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张正宇

 张正宇,男,从事漫画、装璜工艺美术方面的创作、出版、经营活动。任中国青年艺术剧院美术设计总顾问,中华人民共和国成立以后,张正宇参加了60余出古今中外剧目的设计工作。作品勇于创新,以充满民族气派、民间艺术趣味和装饰美著称。

  • 中文名张正宇
  • 别名石门老人
  • 性别
  • 国籍中国
  • 民族汉族
  • 出生地江苏无锡
  • 出生日期1904年
  • 逝世日期1976年10月27日
  • 职业画家
  • 主要成就中国青年艺术剧院美术设计总顾问
  • 代表作品《舞台美术小语》《光复后的台湾》
简介

 张正宇,别号石门老人,生于清光绪三十年(1904年),无锡北门外三里桥人。自小酷爱绘画。早年上过私塾,后在面粉厂当练习生,17岁时随 长兄张光宇去上海,学习绘制广告和布景。

人物生平

 20年代初

20年代初,与长兄开设一家小型美术印刷厂,出版《三日画报》,参加上海的漫画会。

民国17年

民国17年(1928年) 与叶浅予创办《上海漫画》。这是我国第一个专门刊载漫画的画刊。 尔后又与长兄创设时代印刷厂和时代图书公司,创办《时代漫画》、《时 代画报》、《独立漫画》等画刊。他不仅为这些画刊提供作品、设计封面,而且从事印刷、出版和发行等工作。抗日战争全面爆发后,他曾短期出版 《抗日画报》和《新生画报》,并创作以抗日为题材的漫画。

民国26年

民国26年底 流亡香港。曾担任《申报》画刊主编、《星岛日报》印刷部主任、《新闻 报》美术编辑,还与人合办《大众生活》。曾编辑出版《如此汪精卫》漫画集,继续进行抗日宣传活动。日本人企图胁迫他参加亲日的《大同》刊物工作,因而他被迫弃笔从商,与人合开福禄寿饭店。后来占领香港的日本当局将其列入黑名单,他闻讯后于民国32年春逃往桂林,在桂林与长兄 开办家具装饰公司。他并参加熊佛西等人组织的“文垦团”的活动。

民国34年

民国34年春,与长兄一起到达重庆,筹办中国美术工厂。抗战胜利后,他返回上海。不久赴台,被台湾省建设厅聘为专门委员,并担任台湾旅行社常务理事,负责编印《光复后的台湾》画集。

1949年

1949年9月到香港。不久,他和在港的一批艺术家一起回到北京。

1950年

1950年春,张正宇应邀参加在广州召开的华南文化工作者会议。会后回北京,担任中国青年艺术剧院的舞台美术顾问。同时还先后兼任《人民画报》、《美术》、《戏剧报》编委,《解放军画报》、《解放军文艺》、《中国建设》等刊物的美术顾问。曾被选为中国美术家协会、中国戏剧家协会理事和北京市政协委员等。他工作认真,一丝不苟,在进行舞台美术设计时,并不满足于画面上的设计,而是在排练乃至于演出过程中,不断地进行琢磨和修改。曾将自己的创作经验写成《舞台美术小语》一文,在报上发表。在进行舞台美术设计创作的同时,还从事工艺、装帧、装潢、影剧以至于展览会、团体操、节日游行的美术设计,进行多方面的艺术创作,为此付出了辛勤劳动。

1965年

1965年,他为第三届全国体育运动会设计团体操《革命赞歌》,获金质奖。他与其兄合作创作的大型动画片《大闹天宫》,受到国内外的赞誉。他在国画、书法、 金石等方面也很有研究。晚年多作水墨小品,为人所珍藏。特别爱画猫, 将神态各异的猫纳入基本图形,或方或圆,无不生动活泼,故有“猫翁” 之誉。所作篆隶别具一格,其形式美也得力于绘画和工艺美术。他的书画 金石作品,后汇集成《张正宇书画选集》、《张正宇书画金石作品选》出版。

1976年

1976年10月27日病逝,终年72岁。

Introduction in English

 Early 20s

 

In the early 1920s, he opened a small art printing factory with his eldest brother, published the Three-Day Pictorial and participated in the Shanghai Cartoon Fair.

