在广义上，印象主义一词有时也用于19世纪后期的其他艺术（通常指音乐，但有时也指文学），它们所采用的技巧和达到的效果同印象主义绘画相似。主要的印象主义画家有莫奈、马奈、毕沙罗、雷诺阿、西斯莱（Alfred Sisley）、德加（Edgar Degas）、摩里索（Berthe Morisot）、吉约曼（Armand Guillaumin）和巴齐耶(Frederic Bazille），他们一起工作，相互影响，并一起独立展出作品，只有继续谋求官方赞许的马奈例外。这些画家在其早期的创作生涯中，就对统治欧洲艺术达200年之久的种种清规戒律表示不满。
在音乐方面，德彪西通常被认为是主要的印象主义者。德布西音乐从他的第一部作品到最后一部作品，都各有不同的特点，因此只有约1892～1903年间完成的乐曲和一些风格上同这个时期乐曲酷似的后期作品，才可以说具有一般含义上的印象主义。他的印象作品有歌剧《佩利亚斯与梅丽桑德》（Pelleas et Melisande,1902年首演），交响诗《云雾》（《夜曲》〔Nocturnes〕之一，1899年作）和钢琴曲《帆》（见《两套前奏曲》〔Douze Preludes〕第一册,1910）。其他被认为属于印象派的作曲家有拉威尔(Maurice Ravel）、戴流士（Frederick Delius）、雷史碧基（Ottorino Respighi）、席曼诺夫斯基(Karol〔Maciej〕Szymanowski）和葛利菲斯(Charles Griffes）。音乐上的印象主义往往被认为是指一种微妙脆弱、消极杂乱、情绪暧昧的音乐。印象主义音乐的特点，说得确切些则是拘谨、克制、平静，一种由于作曲家把纯音响想像为美和神秘的目的本身，从而形成的丰富多彩的效果。印象主义虽被认为是摆脱浪漫主义的过分放纵的一种运动，但其许多特点可以在一些又被称为表现主义的浪漫主义先驱者的作曲家（如李斯特、华格纳和斯克里亚宾〔Aleksandr Scria! bin〕）的作品中找到根源。
文学方面的印象主义，一般来说是一种高度个性化的写作手法，反映作家的个人气质。一些作家的作品以其感染力很强而被认为可与绘画方面的印象主义相提并论，他们是托玛斯曼（Thomas Mann）、赫塞(Herman Hesse）、福特（F. Madox Ford）和沃（Evelyn Waugh）。
印象主义作为绘画流派出现于法国。1874年3月25日 ，C.莫奈 、P.-A.雷诺阿、C.毕沙罗、A.西 斯莱、E.德加、P.塞尚、B.莫里索等一群年轻的法国画家，在巴黎举办了无名画家、雕塑家、版画家展览会，因莫奈展出的一幅题为《日出·印象》的油画的题目被一位观点守旧的记者借用，撰文嘲讽此展览为“印象主义画家展览会” ，遂产生印象主义或印象派之名。
In nineteenth Century the Western Art Center in France, master of French painting is still a powerful official school. Draw circles in France in the second half of nineteenth Century a part of young artists against the official school of art, because of their innovative work in the official salon and not strongly opposed to official censorship, they require the art of innovation and creative freedom, often gathered in Paris's Cafe Gail Beauvais, free exchange of opinions on art, seek common the road of art innovation.
In the latter half of the nineteenth Century, an important painting movement in France, including a group of artists who held similar views and adopted similar techniques during the period from 1867 to 1886. These painters are very distinctive personality, very practical, there is no specific principles of common compliance. But the most obvious characteristic of Impressionism is trying to objectively describe the visual reality of ephemeral moments is mainly the relationship between the performance of pure light.
In a broad sense, the term is sometimes used for other Impressionist Art in the late nineteenth Century (usually refers to the music, but sometimes also refers to the literature, they) the technique and effect of impressionist painting with similar. The main impressionist painter Monet, Ma Nai, Pissarro, Renoir, Sisley (Alfred Sisley), Pedja (Edgar Degas), Molisuo (Berthe Morisot), Guilloman (Armand Guillaumin) and Bazille (Frederic Bazille), they work together, mutual influence, and with independent works, only to seek official approval MANET exception. These painters in his early writing career, many of the European art rule of the sacred rules of the religious order for 200 years of dissatisfaction.
