世界著名博物馆。在东京上野公园。 1872 年创建。原为东京汤岛圣堂的文部省博物馆，1889年改为帝室博物馆，1900年又改名东京帝室博物馆。1947年博物馆由宫内省改属文部省管理，更名国立博物馆。1952年定名为东京国立博物馆，隶属文部省文化厅。东京国立博物馆由一幢日本民族式双层楼房和左侧的东洋馆、右侧的表庆馆以及大门旁的法隆寺宝物馆构成，共有43个展厅。
博物馆东京国立博物馆大门由 4个馆组成，藏品10万余件，陈列室总面积 1.4万余平方米，展出4000余件文物。“本馆”于1938年开馆，设20个陈列室，按时代展出日本雕刻、染织、金工、武器、刀剑、陶瓷、书画、建筑构件等展品。其中，十大弟子像、藤原佛画、雪舟泼墨山水图、狩野永德松柏屏风等都是国宝一级文物。
其中，主要展出的是中国艺术品，占5个陈列室，展品有史前的石器和彩陶，商周的青铜器，汉代的陶器和画像石，魏晋南北朝的佛像，唐代的金银器和三彩，宋、 元、 明、清的瓷器和书画等，有些文物已被列为“国宝”、“重要文化财”级文物。露天陈列有迁移来的黑门、校仓等建筑，还有石棺、石像、石兽、石柱等。日本最大的博物馆。馆内的9万多件藏品中，包括有上万件中国文物，上自新石器时代的良渚文化玉器、唐宋元瓷器，下迄清代的瓷器字画，可谓无所不包。马远的《洞山渡水图》、《寒江独钓图》，梁楷的《雪景山水图》、<李白行吟图> 、《六祖截竹图》、李迪的《红白芙蓉图》等等都是旷世名作。此外，日本各地上千座博物馆收藏有中国文物，珍品也是数不胜数，数量估计在数十万件。该馆设总务部、学艺部和资料部开展管理、科学研究、教育普及工作。除馆内研究人员外，还聘请大学教授担任客座研究员，深入开展藏品的研究，出版有《东京国立博物馆美术志》月刊。该馆每月举办讲演会，内容包括学术讲演，专题展览的纪念讲演会，文物、考古或艺术电影放映会等。此外还制作反映该馆陈列的电影片、馆藏文物幻灯片供学校和社会教育机构利用，并复制发行，以争取更大的社会效益。每年观众约 100万人次。
此外，东洋馆一层还有一些特别专题用来展示中国文物与东南亚文物之间的文化渊源。比如铜鼓，比如青花瓷。铜鼓陈列从公元前6世纪至汉唐时期，演变到明清时期，从中国南部到东南亚地区（以印度尼西亚为例），讲述了铜鼓的变迁与多样性。而青花瓷陈列，则显示了15至16世纪越南地区“染付瓷”等是受中国景德镇青花瓷影响而产生的陶瓷品种。当然，受影响的不止东南亚，也包括江户时代（1603-1876年）的日本。越南染付瓷虽然没有中国青花瓷白润与明蓝所映衬的美，纹饰描绘也略显技拙，但那种直接在灰白胎土上渲染的灰蓝，却给人一种朴素温暖的印象。至于近邻日本，历史上便一直推崇中国的青花瓷，以至于后来开始模仿与生产。檀香山艺术学院(Honolulu Academy of Arts) 曾经举办过一次名为“贸易、趣味和变革：1620年至1645年日本景德镇瓷器”(Trade, Taste and Transformation:Jingdezhen Porcelain for Japan, 1620-1645)的展览，向外界展示了长期以来中国是如何精于贸易和文化交流的。该学院院长史蒂夫·利特尔(Steve Little)表示：“瓷器和宗教（佛教）、绘画一样，是传播中国思想和独创性的三类工具之一，它从中国出口到了日本。”然而，与此并存的事实是，明朝晚期开始，随着当时中国国力的衰退与闭关政策，精明的日本人甚至在海上贸易中渐渐打破中国对欧洲瓷器出口的垄断地位。比如日本的“伊万里烧”青花瓷便题有“大明嘉靖年制”“大明万历年制”的底款，以此迷惑西方人。关于青花瓷技术如何传入日本有一种说法，1592年至1598年间，日本丰臣秀吉发动的两次侵略朝鲜战争，从朝鲜掠走了大批陶瓷器与中国陶工，这对日本青花瓷的烧制起了至关重要的作用。
Tokyo is Japan's largest museum, located in Tokyo Taitung district north of Ueno Park, founded in Meiji four years (AD 1871), now the building was completed in 1938. The Oriental Museum, by a Japanese National Double building and left on the right side of the table to celebrate the Horyu Ji treasures Museum, near the gate, a total of 43 exhibition halls. The museum's collection of hundreds of thousands of Japanese historical relics and art treasures, of which 70 have been designated as national treasure. Exhibits are divided into sculpture, dyeing, metalworking, Wuhan, sword, ceramics, architecture, painting, painting, calligraphy and other categories, reflecting different periods of Japanese society, culture and people's life picture.
