当前位置:首页 > 美术百科网 > 中国美术家网 > 国画家网

老舍

老舍(1899年2月3日—1966年8月24日),原名舒庆春,另有笔名絜青、鸿来、非我等,字舍予。因为老舍生于阴历立春,父母为他取名“庆春”,大概含有庆贺春来、前景美好之意。上学后,自己更名为舒舍予,含有“舍弃自我”,亦即“忘我”的意思。信仰基督教,北京满族正红旗人。 
中国现代小说家、著名作家,杰出的语言大师、人民艺术家,新中国第一位获得“人民艺术家”称号的作家。代表作有《骆驼祥子》、《四世同堂》、剧本《茶馆》。老舍的一生,总是忘我地工作,他是文艺界当之无愧的“劳动模范”。1966年,由于受到文化大革命运动中恶毒的攻击和迫害,老舍被逼无奈之下含冤自沉于北京太平湖。

  • 中文名老舍
  • 外文名Colin C.Shu、Lau Shaw
  • 别名原名舒庆春,字舍予
  • 性别
  • 国籍中国
  • 民族满族
  • 出生地北京
  • 出生日期1899年2月3日
  • 逝世日期1966年8月24日
  • 信仰基督教
  • 职业小说家、文学家、戏剧家、书画家
  • 毕业院校北京师范学校
  • 代表作品《骆驼祥子》《四世同堂》《茶馆》
最新新闻更多
老舍罕见旧藏《花虫人物册》将亮相嘉德春拍

中国美术网 09-05 浏览

4月19日,中国嘉德广州办事处正式成立,同日,中国嘉德2014春拍全国巡展首站在广州粤海喜来登酒店举行,展出350余件即将于5月中国嘉德春拍上拍的精品,包括中国...
人物生平

个人经历
1899年老舍生于北京。父亲是一名满族的护军,阵亡在八国联军攻打北京城的战争中。全家靠母亲替人洗衣裳做活计维持生活。
1908年老舍九岁,得人资助始入私塾。
1913年,考入京师第三中学(现北京三中),数月后因经济困难退学,同年考取公费的北京师范学校。
1918年毕业,被派任到方家胡同小学当校长。两年之后,晋升为京师教育局北郊劝学员,但是由于很难和教育界及地方上的旧势力共事,很快便主动辞去了这份待遇优厚的职务,重新回到学校教书。
1921年,在《海外新声》上发表《她的失败》的白话小小说,署名舍予,这是是迄今为止发现的老舍的最早的一篇作品,仅有700字。
1922年,受礼加入基督教,后在天津南开中学教国文,并在北京教育会、北京地方服务团工作。在此期间,他热衷于社会服务事业,同时还在英文夜校和燕京大学补习英文。
1923年,在《南开季刊》发表第一篇短篇小说《小铃儿》。
1924年,赴英国,任伦敦大学亚非学院(School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London)讲师。
1926年,在《小说月报》上连载长篇小说《老张的哲学》,第1期署名“舒庆春”,第2期起改“老舍”。此后三年继续创作,在英国共创作发表了长篇小说三部《老张的哲学》、《赵子曰》、《二马》。
英国的教书生涯使老舍成为一名合格的作家。
1929年夏,离英回国,在新加坡直流半年,任中学教员。
1930年,回国任齐鲁大学教授,边写作边教学。
1931年,与胡絜青女士结婚,同年发表长篇《小坡的生日》。
1932年,创作《猫城记》,并在《现代》杂志连载。此后几年,老舍陆续创作了《离婚》和《月牙儿》等在现代文学史上具有重要地位的作品。
1934年,任山东大学文学系教授。
1936年,老舍辞去山东大学教授一职专心从事写作。9月,《骆驼祥子》在《宇宙风》连载,1939年该书由人间书屋正式发行。
1937年,8月返齐鲁大学任教。11月只身奔赴武汉。
1938年,老舍被选为中华全国文艺界抗敌协会常务理事兼总务部主任,对内主持日常会务,对外代表“文协”,并全面负责总会的领导工作。同年7月,随文协西迁重庆。
1939年,老舍翻译完成的英文版《金瓶梅》在伦顿出版,译名为The Golden Lotus,此版是为西方比较权威的《金瓶梅》译本,先后发行四次。
1944年,创作并由良友复兴印刷公司出版《四世同堂》第一卷《惶惑》。
1946年,受美国国务院邀请赴美讲学一年,同年出版《四世同堂》第二卷《偷生》。
1949年,接文艺界三十余位友人信后决定回国,10月离美,12月抵达天津。
1950年,中国民间文学研究会成立,任副理事长。
1951年,被授予“人民艺术家”的称号。
1953年,当选为全国文联主席,作协副主席。
1957年,《茶馆》发表于《收获》第一期。
1966年,文革中不忍屈辱,自沉于北京太平湖。
1968年,获诺贝尔文学奖提名,且获投票第一,由于老舍已不在人世,遗憾颁予川端康成。
1978年,老舍得到平反,恢复“人民艺术家”的称号。象征性的墓碑上刻写着老舍的一句话:“文艺界尽责的小卒,睡在这里。”
婚姻家庭
1930年,胡絜青正在北京师范大学念书,母亲怕她因为这学业而耽误了终身大事。语言学家罗常培先生是胡絜青兄弟的朋友,有一回,他到胡家去玩,胡母托他帮忙物色。此时老舍正好从伦敦回国,且着有作品,于是罗常培便向胡母介绍了老舍,获知老舍的才华及人品后,胡母异常高兴,私下便定下了这位乘龙快婿,于是与罗一同商议了一个周密的计划使老舍与胡絜青见面。
1930年冬天,老舍回到北平。在罗的安排之下,老舍到处被朋友们拉去吃饭,而饭桌上总有胡絜青。在频繁的相见之后,胡与舒产生了情愫。直到1931年夏天,胡絜青毕业,两人举行了婚礼。
婚后半个月,老舍携带妻子来到济南,继续在大学任教,胡絜青则在一家中学里教书。两人第一个孩子出生在济南,是个女孩,取名舒济。1935年第二个孩子,儿子舒乙出生,1937年,在重庆产下第三个孩子,次女舒立

