Jizi "lost brother Shi Lu's grief. My heart into his art, he has been invited to Beijing to paint, has created four meters wide and two meters high, a huge landscape painting for the United Nations "," crescent tianxiaxiu hall, Diaoyutai State Guest House, the State Council, China Academy of painting hundreds of pieces of Chinese painting. His painting is as the national leaders of the gifts, gifts to the foreign friends, China Art Museum, China Painting Research Institute, Sichuan Provincial Museum, Jiangsu Museum, Shenzhen Museum and has his collection of works. The last few years of his life, no interest at. Painting, writing, poetry, inscription, in addition to finishing Feng Jianwu's poetry release, release, release, calligraphy carving Tan Yi Lu, talk about poetry and other works, Feng Jianwu also published Huaxuan, painting book foundation.
Feng Jianwu's works, before the 60s of last century is basically pure tradition, pure of the faction of the style of Wu Changshuo.
Then the wind and Hanbei, casting the book as one of the Han dynasty. A record on the strong, vigorous, majestic and luxuriant, elegant artistic style, the painting from the book, but also has a profound traditional skill and strong personality. Feng Jianwu's strong and bold brushwork painting, whether hook branch point leaves are chenxiong revolution strokes of zoned like pike Euphorbia, no trace to Senran, head foot small tactics, which is different from the ordinary painters, since everyone is worthy of the title. The painting is solid and its special calligraphy achievements, a painting. Feng Jianwu's calligraphy and make the body, thin gold Shuyou known, always learn more with thin gold Tao Jun emperor as great, but too far Yu teacher Xue Yaoshi Cong poem, for its origin, it can show Jin Qiu Li, do not cherish be not of the common sort. Zhuanli was influenced by Wu Changshuo, and found the turtle Bu Ji Jin, for the Shimen court homecoming Song Qing, Chen Mansheng, and immer and He Zizhen, the ancient and the new CD from Oracle and express it, since the transport machine, the foundation of modern Shu Lin, nor common hands. In 1898, with pen as zhuanli cursive, peculiar ancient pen, unripe hot hard Qiao, Yi Xun longitudinal composition of ups and downs, generous. Feng Jian Wu also poetry and moment, the seal of pure copy of Wu Changshuo sixty years ago, can still be careful, but the actual density is wonderful, will not cover a deliberate arrangement of the tracks, if is the king of the three Le Jian Geyi coarse clothes and tangled hair, Xiongqi, Feng Jian Wu seal, but remains the same.
From 1926 to 1929 at the Sichuan art college, the Chinese University of the Arts, flourishing art college, Wang Yiting Peterman, Wu Dongmai, became Wu Changshuo's disciple, a true Wu Changshuo style. Founded in 1930 in Chengdu Province in the East, as the Chinese painting department director, vice president, President, sponsored by the art research publications "the sun in the East". Once hired landscape painting master Huang Binhong Sichuan lectures, injected a fresh air to the Sichuan style. The twenty-one year old returned back to Sichuan, Chengdu organization agency, Guoguang calligraphy club. The cottage also offered the painting and calligraphy, painting and calligraphy exhibition held. Its landscape painting, reputation in the southwest. After the founding of new China, joined the Chengdu Artists Association, Shaanxi northwest pictorial "edit". In 1949 after the former high school teacher, younger brother Shi Lu about 1952 went to Xi'an as "Northwest pictorial" agency art editor. In 1955 1956 at the Sichuan Fine Art Institute, Sichuan School of fine arts professor, retired in 1987. In ten years of catastrophe, Feng Jianwu was detained on the reactionary academic authority hat, turn off the "cow", was also the head shaved through the streets. At the end of the "Cultural Revolution", Feng Jianwu nearly seventy years, dedicated to painting and calligraphy creation and innovation. He immediately continued his interrupted painting and calligraphy change. Old and sick and he devoted himself to painting and calligraphy. Professor Long landscapes, poetry, calligraphy and seal cutting. And the permanent Chinese Calligraphers Association, Sichuan Artists Association, vice president of Chengdu painting academy, Professor of Sichuan Fine Art Institute, the Standing Committee of the Sichuan province. The main works include "Pentium", "Shu River in early spring", exhibited on several occasions at home and abroad. For the United Nations in 1979 China hall for the "Emei world show" painting, as Sichuan hall painted "eling" Zhaohui won the provincial outstanding award. 1982 personal painting exhibition. There are "Poems of Feng Jianwu," draft "draft", "Feng Jianwu Feng Jianwu seal on poetry", "Feng Jianwu album", "book", "landscape techniques based" such as the world bank contact Oracle anthology. The audio-visual center and the Sichuan Academy of fine arts has jointly produced the teaching film "old Ji Li out of higher education in Sichuan Province, aiming at 10000 -- an interview with artist Feng Jianwu works", "the heart of the sea", "Ancient Ginkgo Pavilion" by Chinese art museum.