World famous museum. Ueno Park in Tokyo. Created in 1872. The Ministry of education for Tokyo Museum Yushima temple, in 1889 changed to the Royal Museum, 1900 renamed the Tokyo Royal museum. In 1947 the museum by the province to the Ministry of education management in the National Museum, renamed. 1952 known as the National Museum of Tokyo, under the Ministry of Education Department of culture. Tokyo National Museum of Oriental Museum, by a Japanese National Double building and left on the right side of the table to celebrate the Horyu Ji treasures Museum, near the gate, a total of 43 exhibition halls.
The museum is generally regarded as "Bowuqiawen, educate people wide" tool, but in the social development to adapt to the long history, many national museum has gone beyond the original social functions, not only play a role of nutrient supply culture, but to create a people-oriented leisure space cultural complex.
The National Museum of Tokyo plays such a role. In this space, how much knowledge is not the key, and enjoy the quiet city commercial atmosphere different elegant, leisurely conversation with history and culture, between such can be easily achieved between man and man.
A hundred year old Tokyo National Museum is located near the famous Ueno Park, in the museum, Oriental Museum, museum and Horyu Ji Qing table treasure hall 4 hall a total of 43 exhibition halls, exhibition area of more than 1.4 square meters, about 10 more than a collection of treasures. The permanent exhibition of the 4 Tibetan Museum covers not only the profound culture of Japan's more than 2000 years of history, but also the history of other major Asian countries.Museum of Tokyo national museum gate consists of 4 pavilions, collections of more than 10 pieces, a total area of more than 1.4 square meters exhibition room, exhibiting more than 4000 pieces of cultural relics. "The museum" opened in 1938, set up 20 exhibition rooms, according to the times exhibited Japanese sculpture, dyeing, metalworking, weapons, swords, ceramics, painting, building components and other exhibits. Among them, the ten disciples like Fujiwara, Buddha paintings, sesshu map, Kano ink landscape of Yongde evergreen screen is a national treasure level cultural relics.
"Qing museum is a building built at the time of Meiji period, the prince married mark, has been listed as important cultural property", opened in 1909, set up 9 exhibition rooms, according to the classification of prehistoric times to the historical era exhibition era of Japan's archaeological relics, stone, pottery, Jomon Yayoi type fill in the round, Han style mirror, copper, ceramics and other treasures.
"Horyuji treasures Museum" opened in 1964, set up 3 exhibition rooms, special exhibition of various treasures Meiji Temple Temple to Gong Tingxian, because of the extremely precious collections, only open every Thursday.
"Oriental Museum" is the new museum opened in 1968, set up 10 exhibition rooms, comprehensive display, Egyptian art, West Asia, Southeast Asia, China art art, Korean art and Western art exhibition and other departments, various countries and regions outside of Japan Oriental Art and archaeological relics.
Among them, China art is the main exhibition, 5 exhibition rooms, a stone and pottery prehistoric exhibits, Shang and Zhou bronzes, pottery and stone portraits of Han Dynasty, Wei Jin Southern and Northern Dynasties statues, gold and silver and three color in Tang, song, yuan, Ming and Qing porcelain and painting and calligraphy, some cultural relics have been as a "national treasure", "important cultural property" of cultural relics. The open display of migration to the black gate, azekura and other buildings, and the sarcophagus, stone, stone, stone and other animals. Japan's largest museum. More than 90 thousand collections in the museum, including tens of thousands of pieces of cultural relics Chinese, Liangzhu Culture jade, Tang Yuan porcelain from the Neolithic age, till the Qing Dynasty porcelain, calligraphy and painting, is Everything is contained therein. Ma Yuan "hole mountain map", "trees and fishing alone", Liang Kai's "snow landscape map", "Li", "sixth section map to map", Li Di's "bamboo Red Hibiscus" and so on are great masterpieces. In addition, throughout Japan thousands of Museum has Chinese cultural relics treasures is beyond count estimates of the number in the hundreds of thousands of pieces. The museum is a department of general affairs department, Ministry of information and carry out management, scientific research, education and popularization. In addition to the museum researchers, but also to employ a university professor as a visiting researcher, in-depth study of collections, published in the "National Museum of fine arts, Tokyo," monthly. The museum holds a monthly lecture, which includes academic lectures, commemorative presentations of special exhibitions, cultural relics, archaeological or art film screenings, etc.. In addition, the production of films and collections of cultural relics, which are displayed on the exhibition hall, is used for the use of schools and social education institutions, and the reproduction and distribution are made for greater social benefits. About 1 million people per year.
