西方三圣

 西方三圣又称 阿弥陀三尊,中间是阿弥陀佛,左边观世音菩萨,右边大势至菩萨组成(此处的左和右是按照阿弥陀佛的左手边和右手边)。西方三圣乃是净土宗专修对象。阿弥陀佛是表无量光明,无量的寿命,无量的功德。观音菩萨是表大慈悲,宇宙的大慈悲。大势至菩萨是代表喜舍

  • 中文名西方三圣
  • 外文名Western Trinity
  • 宗教佛教
  • 三圣之一阿弥陀佛
  • 三圣之一大势至菩萨
  • 三圣之一观世音菩萨
简介

西方三圣又称阿弥陀三尊,中间是阿弥陀佛,左胁观世音菩萨,右胁大势至菩萨组成(此处的左和右是按照阿弥陀佛的左手边和右手边)净土宗崇拜对象。
南无阿弥陀佛、南无观世音菩萨和南无大势至菩萨合称“阿弥陀三尊”,又叫“西方三圣”。
南无阿弥陀佛是西方极乐世界的教主。佛经上讲,这里无任何悲痛和苦恼,居民们可以尽情享受诸种快乐,所以叫“极乐”。阿弥陀佛又被称作接引佛。南无观世音菩萨,亦称观世音,阿弥陀佛的左胁侍,是佛教救苦救难的化生。
南无大势至菩萨的梵文音译是摩诃那钵,他是西方极乐世界阿弥陀佛的右胁侍。

三圣介绍

阿弥陀佛
阿弥陀佛西方极乐世界教化众生的导师也,梵语“阿弥陀”,中文称“无量”,因为阿弥陀佛光明无量、寿命无量,所以号阿弥陀,按《无量寿经》之记载:在过去久远劫以前世自在王佛时代的世界中,有一个国王听闻了世自在王佛的说法后,内心充满愉悦喜乐,发起趋向无上菩提正觉的真实向道之心。放弃国土捐舍王位,出家作沙门,名为“法藏”。恭敬前往世自在王佛处所,请求佛陀开示说法,当时世自在王佛,为法藏比丘广泛地说出二百一十亿诸佛世界,及其世界中天、人之善恶行为,国土之粗劣恶浊或善妙殊胜,并应法藏比丘之愿,将所有国土的情况全部显现给他看。
当时法藏比丘,听闻佛所说的庄严清净国土,并且承佛的大威神力而都亲眼目睹之后,起发了无上殊胜的愿力。此时法藏比丘心地清净寂然安定,心意无所执著。以长达五劫的时间,思惟修习选择摄取了庄严佛国利益众生的清净行愿,如是思惟修习之后,亲往世自在王佛处所,禀白佛陀:‘唯愿世尊不舍慈悲倾听思察,如是我所发的誓愿,今日应当完全地表露说明发下了四十八大愿法藏比丘建立此四十八大愿之后,专一志向投注心意于庄严胜妙国土。其精进修行所感召的佛国世界,开阔广大无有障碍,超然殊胜独特美妙,其所建立的国土久远恒长,无有衰恼无有变异。于不可思议百千亿那由他年岁久远劫来,积极培植菩萨无量的福德胜行。从不生起贪欲之心、嗔恨之心、恼害众生的心。不起贪欲想、嗔恨想、恼害想,不著外界的色声香味触法。忍辱的力量坚固成就,从不计较抱怨一切劳苦。少欲知足,毫无染著嗔恨愚痴之念,心念住于三昧定意、恒常处于无为寂静,一切智慧通达无碍。没有虚伪谄媚邪曲之心,和颜悦色,柔软爱语,时时主动流露关怀问候的慈爱心意。勇猛精进于自己所立下的志向誓愿,从来没有懈怠疲倦。专意追求清净纯白的善法,惠赐利益一切众生。恭敬三宝奉事师长,无上地庄严自我之身心,具足种种福德善行,令一切的众生,功德利益皆得成就。
安住于空、无相、无愿三解脱门,不假造作不起妄念,观察世间一切诸法如幻如化,远离所有粗恶低俗、自害害人彼此相害的言行。修习一切柔软爱语、自利利他人我兼利的善行。放弃国土舍离王位,摒除财色的欲望,亲身实践六波罗蜜,亦教他人行六度万行。无穷尽的时劫以来,积功累德。随著其所转生的地方,一任他的意愿和所求,无量的珍宝库藏,自然显发应现。教化安立无数众生,住于无上正觉真实解脱之道。或者示生为长者居士、富豪家族、权贵种姓。或者示生为刹利国君转轮圣王。或示生为六欲天天主、乃至大梵天王。常以饮食、衣服、卧具、医药四事供养恭敬诸佛世尊,如是的功德多得无法称叹记数。口中之气芬芳洁净,有如青莲花香。身上的毛孔,散发出栴檀香味,其所散的香气普遍熏染无量世界。容貌颜色端正无缺,身相完好殊胜美妙。手中常常自然生出无尽的宝藏、衣服饮食、珍妙华香、彩画宝盖、仪杖旗帜等装饰物品。如是等事超过一切世间诸天人民的功业福德,于一切法得大自在。
法藏比丘今已成佛,现在西方,距离此娑婆世界十万亿国土的地方,这个佛国世界的名字称为“安乐”,自从法藏比丘成佛以来,已经过了十劫的时间。
又根据《悲华经》说:‘往昔过恒河沙数不可数千万亿劫的时间以前,有一个世界称为“删提岚”,劫名“善持”。其中有一个轮王名叫“无诤念”,于宝藏如来处,发菩提心,期愿摄取庄严的净土。佛即为他授记,从此向西方过百千万亿佛土,有尊音王如来的世界,在那个世界过一恒河沙数不可数百千万亿劫的时间,进入第二个恒河沙数不可数百千万亿劫的时间内,此时的世界,已转名为“安乐”,你到那个时候当可成佛,号为“无量寿如来”。’阿弥陀佛因地修行时,依据《悲华经》所记载的誓愿,大略与《无量寿经》所发的愿相似。
《一向出生菩萨经》又说:‘阿弥陀佛,在无量不可数时劫的时间以前,为轮王的太子,名字为“不思议胜功德”,年十六岁时,从宝功德星宿劫王如来之处,听闻到法本陀罗尼。在七万年中,精进勤奋修行学习,未曾睡眠,也不稍微卧倒休息。后来得遇九十亿百千那由他诸佛,于诸佛所说的法语,皆能听闻受持修行学习,厌离在家剃发出世,作出家沙门。作出家沙门以后,更于九万年中,修习此陀罗尼,又为一切众生分别义理显扬开示。一生之中,努力精进教化众生,令八十亿那由他众生,发菩提心。积功累德,至不退转之地。’
《法华经》也说:‘过去大通智胜佛未出家时,有十六位王子,皆以童子年纪出家而作沙弥。彼大通智胜佛既已成佛,说完《法华经》之后,即进入寂静的屋室,经八万四千劫。当时十六位王子菩萨,各个高升法座,为比丘、比丘尼、优婆塞、优婆夷四部大众,广泛说明分别疏通《妙法莲华经》的义理,一一皆度六百八十万亿那由他恒河沙数等众生。此十六位菩萨,其中一位即是阿弥陀佛,第十六王子则是我释迦牟尼。’由此可知阿弥陀佛,由本愿力,生起的种种殊胜德行,无量亿劫以来,从事于成就庄严清净国土的工作。现在只取这些经文,约略标示阿弥陀佛以四十八愿庄严净土的大概内容,至于极乐世界中其他依报正报的事情,皆完备地记载于种种经典中,现今并不全部收录。