In late 1860s, Manet's art reflects a new aesthetic point of view, the first ever liberated creative methods to centering on the theme of painters from the traditional dominant; he advocated focusing on strictly part of the art of painting - color and form. At about the same time, Monet, Renoir, Pissarro, Sisley and Bazille in landscape painting to explore a more direct method to depict brilliant light and color. Monet with his keen eyes of the lead rise above the common herd. At that time, scientific research in this area showed that color is not the intrinsic property of an object, but the light reflected by the object. In the view of the impact of these artists, to explore an effective method to break the single object, seemingly immutable and frozen "inherent" color; they are trying to capture the objects of nature in the specific time that fleeting color, a kind of atmosphere, distance and other objects around effect color. They start by drawing water, and many of the colors reflected in the water are shown as they have seen. They took this approach to expand from the building to all other objects in the sky, brush short and clear, far see a bunch of mixed colors, is without blending colors to depict the reflection of the sun from the color of every hue. Under the inspiration of Manet's "pure painting" experiment, they try to find the most distinctive color theme, usually no longer pay attention to emotional and literary characteristics.
In 1874, the artists held their first independent exhibition to compete with the official salon at the Academy of Fine Arts, which has repeatedly refused to show most of their work. "Impression: Sunrise" Monet painting (1872, now in the possession of Paris horse Museum Tanzania Musee friction Marmottan), initially sent people with this name at the Impressionist painter. They held 7 exhibitions, the last time in 1886. In the meantime, they continue to develop their own personality and style. After 1886, the Impressionist group announced the dissolution. Although the existence of the time is very short, but in the history of art has completed a revolution, so that the future of the western painting can be drawn from the relationship between the artist and the subject matter of the liberation of the shackles.In music, Debussy is generally considered to be the major impressionist. The music of Debuchy from his first work to the last work, each have different characteristics, so only about 1892 to 1903 years to complete the music and style with the late works of this period of music like, can be said to have the general meaning of impressionism. His works have the impression opera "Pelli Yayse and Meryl Sander" (Pelleas et Melisande, 1902 Premiere), "cloud" symphonic poem ("nocturne" Nocturnes, 1899) and Piano "sail" (see "prelude" two sets of Douze Preludes 1, 1910). The other is considered to belong to the Impressionist composer Ravel (Maurice Ravel), Dai Liushi (Frederick Delius), Ray Gao Beki (Ottorino Respighi), Seemann Andrianof J Ki (Karol Maciej Szymanowski) and Gerd Leigh Faith (Charles Griffes). The Impressionist music is often considered refers to a delicate and negative emotional clutter, ambiguous music. The characteristics of Impressionist music, or rather it is stiff, restraint and calm, as a result of the pure sound as a composer of beauty and mysterious purpose itself, thus forming the rich and colorful effect. "Although it is considered to be a movement to get rid of overindulgence of romanticism, but many of its features can be in some is also known as the pioneer of expressionism romantic composers (such as Lester, Wagner and Scriabin Aleksandr Scria! Bin) to find the source works.
Impressionism literature, is a kind of highly personalized writing techniques generally reflect the writer's personal temperament. Some writers with a strong appeal and is considered to be the Impressionism and painting par, they are Thomas Man (Thomas Mann), Heresy (Herman Hesse), Ford (F. Madox Ford) and wo (Evelyn Waugh).
The common characteristics of Impressionist paintings is obvious strokes without modification and composition, boundless, especially in the light changes, the impression of time, and in the ordinary things in life as a description of the object.
In the course of the development of Western painting, the artist will always be the scientific achievements of the art creation. Because the optical and color research results come out, and later by Rice Henry put the light and color combination and aesthetics, applied to the rules of art, the pursuit of innovation and painters influenced and inspired them to try the pure "light" description, analysis and new color, and the natural sciences the rules and their artistic ideas combine creation. They think all the objects in nature are irradiated with light, to show its image; and all images are combined with different colors, light from the sun is composed of seven primary colors. If there is no light and color, there is no world. They also argue that artists need to know the world, mainly from the "light" and "color" views on the understanding of "light" and "color" since becoming the center of the world, is also a painter known as the center of the world, so the painter's task is how to show the effect of color and light. "Light" for the "color" of the mother, only light colored, the world of any specific objects and events only convey light and color media. Its significance is secondary! This kind of artistic idea becomes their dominant thought, thus dominating their creative activities.
Because of their "light" and "color" as the main purpose of the painter pursuit, will inevitably be the artist's understanding of objective things stay in the sensory stage, stop in the "instant" impression, which led to the creation of efforts to portray things instant impression, feeling expression phenomenon, thus negating essence and the content of things. In their eyes the world is equal in the sun. Renoir once said: "nature, no poor divide. In the sun, dilapidated cottage can be seen as the same with the palace, the emperor noble and poor beggar is equal." This kind of artistic concept leads them to portray the light in their works". Only in the form of art, ignore and even deny the content of art. As Zola said: "the impressionist painting is to give people the feeling, rather than thought." So what we see in the Impressionist paintings is a combination of color and full of sunshine, full of air. Generally speaking the Impressionist creation only heavy feeling, ignore the ideological essence, replaced by instant phenomenon; with exercises instead of creation; to replace material to replace the subject; accidental inevitable to replace the main secondary. Since it is a feeling, it must be subjective, so the impressionist painting depicts the subjective objective things. This marks a break with the traditional artistic concepts and methods of artistic expression and artistic effect. So Impressionism is an epoch-making art genre in the history of Western painting. Undeniable Impressionist painters are found in the analysis and Exploration on the color in the sun, the light and color performance to enrich the painting skills, they advocate out of the studio, in the face of nature of painting, with a rapid gimmick grasp instant impression, make the picture appear unusual fresh and vivid feeling, reveals the nature of the splendid scene, which is a great contribution to the artistic creation. Their art belongs to the category of realism, which is the reflection of the pursuit of democracy, freedom and equality. Their artistic creation is of innovation and progress.