The museum built a construction area of 6434 square meters of the museum, opened in 1984. A comprehensive index, comprehensive study room reading room room, conference room studio, library, for use inside and outside the museum service.The David Onokazu wind calligraphy works of Tokyo National Museum collection of up to more than 87 thousand, from the collection of painting and calligraphy, sculpture, types of utensils, textiles, books, swords, metalworking, zhenguanzhibao "Samantabhadra Bodhisattva", "pine screen map", Kano school master Kano "Yongde Hui painting" this piece of work, showing the Momoyama period Kano School of heroic fortitude, coarse Kuang careless style, in addition, the museum collection of ancient Temple Temple Treasures of ancient birds period and Baifeng period, is of historic significance and cultural value.
The collection of more than 110 thousand pieces of cultural relics have precious historical and artistic value, but in the first of these relics is designated by the Japanese government of the 87 pieces
National treasure and 610 important cultural property. There are a number of cultural relics in the top is from China, mainly including the song and Yuan Dynasties painting, National Museum of Tokyo China Chinese classical porcelain (such as Wang Bo set) and Chinese calligraphy and other cultural relics. But only in the song and Yuan Dynasties painting, is the Southern Song Dynasty Li Sheng "by Li Di in the Southern Song Dynasty," Xiaoxiang spiritual travel of the "Red Hibiscus", the Southern Song Dynasty Liang Kai "snow landscape map" and the Indra "Zen figure off Jane Hanshan map" 4 works won the Japan national treasure "laurel.
National Museum of Tokyo is the most abundant China Japanese collections of cultural relics museum, its set of Oriental museum dedicated to China cultural relics. Here you can see the bronze and jade a superb collection of beautiful things, after the spring and autumn all kinds of bronze, lacquer ware, pottery and porcelain, Han Jin Dynasties of ancient stone carvings, calligraphy and painting etc.. According to "Meng Guoxiang" on the destruction of the Japanese invasion of the author of a Book of cultural relics, the return of a part of postwar Japanese wartime relics looted, more than 158 thousand cars, more than 2 thousand of which are relatively rare, but this is only a small part of. Since then, due to a variety of factors, China did not continue to recover.Tokyo National Museum of Oriental cultural relics collection Chinese
Oriental Museum is divided into three layers. The first layer display of precious cultural relics, including Egyptian mummies, Gandhara, India (now India, Pakistan) the early Buddhist relics, archaeological relics unearthed in West Asia and Southeast Asia, etc.. The author is most interested in a hall called "special exhibition China sculpture", 26 dynasties and the Tang Dynasty cultural relics, mostly from Shaanxi Province, Xi'an Chinese Baoqing temple, China Zhangzi County in Shanxi Province, Shanxi Province, Hebei Province, Yungang Grottoes ring grottoes, the stone statues, such as the Tang Dynasty Baoqing Temple the three Buddhas, Tianlong mountain cave twenty-first Buddha like, also have a small amount of the Sui Dynasty bronze statues of Buddha statues such as the potential to. Among them, 6 in 703 to 704 years of the temple of stone statues and Baoqing test names, such as the German sense made eleven Guanyin Buddha niches, Yao Yuanjing built three Buddhas, high Yangui Amitabha made three Buddhas, Lee made inheritance Amitabha three Buddhas, three Buddhas, Wei Junzao Xiao Yuanzao of Maitreya as of three Buddhas, has a very high historical data value.