而关于往生净土三辈众生之差别,依照《无量寿经》所说:‘那些能往生净土上辈阶位的人,都是舍离在家摒除爱欲,剃发出家而作沙门,发菩提心一向专念无量寿佛,修习种种善业功德,以此回向发愿往生西方净土。像这一类的众生,临命终时,无量寿佛与诸大菩萨清净海众,立刻显现在此人面前,此人即时追随阿弥陀佛,往生彼国极乐世界。便于七宝莲华当中,自然化生,安住于不退转的境地。智慧通达勇猛精进,随其意念神通自在。是故阿难,若有众生想要在今生今世便能见到无量寿佛,应当发起无上菩提之心,修行一切善业功德,发愿往生彼国净土。
其次,那些能以中辈阶位往生的是,若十方世界诸天人民,其有众生至诚深心发愿求生彼国净土,虽然不能出家修行作清净沙门,广大修习一切功德,然而应当发起无上菩提之心,一向专念无量寿佛,多少修习一些善行,奉持斋戒,兴造建立塔寺佛像,斋饭供养出家沙门,悬挂彩缯点光明灯,散种种华烧种种香,以此一切功德回向,发愿往生极乐净土。此人临命终时,无量寿佛化现他的庄严身形,具足一切光明相好,完全如同真佛一样,与诸大菩萨清净海众显现在此人面前。此人即时追随阿弥陀佛的化身,往生彼国极乐世界,安住于不退转的境地。功德智慧比前面的上辈者稍次一等。至于那些下辈往生的,若十方世界诸天人民,有人以至诚深心发愿求生极乐净土,假使没有能力作种种的功德,应当发起无上菩提之心,一向专注心意持念无量寿佛,乃至只有十念,念无量寿佛,发愿往生极乐净土。或者听闻到此净土法门甚深难信之法,欢喜信受至心爱乐,不生疑惑之心,乃至一念净心念阿弥陀佛,以至诚心发愿求生彼国净土。此人临命终时,梦见阿弥陀佛,也同样可以往生极乐世界,功德智慧又比中辈的人稍次一等。
按照《观无量寿佛经》所分的九品阶位,其上、中二品,约略收摄包含于《无量寿经》的三辈之中,而《观无量寿佛经》的下三品的众生,都是在一生之中造种种罪业,末后临终时,一念忏悔回心发愿往生净土而得成就往生的,这则是《无量寿经》中的三辈所未提及的。依据《涅盘经》,断善根的阐提众生也有佛性的这个义理宗旨,《无量寿经》的三辈必需要与《观无量寿佛经》的九品合起来看,它的义理品类才能圆满具足,请诸位读者要详细思惟。
评论曰:‘诸佛的法身,遍满一切处,毗卢遮那如来既然如此,阿弥陀佛当然也是这样的。一切法从究竟上来说,根本没有清净与染污的差异,那里还有所谓的东方西方之分别呢?然而在方便法门中,殊胜与浊恶的世界对于众生而言则有全然不同的感受。以凡夫之位而能够达到不退转者,只有极乐世界的凡圣同居土才有办法如此,这并不是其他的佛国世界所能达到的。
五浊恶世的众生只要能够发起至诚恳切的心,十念念佛就能够功业成就了脱生死,刹那之间超过尘点劫的辛苦修行。我佛的大慈大悲,在此净土法门之中可以说是发挥到了极致。
我们何其幸运遭逢此等无上的广大法门,得以听闻阿弥陀如来殊胜宏大的本愿功德。如果还不能发起希有难得之心,生起欣慕爱乐的忆想思念,就如同背离慈父逃离家乡,徘徊于穷困险厄的漫漫长路,经过久远劫来漂流浮沉于痛苦的生死大海,却没有人能够慈哀救护,如此怎么能不恐惧警惕?怎么能够不勉力精进呢?
南无观世音菩萨
观世音梵语称“阿那婆娄吉低输”,现今在西方极乐世界,是一生即可续补佛位的大菩萨。按照《悲华经》的记载,在过去的时劫中,当阿弥陀佛仍然为圣王的时候,观世音菩萨即为此王的第一太子,名为“不眴”。当时宝藏如来为轮王授记以后,不眴太子上前禀白佛陀说:‘世尊,今日我以广大音声,告知一切的众生,我所具有的种种善根,全部回向阿耨多罗三藐三菩提(无上正等正觉)。愿我行菩萨道的时候,若有众生遭受到种种苦恼恐怖等事,退失了追求正法的信念和力量,堕落到没有光明的大黑暗处,身心不安忧愁孤独贫穷困苦的时候,没有可以求救保护的人,没有依靠也没有屋舍。如果他能够忆念著我,称念我的名号,而那个求救的音声被我天耳所闻,被我天眼所见,如是一切苦难众生,若我不能为其免除如此种种痛苦烦恼者,终不成就阿耨多罗三藐三菩提的佛果。世尊,我今天更当为了众生的缘故,发起最上殊胜的大愿,期愿假使当转轮圣王(阿弥陀佛),在西方净土安乐世界,作完种种诸佛度化众生的胜事,入于无余涅盘之后,乃至正法仍然住世时,我将在那时,修菩萨道利益众生。当无量寿佛正法,在初夜分灭去之后,我即刻在其后的夜里,成就阿耨多罗三藐三菩提无上佛果,继续度化一切众生。
当时宝藏佛,马上为他授记说:‘你观察忆念诸天人民、以及三恶道中一切众生,而生起大悲心,为了断除众生一切的苦恼,为了令众生住于安稳快乐的处所之缘故,我今日应当命名你为“观世音”,无量寿佛入涅盘后,第二个恒河沙数等阿僧祇劫,彼国土转名为“一切珍宝所成就”世界,所有种种庄严宝物,无量无边,是安乐世界所不能及的,你在菩提树下,成就阿耨多罗三藐三菩提,号为:“遍出一切光明功德山王如来”。
又根据《观世音菩萨、得大势菩萨受记经》记载:释迦牟尼佛说:‘在过去广大久远无量不可思议阿僧祇劫,有世界名“无量德聚安乐示现”,佛号“金光师子游戏如来”,其佛国土的清净庄严,是言说赞叹所不能穷尽。在彼佛佛法教化的区域之内,有一个国王名曰“威德”,称王于一千个世界之中,那时威德王,在他的园林楼观当中,入于三昧禅定的时候,在国王左右有两朵莲华,从地里涌出,有两位童子,化生于莲华之中,与威德王一起前往佛陀的座前,头面接足顶礼世尊,听佛说法。
