赵伯驹

 赵伯驹(约1120年-约1182年),字千里,汴京(今河南开封)人。南宋著名画家。宋朝宗室,宋太祖七世孙。宋室南渡后流寓钱塘(今浙江杭州),后以画扇为宋高宗赵构赏识并予召见,曾官至浙东兵马钤辖。工画山水、花果、翎毛,笔致秀丽,尤长金碧山水。远师李思训父子,笔法纤细,直如牛毛,极细丽巧整的风致,建南宋画院的新帜。

 
  • 中文名赵伯驹
  • 性别
  • 国籍宋(今中国)
  • 祖籍汴京(今河南开封)人
  • 出生日期1120年
  • 逝世日期1182年
  • 职业画家、宋朝官员
  • 主要成就山水画
  • 代表作品《风云期会图》、《春山图》、《阿阁图》、《后赤壁图》、《汉宫图》、《江山秋色图》
  • 亲属父:赵令穰 弟:赵伯骕
  • 字号千里
人物生平

 赵伯驹,字千里,中国南宋画家。宋宗室,宋太祖七世孙。生卒年不详,活跃于南宋初。宋高宗极其爱重,曾命他画集英殿屏风,赏赐很厚。对楼台界画亦尽工间之极。其弟赵伯骕,字希远,以文艺从侍高宗左右,亦长山水、花木,尤工设色。曾任浙东兵马钤辖。擅山水、花果、翎毛、楼台,其山水师法李思训父子,并吸取北宋文人画家水墨山水的表现手法,形成清丽秀雅,“精工之极,又有士气”的青绿山水,颇有书卷气。有《阿阁图》、《汉宫图》、《江山秋色图》等传世。弟赵伯骕,字希远,亦善画,多作青绿山水,风格与兄相近,有《万松金阙图》传世。

《松隐集》说:“赵希公及共兄千里,博涉书史,皆妙于丹青,以萧散高迈之气,见于毫素。”

代表作品

 作品

作品有《风云期会图》、《春山图》、《阿阁图》、《后赤壁图》、《文会图》、《鸟雀图》等。留传到现在的有《汉宫图》、《阿阁图》、《万松金阙图》、《江山秋色图》、《汉太祖入关图》等。

艺术特色

工画山水、花果、翎毛,笔致秀丽,尤长金碧山水。远师李思训父子。笔法纤细,直如牛毛,极细丽巧整的风致,建南宋画院的新帜。其弟伯 ,字希远,以文艺从侍高宗左右,亦长山水、花木,尤工设色。

擅画山水、花果、翎毛。 山水以青绿见长,取法唐人, 参古融今,布景繁密。笔法秀丽精致,设色典雅浓郁,高宗称其画有董源王诜气格。

个人生活

天尊御茶

绍兴十六年(公元1146年)初春,宗室画家赵伯驹给余杭径山寺画了百幅身罗汉像,在余杭的径山寺住了半年多,成了寺里和尚与帮工们最尊敬的客人。帮工中有个来自桐庐魏丰村的厨师,人称大鼻子师傅,四十多岁,生得身高马大,紫红脸庞,笑起来双眼眯成一条缝,鼻子肥大透亮,故有此诨号。他心地善良,生性憨厚,做事勤恳,从不与人计较长短得失,烧得一手素食,也善“点茶”。但寺里来了贵客,都叫他“点茶”伺候,因此最先得识皇叔爷赵伯驹赵伯驹在京城临安、皇城内外见过不少点茶师,很少发表评说,偏对大鼻子师傅的点茶功夫赞赏有加。这让大鼻子师傅十分激动,从此常凑空来赵伯驹住的小院,为他点茶。相处久了,赵伯驹更欣赏他的为人,据说他画的其中一幅眯着眼引线穿针补衣的罗汉,就依照大鼻子师傅的模样画成的。

清明前的一个清晨,赵伯驹走完千步刚回到小院,大鼻子师傅就走了进来,拎着一只竹箱说:“皇叔爷,小的从家里带来了一些新摘新炒的土茶,请你尝个新鲜!只是乡下土货,没有外间的名贵,莫要笑了。”赵伯驹笑道:“名贵的不一定就好,土货也未必就差!”大鼻子师傅见皇叔有了兴趣,开箱取出一只陶罐,才揭开盖,便有一股清香徐徐飘出,令人兀地神清气爽,赵伯驹说:“啊,这香味已是不的了!”

