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贾又福

 贾又福,1942年生于河北省肃宁县,1960年考入中央美术学院,1965年毕业,师承李可染先生,以中国北方太行山为创作基地,从事山水画创作以及美术理论研究。

 
人物关系
  • 中文名贾又福
  • 性别
  • 国籍中国
  • 民族汉族
  • 出生地河北省肃宁县
  • 出生日期1942年
  • 职业艺术家 画家
  • 毕业院校中央美术学院
  • 主要成就绘画创作
  • 代表作品《贾又福谈画篇》《贾又福集:苦修集、怀乡集、观化集》
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贾又福:大自然的丰碑

中国美术网 09-17 浏览

在当今中国山水画坛,贾又福是一位最有成就、最值得注意和研究的画家之一。他创造的山水画新样貌和新风格,是继李可染之后的又一次突破,对于当今和未来的中国山水画的创作,具有重要意义。  ...
人物简介
贾又福工作室师生优秀作品全国巡展-苦行探道

 出身于河北农民家庭,父亲目不识丁,母亲左氏,认得一个“左”字,门第无书香。1960年,贾又福考入中央美院,深受名师李可染叶浅予李苦禅宗其香何海霞诸先生训教,刻苦研习中国画技法,成为李可染先生钟爱的弟子。

 

贾又福是我国成就卓著的山水画家,潜心山水画艺术创作和中国画理论研究数十年,曾三十多次深入太行山区体察感悟生活和自然,其绘画逐渐形成幽邃神秘的山水画审美风格和语言样式。同时,贾又福教授还长期从事山水画教学实践和研究,逐步确立了一套适应时代进步要求的山水画教学体系。这一教学体系不仅是对以李可染大师为代表的优秀教学传统的继承和发展,更是根植于中国画传统的契合中国画根本发展规律的再创造。它的基本框架是“加强传统教学、深化写生教学、强调开拓精神的创作教学”复合化教学模式。贾又福山水画教学思想体现了学院派学术体系一贯的严肃性和完整性,标志着新山水画学术理念的萌发和成长。

艺术简历

 国内

1992年获英国剑桥世界名人传记中心授予的“世界名人二十世纪成就奖”。1992年获中华人民共和国国务院给予在文化艺术事业有突出贡献专家称号和证书,并获中国文化部优秀专家称号和证书,1996年获中华人民共和国国务院国宾级专家称号和证书。其作品《日夜话丰年》获北京市优秀作品奖,为北京市美协收藏;《太行丰碑》获第六届全国美展银质奖,为中国美术馆收藏;《清净世界》获北京国际水墨画展’88大奖,1988年春,在中国美术馆、台北雄狮画廊、香港荣宝斋和中央美院陈列馆四度举办个人画展 。 曾在中国美术馆举办《贾又福工 作室教学汇报展》,北京中国美术馆举办“贾又福工作室师生作品展”等。

国外

部分作品分别在美国、法国、瑞士、日本、南朝鲜、苏联等10余个国家和地区展出 。出 版有《贾又福画集》多种,《贾又福山水画选》、《贾又福画传》、《贾又福集》、《贾又福画语录》、《贾又福画集》。 在北京荣宝斋出版社出版《贾又福谈画篇》,天津美术出版社出版《贾又福山水教学体系 》,河北美术出版社出版《贾又福集:苦修集、怀乡集、观化集》。

艺术特色

 举办画展


山水画

 

贾又福1988年曾在中国美术馆举办过画展,1999年又第二次举办画展,其间历时11年。

 

十年磨一剑。如今贾又福的山水画创作全方位的上了一层楼,他的艺术探索方向更明确了,对山水画创作的美学思考更深入了,艺术语言淬砺的更精纯了。他以独树一帜的美学风范,创造了新时期现代山水画的新境界、新形态,以不懈的、矢志不渝的探索精神和所取得突出成就,奠定了他在现代山水画画史上的地位。他是一位名副其实的山水画革新的闯将。

 

审美类型

贾又福的山水画在审美类型上大体可以分为两大类:一类以诗思的抒发为旨趣,一类以哲思的表达为追求。

 

贾又福继承了我国山水诗的传统。他的太行山景,内含浓郁的诗兴、诗味、诗风、诗境。他常常化景物为情思,物我相融相化,以至情至性陈酿了山水画诗化的纯度。并在山水画心灵化、诗意化方面取得了相当丰富的美学经验。