当时两位童子即说偈颂曰:“诸天龙鬼神,听我师子吼,我们今天在如来前,立大誓愿发菩提心。生死流转无量劫来,想要推算其源始边际而却不可知(不可得)。诸佛为了度脱一个众生的缘故,尚且无数劫地行菩萨道,何况如今只是数劫的时间,即可度脱无量众生,圆满修行菩提之道,却反而生起疲乏厌倦的心呢?我等若从今日起,仍然生起贪欲心,如是则为欺诳十方一切诸佛。如果仍起嗔恚、愚痴、染污、悭贪、嫉妒等心,亦复如是。今日我等说真实语,远离虚妄不实之心。我等若从今日起,起于声闻自利的心,不乐于度脱众生的菩提大道,如此则是欺骗世尊。我等亦不求缘觉圣果,不只是自我济度利益己身,我等必定于万亿劫中,以大悲心度脱众生。如同今日世尊的国土,清净安乐美妙庄严,愿我成佛道之时,我的国土超越此百千亿倍的庄严。我国土中没有声闻众,也没有缘觉乘,只有发菩提心的大乘菩萨,其数目无有限量。一切众生清净无垢,悉皆具足最上胜妙的喜乐,出生在正知正见的佛法当中,总持一切诸佛法藏。我们这些誓愿如果真实不虚,应当震动三千大千世界。”
当二位童子说完如是偈颂之后,即时大地普遍震动,百千众多的乐神及种种乐器,演奏发出和谐优雅的乐音。光明亮丽的微妙服饰,旋转地从天上降落下来,诸天天神在虚空中如雨般地散落种种美好末香,其所散发的香气普遍地流溢熏染开来,欢喜愉悦了众生的心。当时的威德王难道还有别人吗?那就是我释迦牟尼是也,而那时的两位童子,就是现今的观世音、以及得大势菩萨摩诃萨。
此二位大菩萨,于金光师子游戏如来之处,初发阿耨多罗三藐三菩提心。将来无量久远不可计数时劫之后,阿弥陀佛当入涅盘。入涅盘后,正法住世的时间,与阿弥陀佛无量无边的寿命相等。阿弥陀佛住世及入涅盘后,所度化的众生,其数量悉皆相同平等、无量无边。阿弥陀佛入涅盘后,某些众生即见不到佛,但如果有菩萨证得念佛三昧者,即可时时见到阿弥陀佛的法身常住不灭。阿弥陀佛示现灭度之后,极乐世界一切宝物,流水浴池各色莲华,以及众宝所成的一切行树,仍然恒常演说法音,与阿弥陀佛亲身说法没有差异。
极乐世界正法时期灭尽之后,于当夜过中夜分,明相现前时,观世音菩萨在七宝菩提树下,结跏趺坐,成就无上正等正觉,名号为“普光功德山王如来”,其佛国土,自然而然七种宝物,以种种巧妙排列和合而成。其国土世界庄严美妙的情景,即使诸佛世尊,经过如恒河沙数的时劫,也没有办法说得穷尽。其国土之中没有声闻缘觉这种名号,纯粹都是发菩提心的大菩萨,充满了整个国土,这个国土世界名称为“众宝普集庄严”。普光功德山王如来随著他住世的年岁,得大势菩萨皆亲近供养不相远离,乃至于到入涅盘时。入涅盘后,得大势菩萨仍然奉持正法,一直到普光功德山王如来的正法灭尽。正法灭尽之后,得大势菩萨即在此国土,圆满成就无上正等正觉,名号为:“善住功德宝王如来”。就如同普光功德山王如来一样,他的国土世界、所放的无量光明、所具的无量寿命,以及诸菩萨众的数量,乃至正法住世的期限,全部平等不二毫无差别。’
如同上面两部经所记载的,观世音菩萨于因地初心所发起的本愿功德,及摄取净土庄严佛国的德行,与阿弥陀佛本起因地的发心,了无差别。因此其成佛果地的清净庄严,是如此的殊胜、如此的殊胜啊!其他如三十二种因应众生苦难的随类应化身,十四种布施众生无所畏惧的无边神力,四种不可思议无作无为的胜妙德用,具足一切无碍神通,广修种种善巧方便,完备的描述就像《楞严经》、《法华经》,及其他诸经所说的,现在并不全部引用节录。
又《大悲经》言:佛在补陀落伽山,观世音菩萨的宫殿,众宝庄严的道场之中。此时观世音菩萨,放大光明普照十方无量无边的三千大千世界,自己说明自己于过去无量亿劫前,在千光王静住如来处所,承受学习“大悲心大陀罗尼”,即刻从初地菩萨顿时超越到第八地菩萨,应时具足千手千眼。由于受持此大悲神咒的缘故,生生世世所在之处,皆得恒常在诸佛面前莲华化生。因此观世音菩萨发誓愿说:‘假使有众生,能受持读诵大悲神咒者,若不能往生诸佛清净国土者,我即发誓不成无上正等正觉。’
观世音菩萨说完之后,释迦牟尼佛告诉大众:‘此观世音菩萨,于过去无量劫中,早已究竟成佛,名号为“正法明如来”。由于他的大悲愿力,为了发起一切菩萨的菩提心,为了安乐一切众生成就一切众生的道业故,仍然示现为菩萨。你们大家应当常常供养观世音菩萨,专心称念观世音菩萨的名号,可以得无量的福德,可灭无量的罪业,临命终后往生阿弥陀佛极乐世界。’根据这段经文,应当可以知道恭敬供养观世音菩萨、以及专称观世音菩萨名号,以此回向往生极乐世界者,与那些一向专念阿弥陀佛的人,同样都能够往生净土,此二者福慧果报大略是相同的,福德善根也相等,请诸位修行者深思之。
南无大势至菩萨
大势至菩萨梵语称“摩诃那钵”,现今在极乐世界,是第二顺位递补佛位的菩萨。根据《悲华经》的记载,过去 阿弥陀佛仍为轮王时,大势至菩萨为第二王子,名字为“尼摩”。当时宝藏如来帮轮王(阿弥陀佛)及第一太子(观世音菩萨)授记以后,第二王子也禀白佛陀说:‘世尊,如我种种所有身口意业清净无染的福德善根,全部回向阿耨多罗三藐三菩提。愿遍出功德光明佛(即观世音菩萨),刚刚初成佛道时,我必于当时首先请佛。随著彼佛说法度众生所经历的时间,于其中间行菩萨道利益有情。此佛入涅盘之后,等到正法灭尽之时,我紧临其后,入补佛位圆满成就无上正等正觉。当我成佛之后,所作弘法利生的种种佛事、我国土世界的种种清净庄严,以及入涅盘后,正法住世的时间,都和遍出功德光明佛所作的所有的,平等无差异。’
那个时候宝藏如来告诉第二王子:‘你今日所愿摄取的清净庄严国土世界,必定如你所愿。你将于如是最殊胜的清净世界,成就无上正等正觉,名号为“善住珍宝山王如来”。由于你发愿摄取广大殊胜清净庄严的世界故,因此命名你为“得大势”。’结合上一篇(观世音菩萨)所收录的受记因缘一起来看,应当知道大势至菩萨与观世音菩萨,同行同愿,经过无量劫以来,彼此不相违背远离,乃至庄严净土,先后次第成佛,其所修行的功德也都相等。
