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喻继高

( 中国画研究院院委 )

喻继高,1932年出生,江苏铜山人。1951年考入南京大学艺术系,1955年毕业于南京师范学院美术系,1957年参与筹备并调入江苏国画院,专门从事工笔花鸟画的创作和研究。系国家一级美术师。现任江苏省国画院副院长、江苏省美术家协会副主席、中国画研究院院委、中国工笔画学会副会长、徐悲鸿奖学金委员会委员等职务。

人物关系
  • 中文名喻继高
  • 性别
  • 国籍中国
  • 民族汉族
  • 祖籍江苏徐州
  • 出生地江苏铜山
  • 出生日期1932年
  • 职业美术师
  • 毕业院校南京师范学院美术系
  • 主要成就工笔花鸟画的创作和研究
  • 代表作品《梨花春雨》、《玉兰锦鸡》、《春江水暖》
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华彩蕴藉 雅俗共赏——读喻继高的工笔花鸟画

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花鸟草虫,千百年来无数次被人表现过,极容易走进千篇一律的胡同。工笔花鸟,决不仅仅是自然主义的描摹,它要求画家要有对大自然独特的观察和感受,在生活中构思酝酿,然后依靠构图、造型色彩等...
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人物简介
著名画家喻继高

喻继高,1932年出生,江苏铜山人。1951年考入南京大学艺术系,1955年毕业于南京师范学院美术系,1957年参与筹备并调入江苏国画院,专门从事工笔花鸟画的创作和研究。系国家一级美术师。现任江苏省国画院副院长、江苏省美术家协会副主席、中国画研究院院委、中国工笔画学会副会长、徐悲鸿奖学金委员会委员等职务。

喻继高的 画近师陈之佛先生,远祖两宋、元、明,更直接以造化为师,继承发扬了院体派的画风,其作品《梨花春雨》、《玉兰锦鸡》、《春江水暖》等曾参加第三、六、七、八届全国美展和其他多项大展,并曾数次获奖。还参加第一届亚洲美展,第八届国际绘画展,第26届世界博览会展,先後由国家选送去世界三十多个国家和地区展出。1986年、1988年、1997年还分别在北京中国美术馆、广州美术馆、纽约联合国总部举办个人画展。

出版有《喻继高工笔花鸟画集》、《喻继高画集》等三册。还以年画、挂句、单幅画等多种形式出版。江苏省和国务院颁发奖状,奖励其为我国文化艺术事业的发展作出的卓越贡献。1997年联合国总部向其颁发奖状,表彰他在中国传统画上的卓越成就和对世界文化交流作出的巨大贡献。

艺术风格

继高生长于苏北农村,家境贫寒,从小就干农活,磨炼了他坚强的意志和热爱劳动的习惯,也培养了他对大自然和花鸟鱼虫的深厚感情。他心中的艺术种子在这块沃土上发了芽,爱上了绘画,由于他的刻苦努力,终于在1951年考入了南京师范学院美术系,开始了一个放牛娃的艺术征途。他赶上了好世道,遇到了好老师,傅抱石先生渊博的美术史知识和陈之佛先生卓越的工笔花鸟画成就,引导他进入传统绘画的大门,并选择了工笔重彩花鸟画专业。童年的憧憬成为现实。

喻继高的工笔重彩花鸟画近师陈之佛先生,远祖五代两宋,更直接以造化为师,而熔铸以个人的生活感情。从他的花鸟画中,可以感受到大自然的蓬勃生机和新时代的昂扬诗情。他很少去描绘罕见的奇花异草、珍禽异兽,而是着眼于生活中常见的花果虫鸟,给人一种朴实亲近的乡土感情。他的画没有古代院体画那种恬淡幽远的隐逸气、江湖味,它是入世的,属于新的时代和人民的艺术。繁盛、充盈、丰实、欢乐、光彩照人、典雅秀丽、风流蕴藉、活泼天真、雍容豁达、泱泱大度,这就是继高工笔重彩花鸟画的基调和风格。读他的画,如同聆听一部华彩乐章,或者说是急管繁弦的江南丝竹,是对大自然的讴歌,对生活的赞颂,对美和爱的咏叹,唤起人们热爱生活、热爱劳动、热爱乡土、热爱人民的美好感情和高尚情操,因为花香鸟语、春华秋实,是大自然的赐予,更是世世代代劳动人民用血汗浇灌的祖国沃土的绿色生命。画是无声诗,于无声处感受到时代的脉搏跳动,听到画家的心声,这是一颗人民艺术家炽热的赤子之心,他对祖国一草一木爱得那样执着和深沉,一笔一画都充满感情。