 

美学经验

80年代中期,贾又福又开始了哲理山水画的探索。他的画以化心象为哲思的方法,创意、造境,重铸江山,再造自然。以第二自然的样态与图式,表现山岳的开阔、天地的奇观、大化的运行、宇宙的精神,从而表达出原生之美、太朴之美、雄奇之美、博大之美、天籁之美、悲壮之美、崇高之美、使欣赏者心灵为之震撼,为之鼓舞,为之超越,为之升华,为之净化。

 

贾又福在创作方法上经历了“按实肖像”和“凭虚构象”两个阶段。“按实肖像”,是以如实描写为特征,与对景写生相类,以再现眼中视像、眼中之景为追求;而“凭虚构象”,则突破如实再现,以心灵表象的自由组构为物证,以表现心灵之境为指归。这两个阶段相辅相成,辩证统一。“凭虚构象”的创作心态是高度自由的,不受现实景物的局限。在这种心态下,艺术家把储于灵府的多种自然表象,按照美的规律进行组合、重构、熔铸、化心象为画境,创造出表达哲思的图式。贾又福的《大音希声》《天地悠悠》《天行健》等代表性作品,正是以“道”的理念,宇宙的巨流意识,表现时空的永恒,揭示了自然大道那永世不竭的伟大生命。

 

创意新奇,语言精纯

贾又福的一系列作品创意新奇,语言精纯,境界富真于玄。《大岳洗礼》虽然表现的是雷电交加、大雨滂沱的自然景象,但那质量化的、凌利无比的自然威力,给人以摧枯拉朽、洗礼山河之感,不禁让人联想到社会的洗礼和历史巨变的深层震荡。《无声的呼唤》形式感强,语言纯化,水平线的平行并置结构强化了宁静和压抑,黑、白、灰的对比与分割,造成画境的深邃和神秘。其形式语汇既山水画抽象又具象,在抽象与具象的结合中传达出哲思。

 

传达出哲思

善用古者能变古。贾又福继承传统又超越传统,学乃师可染的创新之心,又远离乃师的创作之迹。他的一系列成功之作,可说是对流行创作概念和陈旧山水画模式的革命性突破。在他笔下,苍山如海。山由石质构成,但在特定光照之下,又宛若海涛万顷。那由想象力而雕琢出的物象,亦真亦幻,给人们的心理上带来巨大的创造性的乐趣。他在山水画创作中,充分利用想象、幻象的神秘创造力,假借彼物之势、之气、之态,传此物之神、之形、之情,从而使此物更丰富、更生动、更富幻想力之美。他的哲理山水画,具有夏云多奇峰的魅力,但不是借助阳光的神力来雕琢,而是凭借艺术家心灵之光来塑造。

 

贾又福创造性的山水画,旨在表现哲理精神,虽不是自然的真实景观,但又是合乎天道和美的规律的。他画的不是仙境,而是以他独特的山水画的形式语言表达现代人的哲学观念与审美思考。

 

贾又福的山水画,在诗思与哲思两方面都达到了时代的新高度。他把山水画诗化了,他在审美领域开拓出一片新的精神绿洲。

人物影响

 这一教学体系不仅是对以李可染大师为代表的优秀教学传统的继承和发展,更是根植于中国画传统的契合中国画根本发展规律的再创造。它的基本框架是“加强传统教学、深化写 生教学、强调开拓精神的创作教学”复合化教学模式。贾又福山水画教学思想体现了学院派学术体系一贯的严肃性和完整性,标志着新山水画学术理念的萌发和成长。

作品展览

 个人展览

1986中央美术学院陈列馆个人展;1988中国美术馆个人展;1992澳门市政厅个人展;1993日本京都国立近代美术馆,日本横滨美术馆个人展;1994新加坡国家博物个人展;1995作品参加香港艺术馆百年百位名家展(二十世纪中国绘画) ;1995应邀参加韩国光州博物馆世界著名画家作品展;1999北京中国美术馆第二次个人展 。

 

