王稺登

王穉登(1535—1612年),字伯谷,号松坛道士,苏州长洲[1]  (今江苏苏州)人。明朝后期文学家、诗人、书法家。少有才名,长益骏发,名满吴会。嘉靖年间,两度游学京师,客大学士袁炜家。万历二十二年,与陆弼,魏学礼等召修国史。万历四十年(1612年)卒,年七十七。
著有《吴社编》、《弈史》、《吴郡丹青志》。擅长书法,善书法,行、草、篆、隶皆精,名作《黄浦夜泊》存世。

  • 中文名王穉登
  • 性别
  • 祖籍(今江苏苏州)人
  • 出生日期1535
  • 逝世日期1612
  • 职业明朝后期文学家、诗人、书法家
  • 代表作品《黄浦夜泊》、《吴社编》、《弈史》、《吴郡丹青志》
  • 所属年代明代
  • 伯谷
  • 松坛道士
人物简介

王穉登(1535—1612年),字伯谷,号松坛道士,苏州长洲[1]  (今江苏苏州)人。明朝后期文学家、诗人、书法家。少有才名,长益骏发,名满吴会。嘉靖年间,两度游学京师,客大学士袁炜家。万历二十二年,与陆弼,魏学礼等召修国史。万历四十年(1612年)卒,年七十七。
著有《吴社编》、《弈史》、《吴郡丹青志》。擅长书法,善书法,行、草、篆、隶王穉(zhì)登,字伯谷(百谷),号半偈长者、青羊君、广长庵主、广长闇主、松坛道人、松坛道士、长生馆主、解嘲客卿,生于江阴(今江苏江阴),后移居吴门。四岁能属对,六岁善擘窠大字,十岁能诗,长益骏发,名满吴会。王稚登曾拜名重当时的吴郡四才子之一的文征明为师,入“吴门派”。文征明逝后,王稚登振华后秀,重整旗鼓,主词翰之席三十余年。嘉、隆、万历年间,布衣、山人以诗名者有十数人,然声华显赫,稚登为最。他的书法,真草隶篆皆能,人们争相收藏他的作品。后人称其为吴门派之后劲,也是吴门派末期的代表人物。清钱谦益《列朝诗集》云稚登:“名满吴会间,妙于书及篆、隶。闽粤之人过吴门者,虽贾胡穷子,必踵门求一见,乞其片缣尺素然后去。”“公安派”首领之一的袁宏道认为他的诗文“上比摩诘(王维),下亦不失储(光羲)、刘(长卿)”。
      嘉靖四十三年(1564)至北京,在大学生袁炜家任记室,辑《燕市集》。四十五年(1566)访慈溪、宁波,归著《客越志》。隆庆元年(1567)再至京师,辑《燕市后集》。
       万历十四年(1586)曾与王世贞、屠隆、汪道昆、汪道贯、汪道会等在杭州共举“南屏社”。吴中自文徵明后,风雅无定属,穉登尝及徵明门,遥接其风,主词翰之席三十余年。同时期,山人布也以诗名者十数,而穉登为最。万历二十二年(1594)与陆弼、魏学礼等被召参与修史。皆精,名作《黄浦夜泊》存世。