In addition, the cultural origin between Oriental hall floor and some special topics to show China cultural relics and cultural relics in Southeast asia. For example, drums, such as blue and white porcelain. A display from sixth Century BC to the Han and Tang Dynasties, the evolution of the Ming and Qing Dynasties, China from south to Southeast Asia (Indonesia for example), tells the story of Tonggu change and diversity. The blue and white porcelain display, showing the 15 to sixteenth Century in Vietnam, "stained porcelain" and so on, is affected by China's Jingdezhen blue and white porcelain varieties. Of course, affected more than southeast Asia, including the Edo period (1603-1876) in japan. Although there is no China pay with Vietnamese porcelain blue and white porcelain and white embellish Ming blue backed by the beauty of decoration depicting also slightly skill, but the kind of rendering directly in the blue gray clay, it gives people a warm and simple impression. As for Japan, the history of China has been respected Chinese blue and white porcelain, and then began to imitate and production. The Art Institute of Honolulu (Honolulu Academy of Arts) has hosted a "trade, fun and change: 1620 to 1645 Japan Jingdezhen porcelain" (Trade, Taste and Transformation:Jingdezhen Porcelain for Japan, 1620-1645) of the exhibition, to show how long Chinese in trade and cultural exchanges. Steve Little, Dean of the Steve, said: "China and religion (Buddhism), painting, is one of the three types of tools to spread Chinese thinking and originality, it exports from China to japan." However, with the coexistence is the fact that the late Ming Dynasty, along with the time Chinese national strength decline and closed door policy, smart Japanese even in maritime trade gradually break Chinese exports to European porcelain monopoly. For example, Japan's "Imari burning" blue and white porcelain was entitled the "Ming Jiajing years" "Ming Dynasty Wanli year" at the end of paragraph, to confuse the westerners. How about the blue and white porcelain technology in Japan there is a saying, from 1592 to 1598, the two invasion of Korean War launched by Toyotomi Hideyoshi from Japan, North Korea got away with a lot of ceramics and Chinese Potter, this firing on Japanese blue and white porcelain has played a crucial role.
The second layer of Oriental Museum can be said to be "China Museum", a total of five exhibition rooms, four of which are "China archaeology", one is "Chinese painting and calligraphy". "The first showroom China archaeology" is from the Neolithic period to the early Han Dynasty unearthed cultural relics, a total of 111 pieces, covering the bone, stone, pottery, jade, bronze and other varieties. There are China pottery part, Gansu Province, Qinghai province unearthed terracotta pot ears, Qijia culture Brown pottery water poor shape clayware (2200 BC - 1600), also unearthed in Anyang city of Henan province Chinese Yin Shang Bai Tao Dou (thirteenth Century BC - eleventh Century), the Western Zhou Dynasty (Tenth Century BC - before ninth Century) gray pottery, Hebei province China easy to state of the Warring States period era (5- third Century BC) black lines small pot, polished sand red pottery unearthed in Shouxian County, Anhui province Chinese Warring States era glazed pots, etc., the history is clear, complete vertical extension. Jade, both from 5000 BC to 3000 years of Jade axe, jade, Yuhuan, jade ornaments, Erlitou Culture (2000 BC) the jade sword, also the Shang and Zhou dynasties, jade dragon, gluttonous Wen Peiyu ERON, jade fish, bird, the Warring States period jade inlay, Kui like glass jade dragon and so on. A lot of Oriental Museum metal cultural relic species, using weapons as an example, such as the Shang Dynasty bronze Tomahawk, bronze spears, the spring and Autumn period copper Ge, such as Sichuan province of the Warring States period and the Western Han Dynasty period, Yunnan province Chinese copper handle sword, Chinese Xingping County of Shaanxi Province unearthed gold and silver plated copper knives, etc.. As for the typical ritual, ceremonial bronzes, whether it is exquisite, GUI, grand duo, big statue, tripod or with the inscription, display Oriental Museum has a number of two layers."Chinese archaeology" porcelain exhibition room, a total of 33 pieces from the Three Kingdoms period to the Tang Dynasty with glazed pottery (burning furnace still fails to meet the requirements of porcelain is 1250 degrees Celsius, is regarded as the early porcelain and porcelain) 43 pieces of song to Qing Dynasty. The early period of Jin Dynasty, including three porcelain kiln, Yue celadon celadon pot pot, God Pavilion, lion, celadon celadon ears, celadon lotus Swan pot plate the northern and Southern Dynasties, the Tang Dynasty Changsha kiln production of yellow glaze, yellow glaze bowl of brown color green brown color bird pattern bowl, pillow, green green box and a large number of. The Tang Sancai burial, such as camels, horses, three three three three tomb figurines, king of beasts, etc.. Japanese preference white glaze, celadon, black glaze colors, this kind of artistic conception China antique porcelain, and the origin of the Song Dynasty porcelain Oriental Museum display is the interpretation of this preference: white porcelain bottle, Ding white porcelain lotus bowl, white porcelain printing flower pattern round flowerpot, Yaozhou kiln celadon Tang grass grain water, grass grain wheel Phoenix Tang celadon glaze flowerpot flowerpot, indigo round together, kiln celadon round flowerpot. The Yue Kiln celadon pattern, Longquan celadon Tang grass grain talkative pot, brown glaze peony designated Tang Cao Qibao pattern vase, Cizhouyao white glaze painted iron beam lotus bottle, Jizhou kiln plum Tianmu lamp. The lamp he Mu Tianmu kilns. Wait。 When it comes to Tianmu light, and its origin. As everyone knows, the Japanese tea ceremony, held the tea ceremony hall layout, preparation method, use the tea "tea ceremony were followed China". Must use one of the ceremony called "black tea bowl, Tianmu lamp". Tianmu light also known as "Tianmu leaves lights", allegedly by the Japanese Kamakura era (the Southern Song Dynasty of China) foreign monks returned to China from Chinese mountain in Zhejiang province. Tianmu tea is actually a black glaze porcelain firing, black color dotted with dark blue star, a beautiful pattern, around these star there are red, blue, green and other colors, the sun shining color often variation, also known as "yohen". The black tea was introduced to Japan in Tianmu has local people of all ages. In Japan, all black glaze bowl, collectively called "Tianmu tea", so that later, "temmoku" became synonymous with all black glazed ware.
