吕纪

吕纪(1477~?),中国明代画家。字廷振,号乐愚。鄞(今浙江宁波)人。以画被召入宫,值仁智殿,授锦衣卫指挥使。擅花鸟、人物、山水,以花鸟著称于世。

人物关系
  • 中文名吕纪
  • 性别
  • 祖籍鄞(今浙江宁波)人
  • 出生日期1477
  • 逝世日期不详
  • 职业明代画家
  • 代表作品《新春双雉图》、《桂花山禽图》、《残荷鹰鹭图》
  • 所属年代明代
  • 廷振
  • 乐愚
人物简介

其花鸟初师边景昭,又学林良,并广泛师法唐宋诸家,所作有工笔重彩和水墨写意两种画法,前者描绘精工,色彩富丽,法度谨严;后者粗笔挥洒,随意点染,简练奔放,富有气势和动感。其山水宗法马远夏圭,以大斧劈皴画山石,苍劲有力。人物亦法南宋院体,衣纹线条简练顿挫。初学边景昭工笔法,亦受林良水墨法影响,后临仿唐宋诸家名迹,遂自成一体,独步当代。其花鸟画风呈两种面貌,一作工笔重彩,精工富丽,多绘凤鹤、孔雀、鸳鸯之类,辅以树木坡石、滩渚流泉背景,既具法度,又富生气。另一类为水墨写意画,粗笔挥洒,简练奔放,接近林良的风格。他亦兼善人物、山水,宗法南宋马远夏圭画法。他的花鸟画风在当时宫廷内外影响甚大,继承者不乏其人。
       明弘治年间,入值仁智殿,官至锦卫指挥使,是明代与边景昭林良齐名的院体花鸟画代表画家。其绘画风格可分为两大类,一类是以水墨为主略淡彩,用笔较为豪纵,另一类则是设色浓丽,用和工致,具有富丽的宫廷装饰趣味。吕纪由水墨淡色画转为工笔重设色画,更直接的原因是为了适应不同皇帝的不同口味,具体说来就是弘治皇帝朱祐樘的欣赏口味不同于他的父辈成化皇帝朱见深,从而造成了吕纪多画凤凰、雉鸡、仙鹤、孔雀、鸳鸯之类,杂以花木草石,具有生气。工笔着色与水墨写意能,并善于将两体结合。吕纪初学唐宋各家和同时代的边景昭,后形成自己的风格。他的花鸟设色鲜艳,生气奕奕,被称为明代花鸟画第一家。据说吕纪在画作上常用寓意手法对皇帝劝谏,皇帝知其用心,曾说:“工执艺事以,谏吕纪有之。”其代表作品有《新春双雉图》、《桂花山禽图》、《残荷鹰鹭图》、《秋鹭芙蓉图》、 《狮头鹅图》等。

作品评价

吕纪,1477年生,鄞州(今浙江宁波)人。字廷振,号乐愚,弘治间(1488-1505)供事仁智殿,弘治间征入宫廷,为宫廷作画,供奉仁智殿,官锦衣卫指挥。擅画临古花鸟,初学边景昭,后研习唐宋诸家名作,继承两宋“院体”,以工笔重彩,又在水墨写意方面受林良影响。
       远宗南宋院体格,廷续了黄筌工整细致的画风及钩勒笔法,并予以发扬,多以凤凰、仙鹤、孔雀、鸳鸯之类鸣禽为题材,杂以浓郁花树,画面绚丽。亦作粗笔水墨写意者,笔势劲健奔放,与林良相近,与边景昭同为明代院体花鸟画中的临古派代表。传世作品有《桂菊山禽图》、《榴花双莺图》、《雪景翎毛图》、《浴凫图》等。除画花鸟外,偶尔也画人物山水。他主要是以工整精丽的院体传统作画,造型准确,设色鲜艳。但也能画活泼生动兼工带写的花鸟画。他的画生动,笔墨清新,是当时与边景昭林良齐名的花鸟名家。他作画时,常以寓意手法规谏皇帝,故明孝宗曾说:“工执艺事从谏,吕纪有之”。他是与边景昭林良齐名的院体花鸟画代表作家。《狮头鹅图》,绢本,设色。纵191厘米,横104厘米。工笔画狮头鹅,侧身曲颈回顾古梅,鹅身洁白如玉,眼睛刻划有神,形象生动。古梅干枝苍劲,生机勃勃。树下衬以太湖石、月季花,石后有双勾竹隐露,色彩艳丽,衬托出狮头鹅之白身红冠。是明代院体花鸟画的杰作。款署“吕纪”。现藏辽宁省博物馆。
       《榴花双莺图》写石榴一枝,蘩花盛开,一对黄鹂栖于枝头,一上一下,鸣啼相应,神态活泼。工笔重彩,钩勒填色,绚丽多彩为明代中期院体画的典型风格。
相比画家,吕纪的另一个身份更令人吃惊——历经明代成化、弘治、正德三代,官至锦衣卫指挥使(秘密警察头目)。吕纪的花鸟绘画,水墨淋漓,气势宏大,甚至是日本屏风画的来源之一。《柳荫双鸭图》和《幽涧双鹭图》曾在日本出版的《听松清鉴》中著录,郑振铎在上世纪四十年代遍访流传在海外的中国名画,并在其所编的《域外所藏中国名画》中收录。吕纪的两幅作品不仅是明代全景花鸟画的杰作,也是中国绘画影响日本绘画的证据代表作。