艺术评论

相对于人物与山水画,花鸟画成熟较晚,秦汉之前只作为装饰和陪衬出现在人物画中,宋代进入鼎盛,元明有所继承,清初进入黄金时代,之后相对停滞。近现代虽有发展,但没有形成几家独树一帜的“画派”。应该说,当代著名工笔花鸟画家喻继高在花鸟画上的探索,是较为引人注目的。
喻继高1932年出生,1955年毕业于南京师范学院美术系,是国画大师傅抱石陈之佛的高徒,得到过刘开渠、李可染的指点。从艺50多年来,先后参加全国第三、六、七、八、十届美展,并多次入选国际性美展,出版有《喻继高画集》、《喻继高工笔花鸟画集》等。
喻继高继承了中国花鸟画鼎盛时期雍容华贵的高雅传统,吸收了“宋代院体画”的营养,用高文化素养尤其是诗一般的情感和笔墨,为花鸟画开辟了清新典雅、温馨生动、情趣盎然的新意境,形成了构图严谨、用笔工细、技法高超、设色明丽、主次分明的“继高式”祥花瑞鸟风格。从他的画作《瑞鹤迎春》、《杜鹃山雀》、《秋荷白鹭》、《樱花小鸟》、《白鸽紫菊》、《可爱花荫》中,不仅看到了繁盛豁达、泱泱大度、惟妙惟肖的“形”,也看到了丰实欢乐、典雅秀丽、生机勃勃的“神”,甚至闻到了花香,听到了鸟鸣,感受到了融融阳光和画家亲近自然的赤子般爱心,使人不由自主地进入到了心旷神怡的诗意境界。
喻继高的画作,是把自然界的美尤其是花鸟美,用思想和技巧加以“转化”,用丹青真实生动潇洒秀逸地描绘在载体上。现为中国工笔画学会副会长、江苏美协副主席、国家一级美术师的喻继高,丝毫未为声名所累,仍在工笔花鸟画的路上不断求索前进。

人物事迹

喻继高傅抱石
著名工笔画家、国家一级美术师喻继高先生是公认的江苏画界与傅抱石渊源最为紧密的画家之一。文革期间,喻继高智勇双全,保下傅抱石数百幅名画的往事,引起了读者的极大兴趣。昨天,喻继高先生又向记者从头至尾回忆了跟随傅抱石先生学画的往事。
第一堂课,傅先生来了个下马威
“1951年,我考上南京大学艺术系的时候,先生就是我的中国画老师,并亲手把我们从一年级送到四年级毕业!有人说,我们是最幸运的一批学生,因为傅先生以前只教美术史论,从没教授过中国画!”提起自己的老师,已经72岁的喻继高依然像当年上第一堂课时那样兴奋。
他说,那是在南大六朝松旁梅庵的一间教室,傅先生穿着一件普通的灰色长衫,臂间夹着一本著名画家陈之佛的画册。一双深邃的大眼睛,颇有神采。
初次见面,傅抱石给喻继高和他的同学们来了个下马威。问完大家的名字后,傅抱石突然问大家:“今天先考考你们,谁说说中国历史上有哪些大画家?”这可难住了这批刚刚走人大学校门的喻继高们,大家都低下头,竟没有一个能说得出来。傅先生丝毫没有责怪学生们,他微笑着说:“好,一张白纸,可以画最新最美的图画,我一定教好你们!”
喻继高说,傅抱石先生知道他是个穷学生,就经常把自己的纸墨送给他,在艺术上给他特别的“指点。出去写生的时候,手把手地教喻继高怎么对梅花写生。写生之余,傅抱石还拿出夫人罗时慧亲手做的干切牛肉,给这些穷学生们打打牙祭。最让喻继高激动的是,傅先生还破例让他进入了自己的画室,这在别人来说是无法想象的礼遇。
艺术界都说,傅抱石画画得好,是因为画室中有秘密武器,所以他极少让人进他的画室。1998年秋天那是傅抱石刚刚为人民大会堂江苏厅创作了一幅《韶山耸翠》,因为画幅大,傅抱石点名叫喻继高去画室协助
喻继高原来以为,像老师这么有名的画家,画室一定是窗明几净,布满了字画古董,但进去一看完全不是这么回事。喻继高说,傅先生的画室普通得近乎简陋,墙壁和地面上全是墨迹的画室中,除了一个大木头画案和靠在墙角的几卷纸外,几乎什么都没有。人们传说的傅抱石神秘画室就是这么个模样!
师生同画《迎春图》
1955年,喻继高大学毕业后,分配到江苏美术工作室和省文化厅工作,由于工作的关系,还能经常见到老师。喻继高对记者说,1959年,作为一个后辈,他还有幸和傅抱石、陈之佛、胡小石、蒋仁等著名书画家合作了一幅花鸟画,这件事让他终生难忘。
那是1959年冬,省里在傅厚岗政协礼堂召开文艺界重要会议,省市许多领导和文艺界知名人士都出席了大会。突然,傅抱石给喻继高打来电话,要他准备好画画的工具纸张到会上来,原来会议间隙,许多画家要画画。喻继高带着纸笔来到会场,陈之佛先生首先开笔,在四尺宣的右下角画了一枝淡雅的腊梅。“接下来谁画?”有人问道。傅抱石先生突然冒出一句:“继高,你来!”喻继高以为自己听错了,在场的都是当时江苏书画界的顶尖人物,学生辈的喻继高可不敢随便动笔。但傅抱石又鼓励了他一次,喻继高终于鼓起了勇气,在腊梅下方画了一株艳红的山茶,傅抱石,陈之佛两位老师都对他报以了赞许的笑容。
接下来,傅抱石在画上添了一根壮硕的石笋,蒋仁先生画了三只八哥,著名书法家胡小石则以“迎春图”为题写下了落款。装裱好后,这幅《迎春图》长期被悬挂在政协礼堂,但到了文革期间,又荡然无存了。很多年以后,喻继高听说,这幅画被南京博物院收藏了,他特地去拍了张照片,放在自己书房中,作为自己和老师之间情谊的永久见证。