 

17 years in the Republic of China

 

In the 17th year of the Republic of China (1928), he and Ye Shaoyu founded Shanghai Cartoon. This is the first special cartoon magazine in China. Later, he set up Times Printing House and Times Book Company with his elder brother, and founded Time Comics, Times Pictorial, Independent Comics and other pictorial magazines. He not only provides works and designs covers for these pictorial magazines, but also engages in printing, publishing and distribution. After the outbreak of the Anti-Japanese War, he published the Anti-Japanese Pictorial and the New Pictorial for a short time, and created cartoons with the theme of Anti-Japanese War.

 

26 years in the Republic of China

 

In exile in Hong Kong at the end of the Republic of China at the end of 26. He was the editor-in-chief of Shenbao Pictures, the director of Printing Department of Xingdao Daily, the art editor of Newspaper, and co-sponsored Mass Life with others. He edited and published such a comic book of Wang Jingwei, and continued to carry out anti-Japanese propaganda activities. The Japanese tried to coerce him into working in the Datong magazine, which was a pro-Japanese magazine. As a result, he was forced to abandon his pen and go into business and open the Fulushou Hotel with others. Later, the Japanese authorities who occupied Hong Kong blacklisted him. After hearing this, he fled to Guilin in the spring of the Republic of China in 32 years and started a furniture decoration company with his elder brother in Guilin. He also participated in the "Cultural Reclamation Corps" organized by Xiong Foxi and others.

 

34 years in the Republic of China

 

In the spring of 34 years of the Republic of China, he arrived in Chongqing with his eldest brother to organize Chinese art factories. After the victory of the War of Resistance, he returned to Shanghai. Shortly afterwards, he went to Taiwan and was hired as a special member by the Taiwan Provincial Construction Department and served as the executive director of the Taiwan Travel Agency, responsible for compiling and printing the Painting Collection of "Taiwan after Restoration".

 

1949

 

He arrived in Hong Kong in September 1949. Soon, he returned to Beijing with a group of artists in Hong Kong.

 

1950

 

In the spring of 1950, Zhang Zhengyu was invited to attend the conference of cultural workers in South China held in Guangzhou. After the meeting, he returned to Beijing and served as stage art consultant of China Youth Art Theatre. At the same time, he also served as an art consultant for People's Pictorial, Art, Drama, Pictorial of the People's Liberation Army, Literature and Art of the People's Liberation Army and China Construction. He has been elected as a member of the Chinese Artists Association, the Chinese Dramatists Association and the Beijing Political Consultative Conference. He works earnestly and meticulously. When designing stage art, he is not satisfied with the design on the screen, but is constantly pondering and modifying in rehearsal and even in the performance process. He once wrote his own creative experience as "Small Talks of Stage Art" and published it in newspapers. In the process of stage art design and creation, but also engaged in craft, binding, decoration, film and drama to the exhibition, group calisthenics, festival parade of the art design, a variety of artistic creation, which paid hard work.

 

1965

 

In 1965, he won the gold medal for designing the group gymnastics "Revolutionary Praise" for the third National Sports Games. His large-scale animated film "Da Lao Tian Gong", which he co-created with his brother, has been praised both at home and abroad. He also has a lot of research on Chinese painting, calligraphy, stone and other aspects. In his later years, he often made ink sketches, which were treasured by people. Especially fond of cat painting, the cat with different looks into the basic graphics, or square or round, all lively, so it has the reputation of "cat Weng". The seal inscriptions are unique, and their formal beauty is also due to painting and arts and crafts. His works of painting and calligraphy were later published in Collections of Zhang Zhengyu's Calligraphy and Painting and Selected Works of Zhang Zhengyu's Calligraphy and Painting.

 

1976

 

He died of illness on 27 October 1976 at the age of 72.

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