郭沫若（1892一1978），男，原名郭开贞，字鼎堂，号尚武，乳名文豹，笔名沫若、麦克昂、郭鼎堂、石沱、高汝鸿、羊易之等。 1892年11月16日出生于四川乐山沙湾，毕业于日本九州帝国大学，现代文学家、历史学家、新诗奠基人之一，中国科学院首任院长 ，中国科学技术大学首任校长、苏联科学院外籍院士。
Guo Moruo (1892 - 1978), male, formerly known as Guo Kaizhen, word dingtang, No. martialism, petname the leopard, under the name of Mo Ruo, Guo Dingtang, Shi Tuo, McKeon, Gao Ruhong, Yang Yi. Born in November 16, 1892 in Sichuan Leshan Shawan, graduated from Kyushu University in Japan, one of the modern writers and historians, the founder of new poetry, the first Dean Chinese academy, the first president of University of Science & Technology China, Soviet Academy of sciences.
In 1914, Guo Moruo study in Japan, in the Imperial University of. 1921, published the first new poetry "goddess". In 1930, he wrote the "Chinese ancient social studies". In 1949, Guo Moruo was elected chairman of the Chinese national literature and art association.
Former Chinese Academy of philosophy and Social Sciences, director of the Department of History Research Institute, the first China people to defend world peace committee chairman, honorary president of the China Japan Friendship Association, Chinese Federation Chairman and other positions, elected ninth, ten, eleven China Communist Party Central Committee, vice chairman of the second, third, fifth CPPCC National committee.
In June 12, 1978, due to illness, long-term treatment is invalid, died in Beijing, aged 86 years old.
Guo Moruo is the Sichuan province Leshan County, young attended Chengdu Shishi middle school. Father Guo Zhaopei business. Mother Du Aozhen is a decline of the courtiers daughter. In 1914, Guo Moruo study in Japan, in the Imperial University of. This new collection of poems published in 1921 the first "goddess", a book filled with a strong romantic atmosphere, "goddess" is the foundation of the Chinese poetry, Guo Moruo has thus become one of the important founders of China poetry; and in the same year with Yu Dafu and together founded the Shanghai literary agency "Creation Society", is an important bearer of new culture movement. March 15, 1922 "creation Quarterly" published. During this period, Guo Moruo's poems, with the new culture movement of Hu Shi and the 54 Movement, influenced the creation of the early New Poetry in Taiwan during the period of Japanese occupation.
From 1926 to 1927, the national Wuchang Zhongshan University preparatory committee. In 1927 he became commander in chief Jiang Jieshi under the command of the Army General Political Department Deputy director. After the "323 Anqing Massacre", Jiang Jieshi set out to the party, Guo Moruo in Zhu De's home, Jiang Jieshi wrote "please look at the official accusation against today's Jiang Jieshi", pointed out that "Jiang Jieshi is gangsters, corrupt officials, local tyrants and evil gentry, traitorous warlords, all reactionaries -- the central power" counter revolutionary forces, "a Wu Peifu, Sun Chuanfang, Zhang Zuolin, than Zhang Zongchang, but also ferocious, even vicious cunning". Then participated in the Nanchang uprising, joined the Communist Party of china. Jiang Xuan that is wanted by Guo Moruo, in February 1928, Guo went to Japan asylum.
Exile in Japan
Guo Moruo during his exile in Japan, began to study the oracle and bronze inscription. 1930 wrote "the study on the China ancient society, by referring to the historical documents and then Marx's judgment on the law of development of human society, that Chinese also experienced the primitive society, the slave society and feudal society (but this theory was that the fan Huang et al in 1979 had a yellow paper, think there is no slave society), Guo Moruo Chinese China created the historical materialism in the school, the school in the next mainstream academic China. With the Marx doctrine as the guiding principle of the Communist Party of China took to the governing stage, the book's view is regarded as the future of primary and secondary school textbooks, one of the reference materials. Guo Moruo with the oracle of this period with Luo Zhenyu, Wang Guowei, Dong Zuobin and Oracle four hall, and this was elected in 1948 as the first central academy.
the period of the war of Resistance Against Japan
Guo Moruo in 1937 after the outbreak of the war of resistance against japan. He married a Japanese wife by the date, and the wife did not follow him to China. After returning to Nanjing to pay homage to Jiang Jieshi, and published a "generalissimo credited with", praising Jiang Jieshi, but did not request to forgive the former things Jiang, see Wang Jingwei soon. After the national government military commission as director of the Political Department of the third department, organized the Wuhan Anti Japanese War Culture Movement during the great in strength and impetus, singing, drama and film launched a propaganda war from all walks of life together. He also created a lot of drama, encouraged by the morale of Qu Yuan "," "," Tang Di Hufu flower "," south "," peacock grass crown gall "," Gao Jianli "six historical tragedies, among which the most popular" Qu Yuan ". NTU professor of history Wang Yuanyi that Guo Moruo and other works of this period, created a popular form and elite novels combine modern and traditional culture, the coexistence of literary and cultural road.
during the civil war
During the civil war in 1948 Guo Moruo because the great achievements of Archaeology and research the oracle was elected as the first central research academy. Taiwan 's Pan Guangzhe researcher at the Institute of modern history "laurel knowledge field: talk about" from the first session of the Academia Sinica election paper describes the process of this election elected members of the Academia Sinica and Guo Moruo.
