程嘉燧

程嘉燧(1565~1643)明代书画家、诗人。字孟阳,号松圆、偈庵,又号松圆老人、松圆道人、偈庵居士、偈庵老人、偈庵道人。晚年皈依佛教,释名海能。休宁(今属安徽)人,应试无所得,侨居嘉定,折节读书,工诗善画,通晓音律,与同里娄坚唐时升,并称"练川三老"。谢三宾合三人及李流芳诗文,刻为《嘉定四先生集》,有《浪淘集》。

  • 中文名程嘉燧
  • 性别
  • 祖籍安徽省黄山市休宁人
  • 出生日期1565
  • 逝世日期1643
  • 职业明代书画家、诗人
  • 所属年代明代
  • 孟阳
  • 松圆、偈庵,又号松圆老人、松圆道人、偈庵居士、偈庵老人、偈庵道人
人物简介

程嘉燧,寓杭州后居嘉定(今属上海市),晚居虞山(今江苏常熟),崇祯十四年(1641)还休宁,归老于歙。卒年七十九。钱谦益诔之曰:“松圆诗老”。工诗,兼精音律,善制松烟黑墨。少年科举不成曾学剑,后刻意读书,极为钱谦益推重。其论诗主张先立人格,再立诗格,反对前后七子摹拟之风,当时被人称为“一代宗主”、“晚明一大家”。
       亦工山水,宗倪瓒黄公望,画花卉沉静恬淡,格韵并胜,笔墨枯淡,偏于闲静。与李永昌属天都派,亦为新安派先驱,吴梅村把他称为“画中九友之一”,与同里唐时升、娄坚称“练川三老”,与李流芳为诗画友,后人把他与唐时升、娄坚、李流芳合称“嘉定四先生”。
Introduction to English
       Cheng Jiasui (1565 ~ 1643) Ming Dynasty painter, poet. The word Meng Yang, No. Songyuan, antica, and Songyuan old man, loose round Taoist, an layman, an old man,an. Converted to Buddhism in his later years, the release name of the sea. Xiuning (now Anhui), no examination, living in Jiading, folding reading, Gongshi good painting, familiar with the temperament, and the same Lou Loujian, Tang Shisheng, and said "Lianchuan three old." Xie Sanbin and Li Liifang poetry, engraved as "Jiading four set", "wave Amoy set."
       Cheng Jia Sui, Hangzhou Ji home after living (this is a city of Shanghai), late Yushan (now Jiangsu Changshu), Chongzhen fourteen years (1641) Xiuning, owned by the old She. Death year seventy-nine. Qian Qian Yi said: "Song Yuen old." Gong poetry, and fine temperament, good system of black smoke black smoke. Juvenile imperial examinations have not learn sword, after deliberately reading, extremely Qian Qian Yi push heavy. His poems advocate the first personality, and then set up poetry, against seven before and after the mimic of the wind, was known as the "generation of sovereign", "late Ming a".
       Also works landscape, were Ni Zan, Huang Gongwang, painting flowers tranquil, grid rhyme and wins, ink withered, partial to quiet. And Li Yongchang is a day school, is also a pioneer of Xin'anpai, Wu Mei village called him "one of the nine friends in the painting", and the same Tang Tang Shi, Lou Jian said "Lianchuan three old", and Li Liufang for poetry and painting friends, Later generations to him and Tang Shi-sheng, Lou Jian, Li Liufang collectively, "Jiading four."

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