展出记录

山水画

1984年 作品《太行丰碑》获第六届全国美展银质奖。

1986年 中央美术学院陈列馆个人展。

1988年 作品《清净世界》获北京国际水墨画展“88”大奖。

1988年中国美术馆个人展。

1993年日本京都国立近代美术馆、日本横滨美术馆个人展。

1994年新加坡国家博物院出版《无声的呼唤一贾又福的中国画》。

1994年新加坡国家博物院个人展。

1995年 作品参加香港艺术馆百年百位名家展《二十世纪中国绘画》。

1995年 应邀参加韩国光州博物馆世界著名画家作品展。

1997年北京荣宝斋出版社出版《贾又福谈画篇》画论著作。

1999年中国美术馆举办大型个人画展《高山仰止系列》。

2003年中国美术馆举办大型《贾又福工作室教学江报展》。

2004年北京中国美术馆举办贾又福工作室师生作品展。

个人荣誉

 现为中央美术学院教授、博士生导师。1992年获英国剑桥世界名人传记中心授予的“世界名人二十世纪成就奖”。在北京荣宝斋出版社出版《贾又福谈画篇》、天津美术出版社出版《贾又福山水教学体系 》、河北美术出版社出版《贾又福集:苦修集、怀乡集、观化集》。曾在中国美术馆举办《贾又福工 作室教学汇报展》、北京中国美术馆举办“贾又福工作室师生作品展”等。

出版物

 1989台湾雄狮图书公司出版《贾又福画语录》;1992北京新华出版社出版《镜真楼画谈-贾又福谈画录》; 1997 北京荣宝斋出版社出版《贾又福谈画篇》;1985河北美术出版社出版《贾又福画集》;1987山西人民出版社出版《贾又福太行风情集》;1987香港大业公司出版《贾又福画集》;1988 河南美术出版社出版《贾又福画集》;1989 香港荣宝斋有限公司出版《贾又福谈画篇》; 1990四川美术出版社出版《当代中国美术家 ---- 贾又福》;1990台湾艺术家出版社出版《贾又福新作集》; 1992台湾敦煌艺术中心出版《贾又福小品画精选》; 1992 北京外文出版局今日中国出版社出版《贾又福中国画集》1992 香港大业公司出版《贾又福水墨画集》; 1993北京荣宝斋出版社出版《贾又福山水画谱》;1994新加坡国家博物院出版《无声的呼唤--贾又福的中国画》;1996台湾敦煌艺术中心出版《贾又福新作集》; 2001天津人民美术出版社出版《贾又福画集》; 2003 河北美术出版社出版《贾又福山水画工作室》。

2013年,贾又福与周河河、郭公达共同入选中共中央党校出版社出版的《笔墨上的中国---中国书画三大导师》丛书。

所获奖项

 1984作品《太行丰碑》获第六届全国美展银质奖;1984作品《太行风情》组画获北京市建国35周年美展荣誉奖,并获北京市政府文艺工作者表彰大会表彰;1988作品《清净世界》获1988年北京国际水墨画展大奖;1990北京国际艺苑基金会授予贾又福“首届美术奖” ;1991作为长影特聘艺术设计,设计动画《雁阵》,获第11届全国最佳电影美术片金鸡奖;1992作品《无声的呼唤》获中央美术学院首届学院奖;1992获中华人民共和国国务院给予在文化艺术事业有突出贡献专家称号和证书,并获中国文化部优秀专家称号和证书;1996获中华人民共和国国务院国家级专家称号和证书。

 

Introduction in English

Jia Youfu, born in 1942 in Suning County, Hebei Province, was admitted to the Central Academy of Fine Arts in 1960 and graduated in 1965. He studied landscape painting and art theory based on Taihang Mountain in northern China.

 

Brief Introduction to Characters

 

Born in a farmer's family in Hebei Province, his father was illiterate, and his mother, Zuo Shi, recognized a word "Zuo" and had no book fragrance. In 1960, Jia Youfu was admitted to the Central Academy of Fine Arts. He was deeply taught by famous teachers Li Keran, Ye Shaoyu, Li Kuchan, Zong Qixiang and He Haixia. He studied Chinese painting techniques diligently and became a favorite disciple of Mr. Li Keran.