书法成就

明代许多书家在书法创作中往往注重取态,即突出形式结构的种种变化,王稚登也不例外。他十分强调以气势来统辖形式变化的和谐,在作品整体把握上显出一定功力。与此同时,在个别字上竭尽缭绕曲折之姿态,表现了他心中对取态的艺术旨趣。
       世传王稚登以隶书著称,明袁中道曾言其“隶书遒古,大胜真草”。但观此行书作品,实不在隶书之下。全篇以行书为主,俯仰映带,气脉连贯。笔意苍郁雄畅,变化多端。笔法方圆结合,随势就体,随体赋形,骨肉均匀。纵观整幅作品,具有舒展流畅的气势,寓巧于拙的用笔,内在挺劲的力感,使人感受到王稚登的行书不受传统成见的束缚,率真自然地将感情倾注于笔下,显示了明代尚势一派书法艺术的魅力。
       王稚登文思敏捷、著作丰硕,令文坛瞩目。他一生撰著的诗文有21种,共45卷。主要有《王百谷集》、《晋陵集》、《金阊集》、《弈史》、《丹青志》、《吴社编》、《燕市集》、《客越志》等。其中后四种被收录进《明史·艺文志》,《弈史》被《四库存目》收录。同时,王稚登又是万历年间著名剧作家,著有传奇《彩袍记》、《全德记》,在金陵剧坛颇有影响。
       善书法,行、草、篆、隶皆精,清代钱谦益《列朝诗集》云:“穉登妙于书与篆、隶。闽、粤之人过吴门者,虽贾胡穷子,必踵门求一见,乞其片缣尺素然后去。”
《游居录》谓其“隶书遒古,大胜真、草。”王世贞云:“百谷出入淳父,公瑕,而加尖峭。”周之士谓其“百谷瘦而不露骨。”

轶事典故

沈德符《敝帚斋余谈》记载:“今上辛巳壬午间(明神宗万历九年、十年)聊城傅金沙光宅以文采风流,为政守洁廉,与吴士王百谷厚善,时过其斋中小饮。王因匿名娼于曲室,酒酣出以荐枕,遂以为恒。王因是居间请托,橐为充牣。”

English is introduced

Wang Gordon (1535-1612 years), the word Bogut, No. pine Taoist priest, Suzhou Changzhou [1] (now Jiangsu Suzhou) people. The late Ming Dynasty writer, poet, calligrapher. Few names, long-Yi Chun Fat, full of Wu will be. Jiajing years, twice to study the capital, guest Wei Yuan Wei. Wanli twenty-two years, and Lu Bi, Wei Xue Li called the repair history. Wanli forty years (1612) died, seventy-seven years.
Author of "Wu Society", "Yi Shi", "Wu Jun Dan Ching Chi." Good at calligraphy, good calligraphy, line, grass, seal, scribe Wang Zhi (zhì) board, word Bogut (100 Valley), number of verse, elders, Qingyang Jun, long Anmu, long dark Lord, Pine altar Taoist priest, longevity Museum, Jie ridicule Keqing, was born in Jiangyin (now Jiangsu Jiangyin), moved to Wu door. Four-year-old can be right, six-year-old good fortune nest word, ten-year-old poem, long-Yi Chun Fat, full of Wu will be. Wang Zhideng had to pay homage to Wu Jun four wit was one of Wen Zhengming as a teacher, into the "Wu martial." Wen Zhengming passed away, Wang Zhi Deng Zhenhua after the show, rally, the main words of John's seats more than 30 years. Jia, Long, Wanli years, commoner, Hermit to name a dozen people have poetry, then the voice of prominent, juvenile Deng for the most. His calligraphy, really grass scribe can be, people are competing to collect his works. Later called the martial art of the stamina, is also the late representatives of Wu Menpai. Qing Qian Qianyi "column of poetry" Yunzhi board: "full of Wu will be between the wonderful in the book and seal, scribe. Fujian and Guangdong who had Wu door, although Jia Hu poor son, will heel door, (Wang Wei), the next does not lose the storage (Guang Xi), Liu (Changqing), and his wife, the son of a man, ".
      Jiajing forty-three years (1564) to Beijing, in college students Yuan Wei home office room, series "Yan market". Forty-five years (1566) to visit Cixi, Ningbo, in the "guest off". Longqing first year (1567) and then to the capital, series "Yan City after the set."
       Wanli fourteen years (1586) and Wang Shizhen, Tu Long, Wang Daokun, Wang Dao Guan, Wang Tao will be held in Hangzhou, "Nanping Society." Wu since Wen Zhengming, the elegance of no definite, Teng Teng taste and levy out the door, remote the wind, the word Han of the seats more than thirty years. At the same time, the mountain people cloth to the poem were ten, while the most popular. Wanli twenty-two years (1594) and Lu Bi, Wei Xue Li, etc. were called to participate in history. All fine, masterpieces "Huangpu night park" survived.

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