人物评价

深厚的传统是南京的优势,但有些画家比较浮躁。喻继高先生用自己精湛的技艺为新人树立了榜样,陈之佛曾对他产生过重要影响,但他也吸收了一些外来的画法,丰富自己的艺术语言。
喻继高重视传统,艺术上稳扎稳打,风格明显。他沿着这条路一直往下走,不断丰富自己的表现力,越画越深入,越画越完美。
喻继高作品既吸收了宋院体画的风格,也吸收了民间艺术的特色,有着非常广泛的群众基础,各类出版物过亿,可见他的作品在人民中间深深扎了根,如果每个画家的作品都能受到观众的欢迎,那将起到非常大的潜移默化作用。

English Introduction

Yu Jigao, born in 1932, Jiangsu, Copper Mt. 1951 was admitted to the Nanjing University art department in 1955, graduated from the Art Department of Nanjing normal college, 1957 to participate in the preparatory and transferred to the Jiangsu Chinese Painting Institute, specializing in flower and bird painting creation and research. Department of national artist. Currently vice president of Jiangsu Academy of Chinese painting, vice chairman of Jiangsu Artists Association, Chinese Academy of painting academy, vice president of Chinese Painting Association, Xu Beihong scholarship committee and other duties.
The painting of Yu Jigao near the teacher Mr. Chen Zhifo, two. The Song Yuan Ming, more directly to nature as the teacher, inherit and carry forward the academy school style, his works "pear spring", "Magnolia", "pheasant", the river becomes warm in spring had participated in the third, six or seven, eight national art exhibition and other various exhibition. And had several awards. Also in the first Asian art exhibition, the eighth international art exhibition, the twenty-sixth session of the World Expo exhibition, successively by the state sent to more than and 30 countries and regions of the world exhibition. 1986, 1988, in 1997 also held in Beijing, China Art Museum, Guangzhou Museum of fine arts, United Nations Headquarters, New York.
The publication of "Yu Jigao" on the album, "Yu Jigao flower and bird painting" three volumes. Also, a sentence, a single picture hanging New Year paintings and other forms of publication. Jiangsu province and the State Council awards and reward their outstanding contributions to the development of China's cultural and artistic undertakings made. The 1997 United Nations Headquarters awards to the recognition of his outstanding achievements in the traditional painting China and great contribution to cultural exchanges in the world.