《首楞严经》所陈述的念佛法门,尤其恳切重要:大势至菩萨禀白佛言:‘在我记忆中,于过去恒河沙数时劫以前,有佛出世名“无量光”。十二位如来,于一劫之中相继成佛,最后一位佛陀名为“超日月光”,彼佛教我念佛三昧。譬如有两个人,一人专心忆念对方,而另一人则专门遗忘对方,如此两个人,有时相遇有时不相遇,或者相见或不相见。如果如是两个人都彼此互相忆念,两个人互相忆念的心思很深,那么如此乃至于生生世世,就如同形影相连,不相违背远离。十方三世诸佛如来,慈悲怜悯思念众生,就好像慈母忆念最亲爱的独子一样。如果孩子要远离逃走,那么慈母虽然思念孩子又有什么用。孩子若是也能想念慈母,就如同母亲思念孩子一样时,母亲与孩子虽然经历多生,也不会互相违背远离。若众生的心中,忆想佛陀思念佛陀,或者现生或者将来,必定能够亲见佛陀,离佛不远。不必假藉其他的方便法门,只要专心忆佛念佛,自然可以真心开显彻见本性。就如同染香的人,身上自然有香气,这个则叫做“香光庄严”(以佛的法身香、智慧光,庄严自心本觉佛性)我本在初心修行的因地,以念佛之心,入于无生法忍。今日在此娑婆世界,摄受念佛修行的人,导归于西方极乐净土。佛陀问我证得圆通的法门,我没有别的分别选择,只是一起收摄六根,净念不断一心念佛,而达到三摩地定慧等持的境地,此念佛法门实在是最殊胜方便、最为第一。’大势至菩萨,以念佛法门入于佛道,乃至修菩萨行,度化众生,都不离开这个念佛法门。修行净土法门的人,应当知道要学习效法啊!

三圣雕像

内地银鎏金
分体浇铸,西方三圣
黄春和这是一组佛教净土宗崇奉的题材,称“西方三圣”,是佛教宣称的西方极乐世界的三位尊神,由主尊阿弥陀佛与其两位胁侍观音菩萨和大势至菩萨组成。据《阿弥陀经》记载,阿弥陀佛具有不可思议的功德,如果众生临命终时念诵他的名号,他将手捧莲台,率领二十五位大菩萨前往接引,观音菩萨和大势至菩萨是二十五大菩萨的上首菩萨,是阿弥陀佛接引众生往生西方极乐世界的重要助手。净土思想从东汉末年传入中土,魏晋南北朝时期得到极大发展,隋唐时期形成我国著名的八大宗派之一的净土宗,唐代以后随着佛教的不断世俗化,更成为我国广大民众最为崇奉的佛教思想和宗派之一,至今影响仍然不衰。这组西方三圣造像就是唐末五代时期净土思想流行的重要历史见证。主尊阿弥陀佛结跏端坐于中央,头饰螺发,顶显高肉髻,大耳垂肩,面形丰满圆润,眉如弯弓,双目俯视,神态沉静内省,头后饰尖圆形头光,头光上刻画细密的火焰纹,工艺精巧。上身修长,身着袒右肩袈裟和僧裙,衣纹自然流畅,有唐代薄衣贴体之遗风。左手结施与印,表示能满足众生一切愿望,右手结施无畏印,表示能解除众生恐惧。身下为高束腰莲花座,上部饰仰莲三重,莲瓣错落有致,下部有覆莲一重,排列规整。主尊左侧为观音菩萨,左手当胸持莲花,右手下垂结施与印,右侧为大势至菩萨,左手下垂结施与印,右手当胸持莲花。二菩萨皆头戴宝冠,发髻高耸,面相安详,头后亦配有尖圆形火焰纹头光。身体修长,上身袒露,胸前佩饰璎珞,左肩斜披络腋,下身着长裙,衣纹呈U字形分布,如水波般优美自然,腰间束带,并露出蝴蝶结。双肩搭有帔帛,帔帛蛇形垂落,飘逸自然。侧身恭立于莲花座上,莲座形制与主尊相似。三圣像前又安立两尊金刚力士——密迹金刚和罗那延天。力士形象、衣饰完全相同,皆头束高髻,蹙眉阔鼻,面露愠色,头后有圆形头光,但其上无火焰纹饰,标明其身份尚未超凡入圣;上身袒露,胸腹部露出鼓胀肌肉,胸前饰璎珞;下身长裙掩足,腰间束带并打结,U字形衣纹衬托出衣质的轻薄柔软;周身亦披有大帔帛;双足立于单层覆莲座上。二力士中央置一香炉,其口沿有四枝莲花,两两相对盛开于炉口之上,炉下有鸠盘陀托举。下为方形四足壸门形座床,壸门上缘饰有锯齿纹,四围设有护栏和望柱。座床前两足旁各有一狮蹲踞,二狮前足直立,后臀着地,昂首翘尾,造型生动逼真。整组造像布局严谨、主次分明,形象生动、风格古朴,造型复杂、工艺精巧,题材新颖、材质独特,实为我国现存五代时期佛像珍品。唐代以后,佛像艺术流行写实之风。所谓写实,就是就是以艺术的手法表现现实生活中人物的真实特性。在写实风格的影响下,佛像艺术展现出新的时代风貌:造像面相方圆,肌肉饱满,躯体壮实,装饰繁复,而最为突出的是衣纹的表现,衣纹宽大流畅,质感较强,整体给人亲切自然的艺术美感;在艺术风格和表现手法已完全脱离了外来艺术模式,而呈现出鲜明的民族特性和浓郁的世俗社会审美情趣。这组西方三圣像以生动形象的艺术特征体现了鲜明的时代特点,正是这一时期佛像艺术的重要代表之作。 参阅:《中国美术全集》雕塑卷隋唐雕塑。
陶瓷
中国龙瓷作品《西方三圣》继承了瓷都千年来的传统雕塑技术,形成了自己独特的艺术风格,产品洁白坚硬、色泽莹润、胎体滑润致密。釉面晶莹光亮,是中国白(BLANC DE CHINA)德化白瓷器之尚品,东方之珍品瓷。2012年11月该作品荣获首届中国(大连)国际文化产业博览会优秀工艺美术作品“金奖”。2013年5月又获中国工艺美术“百花奖”金奖。

English Introduction

Sam West also called Amitabha statue is in the middle of three, Amitabha left flank, Bodhisattva mahasthamaprapta, Youxie composition (left and right here is according to Amitabha's left hand side and right hand side) pure land worship.