新茶用土纸包着,打开纸包,赵伯驹取出几片放在掌中,只见片片扁平如折纸,新翠之色不减,凑近嗅了嗅,分明还有新茶的芬香,并不是从茶饼上扒下来的茶块,不觉有些惊异,问道:“这茶如何吃?”大鼻子师傅笑道:“这就是乡人土货。乡下人供不起烘制茶饼的费用,采了新茶嫩芽,就在自家灶头上用锅炒,炒成这一片片的,用纸包好,放在石灰甏里,用的时候取出少许放在碗里,用沸水冲泡着喝,最能沁人心脾润肺养神。不知皇叔肯试一杯乎?”

当时的饮茶方法还沿用唐五代相传的一套程式,整个程序颇为繁复。即先从或方或圆的茶饼上取下所需的一块,放在碾药用的船形碾槽里碾碎,用筛子筛去杂质,再将茶粉末放在滤巾中,取水冲淋,使尽去杂质,然后将滤净的茶粉末放在壶中加水煮,同时根据节令添加佐料,包括盐。煮沸的茶水,表面会不断泛起一层水泡,被内行人视为最美最具欣赏价值的过程。“茶圣”陆羽曾为此写下诗一般的赞美之词。所谓“点茶”,就是将这一整套程序演绎得极为娴熟,手段干净利落,煮成色香味俱佳的茶汤,然后拿长柄汤匙将茶水分给饮者。看惯了这种“点茶”的赵伯驹,对大鼻子师傅的建议不由大觉新奇,说道:“好!吾且来充一回乡人,品一回乡人土茶!”

大鼻子师傅本还担心皇叔爷不赏脸,闻言大喜,立即从竹箱中拿出两只粗瓷海碗,放在桌上,撮了些许新茶放在碗中,然后又从箱里取出小炉和一瓶山溪水,对皇叔揖道:“请皇叔少待!”说着麻利地在院中点火煮起茶来。

不一会壶中水沸,大鼻子师傅拎起瓷壶,对准碗中茶叶冲了下去,只见扁平的茶叶霎时在水中翻滚打旋,随即片片舒展,如翠叶悬空直立于水中,展显出嫩绿的本色,一股清香也如遥山吹来,令人心旷神怡。只听大鼻子师傅说:“皇叔爷,这就是我等乡下人喝的茶,虽然粗疏简直,但茶的色味全在其中,一点儿不曾缺失”,见皇叔听得十分专注,又道:“待水稍温,就可以饮了!”

赵伯驹从来没有见过冲泡后还能重回绿色并保持原有形状的茶叶,心中已觉大妙,稍待水温就捧了海碗呷了一口,闭目回味了一下,只觉得一股幽香直冲脑门,真似醍醐灌顶,拨开十千魔障,又连呷了几口,睁眼笑道:“大妙大妙!”少顷又问这茶有何名字,大鼻子师傅说:“难得皇叔爷高看,这乡人土货以前谁会看上眼?也不知传了多少代,至今还没有个名目哩!”叹一声,忽又兴冲冲说:“要不请皇叔爷给它取个好名字,也让我乡下人永世感念你的恩德!”赵伯驹笑着连连摇手,说:“这哪里是我该取的名?”想着想着,心里有了主意,说:“这样,再过几天,我就要回去,不如路上拐个弯,你陪我去产茶地桐庐天尊山看看,捎些新茶,带回京城,……至于给它取名的事,我想只要茶好,总该会有佳名的!”