Impressionism is the inevitable result of the development of Western painting. Since sixteenth Century, Venice began painting painting depicting attention light and color, especially Titian, then through Lubensi, Velazquez, Rembrandt, HALS and Vermeer, in their works are shining the charming colors, especially good at depicting the sun Vermeer, he had described the sunny room, is the pioneer of impressionism; British landscape painting master Turner and Constable painting is full of sunshine and Air France, Delacroix treasured in his own painting has tried to act, people called him "the impressionist painter; open the window" Barbizon painters have their easel outdoors in nature to sketch to the view. Open the door for impressionist painter Courbet's paintings; has been full of sunshine, he's been called "the father of impressionism", Above all the masters of the exploration achievements, must produce the impressionism.Due to the pressing of official school, this group of young artists to explore innovative works cannot be exhibited in the salon, and they jointly held in 1863 the "unsuccessful Salon", suffered a serious attack from the classical school. Young artists did not lose heart, and his struggle for 10 years, in 1874 in downtown Paris, held a shocking "nameless artist, painting painter, sculptor, printmaker Association" exhibition. A painting of Monet in the exhibition, entitled "impression sunrise". A writer named Leroi published an essay on the exhibition, entitled "an impressionist exhibition". "Impressionism" thus named. Held in 1876 second exhibition, 20 artists in this exhibition, simply hit the "Impressionism Exhibition" banner, then boarded a French impressionist painting, extended to Europe, affecting the world.
As the Impressionist school of painting in france. In March 25, 1874, C. P.-A. Renoir, Monet, Pissarro, Sisley, C. A. E. P. B., Cezanne Degas, Morisot and a group of young French painter in Paris held a nameless painter and sculptor, printmaker for exhibition, a painting entitled "sunrise impression" painting Monet exhibition is a topic the reporter wrote in their views of borrowing, this exhibition is "at the Impressionist painters Exhibition", then the name of Impressionism or impressionist.
In view of art, Impressionist painters against the leading classical school, against the increasingly fall into the stereotypes and artificial romantic painting, but in the promotion of C. Connor, Barbizon school and G. Courbet's realistic style under the absorption of Holland, Britain, Spain, Japan and other countries, China painting nutrition, at the same time by modern science, especially optical inspiration, that all colors are produced in the light, so they are based on the spectra of red orange yellow green blue purple color to color. Because the light is changing, they think only capture the momentary light to reveal the secrets of nature. So pay attention to research and performance of the external light in the painting, stand outdoors in the sun, according to eye observation and field sense of painting, showing images under the irradiation of light, subtle changes in color. The Impressionist paintings in the shadow of the processing, the traditional painting black instead of brightness blue and purple color. Due to personal interest, Impressionist painters are divided into light and heavy color and shape and sketch of two types, the former to Monet, Renoir as the representative, the latter to degas as representative, Pissarro is somewhere in between.
Because the pursuit of the light and color performance, mainly to the Impressionist painters life and direct knowledge around as the theme, many characters portrayed in reality and the natural scenery. In the composition of a multi object scenes interception to handle images, breaking the boundaries of painting and writing. 
The impressionist painter has held 8 exhibitions, the first two were severely criticized by public opinions at that time, after gradually become a great impact in art schools, and expanded to other fields of art. Impressionist painting in the process of formation and development, has received support and encouragement E. manet.
Impressionism emphasizes the light and shadow of objects outside the feeling and impression in the creation technique against conservative, advocates the art of innovation.
The painting technique, discusses the Impressionist light and color, with light research object description method, and realize the color change is caused by color: the color is light with the observation position, different state and environment change.
Impressionism focuses on depiction of natural that scene, the moment will become eternal, and the scientific principle is applied to the painting. Direct observation, Impressionist color changing subtle feelings of modern art style, very profound influence later.
Early Impressionist light description, the easel from indoors to the outdoors, in the field of painting, also known as pleinairism.
Impressionism has been separated from the past art form to the history and the religious dependence, the artists boldly abandoned the traditional creation idea and the formula. The artist will focus to a purely visual experience form, content and theme works will become less important, and the expressionism inner feelings, ignore the external image description of different objects.