孙克弘

孙克弘(1532或1533-1611),明书画家、藏书家。一作克宏,字允执,号雪居,松江(今属上海市)人。礼部尚书孙承恩子。以荫授应天治中,官至汉阳知府。生性巧慧,声音洪亮,状貌疏野。所居四壁皆画苍松老柏,崩浪流泉,有一种澄泓萧瑟之意萦绕其间。他喜交友,陈继儒谓其"好客之癖,闻于江东,履綦如云,谈笑生风,坐上酒尊,老而不空"。卒年八十(一作七十九)。

  • 中文名孙克弘
  • 别名孙克宏
  • 性别
  • 祖籍松江(今属上海市)人
  • 出生日期1532或1533
  • 逝世日期1611
  • 职业明书画家、藏书家
  • 所属年代明代
  • 允执
  • 雪居
人物简介

孙克弘有别墅一栋,在松江城东门外果子弄,俞塘之北,史称其园林为“孙家园”。园内设有藏书阁为“北俞堂”、“秋林阁”、“东郭草堂”、“敦复堂”、“青华馆”等,家富藏书,有宋本数种。藏书家朱大韶去世后,其“横经阁”所藏之书散出后,大多为其所得。还收藏有春秋战国期间的石鼓文拓片,现归于故宫博物院收藏;元大德刻本《宣和画谱》等。善书法。擅花鸟,初学徐熙、赵昌,后师法沈周陆治。传世作品有《新枝四季花卉图》、《寒山拾得图》、《竹菊图》、《达摩渡江图》、《百花图》、《罗汉》、《折枝花卉图》、《朱竹图》等,大多都有陈继儒的题字。藏书印有“汉阳太守”、“雪居道人”、“孙克弘允执雪居书画印”、“汉阳郡长”等。著有《古今石刻碑帖目》2卷、《备考古今石刻碑帖目》1卷。
       天资高敏,刻意书、画,画山水学马远,云山仿米芾,花鸟似徐熙、赵昌,竹仿文同,籣仿郑思肯,时写人物、仙释,兼带梁楷,纵横点缀,皆有根据。名重一时,求绘事者填塞,多命门士应之。善用枯老之笔行干作花,或著色或水墨,皆极古淡。所居曰东郭草堂,列名迹於秋琳阁,盘礴觞咏,客至如归。晚年屏却一切,仅写墨梅,亦有雅尚。书仿宋仲温,八分宗汉。卒年八十(一作七十九)。历代画史汇传列入清初误。《明画录、无声诗史、画史会要、桐阴论画、莫廷韩集、陈眉公集、松江志》

作品简介

《殊竹图》立轴,纸本,设色,纵61.7厘米,横29.9厘米。台北故宫博物院藏。
历代以朱砂写竹的并不多见,孙克弘这幅殊竹,在色彩对比和构图上都可说匠心独运。竹之妍艳与秀石之清冷沉郁形成对照。殊竹色彩上浓淡、深浅的变化,在空间上产生一种幽深的意境,使画面在艳丽中又趋向沉静、稳重。
       《梅竹图》扇面,泥金纸本,设色,纵15.7厘米,横48.9厘米。台北故宫博物院藏。
此图以较工整细致的笔法画一枝梅花与一丛翠竹,从一角斜出,垂曳于清溪之上。构图疏秀有致,梅枝盘折曲伸,指向扇面款识,使整个画面得到统一。
       《雨景山水图》立轴,纸本,设色,纵171厘米,横72厘米。广东省博物馆藏。
图中画远山雾霭,近树清波,板桥屋舍,点缀其中。用笔圆润,墨色浑厚,表现了春天的雨后景色。此图自题诗云:“僧房十日掩紫关,闲看浮云自往还,无限天机心会得,起来磨墨写房山。”全幅诗情画意,皆含仿米之意。
       《玉堂芝兰图》故宫博物院藏,纸本 设色 纵135.8厘米 横59厘米
       该图用双勾填色法画玉兰、兰花以湖石衬托。笔致清秀,色彩淡雅。浓重的玲珑湖石与轻盈的素白玉兰,对比强烈而又和谐,画风清丽。自题七绝一首,款署:“己酉春日写雪居克弘。”钤“弘”、“汉阳郡长”、“东郭草堂”印三方。

 

English is introduced

Sun Kehong (1532 or 1533-1611), the Ming Dynasty painter, book home. One for grams of macro, the word allowed executive, No. snow home, Songjiang (this is a city of Shanghai) people. Rites minister Shangcheng En son. Yin should be granted days rule, the official to the Hanyang prefect. Natural Qiao Hui, loud voice, the appearance of sparse wild. The walls are painted pine old cypress, collapse wave flow, there is a kind of Cheng Hong bleak meaning lingering meantime. He likes to make friends, Chen Jiru called "hospitality addiction, smell in Jiangdong, Qi Qi Ruyun, talk about laughter, sit wine respect, old and not empty." Year eighty (one for seventy-nine).
       Sun Kehong has a villa, in Songjiang east of the city to get the fruit, Yu Tong north, known as the garden of its "Sun home." The park has a library for the "North Yu Tang", "Qiulin Pavilion", "East Guo Cottage", "Dunfu Hall", "Green Hall", the rich collection of books, there are several Song. After the death of the book collector Zhu Dashao, the "cross by the House" after the possession of the book spread out, mostly for their income. But also a collection of the Spring and Autumn Period Shi Guolv extension films, is now attributed to the National Palace Museum collection; Yuan Dade engraved version of "declared and painting spectrum" and so on. Good calligraphy. Good flower and bird, beginner Xu Xi, Zhao Chang, after the division of Shen Zhou, Lu governance. The masterpieces include "Four Seasons Floral Map of New Branch", "The Collection of Han Shan", "Bamboo Chrysanthemum Chart", "Dharma Crossing River Map", "Flower Picture", " Most of them have Chen Jiru inscription. "Hanyang Prefecture", "Snow Road", "Sun Kehong Hongxun Executive Snow Painting and Calligraphy", "Hanyang County" and so on. Author of "ancient and modern stone inscriptions" 2 volumes, "prose ancient stone inscription" 1 volume.
       Zhao Feng, bamboo imitation with the same, imitation Zheng Siken, when writing characters, immortal release, and with the beam-Kai-chiu, , Vertical and horizontal embellishment, are based. The name was heavy, seeking to paint the stuffing, more life should be the gate. Make good use of the old dry pen for dry flowers, or coloring or ink, are very pale. The home said East Guo Cottage, column name track in the autumn Lynn Court, disc boast Wing Wing, home away from home. Old screen is everything, just write Mei Mei, also Yashang. Song Zhongwen imitation of the book, eight points were Han. Year eighty (one for seventy-nine). Mistakes in the History of the Past Dynasties. "Ming painting, silent poetry history, painting history will be, Tong Yin painting, Mo Ting Han set, Chen Mei public collection, Songjiang Chi"

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