刘珏

刘珏(1410-1472)字廷美,号完庵,南直隶苏州府长洲(今江苏苏州)人。宣德中,苏州知府况钟举为吏,不就,得补生员,正统三年(1438)中举人,授刑部主事,迁山西按察司佥事,年五十弃官归。卒年六十三。老而嗜学不衰,为诗清丽可咏,景泰、天顺间,为吴中诗人之最,京师号为刘八句。书正、行出赵孟頫,山水出王蒙,行草学李邕,各极其妙。写山水林谷泉深,石乱木秀,云生绵密,幽媚风流,蔼然高者,攀鳞巨老,庶乎升堂,特未入室耳。天顺(1457-1464)间与杜琼、徐有贞、马愈、沈贞吉、恒吉并能,写山水,近世莫及。

  • 中文名刘珏
  • 性别
  • 祖籍苏州府长洲(今江苏苏州)人
  • 出生日期1410
  • 逝世日期1472
  • 职业明代官吏、书画家
  • 所属年代明代
  • 廷美
  • 完庵
人物简介

刘珏[jué]为官清正,浙江甫田县丞督赋侵吞渔税,被告以"黄金二百两"委托亲戚向他行贿,他正愁缺少证据,便以此为突破口,查明了赋税被侵吞的真相。无锡有个贪官因受贿事发,托人送来500两银子,求他去向办案人说情。刘珏严拒,并对来人说:"不亟去,当讯之于官!"
       刘廷美为刑部主事居京师,与徐武功、刘原博诸公为诗友,每相过,必谈论达旦。尝岁除,原博邀之守岁,廷美因挟所藏钟馗画像求题,原博遂援笔大书一诗于上。明旦持归,县之中堂。京师每正旦,主人皆出贺,惟置白纸簿并笔研于几,贺客至,书其名,无迎送也。是日朝罢,刘定之、黄廷臣两学士首至,见此诗,各摘簿一叶录之去。朝士继至者,皆摘录之。顷间,簿已尽矣。廷美晚回,索簿阅贺客以图往报,家人告其故。明日,复置一簿,亦如之。中书舍人金本清戏谓廷美曰:"此钟馗乃耗纸鬼也。"一时京师传为奇事。原博诗曰:"长空糊云夜风起,不忿成群跳狂鬼。倒提三尺黄河水,血洒莲花舞秋水。飞萤负火明月羞,栎窠影黑啼鸺枭。绿袍乌帽逞行事,磔脑刳肠天亦愁。中有巨妖诛未得,盍驾飙轮驱霹雳。如何袖手便忘机,回首东方又生白。"
       刘完庵薄于仕宦,年五十遂解组,时有宪臣索题《牧牛图》,为赋诗曰:"牧子驱牛去若飞,免教风雨湿蓑衣。回头笑指桃林外,多少牧牛人未归。"宪臣亦感泣挂冠去。成化初,琼台邢公宥为苏守,以梅华求题,廷美赋绝句云:"岁寒相见在天涯,玉色珠光带露华。笑杀玄都狂道士,种桃何不种梅华?"邢公得诗甚喜。后邢公以郡中久荒,陂荡起税,民心颇怨,有投诗刺之者曰:"量尽山田与水田,只留沧海与青天。渔舟若过间洲渚,为报沙鸥莫浪眠。"邢公闻之,以为廷美所作,衔之。或劝往白,廷美曰:"彼奈我何?"后廷美卒,邢公吊祭皆不往,人多非之

English is introduced

Liu Jue (1410-1472) word Tingmei, No. End Temple, South Zhili Suzhou Changzhou (now Jiangsu Suzhou) people. Xuande, the Suzhou Prefectural situation Zhongju as officials, not to, have to make a living, orthodox three years (1438) in the Juren, granted the Ministry of Punishments principal, Qian Jixian Qian Qian, fifty years. Death year sixty-three.
       Old and learning is not bad, as the poem can be chanting, Jingtai, Tianshun, the poet of the most Wu, the capital of Liu eight sentences. Book is, line out Zhao Meng, landscape out of Wang Meng, line grass learning Li Yong, the extremely wonderful. Write landscape Lin Guquan deep, stone chaos wood show, Yunshengmianmi, Youmei Merry, Ai Ran high, climbing scales Giant old, Shu or Shengtang, especially not into the room ear. Tianshun (1457-1464) and Du Qiong, Xu Youzhen, Ma Yu, Shen Zhenji, Heng Ji and able to write landscape, modern times.
       Liu Jue [jué] official Qing Dynasty, Zhejiang Fu Tianxian Cheng Du Fu misappropriation of fishing taxes, the defendant to "gold two hundred and two" commissioned relatives to bribe him, he is worried about the lack of evidence, as a breakthrough, identified the tax The truth of being misappropriated. Wuxi has a corrupt due to bribery incident, the Trustee sent 500 two silver, begged him to handle the case to intercede. Liu Jue Yan refused, and come to say: "not urgent to go, when the news of the official!"
       Liu Tingmei for the Ministry of Punishment, the main residence of the capital, and Xu Wugong, Liu original Bo for the poet of the public, each phase, will talk about Dan. Taste the old addition to the original Bo invited the Shou-year, Tingmei because of possession of the possession of the doors of the portrait problem, the original Bo was a pen on the pen. Mingdan to return, the county of Zhongtang. The capital of every Zhengdan, the owner is out of the He, but set the white book and pen to study in a few, to the guest, the book name, no greetings also. Is Japan to strike, Liu Dingzhi, Huang Tingchen two Bachelor's first, see this poem, the excerpts of a leaf to go. Zhaishi who followed, are excerpts of the. All the time, the book has done. Tingmei late back, cable book to read the guests to report to the newspaper, the family told it. Tomorrow, the restoration of a book, is also the case. Zhongshu Scheeren Jin Jinqing play that Tingmei said: "This is the consumption of paper ghosts Zhong Kui also." Moment of the capital as a miracle. The original poem reads: "long sky paste cloud night wind, grievances in groups of crazy ghost." Did not mention the three feet of the Yellow River water, blood spilled lotus dance autumn water.Flying fire negative fire shame in the moon, oak silhouetted black crooked owl. How to forget the hand, then look back to the East and white. "" How to do it, "he said," I do not know how to do it.
       Liu Wanan thin in the Shihuan, fifty years then the solution group, when a constitutional minister cable title "cattle map", as the poem reads: "Shepherd drive cattle to fly if the wind and rain without rain similar to the wind. , The number of cattle who did not return. "Constitutional also feel weep hanging crown. Chenghua Xing Gong Yu for Su Shou, Mei Hua to ask questions, Tingmei Fu Jue sentence: "The cold meet in the horizon, jade pearl with Revlon. Kill kill mysterious mad priests, China? "Xing public poetry was very happy. After Xing Gong to the county for a long time, Pei Dang from the tax, the people are quite resentment, who cast the poem of the thorn who said: "the amount of Yamada and paddy fields, leaving only the sea and blue sky.If the boat if the zhouzhouzhu, Sleep. "Xing heard the public, that Tingmei made, title of the. Or persuade to white, Tingmei said: "Peter Nepalese what I?" After Tingmei death, Xing public hanging festival are not to, many non-people.

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