Following the high growth in rural areas in Northern Jiangsu, poor family, grew up doing farm work, honing his strong will and the habit of loving labor, but also cultivate his deep love for nature and flower. He made a bud in the art of seeds on the fertile soil, fell in love with the painting, because of his hard work, and finally in 1951 admitted to the Department of fine arts, Nanjing normal college, the beginning of a cowboy's artistic journey. He caught up with a good life, met a good teacher, Mr. Fu Baoshi's profound knowledge of art history and painting Mr Chen Zhifo's brilliant achievements, guiding him into the traditional painting of the gate, and select the meticulous painting professional. Childhood vision become reality.
Yu Jigao's fine brushwork flower and bird painting division near Mr. Chen Zhifo, the five generation ancestor two song, more directly to nature as the teacher, and cast to personal life feelings. From his painting, can feel the vigor and a new era of high spirited poetic nature. He seldom goes to describe rare exotic flowers and rare herbs, but rather focus on the life of rare fowls and strange animals, birds and insects in common fruit, give a simple close to local feelings. His painting is not the ancient painting that tranquil and quiet far secluded gas, rivers and lakes flavor, it is joining the WTO, belongs to the new era and the art of the people. Prosperous, filling, abundance, joy, brilliant, elegant and beautiful, lively, innocent, graceful graceful but not showy open-minded, great generosity, this is the high meticulous painting style and tone. Read his paintings, like listening to a cadenza, or that the Jiangnan Sizhu is orchestral music with rapid and rich rhythm, singing the praises of the nature of life, the glorification of aria of beauty and love, arouse people to love life, love of work, love of homeland, love the people's good feelings and noble sentiments, because nature is, if birds sing and flowers give forth fragrance. The gift is for working people with sweat watered the fertile soil of the motherland green life. Painting is silent poetry, silent feel the pulse of the times to hear the heart beating, the artist, this is a people's artist of his fiery utter innocence, love the motherland so deep and persistent every tree and bush, a painting is full of feelings.

Compared with the figures and landscape painting, flower and bird painting mature late, just before the Qin and Han Dynasties as decoration and foil in the painting, the Song Dynasty entered the peak, yuan and Ming Dynasty inherited the Qing Dynasty into the golden age, when the relative stagnation. Although the modern development, but did not form a few "become an independent school of painting". It should be said that the contemporary famous flower and bird painter Yu Jigao in the flower and bird painting exploration, is more compelling.
Yu Jigao was born in 1932 1955, graduated from the Art Department of Nanjing normal college, is a traditional Chinese painting master Fu Baoshi, Chen Zhifo Liu Kaiqu, Li Keran gaotu, received advice. For 50 years, has participated in the third, six or seven, eight, ten national art exhibition, and has appeared in the international art exhibition, published the "Yu Jigao album", "Yu Jigao meticulous flower and bird" etc..
Yu Jigao inherited the traditional painting heyday China elegant elegant, "Song Dynasty painting" to absorb nutrition, with high cultural accomplishment especially poetic emotion and ink, opens up a new conception of fresh and elegant, warm and lively and interesting for the flower and bird painting, forming a rigorous composition, superb technique, fine pen the bright colors and distinct "following the high" auspicious bird flower style. From his paintings "Rui Chun", "cuckoo", "tits autumn Lotus", "Sakura egret bird", "Dove", "lovely purple chrysanthemum flowers in bloom", not only great generosity, open-minded, vivid "shape" see, also saw the abundance of joy, elegant and beautiful, full of vigour "God", and even smell the flowers, heard the birds, feel the warmth of sunshine and the painter close to nature childlike love, make people can't help to enter the realm of refreshing.
The paintings of Yu Jigao, is the beauty of nature and beauty especially, to "transform" with ideas and techniques, with vivid pictures and elegant picture on the carrier. Is currently the vice president, China Institute of painting vice chairman of Jiangsu Artists Association, national artist Yu Jigao, did not trouble tired, still groping forward on the road of Chinese painting.