人物趣事

催稿趣事
抗战期间,北新书局出版的《青年界》,曾向作家老舍催过稿。老舍在寄稿的同时,幽默地寄去了一封带戏曲味的答催稿信:元帅发来紧急令:内无粮草外无兵!小将提枪上了马,《青年界》上走一程,吠!马来!参见元帅。带来多少人马?来个字!还都是老弱残兵!后帐休息!得令!正是:旌旗明明,杀气满山头!
改稿奴才
作家楼适夷有次去看望老舍。“最近写些什么?”楼适夷问道。满族出身的老舍笑着说:“我正在当‘奴才’,给我们的‘皇帝’润色稿子呢!”一阵大笑,方知老舍正接受一项新任务———为末代皇帝溥仪修改他的自传《我的前半生》。
献丑作诗
一次老舍家里来了许多青年人,请教怎样写诗。老舍说:“我不会写诗,只是瞎凑而已。”有人提议,请老舍当场“瞎凑”一首。“大雨洗星海,长虹万籁天;冰莹成舍我,碧野林风眠。”老舍随口吟了这首别致的五言绝句。寥寥20字把8位人们熟悉并称道的文艺家的名字,“瞎凑”在一起,形象鲜明,意境开阔,余味无穷。青年们听了,无不赞叹叫绝。诗中提到的大雨即孙大雨,现代诗人、文学翻译家。洗星海即冼星海,人民音乐家。高长虹是现代名人。万籁天是戏剧、电影工作者。冰莹即谢冰莹,现代女作家,湖南人。成舍我曾任重庆《新蜀报》总编辑。碧野是当代作家。林风眠是画家。

老舍画廊

老舍是新中国第一位获得“人民艺术家”称号的作家,他也被誉为当代文坛最懂画的文人;老舍夫人胡絜青曾先后师从齐白石于非闇,是我国20世纪女艺术家代表人物之一。两位先生雅好收藏,所藏作品纵跨古今,蔚为大观。他们常把这些藏品张挂于家中,定期更换,更邀请好友共同赏玩,于是其客厅西墙有了“老舍画廊”之称。

2月2日,“老舍画廊”搬到了中国美术馆,当日开幕的“老舍、胡絜青藏画展”,让观者得以与古今名家谈艺论道,重温文人相惜相交的艺坛佳话。

展览呈现作品200余件,首次完整呈现老舍、胡絜青所作所藏的书、画、印、砚,展品几乎把近当代大画家“一网打尽”,光是齐白石作品就有70余幅,涵盖的时间上至明清两代、下至现当代,宛如一段美术史缩影。

与此同时,由中国嘉德历时一年多精心编纂的《老舍胡絜青藏画集》一套五卷,近期也将由北京出版社隆重出版发行。这是迄今为止唯一一套全面反映文学巨匠老舍及夫人胡絜青毕生收藏状况的画集,对于老舍研究、中国近代收藏史研究,具有重大意义。

中国嘉德2009秋拍“新中国美术”专场中,便曾推出齐白石精品《和平》,受到各界藏家青睐,以565.6万元成交。2013春拍“大观之夜”中,更是隆重推出“老舍胡絜青藏画”专场,16件齐白石黄宾虹傅抱石于非闇佳作100%成交,总成交额1.68亿元。这一成交状况,显示了市场对老舍胡絜青收藏水准的高度认可,以及对伉俪文采风华的敬仰。