数日后,赵伯驹由大鼻子师傅陪着,带了几名仆人乘船经分水到了桐庐魏丰爬上天尊山看了茶园,访问了当地几位老农,买了几斤新茶,然后在桐庐雇船直下临安。

宋高宗对堂侄赵伯驹兄弟始终给予优厚的待遇,允许他们随时入宫觐见。端午节那天,宫中按例举行端阳午宴,赵伯驹奉召入宫,到后宫澄碧堂观赏石榴花,宋高宗问他在径山寺有何听闻,赵伯驹就将土茶献上,将自己的品尝经验与评品一一禀报。高宗听罢大喜,当即令翰林司药童取水煮茶,分赐在座诸人。赵伯驹见龙颜大悦,又说起山民为茶求赐佳名一事。高宗笑道:“此种新茶炒制简便而香味清纯,形色亦妙,虽属山民无奈之作,较之茶饼烘制之繁,烹煮之烦,不知省却多少心力!而人心趋简厌烦,喜真拒饰,谁知不为后世茶事正宗?故可令诸学士为其撰一佳名来呈”。后来据说取名为“天尊御茶”报高宗准允,成为南宋宫廷的御用之茶。而这种用沸水泡茶,即饮、不加它物的饮茶法,到了元代果然成了饮茶正道,沿袭至今。

Introduction to the artist

 Zhao Boju, a painter of the Southern Song Dynasty in China, wrote thousands of words. Song Zongshi, the seventh grandson of Taizu of Song Dynasty. The year of birth and death was unknown, and it was active in the early Southern Song Dynasty. Song Gaozong loved it very much. He once ordered him to paint the screen of Yingdian Hall, which was a very generous reward. The terrace boundary paintings are also very well done. His younger brother, Zhao Boxu, had a far-sighted character. He served Gaozong in literature and art. He also worked on mountains, rivers, flowers and trees, especially in color design. He served as a military officer in eastern Zhejiang. He is good at landscapes, flowers and fruits, feathers and terraces, and his landscape master, Li Sixun and his son, and absorbs the expression techniques of the Northern Song Dynasty literati painters'ink landscapes to form a beautiful and elegant green landscapes with "excellent workmanship and morale". There are "A Getu", "Han Palace Tu", "Jiangshan Autumn Picture" and other handed down. Brother Zhao Boxu, who is far-sighted and good at painting, mostly paints green landscapes. His style is similar to that of his brother. He has "Wansong Jinque Tu" handed down from generation to generation.

"Songyin Ji" said: "Zhao Xigong and his brothers are thousands of miles, rich in book history, are better than Danqing, to Xiao disperse the spirit of heroism, see in millions of elements. "

works

His works include "Wind and Cloud Period Meeting Map", "Spring Mountain Map", "Age Map", "Hou Chibi Map", "Wenhui Map", "Bird's Bird Map" and so on. Up to now, there are "Han Palace Tu", "A Ge Tu", "Wansong Jinque Tu", "Jiangshan Autumn Picture", "Han Taizu Entering the Pass Tu" and so on.

artistic characteristics

Painting landscapes, flowers and fruits, feathers, beautiful brush, especially long Jinbi landscapes. Father and son Li Sixun, a distant teacher. Fine brushwork, straight as cow hair, extremely fine and neat style, built a new school of Southern Song Painting Academy. His brother-in-law, with a distant character, served Gaozong with literature and art, and also had long mountains and rivers, flowers and trees, especially in colour design.

Good at painting landscapes, flowers and fruits, feathers. Landscapes are green and green. They are from the Tang Dynasty. They blend the past with the present and have a dense scenery. The brushwork is beautiful and delicate, and the color is elegant and rich. Gaozong called his paintings Dong Yuan and Wang Jie's style.

美术名家推荐
百科统计与合作
  • 1
  • 2
关于美术网

美术网(www.meishu.com)专注解决美术家网络推广问题,全力打造美术家专属网络经纪人服务,美术网站内设美术搜索,网络美术展,美术报,美术知识库,美术家百科,美术视频库,资源库,美术论坛,美术高考网及书画衍生品的加工与分销等为一体的名画库等总共20余个栏目,我们以弘扬中华民族的文化事业为己任,以建设世界一流的美术文化生态系统为目标,诚邀合作共赢。

  • 1
  • 2
  • 3
  • 4
Copyright (c) 2013 美术网 Meishu.com All Rights Reserved 鲁ICP备12031715号-1 法律顾问:杨俊涛律师 客服QQ:800015090 微信①:meishubbs 微信②4081532
Copyright (c) 2013 美术网 Meishu.com All Rights Reserved
鲁ICP备12031715号-1 法律顾问:杨俊涛律师 客服QQ:800015090 微信:4081532