 

Jia Youfu is an outstanding landscape painter in China. He has devoted himself to the artistic creation of landscape paintings and the theoretical research of Chinese painting for decades. He has gone deep into the Taihang Mountains for more than thirty years to experience life and nature. His paintings have gradually formed a secluded and mysterious aesthetic style and language style of landscape paintings. At the same time, Professor Jia Youfu has been engaged in the teaching practice and research of landscape painting for a long time, and has gradually established a set of landscape painting teaching system to meet the requirements of the progress of the times. This teaching system is not only the inheritance and development of the excellent teaching tradition represented by Master Li Keran, but also the re-creation of the Chinese painting tradition which conforms to the fundamental development law of Chinese painting. Its basic framework is the compound teaching mode of "strengthening traditional teaching, deepening sketch teaching and emphasizing creative teaching of pioneering spirit". Jia Youfu's teaching thought of landscape painting embodies the seriousness and integrity of the academic system of academia, and marks the germination and growth of the academic idea of new landscape painting.

 

Character influence

 

This teaching system is not only the inheritance and development of the excellent teaching tradition represented by Master Li Keran, but also the re-creation of the Chinese painting tradition which conforms to the fundamental development law of Chinese painting. Its basic framework is the compound teaching mode of "strengthening traditional teaching, deepening sketch teaching and emphasizing creative teaching of pioneering spirit". Jia Youfu's teaching thought of landscape painting embodies the seriousness and integrity of the academic system of academia, and marks the germination and growth of the academic idea of new landscape painting.

 

Art Resume

 

domestic

 

In 1992, he was awarded the "World Celebrity Achievement Award in the Twentieth Century" by the World Celebrity Biography Center in Cambridge, UK. In 1992, he was awarded the title and certificate of experts who have made outstanding contributions to the cause of culture and art by the State Council of the People's Republic of China. He was also awarded the title and certificate of outstanding experts of the Ministry of Culture of China. In 1996, he was awarded the title and certificate of expert at the state guest level of the State Council of the People's Republic of China. His works The Year of Talk at Night and Day won the Beijing Excellent Works Award and the Beijing Association of Fine Arts Collection; The Taihang Monument was awarded the Silver Prize of the Sixth National Art Exhibition and the Collection of the Chinese Art Museum; The Clean World was awarded the 88 Prize of the Beijing International Ink and Wash Painting Exhibition. In the spring of 1988, it was awarded the China Art Museum, Taipei Lion Gallery and Hong Kong Rongbao Zhai. Four solo exhibitions were held with the exhibition hall of the Central Academy of Fine Arts. He has held Jia Youfu Studio Teaching Report Exhibition in China Art Museum and Jia Youfu Studio Teachers and Students Works Exhibition in Beijing China Art Museum.

 

abroad

 

Some of the works were exhibited in more than 10 countries and regions, such as the United States, France, Switzerland, Japan, South Korea and the Soviet Union. Published a variety of "Jia Youfu Painting Collection", "Jia Youfu Landscape Painting Selection", "Jia Youfu Painting Biography", "Jia Youfu Collection", "Jia Youfu Painting Quotations", "Jia Youfu Painting Collection". In Beijing Rongbaozhai Publishing House, Jia Youfu Talks about Paintings, Tianjin Fine Arts Publishing House, Jia Youfu Landscape Teaching System, Hebei Fine Arts Publishing House, Jia Youfu Collection: Hardship Collection, Hometown Collection and Viewing Collection.

Material impact

 

This teaching system is not only the inheritance and development of the excellent teaching tradition represented by Master Li Keran, but also the re-creation of the Chinese painting tradition which conforms to the fundamental development law of Chinese painting. Its basic framework is the compound teaching mode of "strengthening traditional teaching, deepening sketch teaching and emphasizing creative teaching of pioneering spirit". Jia Youfu's teaching thought of landscape painting embodies the seriousness and integrity of the academic system of academia, and marks the germination and growth of the academic idea of new landscape painting.

 

artistic characteristics

 

hold art exhibitions

 

Landscape painting

 

Jia Youfu held an exhibition at the Chinese Art Museum in 1988 and a second exhibition in 1999, which lasted 11 years.

 

Ten years sharpen a sword. Now Jia Youfu's landscape painting creation has gone up to the top floor in an all-round way. His artistic exploration direction is clearer, his aesthetic thinking on landscape painting creation is deeper, and his artistic language is more refined. With his unique aesthetic style, he created a new realm and new form of modern landscape painting in the new era. With unremitting and unswerving exploration spirit and outstanding achievements, he established his position in the history of modern landscape painting. He is a real pioneer in landscape painting innovation.