In 2010, the one hundred anniversary of the famous painter Feng Jianwu's art exhibition was held at the Three Gorges Museum, 62 well-known artists from Sichuan also gathered, held a centennial of Professor Feng Jianwu's calligraphy seminar.
Professor of Sichuan University, Dean of Sichuan Normal University Art Institute, said: Feng teacher Pan Tianshou and then received more than Wu Changshuo, whose style for literati painting system. The art of literati painting is a comprehensive art, which requires the painter to have comprehensive cultivation of poetry, calligraphy and painting. But with the twentieth Century education system of western education comprehensive replacement Chinese system, national culture in the vision of abdication, China painting field has the absolute mainstream, the comprehensive characteristics of literati painting also so full tide, fenglao comprehensive training skill is profound, when junior high school leaders. So I propose that we should build an art gallery of Professor Feng Jianwu in Chongqing to inherit his artistic accomplishments."
Professor of Southwestern University, Chongqing Institute of contemporary art director Ling Chengwei said: it should be held on the old Feng special seminar, now a bit late." Ling director said, should be from an era, a region of cultural and artistic development to know Professor Feng Jianwu and his art. First of all, as an artist and educator. He is one of the leading figures in Chongqing, Sichuan Chinese modern painting development, is one of the founders of Chongqing, Sichuan modern painting education; furthermore, his art not only promoted the development of modern art and the two China Sichuan, more is the inheritance and development of the complete solution of poetry, book and painting, printed on a stove. This is the traditional Chinese painting and calligraphy art to explain the spirit of Oriental culture, reflecting the unique cultural construction and form of the core value, but also the contemporary Chinese painting and calligraphy art in the creation of particular sense of missing place." Ling director said. Professor of Sichuan University art school, master tutor Hou Kaijia think: Feng old broken calligraphy success, fully embodies his artistic originality thinking. Investigate its source, is by artist Wu Changshuo Shanghai calligraphy creation inspiration. Wu Changshuo at the age of fifty or sixty, has spent 10 years to explore the broken body of calligraphy, but not accepted by the market and give yourself. But the old von discerningly, noticed this broken calligraphy Wu Changshuo ignored, to their division without division of its track, painstaking exploration, finally made a broken calligraphy to create success, but showed a completely different from the face of Wu Changshuo, self personality and unique artistic style, the thought the artistic creation and inherit Wu Changshuo."
Chongqing municipal CPPCC painting full-time vice president Lu Delong said: "the old division of Wu Feng calligraphy and Chinese Wei inscriptions, mainly from the shade, and its distinct personality in the line of tough strong, Jieti dialect dignified, luxuriant unadorned spirit. It can be said that the representative of contemporary Chinese Feng always masculine atmosphere this way home."
Sichuan University Professor, master tutor Tang Yunming said, Feng Lao is a strict teacher, he advocated the painstaking study. Professor Tang said: "Feng Lao thought literature and calligraphy knowledge is the basis of landscape painting, and the pen is the core elements of the so-called traditional skill, so that the old Feng center pen, to write on behalf of painting, picture must see Bibi requirements, students have the traditional knowledge in his teachings. In the teaching, he advocated to study hard, rigorous skills training for students, in artistic creation, he demanded to comprehensive and profound knowledge basis."