Namo Amitabha, namo Avalokitesvara and mahasthamaprapta are called "namo Amitabha statue three", also called "western trinity".
Amitabha is the founder of Western Elysian Fields yunan. Buddhist sutras, here without any sorrow and distress, residents can enjoy the kind of happiness, so called "bliss". Amitabha is also known as the Buddha jieyin. Namo Avalokitesvara Bodhisattva, also known as Amitabha, the left retinue, is suffering the birth of buddhism.
Namo mahasthamaprapta Sanskrit transliteration is the Maha bowl, he is the Elysian Fields Amitabha right retinues.Amitabha
Amitabha Elysian Fields Western Enlightenment beings mentor, the Sanskrit "Amitabha", Chinese said "no", because no amount of light, life without Amitabha, so called Amitabha, according to "wuliangshoujing" records: in the past long past time to rob Wang at ease in the world, there is a king heard Wang Shi free argument, the heart is full of joy and joy, the real trend initiated the supreme Bodhi enlightenment to the heart of the tao. Give up the land to donate the throne, becoming a Salmonella, called fazang". With respect to Wang Shi free place, request the Buddha said, at that time, Wang Shi free, by Tibetan monks widely name twenty-one billion Buddhas in the world, and the world of nature, good and evil behavior of land, crude or foul essence and spiritual law Tibetan monks wish, all land all appeared to him see.
At that time by Tibetan monks, solemn pure land heard Buddha said, and the great power of the Buddhas and witnessed the rise, the supreme spiritual desire. This Law Tibetan monks carefully clean her mind without clinging stability. Up to five this time, choose the intake of pure contemplation for solemn Buddha would benefit all sentient beings, such as contemplation, person Wang Shi free place: "may the Lord Buddha beg to report to listen to the mercy thinking observation, if I made the vow, today should fully reveal that under the forty-eight to establish the method of Tibetan monks forty-eight great vows, single-minded ambition to win wonderful homeland solemn mind betting. The diligent practice inspired by the Buddhist world, there is no obstacle to broad, its unique spiritual transcendent beauty, a long long land there is no bad, angry without variation. At that age he is unbelievable may rob to actively cultivate the boundless laticana, bodhisattva. Never have the heart of greed, hatred, anger and the hearts of all beings. Don't want to hate, greed, anger and want to think, not senses outside. His strength strong achievement, regardless of who complain about everything. Contented, with no hatred of ignorance about the mind in samadhi, will live in constant Wuwei silence, all wisdom clear. No false flattery crooked heart, a benign countenance, soft words of love, always showing loving concern active mind. Strong in their own aspiration vows, never slack tired. The pursuit of pure white soul is good, with the interests of all beings. The respectful Sambo serve teachers, the solemn self, all kinds of, good deeds, makes all sentient beings, all achievements merit.
Stay in the air, no phase, may three door relief, or can not afford not false thoughts, observation of the world all dharmas would like to stay away from all evil, coarse and vulgar, self harm and harm each other's words and deeds. Take all the soft words of love, altruism and benefit others my good deeds. Give up the land and leave the throne, our color desire, practice six paramita, also teach others for six degree million lines. When long endless since the product too tired. As the reincarnation of a place, as his wishes and desires, no amount of treasure Treasury, appears naturally should now. Enlightenment Anritsu countless beings, living in the supreme enlightenment true liberation road. Or show for the elderly, rich, powerful caste family lay. Or show as Kshatriyas chakravartin king. Or for the feelings, and every day Lord brahma. Often in the diet, clothing, bedding, medical support four Buddhas as respectful Buddha, is beyond praise merit count. In the mouth sweet gas clean, like violet flowers. The body of the pores, exudes the fragrance Tan Chan, scattered aroma world without widespread infection. The correct color looks intact, body is intact extremely beautiful. Hands often naturally endless treasures, food, clothes, painting marvelous incense cover, meter stick flags and other decorative items. Such things all over the world all day's achievements merit, in all free method.
By Tibetan monks have now become a Buddha, the west, the distance world one hundred thousand billion land where the Buddhist world name called "happiness", since the law Tibetan monks since the Buddha, has been the ten time.
According to the "sad" Hua said: "over the past countless uncountable billions of eons of time ago, there is a world called" delete "," Lan provided "good". One wheel king called "no more, to read" Buddha treasure, Bodhi, is willing to uptake solemn pure land. The Buddha is his Vyakarana, from the west to the Buddha statue has Tsumoru clay, Soundking Buddha in the world, a hengheshashu not hundreds of billions of eons of time in the world to enter the second hengheshashu not hundreds of billions of eons of time, the world has been called "happiness", you at that time when the Buddha, as "amitayus Buddha". " Amitabha due to the practice, on the basis of "sad" recorded by China vows, issued by the Ontario and similar to "wuliangshoujing"."Buddha" has been born again: "Amitabha, in the boundless uncountable when rob time before the prince round the king, the name of" inconceivable merit wins ", sixteen years old, from Cybertron as king Bao merit, heard the Tuo Ronnie. In seventy thousand years, through diligent practice learning, not sleep, not a little break down. In the event that he later Jiushiyibaiqian by the Buddhas, Buddhas said in French, can be heard by the practice of learning at home, tired from the tonsure was born, home to salmonella. After making a more ascetic, in ninety thousand years, this Ronnie and Antonio Tuo, discovery for all beings are righteousness. A lifetime of effort to educate the sentient beings and the eight billion beings, bodhicitta. Accumulate work tired, to the land
"Lotus Sutra" also said: "in the past, Datong Buddha monk not outwit, sixteen princes, with the old monk and the monk boy. He has Buddha Buddha to Datong, and "Lotus Sutra", which entered the silent room, the eighty-four thousand. At the time of the sixteen princes Bodhisattva, each high seat, for monks and nuns, Yubose, Upasika four mass, extensive instructions were clear "Lotus Sutra" meaning, each of the Liubaibashiwanyi by him as living beings. The sixteen Buddha, one is Amitabha, the sixteenth is my prince Shakya Muni. " Thus Amitabha, by the desire, all kinds of special virtue rises, no amount of billions of eons, engaged in the work of pure land and solemn achievement. Now just take these verses, roughly mark Amitabha in forty-eight about the contents of the pure land to the solemn, the other is according to the newspaper reported that Elysian Fields, are completely recorded in the classic, today is not included.