 

Aesthetic Types

 

Jia Youfu's landscape paintings can be roughly divided into two categories in terms of aesthetic types: one with the purpose of expressing poetry and the other with the pursuit of philosophical expression.

 

Jia Youfu inherited the tradition of Chinese landscape poetry. His Taihang Mountain scenery contains rich poetry, flavor, style and artistic conception. He often transforms scenery into emotion, which melts things and me together, and even matures the poetic purity of landscape painting. And in landscape painting soul, poetry has made a considerable wealth of aesthetic experience.

 

Aesthetic Experience

 

In the mid-1980s, Jia Youfu began to explore philosophical landscape painting again. His paintings take the transformation of mind as a philosophical way of thinking, creativity, creation, recasting rivers and mountains, recasting nature. With the second natural form and schema, it expresses the openness of mountains, the wonder of heaven and earth, the magnificent operation and the spirit of the universe, thus expressing the original beauty, the simplicity beauty, the magnificent beauty, the broad beauty, the beauty of nature, the solemn beauty, the lofty beauty and the shock of the appreciator's soul. To sublimate and purify it.

 

Jia Youfu has experienced two stages in his creative method, namely "according to the real portrait" and "based on fiction". "Real portrait" is characterized by truthful description, which is similar to scenery sketch, and pursues the reappearance of visual images and scenes in the eyes; while "imagination" breaks through the reappearance of the truth, takes the free organization of the mental representation as material evidence, and takes the expression of the mental state as the target. These two stages complement each other and are dialectically unified. The creative mentality of "imagination" is highly free and not limited by realistic scenery. In this state of mind, the artist combines, reconstructs, melts and transforms the various natural images stored in Lingfu into the painting scene according to the law of beauty, and creates the schema of expressing philosophy. Jia Youfu's great works, such as "Da Yin Xi Sheng", "Tian Tian Yu", "Tian Xing Jian" and so on, represent the eternal concept of "spacetime" through the concept of "Dao" and the consciousness of the great stream of the universe.

Creative novelty, pure language

 

Jia Youfu's series of works are novel in originality, pure in language and rich in truth and mystery. Although Dayue Baptism expresses the natural scene of thunder and lightning and torrential rain, the quality and immense natural power gives people the feeling of destroying the withered and decaying mountains and rivers, which can not help but remind people of the baptism of society and the deep shock of the great changes in history. "Silent Call" has a strong sense of form, purified language, parallel parallel parallel structure of horizontal line, which strengthens the tranquility and depression, and the contrast and division of black, white and gray, resulting in the depth and mystery of the painting. Its formal vocabulary is both abstract and concrete, conveying philosophical thinking in the combination of abstract and concrete.

 

Convey philosophical thoughts

 

Those who make good use of the ancients can change into the ancients. Jia Youfu inherits and surpasses tradition. Learning is the innovative heart that teachers can dye, and far away from the creative trace of teachers. His series of successful works can be said to be a revolutionary breakthrough in the concept of popular creation and the old pattern of landscape painting. In his writings, Cangshan is like the sea. Mountains are made of stone, but under specific light, they are like vast hectares of sea. The image carved by imagination is also true and illusory, bringing great creative pleasure to people's psychology. In his creation of landscape painting, he made full use of the mysterious creativity of imagination and illusion, and passed on the gods, shapes and feelings of this thing by means of the momentum, spirit and state of the other thing, so as to make this thing richer, more vivid and more imaginative. His philosophical landscape paintings have the charm of Xia Yunduo Qifeng, but they are not carved by the power of sunshine, but by the light of the artist's soul.

 

Jia Youfu's creative landscape painting aims at expressing the philosophical spirit. Although it is not the real landscape of nature, it conforms to the law of heaven and beauty. He did not paint fairyland, but expressed modern people's philosophical ideas and aesthetic thinking in his unique form language of landscape painting.

 

Jia Youfu's landscape painting has reached a new height of the times in both poetry and philosophy. He poetized landscape paintings and opened up a new spiritual oasis in the field of aesthetics.

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