Guo Moruo's historical drama "Cai Wenji", "Wu Zetian" and other collections of poems and other works, such as the "slavery times" and other books, the Chinese slave and feudal system in the spring and Autumn period, the Warring States period. Served as deputy prime minister, member of the Central People's Government Administration Council and director of culture and Education Committee, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress vice chairman China, President of the Academy, Chinese Academy of philosophy and Social Sciences, director of the Department of History Research Institute, the first Chinese people defending world peace committee chairman, honorary president of the China Japan Friendship Association, University of Science & Technology China the president, chairman of the Federation China positions; Guo Moruo is ninth, ten, eleven China Communist Party Central Committee, vice chairman of the second, third, fifth CPPCC National committee. Guo Moruo's important works are "two weeks of study", "gold", "Jin Cong Kao" compile "inscriptions, has caused a sensation in the academic circles; the life of a" Guo Moruo anthology "(17 volumes) and" complete works of Guo Moruo. His main literary masterpieces: Poetry "goddess", "Star", "bottle", "vanguard", "recovery", "Tiaotang", "war" soundtrack; "my childhood" prose "," create ", anyway, before and after ten years", "Northern Expedition", "stopover the boiling soup"; drama "three rebellious women", "Qu", "", "Tang Di Hufu flower", "Gao Jianli", "Cai Wenji", "Wu Zetian"; and "Moruo Selected Poems" and Gerd's "Faust". The people's Literature Publishing House published "the complete works of Guo Moruo".
In the art of calligraphy, Guo Moruo also achieved extraordinary achievements in the history of modern calligraphy occupies an important position in the history of calligraphy and art. Guo Moruo turned to "back to front, inverse to the flat out" Book authored 8 key words. The style is heavy and innovative teachers, show the characteristics of the times, bold creative spirit and vivid, was known as "Guo". Guo Moruo known cursive strokes, cool hard clear, flexible operation, infinite charm; the script works although not retained, but especially the skill, gas penetration theory, xingshenjianbei. Guo Moruo's exploration and practice in the art of calligraphy lasted for more than 70 years. Youth Guo Moruo's calligraphy has been recognized by the society, which began in the period of.
After the founding of new China, Guo Moruo in the heavy state of more than engaged in a more rich calligraphy creation. He is generous, fully knowledgeable, remain difficult to count the number of art of calligraphy for the country, schools, and places of historic interest and scenic beauty and the community and friends at home and abroad. The number of calligraphy works, the impact of a wide, few out of its right. To commemorate the 15 anniversary of the founding of the creation of the giant calligraphy is one of the representatives of Guo Moruo's calligraphy works.
In his calligraphy works, all reflect a "text" of the atmosphere, wanduan pet in the chest, turned out thousands of thoughts, the outflow from the pen, fusion phase formation and he poetry, literature and history of various knowledge training environment, to form the calligraphy show to the readers
Guo Moruo prize for literature and art
In 1987, to commemorate Guo Moruo's outstanding contribution to Chinese arts and culture, the Chinese Federation approved the establishment of the "Guo Moruowen Award" award, special award for outstanding contributions in literary and art circles Chinese artists. The award consists of eight categories: literature prize, calligraphy award, Art Award, Photography Award, Dance Award, music award, folk art and drama. The selection of the national and overseas Chinese art world, in order to middle-aged and young artists as the main object.
"Guo Moruo literature award" held up in Guo Moruo's hometown of Leshan City, as the permanent undertaker association by the Leshan Municipal People's government and the Leshan city of literary and art circles, accept the guidance, approval and supervision of Chinese Federation, has been held six times, and the horse, Shanhua prize award and said the three major Chinese enjoy the art awards.
February 25, 1980, the State Council formally approved the establishment of the University of Science and Technology of China Guo Moruo named Guo Moruo scholarship". The "Guo Moruo scholarship" is a special scholarship Chinese academy by any university president for 20 years before President Guo Moruo gave 150 thousand yuan for Party school establishment, to inspire students to climb the peak of science and technology. The scholarship for the new China to set up the first scholarship.
November 16, 1982 China issued "the ninety anniversary of the birth of Comrade Guo Moruo", in memory of Mr. Guo Moruo.
In June 12, 1978, Guo Moruo died in Beijing; according to their wills, Guo Moruo's ashes in Dazhai Shanxi Xiyang County People's commune terrace. He built a monument dedicated to dazhai.
Memorial Hall of the former residence
The former residence of Guo Moruo and the Chongqing National Government Working Committee for the third Department of cultural and Political Department of the Military Commission site, located in the West Wing town banana garden village of Shapingba District of Chongqing city (family courtyard). House covers an area of 10190 square meters, construction area of 1566 square meters, the architectural style of the late Qing Dynasty courtyard, Chuandou structure, Xiaoqing tile roof, oblique mountain type roof.
In September 2000, the former residence of Guo Moruo by the Chongqing municipal government as a municipality directly under the central government after the first municipal cultural relics protection units. In March 2005, the former residence of the repair project officially started in June 30th, the former residence of the completion of the main project, and in September 7th officially open display.