On the difference between the three generation and Pureland beings, in accordance with the "wuliangshoujing" said: "those who can order their Pureland people who are abandoned at home instead of Eros, shaved his monk for Salmonella, bodhicitta has been specifically read amitayus, attend all the merits and virtues, so to be reborn to the heavenly paradise. This kind of like beings, Lin Mingzhong, amitayus pure and great bodhisattvas all appear immediately in the sea, in front of the person immediately following Amitabha, he died in Elysian Fields. For Qibao lotus, natural born, live to turn back. Wise thoughts with strong, theurgy freedom. Therefore, Ananda, if sentient beings want in this present life to see amitayus, should launch the supreme Bodhi Heart, practice all the merits and virtues, and aspire to be born in that country land.
Secondly, in order to those who died is a generation, if the ten world people have all the heavens, sincere heart to survive in this land, although not a monk for the pure ascetic, practice all merit, however, should be initiated by the supreme Bodhi Heart, always read the amitayus, how to practice some good deeds, to hold fast, build to build the Tower Temple Buddha, for these recluses, hanging point color Zeng light, scattered all kinds of burning incense to China, all the merit, to be reborn to Elysium. The man on the verge, amitayus is his solemn figure, with all the bright appearance, exactly as the real Buddha, and great bodhisattvas all appear in front of the pure sea. The embodiment of instant follow Amitabha, who lives in the country. Elysian Fields, do not turn back. Merit and wisdom than the previous one and a little old. As for those Xiabei died, if the ten party world heavens people, people with sincere heart to survive the pure bliss, without the ability to make all sorts of merit, should be initiated by the supreme Bodhi Heart, has always focused on the mind to read amitayus, and only ten read, read amitayus, to be reborn to Elysium. Heard this mantra is very deep or difficult to believe, joy to the heart by the letter Philharmonic, no doubt, and a mind to read Amitabha, and sincerely to survive in that country land. The man Lin Mingzhong, dream of Amitabha, also can go Elysian Fields, merit and wisdom than in a slightly older people.
According to the concept of "nine order amitayus Sutra" the place, which, in two, we take included in the "wuliangshoujing" of the three generation, and the concept of "amitayus Sutra" under the three beings, are made of all kinds of crimes in the course of life, and death a confession, back to the heart and vow to be reborn in the pure land achievements died, this is "wuliangshoujing" in the three generation not mentioned. On the basis of "broken" by nirvana, good roots icchantika beings also have the meaning of Buddha nature science purpose, "wuliangshoujing" of the three generation will need Sukhavativyuha Sutra "and" the concept of the nine together, it can complete all righteousness category, please readers with ideas.
Comment said: "the Buddha Dharma body, full of everything, so Amitabha Vairochana Buddha, as well. Everything from the fact, there is no difference between clean and polluted, there are East and west of the so-called? However, in a convenient way, and the evil of the world is such a completely different experience for beings. With the common and can not turn back, only Elysian Fields where the holy soil to cohabitation, this is not the other Buddhist world can achieve.As long as the living world of the five turbidities can initiate sincere sincere heart, ten Buddha can read the achievements and achievements of life and death, suddenly over dust robbing hard practice. I Buddha Amitabha Buddha in this infinite compassion and mercy, can be said to play to the extreme.
We are so lucky to the supreme general practice to hear Buddha Amitabha special grand may merit. If it is not rare rare launched heart health Xinmu Philharmonic memory or missing, as from fatherly fled from home, wandering in the poor dangers and the long road, after a long time drifting down in the pain and the sea, but no one can rescue compassion, so how can we not fear vigilance? How can to improve?
Namo Avalokitesvara
"It's a Sanskrit Avalokitesvara called Lou Ji low lost, today in the west is Elysian Fields, life can be a supplement of Buddha buddha. According to the "sad" by China records in the past when the robbery, when Amitabha is still king when Avalokitesvara the first Prince king, called "don't wink". When the treasure for future Buddha wheel king Vyakarana, not dizzy prince said: "Buddha Buddha came to beg to report, today I to the sound, informed of all sentient beings, I have many good roots, all to anuttara three small Bodhi (three unsurpassed enlightenment). I wish when the Bodhisattva path, if sentient beings suffer from various terrorist distress about the Lost Teachings of the pursuit of faith and power, did not fall into the light in the darkness, and uneasy when sad lonely poverty, can not help protect people, do not rely on no houses. If he can remember me, recite my name, and that the sound of distress until I heard, my eye can see, as is all suffering, if I cannot be exempt from all this pain, not the end of the achievements of anuttara three small three Bodhi buddhahood. Lord, I today when for the sake of all beings, launched the special on big wish, wish even when the chakravartin (Amitabha), in the heavenly paradise happiness in the world, after all the Buddhas and sentient beings to win something, after entering the Parinibbana, and the method is still live, I will be at that time the Bodhisattva path, to benefit all sentient beings. When amitayus method, after the first time points out, I immediately in the following night, achievement anuttara three small three Bodhi Buddhahood, of all beings to continue.
When the treasure Buddha, he said: "you were immediately granted to remember the remembrance of the heavens, and three people in all beings and the evil way, from the heart of compassion to all sentient beings, except the distress, in order to make the living beings are due to the stable and happy place, I shall name you" view world sound "today. Amitayus Buddha nirvana, such as second asankhya robbery, that land transfer" for all the treasures of the world, all kinds of achievement "solemn treasure, boundless happiness in the world is not and you, under the bodhi tree, the achievements of anuttara three small three PU. Number of times:" all the light merit Mountain King buddha".
According to the "Avalokitesvara, the Bodhisattva is written by the trend of" records: Shakya Muni Buddha said: "in the past the old no amount of unbelievable asankhya robbery, the world" no amount of De Le show ", the" Golden Lion games such as "pure land of Buddha, the solemn, is praised by speech not come to an end. Within the Buddha Dharma education area, there was a king named "wade" king in one thousand worlds, then Wade king, in his garden view, when in samadhi meditation, there are two lotus in the king, gush from the ground, there are two scouts, in the lotus. And the king went to wade Buddha's throne, the head of foot worship Buddha, listening to the story.