收藏作品

吕纪 南极老人图

吕纪 梅茶雉雀图

吕纪 残荷鹰鹭图

吕纪 鹰鹊图

吕纪 桂菊山禽图

吕纪 竹枝鹧鸪图 明吕纪 浴凫图

吕纪 秋鹭芙蓉图

吕纪 斑鸠红梅图

吕纪 竹园寿集图卷

吕纪 仿边文进百雀图

吕纪 柳下九鹭

吕纪 四季花鸟图之一

吕纪 四季花鸟图

吕纪 四季花鸟图之一

吕纪 四季花鸟图之一

吕纪 崖下花鸟图

English is introduced

Lu Ji (1477 ~?), The Chinese Ming Dynasty painter. Word Ting vibration, No. music Yu. Yin (now Zhejiang Ningbo) people. To be called into the palace painting, the value of benevolent hall, granted Jin Yiwei command. Good birds and flowers, figures, landscapes, birds and flowers known to the world.
       The flowers and birds of the early division of King Zhao, and Lin Liang, and extensive division of the Tang and Song dynasties, there are meticulous pen and ink painting two kinds of painting, the former depicting Seiko, colorful, cautious, the latter rough brush, Dyeing, concise and unrestrained, full of imposing and dynamic. The landscape method Ma Yuan, Xia Gui, with large ax chipping painting rocks, vigorous and powerful. Character also law Southern Song court body, clothing lines lines concise frustrated. Beginner edge Zhao Gongmou brushwork, also by the Lin Liang ink method, after the imitation of the Tang and Song dynasties Zhujia trace, then self-contained, unmatched contemporary. Its flowers and birds painting style was two kinds of faces, one for the meticulous heavy colors, Seiko Wealthy, more painted Feng He, peacocks, mandarin ducks and the like, supplemented by trees slope stone, beach Zhuzu flow background, not only a law, but also rich angry. Another kind of ink painting for freehand brushwork, simple and unrestrained, close to Lin Liang style. He also good character, landscape, patriarchal Southern Song Ma Yuan, Xia Gui painting. His style of flowers and birds at home and outside the palace at that time a great influence, the successor of its people.

Biography

Ming Hongzhi years, into the value of wisdom hall, the official to Jin Wei command to make, is the Ming Dynasty and the edge of Zhao, Lin Liang, the body of the famous bird painting representative painter. The painting style can be divided into two categories, one is based on ink as the main light color, the pen is more ho vertical, the other is the color concentration Li, with and workers caused by the rich palace decoration fun. Lv Ji by the ink light color painting to pen reset color painting, a more direct reason is to adapt to the different tastes of different emperors, specifically, is the Hongzhi emperor Zhu Youtang appreciation of taste is different from his father Chenghua Emperor Zhu, Resulting in Lu Ji painting more phoenix, pheasant, crane, peacock, mandarin ducks and the like, mixed with flowers and grass stone, with angry. Meticulous color and ink can be freehand, and be good at combining the two bodies. Lv Ji began to learn the Tang and Song dynasties and the contemporaries of the border Zhao, after the formation of their own style. His flowers and birds brightly colored, angry, known as the first flower and bird painting in the Ming Dynasty. It is said that Lu Ji in the paintings commonly used moral means to the emperor to remonstrate, the emperor know their intentions, said: "The work of art, to admonish Lu Ji has." His representative works "Spring double pheasant", " Bird map "," residual Dutch eagle map "," Autumn Heron Hibiscus map "," Lionhead geese map "and so on.

美术作品集 更多
美术名家推荐
百科统计与合作
  • 1
  • 2
关于美术网

美术网(www.meishu.com)专注解决美术家网络推广问题,全力打造美术家专属网络经纪人服务,美术网站内设美术搜索,网络美术展,美术报,美术知识库,美术家百科,美术视频库,资源库,美术论坛,美术高考网及书画衍生品的加工与分销等为一体的名画库等总共20余个栏目,我们以弘扬中华民族的文化事业为己任,以建设世界一流的美术文化生态系统为目标,诚邀合作共赢。

  • 1
  • 2
  • 3
  • 4
Copyright (c) 2013 美术网 Meishu.com All Rights Reserved 鲁ICP备12031715号-1 法律顾问:杨俊涛律师 客服QQ:800015090 微信①:meishubbs 微信②4081532
Copyright (c) 2013 美术网 Meishu.com All Rights Reserved
鲁ICP备12031715号-1 法律顾问:杨俊涛律师 客服QQ:800015090 微信:4081532