郑樗

郑樗[元]道士,全真道士金志扬的弟子。字无用,号散木,盱江人。作古隶初学孙叔敖碑,一时称善。后乃流入宋季陋习,无足观者。《书史会要》

人物关系
  • 中文名郑樗
  • 性别
  • 祖籍江西省抚州市广昌县
  • 信仰道教
  • 职业全真道士、画家
  • 代表作品《沧浪独钓图》
  • 所属年代元代
  • 生卒年不详
  • 无用
  • 散木
简介

郑樗[元]道士,全真道士金志扬的弟子。字无用,号散木,盱江人。作古隶初学孙叔敖碑,一时称善。后乃流入宋季陋习,无足观者。《书史会要》
       樗 [chū],《辞海》上解释"植物名。即臭椿","樗材,犹言无用之材"。《庄子·逍遥游》:"吾有大树,人谓之樗,其大本拥肿而不中绳墨,其小枝卷曲而不中规矩。立之涂,匠不顾。"种在路边的樗树,木匠看都不看,可见它确实是无用之材。樗木为散材,比喻于世无用。古时如自称"樗材"即是自谦之词。由此可知,郑樗取字无用,又自号散木,名、字、号所表达意义是统一的,其出典均来自道家庄子。
       郑樗为元代大画家黄公望的师弟。黄公望在其传世名作《富春山居图》题跋上面写道"至正七年,仆归富春山居,无用师偕往,暇日于南楼援笔写成此卷,兴之所至,不觉亹亹",其中的"无用师"就是指郑樗,此后《富春山居图》断裂为两段,后段名为《无用师卷》,现藏于台北故宫。

English is introduced

Zheng Yuan [Yuan] Taoist priest, Quanzhen Taoist Jin Zhiyang disciples. Word useless, No. casual wood, Xu Jiang people. For the beginning of Sun Shu Ao monument monument, a time that good. After the inflow of the Song season bad habits, no foot view. "History will be"
       Ailanthus [chū], "Ci Hai" on the interpretation of "plant name, namely Ailanthus altissima", "Chuan wood, Utah useless material." "Zhuangzi Escape": "I have a tree, people that the Ailanthus, its large swollen rather than in the rope ink, its twigs curly rather than the rules.Li of the Tu, regardless of care." Kind of roadside Ailanthus Trees, carpenters do not look to see, it is indeed useless material. Achille for the bulk material, metaphor in the world useless. In ancient times, such as self-proclaimed "Chuan material" is self-supporting words. It can be seen, Zheng Sui take the word useless, and since the number of casual wood, name, word, number meaning is unified, the code are from the Taoist Chuang Tzu.
       Zheng Sui for the Yuan Dynasty painter Huang Gongwang of the Young. Huang Gongwang in his handed down masterpiece "Fuchun Mountains map" wrote above the inscriptions "is seven years, the servant of the Fuchun mountain home, useless division to, leisure in the South building aid pen written in this volume, Xingzhizhi, feel "After the" Fuchun Mountains "broken for two, after the section called" useless volume ", is now hidden in the Forbidden City in Taipei.

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