The two boy said: "the verse Songyue Tianlong ghosts, listen to my lion roar, today we stand before the Buddha, Great Bodhi vows. There is no need for life and death to plunder, to calculate the source of the initial margin but not known (not available). In order to escape a Buddha for the sake of all beings, even millions to Bodhisattva, and now just a few long time, you can escape the measureless sentient beings, the successful practice of Bodhi, but has tired tired heart? I if from today, still have greed, is to deceive the ten Party of all the buddhas. If still angry, ignorance, greed, jealousy, or heart, it is the same with. Today I speak the truth away from the false heart. If I from today, from their selfish heart, not to escape all Bodhi Avenue, it is to deceive the buddha. I also don't beg Yuanjue Shengguo, not only economic interests of their own self, I must to rob trillion, with great compassion of Dutuo sentient beings. Like today the Buddha land, pure peaceful beautiful solemn, I would like to become a Buddha when I land beyond this solemn times may. Not all land is in me, no Yuanjue ride, only to feel the Mahayana Bodhisattva Bodhisattva, the number of unlimited. All beings are all pure, but the most wonderful joy of victory, was born in the right view of Buddhism, all the Tibetan Buddhism total. We have these vows if true, shall shake three thousand universe of 1,000,000,000 universes."When the boy finished two as Gatha, instant common earth shaking, many hundreds of thousands of the God of music and various musical instruments, playing a harmonious graceful music. Delicate clothing bright bright, rotating fall down from the sky, the heavens rain god scattered all kinds of beautiful at the end of incense in the void, the fragrance of the universal joy from the overflow of infection, the hearts of all beings. When the king is Wade and others? Is that I Shakya Muni, and then the two boy, is now, and the trend of Avalokitesvara Bodhisattva mahasattva.
The two great bodhisattvas, in the Golden Lion games such as place, primary anuttara three small three bodhicitta. No amount of time can not count when rob Amitabha, when nirvana. Nirvana, method of live time, life is equal to Amitabha unlimited. Amitabha live and nirvana, the degree of the number of sentient beings, are all equal, boundless. Amitabha nirvana, certain that all human beings can not see the Buddha, but if the Buddha of samadhi Buddha, you can always see Amitabha's body is permanent. After Amitabha appeared out of Elysian Fields all treasures, water bath colored lotus, and all the treasure into all the rows of trees, still no difference with constant speech sound, Amitabha personal statement.
After a period of Elysian Fields method consumed, on that night in the midnight, when the Ming phase, Avalokitesvara in Qibao under the bodhi tree, knot Jia fuzuo, achievement unsurpassed enlightenment, the name "Puguang merit Mountain King Buddha", the Buddha land, naturally seven treasures, and to all sorts of cleverly arranged. The world scene solemn sweet land, even the Buddhas Lord, after countless of the robbery, there is no way to say it all. This is not the name of the country Yuanjue, pure is the other big Buddha Bodhisattva, filled the land, the land and the world known as "the public treasure Pu Ji solemn". The king of the hill with the Tathagata merit he lived the age, was not close to support all Bodhisattvas trend away from, and as to enter nirvana. Nirvana, was still in the trend of Buddha Dharma, until the mountain king Buddha Dharma Puguang merit consumed. After the method was destroyed, the trend of this Buddha land, the complete fulfillment of unsurpassed enlightenment, name: "Shan Bao merit king buddha". As the king of the hill as the same merit in his homeland, the world, on the boundless light, with no amount of life, and the number of the Bodhisattvas, and the method of live period, all equal only without distinction. "
As above two Sutra records, Avalokitesvara in his initial heart initiated this may merit, and uptake of pure land Buddha solemn virtue, and Amitabha the cause of the heart, no difference. Therefore the Buddha fruit clean solemn, is so special, so special! Others such as thirty-two kinds of coping with the suffering of sentient beings should incarnate, fourteen boundless divine beings giving fearless, four unbelievable no inaction wins miaode, but all without extensive repair prowess, skillful means, complete descriptions like "hedongshihou", "Lotus Sutra", and the other said, now not all quoted excerpts.
"And said:" the great mercy by the Buddha in Fuda fall Jia mountain, Guanyin palace, the solemn Temple treasure. This Avalokitesvara, light amplification ten unlimited three thousand universe of 1,000,000,000 universes speak for themselves in the past, no amount of light in a thousand billion eons ago, Wang Jing lived as premises, learn to accept "chulixin big Tuo Ronnie, immediately from the beginning to eighth immediately beyond Bodhisattva Bodhisattva, shall have qianshouqianyan. Because of this reason by the great compassion mantra, where all generation after generation, born in front of constant Buddha lotus. The Bodhisattva swore said: "if there are sentient beings who can accept and recite the great compassion mantra, if not dead Buddhas pure land, I swear not to unsurpassed enlightenment."
After the Buddha said, Shakya Muni Buddha told the public: "this Bodhisattva, in the past eons long, what name is not" Buddha, buddha". Because of his great vows, in order to launch all Bodhisattvas bodhicitta, in order to ease the way the achievements of all beings all beings, still showing bodhisattva. You should always support the Bodhisattva, to recite the Bodhisattva's name, can have no amount of merit, can destroy the immeasurable karma, on the verge of death after Amitabha Elysian Fields. " According to this passage, we should respect and support, can know the Bodhisattva and said to go back to the name of Avalokitesvara, Elysian Fields, and who has been specifically read Amitabha, also can be born in the pure land of the two for retribution is the same, Ontario, good roots are equal, you practice thought.
Namo mahasthamaprapta

Mahasthamaprapta called "the Sanskrit Maha pot", now in Elysian Fields, is the second pick for the position of the Buddha bodhisattva. According to the "sad" by China records, the past is still Amitabha wheel king, mahasthamaprapta second prince, named "nemo". When the treasure Buddha help wheel King (Amitabha) and the first Prince (Avalokitesvara) Vyakarana, second prince also said: "I beg to report the Buddha, such as, good roots and all my industry is pure, all to anuttara three small Bodhi three. May the merit times (i.e. light Buddha Bodhisattva), just as the beginning of Buddhism, at that time I will first ask the buddha. The Buddha said all the time testimonies, in line with the interests of the Bodhisattva. After the Buddha nirvana, until the method consumed when I close behind, fill in the position of the Buddha the complete fulfillment of unsurpassed enlightenment. When I Buddha, all the various Buddhist, the pure Dharma of my homeland of the world and solemn, Nirvana, Dharma live time and times all merit light Buddha made no difference, equality. "
When the Buddha told the second treasures: "you may consume the prince of today's world pure Buddha land, will be as you wish. You will be as pure world the most extraordinary achievements, unsurpassed enlightenment, name for "good living treasure mountain king buddha". Because you vow to the spiritual world of pure and sublime uptake so, hence the name "trend" for you. " Based on an article (Avalokitesvara) collected by mind karma together, should know and mahasthamaprapta Bodhisattva, a fellow may, after eons since, not contrary to each other away, and even solemn land, the order of the Buddha, spiritual merits are equal.