Chinese people to the Oriental Museum two layer to observe porcelain, is most interested in the Ming and Qing Dynasties, the "benefit" in the past few years the domestic art market value of publicity, Guan yuan blue and white porcelain, Ming and Qing Dynasties, appears to be directly equated with price. The Oriental Museum of Yuan Ming and Qing Dynasty porcelain exhibition, is almost a history of the development of Jingdezhen ceramic grain market: Yuan blue and white lotus, Xuande blue and white peony of Tang grass grain bowl, fifteenth Century beans (bucket) cailong grain pot ("day" section), sixteenth Century (Fa Hua) Pavilion character pattern flower pot, Ming LongQin blue and white character pattern ("Ming Longqing years a zygote" section), the Ming Dynasty colorful dragon peony vase ("Ming Dynasty Wanli year", the Qing emperor Kangxi), colorful fairy figure, Yong Zheng pastel grooves ("Yong Zheng plum year", the Qing Emperor Qianlong), blue and white red color cloud bat grain (pot "in the Qianlong", the Qing Emperor Qianlong), red glaze bottle ("Qing Qianlong" section), eighteenth Century blue glaze vase with pastel peach, etc.. Thus, the reputation of "Millennium porcelain" not only have a.
In addition, the "Chinese archaeology" also to separate "Qing Dynasty" China painter "horn" special exhibition. "China painter" as an example, a precious lacquer 16 pieces from the Southern Song Dynasty to the Ming Dynasty on display, such as the Southern Song Dynasty bent round flower Tianmu, southern black round pots, the red dragon round pot, the mother of Pearl Ling flowerpot, Yuan Ling black paint pots, the pavilion ten angle inkstone box figure Luodian, fifteenth Century Liu water bird Luodian zygote, sixteenth Century figure mother of Pearl printed box, sixteenth Century Pavilion landscapes painted Luodian foil octagonal zygote, etc.. It is worth mentioning that, from the "Chinese archaeology" to "painting and calligraphy exhibition Chinese" showroom in the aisles, which displays 17 pieces of stone portrait of Han era, were from Shandong province Chinese filial Church Hill stone temple, Jiaxiang County, Yutai County, Jinyang mountain Ciyun Temple Hall, historical materials the value can not be ignored
Many precious cultural relics of Tokyo National Museum has 87 national treasures, the first Japanese government designated and 610 important cultural property, which has a number of top relics from painting and calligraphy China Yuan Ming era. In the "Chinese painting calligraphy" showroom, only Li Sheng in the Southern Song Dynasty "," Xiaoxiang spiritual travel by Li Di in the Southern Song Dynasty "Red Hibiscus", "snow landscape map" Liang Kai in the Southern Song Dynasty and Yuan Dynasty Indra "Zen drawing off Jane Hanshan map" 4 works won the "Japanese national treasure" laurel. The rest of the Southern Song Dynasty painting also includes precious horse far "hole mountain map" in the Ming Dynasty, Zhu end "trees and fishing alone", the Qing Dynasty Zhao Zhiqian's "flower". The calligraphy works included Huang Tingjian, Zhu Xi, Zhao Mengtiao, Zheng Xie, and other famous badashanren. Oriental Museum third layer to display Korean relics mainly, it can indirectly observe influence of traditional culture on the peninsula China historical development.