Yu Jigao and Fu Baoshi
Famous artists, national artist Mr. Yu Jigao is one of the most recognized painter closely by Jiangsu painting and Fu Baoshi origin. During the cultural revolution, Yu Jigao Bao Fu under both intelligent and courageous, hundreds of paintings of the past, has aroused great interest among readers. Yesterday, Mr. Yu Jigao recalled to reporters from first to last follow Mr. Fu Baoshi painting of the past.
First class, Mr. Fu to a run
"In 1951, I was admitted to the Nanjing University art department, Mr. Chinese painting is my teacher, and personally sent us the fourth grade graduated from the first grade! Some people say that we are most fortunate to a group of students, because Mr. Fu had only taught art history, never taught in traditional Chinese painting!" brought their own the teacher, 72 year old Yu Jigao still has as the year of the first class so exciting.
He said it was in a classroom of South Song beside Mei Fu, dressed in a plain grey gown, arms held a famous painter Chen Zhifo's album. A pair of deep eyes, a look.
The first meeting, Fu Baoshi a blow to Yu Jigao and his classmates. Ask you the name after Fu Baoshi asked suddenly: "today to give you a test, what are the painters who speak Chinese history?" this can be stumped just leave this batch of College Yu Jigao, everyone looked down, but no one can speak out. Mr. Fu did not blame the students, he smiled and said: "well, a piece of white paper, you can draw the latest and most beautiful picture, I will teach you!"
Yu Jigao said that Mr. Fu Baoshi knew he was a poor student, often gave his paper ink to him, in art to give him special "pointing. Go out sketching, hand taught Yu Jigao how to sketch the plum blossom. The sketch is over, Fu Baoshi also took Mrs. Luo Shihui made the beef slice, for these poor students a sumptuous meal. The most excited about is Yu Jigao, Mr. Fu is also an exception to let him into his studio, it is impossible to imagine the courtesy in others.
The arts said, Fu Baoshi paints well, because there is a secret weapon in the studio, so he rarely let people into his studio. The fall of 1998, it is the creation of a "Shaoshan Tsui" Fu Baoshi just as Jiangsu hall, because the big frame, Fu Baoshi called Yu Jigao to his studio to help
Yu Jigao thought, as the teacher of such a famous painter, studio is full of antique calligraphy and painting, with bright windows and clean tables, but in a look is not like that. Yu Jigao said, Mr. Fu's studio ordinary almost simple, the walls and the ground is full of ink in the studio, in addition to a large wooden table and on the corner of the rolls of paper, almost no what. People say Fu Baoshi is such a mysterious studio!
The teachers and students with the "painting of spring"
In 1955, Yu Jigao after graduating from college, assigned to the Jiangsu Provincial Department of culture and art studio work, due to the work, can often see the teacher. Yu Jigao told reporters that in 1959, as a junior, he had the honour of Fu Baoshi, and Chen Zhifo, Jiang Ren, Hu Xiaoshi famous painter a flower bird painting, it made him unforgettable.
It was the winter of 1959, the province held an important meeting in literary and art circles Fu Hougang CPPCC auditorium, and many leaders and celebrities in literary and art circles have attended the meeting. Suddenly, Fu Baoshi call to Yu Jigao, ready to draw his tool paper will come up, the original meeting gap, many artists to paint. Yu Jigao took a pen and paper came to the meeting, Mr. Chen Zhifo first opened, four feet in the lower right corner of the Xuan drew a elegant bloom. "Who draws next?" someone asked. Mr. Fu Baoshi suddenly said: "following the high, you!" Yu Jigao thought he got it wrong, here was the Jiangsu painting industry's leading figures, Yu Jigao who dare not write. But Fu Baoshi also encourages him once, Yu Jigao finally plucked up the courage to draw a line in the winter under the red camellia, Fu Baoshi, Chen Zhifo two teachers responded with a smile approvingly to him.
Next, Fu Baoshi added a large Stalagmite in the painting, the painting of the three Jiang Ren myna, famous calligrapher Hu Xiaoshi in the "spring" wrote the inscription. This picture framed, "spring" has long been hanging in the hall to the CPPCC, but during the cultural revolution, has all gone. Many years later, Yu Jigao heard that the painting was the Nanjing Museum collection, he had to take a photo, put it in his study, as a permanent witness of friendship between themselves and the teacher.

Deep tradition is the advantage of Nanjing, but some artists are more impetuous. Mr. Yu Jigao set a good example for the new people with his exquisite skills, Chen Zhifo had had an important impact on him, but he also absorbed some foreign painting, enrich their artistic language.
Yu Jigao takes the traditional art style, but obviously. He walked down the road, constantly enrich their expressive force, the more painting the deeper, the more perfect painting.
The works of Yu Jigao not only absorbed the Song painting style, has absorbed the characteristics of folk art, has extensive mass basis and various publications of billions of dollars, showing his works deeply rooted among the people, if every artist can be welcomed by the audience, it will play a very big role.

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