English Introduction

Personal experience
Lao She was born in Beijing in 1899. Father is a Manchu troops killed in the Allied forces to attack the city of Beijing in the war. The whole family on the mother who washed clothes work to maintain life.
In 1908 nine people by Lao She, beginning to enter the school.
In 1913, the third was admitted to the middle school (now Beijing third), a few months after the economic difficulties dropped out, the same year admitted to the public of Beijing normal school.
Graduated in 1918, was appointed to the Fang Hutong primary school headmaster. Two years later, was promoted to the Beijiao Education Bureau advised the students to work hard but because the old forces and the education sector and the local, active soon resigned this well paid job, back to school.
In 1921, in the "new" overseas published "her failure" vernacular fiction, signed to give, this is the earliest one of the works of Lao she found so far, only 700 words.
In 1922, after joining the Christian gifts, in Tianjin Nankai Middle School to teach Chinese, and in Beijing, Beijing local education services group. In the meantime, he is keen on social services, but also English evening and Yanjing University tuition English.
In 1923, in the "Nankai Quarterly" published his first short story "the little bells".
In 1924, in the UK, as University of London SOAs (School of Oriental and African Studies University, of London) lecturer.
In 1926, in the "fiction" on the series of novels "Lao Zhang" s philosophy, first signed "Shu Qingchun" second period "of Lao she". After three years in the UK to continue writing, CO authored three novels "Lao Zhang philosophy", "Zhao Ziyue", "horse".
British teaching career makes Lao she a qualified writer.
1929 summer, returned from England, in Singapore DC for half a year, any secondary school teachers.
1930, returned to Qilu University Professor, while writing teaching.
1931, married with MS. Hu Xieqing, the same year published a long "small slope birthday".
In 1932, the creation of "Cat City" and "modern", serialized in the magazine. After a few years, Lao She has created a "divorce" and "crescent moon" has an important position in the history of Chinese modern literary works.
1934, Professor of literature, Shandong University.
In 1936, Lao she resigned as professor of Shandong University to concentrate on writing. In September, the "camel Xiangzi" in the "universe wind" series, in 1939 the book was officially issued by the world house.
1937, returned to Qilu University in August to teach. November alone to Wuhan.
In 1938, Lao She was chosen as the China National Art anti Association executive director and director of general management, to preside over the daily meeting, on behalf of "and", and is responsible for the association of leadership. In July of the same year, the association moved to Chongqing.
In 1939, Lao she translated English version of "Jin Ping Mei" in Renton publishing, translated as The Golden Lotus, this is the Western authoritative version of "Jin Ping Mei", has issued four times.
In 1944, by the creation and revival of printing company Liangyou publishing "Sishitongtang" the first volume of "confusion".
In 1946, the U.S. State Department invited the United States to give lectures in a year, the same year published "Sishitongtang" volume second "live".
In 1949, with more than 30 literary friends letter decided to return, October from the United States, arriving in Tianjin in December.
1950, the Chinese folk literature research association was established as vice chairman.
In 1951, was awarded the "people's artist" title.
In 1953, was elected as the chairman of the Federation, vice chairman of the writers.
1957, "teahouse" published in the "harvest" first phase.
In 1966, during the Cultural Revolution to humiliation, scuttled in Beijing's Pinghu.
In 1968, won the Nobel prize nomination, and won the first vote, because Lao She has not died, regret giving Kawabata Yasunari.
In 1978, Lao She was rehabilitated and restored "people's artist" title. The symbolic tombstone engraved with his words: "literature conscientious pawns, sleep in here."
marriage and family
In 1930, Hu Xieqing is studying at Beijing Normal University, the mother afraid of her because of the academic and delayed marriage. Mr. Luo Changpei, a linguist, was a friend of Hu's brother. Once, he went to Hu's house to play. The Lao She just returned from London, and his works, so Luo Changpei to Hu mother introduced Lao She, that Lao She's talent and character, Hu mother very happy, they set up the private together with Luo a handsome son-in-law, so a careful plan to Lao She's meeting with Hu Xieqing.
The winter of 1930, Lao she returned to peking. Under Luo's arrangement, Lao She is pulled by the friends everywhere to eat meal, but on the dining table always has the beard. After frequent meet, Hu Shu and having an affair. Until the summer of 1931, Hu graduated, two people held a wedding.
After marriage half a month, Lao She took his wife to Ji'nan, continue to teach at the University, Hu Xieqing in a middle school teaching. Two people first child was born in Ji'nan, is a girl, named Shu ji. In 1935 second children, son Shu Yi was born in Chongqing, 1937, gave birth to three children, daughter of Shu Li