The first "hedongshihou" statement of the Buddha Famennian, earnestly especially important: mahasthamaprapta foyan: "beg to report in my memory, as in the past when the Buddha was born before the robbery," no amount of light". Twelve in a robbery in succession such as Buddha, finally a Buddha called "super moon", so I samadhi Buddha buddhism. For example, there are two people, one is to concentrate on each other, and the other one is devoted to forget each other, so two people, sometimes encounter sometimes do not meet, or meet or do not meet. If two people each other is, two people each other is the mind is very deep, so even as shadow generation after generation, is not far away from the contrary. The ten directions of the Buddhas, compassionate thoughts like beings, mother is my dearest son. If the children to stay away from escape, so although the mother of missing children and what. If the child can also miss mother, like mother missing child, mother and child had more students, will not violate each other away. If the hearts of all the Buddha, Buddha or the memory or missing, or the future will be able to see the Buddha, not far from the buddha. Don't leave by other convenient methods, as long as you concentrate on your memory of Buddha Dharma, nature can really show seeing nature. As the human body flavour, natural aroma, this is called "fragrant light solemn" (the Buddha Dharmakaya incense, Zhi Huiguang, solemn Buddha from the heart of this in my mind) for early spiritual practice, the Buddha's heart, no body could enter. Today in this world, people gather practice Buddha, guide to the Western Pure Land of ultimate bliss. The Buddha asked me for sophisticated method, I have no other choice but to close together, respectively, six, net read constantly as one Buddha, to hold the position of Dinghui samadhi, it is the most excellent and most convenient for the first of the Dharma gate. " Mahasthamaprapta, by reciting the Buddha's name in Buddhism, and practicing the Bodhisattva, sentient beings, do not leave the Buddha dharma. Practice the Pure Land Sect who should know what to imitate!

The mainland silver gilt
Split cast, Sam West
Huang Chun and this is a group of Buddhism worship theme, called the "Western Trinity", is the three God of Buddhism that western Elysian Fields consists of the main statue of Amitabha, and the two retinues of Avalokiteshvara and mahasthamaprapta. According to "Amitabha" records, Amitabha has unbelievable merit, if all life comes to recite his name, he will be holding a lotus, led by the twenty-five great bodhisattvas to connect, Avalokiteshvara and mahasthamaprapta are the first twenty-five Buddha Bodhisattva, is an important assistant Amitabha led all West Elysian Fields. The pure land thought spread to China from the Eastern Han Dynasty, the Wei and Jin dynasties have been greatly developed in the northern and Southern Dynasties, Sui and Tang Dynasties formed one of the famous eight sects in China Jingtu, after the Tang Dynasty with the continuous secularization of Buddhism, it has become China's most popular worship of Buddhist thought and religious school, has still not bad influence. This group of statues is an important historical Sam West Five Dynasties period of the pure land thought popular witness. The main statue of Amitabha sitting on the central cross junction, spiral hair headdress, top show high meat bun, large lobe shoulder, plump shape and rounded, eyebrow bow, eyes down, air quiet introspection, head with a pointed round head light, head light on the characterization of fine flame, sophisticated technology. Slender waist, wearing bare right shoulder robe and monk dress clothing lines smooth and natural, a legacy of the Tang Dynasty clothing of thin body. Left hand knot with India, said to meet all the aspirations of all sentient beings, right hand knot fearless, that can lift the fear of living beings. The body is high waist lotus seat, upper trim lotus three, lotus lotus well-proportioned, under a heavy arrangement. The main statue on the left side of the Avalokiteshvara, the left hand when the chest holding lotus, the right side of the application of the knot and India, the right side of the general trend to the Buddha, the left side of the application of the knot and India, the right hand when the lotus. Two Bodhisattvas are all wearing a crown, towering hair, face serene, the head is also equipped with sharp circular flame head light. Slender body, upper body bare chest, his left shoulder Baldric, oblique Phi network armpit, dressed in dress, clothing lines in a U shape distribution, such as wave like natural beauty, belt, and bare bow. There is a shoulder cape silk, silk Cape snake fell, natural and elegant. Stand sideways Gong lotus seat, similar to the main statue rosette shape. Sam like before Anritsu two bronze Vajra dense diamond and the trace of Luo Yantian. Lux image and clothing are exactly the same, all head beam updo, cumei platyrrhiny, scowled, after the first round head light, but the flame patterns, indicating their identity has not yet bare body, chest and abdomen overcome all worldly thoughts and enter sainthood; his bulging muscles, chest decorated necklace; dress pants foot mask, belted waist and knotted, U glyph of drapery off the thin soft cloth quality; also with a large body of silk cape; double foot in monolayer coated on the rosette. Two lux central a censer, its mouth along the four lotus flower in full bloom in 22 relative mouth on a dove pan Tuo lifting furnace. Under the bed is a square shaped seat four pot door, door trim pots serrate four lines, surrounded with fence and column look. A bed with a lion crouched beside each bipedal lion, two foot erect, after hip to head, tail, vivid and realistic. The whole group of statues precise layout, clear, vivid, simple style, complex shape and sophisticated technology, the theme of the novel, unique material, is China's existing five dynasties Buddhist treasures. After the Tang Dynasty, the art of Buddhist statues. The so-called realism, that is, to show the true character of the real life in art. In the realistic style of Buddhist art, showing the new spirit of the times: the statue with a full body, muscle, sturdy, ornate, and the most prominent is the lines of clothes, clothing lines wide smooth, texture strong, overall impression of cordial and natural beauty of art; artistic style and performance practices have been in completely out of the foreign art mode, showing a distinct national characteristics and rich secular aesthetic taste. This group of Western Sam as artistic features vividly embodies the distinctive characteristics of the times, it is an important representative of Buddhist art in this period of. See: "China art" sculpture sculpture volume of Sui and Tang dynasties.
ceramics
Chinese dragon porcelain works "Western Trinity" inherited thousands of years of traditional porcelain sculpture technology, has formed its own unique artistic style, the product, the hard white color Yingrun, smooth and dense matrix. Glazed crystal bright, white is China (BLANC DE CHINA) Dehua white porcelain Luxuries Oriental porcelain treasures. In November 2012, the work won the first China (Dalian) International Cultural Industry Fair excellent arts and crafts works "gold medal". May 2013 won Chinese arts and crafts "Hundred Flowers Award" gold award.

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鲁ICP备12031715号-1 法律顾问:杨俊涛律师 客服QQ:800015090 微信:4081532