Cuigao.
During the war, the publication of the "youth beixinshuju circles", told the writer Lao she urged. Lao she sent in at the same time, humorously sent a letter with a taste of the opera Cuigao letter sent to the emergency order: Marshal: no food no soldier! Who put the gun on the horse, "the youth community" on the go one way, barking! Malay! See marshal. How many people? To a word! Are the remnants of a rabble army! Bill rest! Warrant! It is the flag clearly, murderous full hill!
I made
The writer has to visit Lao Lou shiyi. "What have you written recently?" Lou Shiyi asked. Lao She's Manchu origin smiled and said: "I am" I ", when the US' Emperor 'Polish manuscript!" A burst of laughter, we know Lao She are being subjected to a new task -- to modify his autobiography "my life for the last emperor".
My poetry
Lao She came to many young people, ask how to write poetry. Lao She said: "I will not write poetry, just blind together." It was suggested that Lao She spot blind together a song. "Rain all day Xian Xinghai, Changhong ice; Ying Cheng SHEWO Biye, Lin Fengmian." Lao she casually hum the song chic lines. Only 20 words of the 8 familiar and commendable literary name, "blind join together, vivid, open artistic conception, endless aftertaste. Young people are listening, all praise wow. The poem mentioned in the rain or sun rain, modern poet and literary translator. The Xian Xian Xinghai, the people's musician. Gao Changhong is a modern celebrity. The day is a drama, film. The ice is Ying Xie Bingying's, modern female writers, the people of Hunan. Cheng Shewo served as the chief editor of Chongqing "new Sichuan newspaper". The two are contemporary writers. Lin Fengmian is a painter.

Lao She is the first woman to win the title of "people's artist" of the writers of the new China, he is also known as the contemporary literature understand the painting of literati; Lao She's lady Hu Xieqing has studied Qi Baishi, in the dark, China is one of the representatives of female artists in twentieth Century. Two gentlemen good collection, collection of works spanning the ancient, splendid. They used to display these collections at home, regular replacement, invited friends and the living room viewing, west wall with "Lao She Gallery".
In February 2nd, Lao She Gallery moved to Chinese Art Museum, opening day of the "Lao She, Hu Xie Tibet exhibition", let the audience to talk about art on the road with the masters, to cherish the intersection of literati art story.
The exhibition has more than 200 pieces of works, the first complete presentation of Lao She and Hu Xieqing made in the book, painting, printing, ink, exhibits almost near contemporary painters "wiped out", light is the works of Qi Baishi have more than 70 pieces, the time covered to the Ming and Qing Dynasties two dynasties, to the contemporary, such as a WAN the art history in miniature.
At the same time, by the Chinese lasted more than a year of careful compilation of "Lao She Hu Xie Qinghai Tibet album" a set of five volumes, recently published by the Beijing publishing house. This is so far the only a comprehensive reflection of literary giants Lao She and Mrs. Hu Xieqing lifelong collection status of the study of Lao She, Chinese of modern history research, is of great significance.
Chinese Guardian 2009 Autumn Auction "new Chinese art special, it has launched the Qi Baishi boutique" peace ", by all collectors of all ages, to 5 million 656 thousand yuan turnover. 2013 spring auction grand night, is the grand launch of "Lao Hu Xie Tibetan painting special, 16 pieces of Qi Baishi, Huang Binhong, Fu Baoshi, Yu masterpiece 100% transactions, the total turnover of 168 million yuan. The turnover situation, the market is highly recognized by the Hu Xieqing collection standards on Lao she shows, and respect for the literary elegance of the couple.

美术家百科信息声明创建我的百科档案

1、本站美术家百科信息均来自于美术家自己投稿或网络,本站无法确定每条信息或事件的真伪,信息仅做浏览者参考。

2、只要用户使用本站则意味着该用户以同意《美术网(Meishu.com)注册及使用协议》,否则请勿使用本站任何服务。

3、信息修改或删除请联系美术网客服QQ800015090。

美术家百科推荐
美术百科信息统计与合作
  • 1
  • 2
关于美术网

美术网(www.meishu.com)专注解决美术家网络推广问题,全力打造美术家专属网络经纪人服务,美术网站内设美术搜索,网络美术展,美术报,美术知识库,名家档案,美术视频库,资源库,美术论坛,美术高考网及书画衍生品的加工与分销等为一体的名画库等总共20余个栏目,我们以弘扬中华民族的文化事业为己任,以建设世界一流的美术文化生态系统为目标,诚邀合作共赢。

Copyright (c) 2013-2019 中国美术网 All Rights Reserved 鲁ICP备12031715号-1 工商电子标识 法律顾问:杨俊涛律师 客服QQ:800015090 微信①:4081532
会员 客服 百科
复制链接 微信 QQ好友 QQ空间 新浪微博