印象主义

印象主义,也称印象派,又称为“外光派”,是西方绘画史中的重要艺术流派,产生于19世纪60年代的法国。1874年莫奈创作的题为《印象·日出》的油画,遭到学院派的攻击,评论家们戏称这些画家们是“印象派”,印象派由此而得名。印象主义(impressionism)在19世纪60一70年代以创新的姿态登上法国画坛,其锋芒是反对陈旧的古典画派和沉湎在中世纪骑士文学而陷入矫揉造作的浪漫主义。印象主义吸收了柯罗、巴比松画派以及库尔贝写实主义的营养,在19世纪现代科学技术(尤其是光学理论和实践)的启发下,注重在绘画中对外光的研究和表现。

  • 中文名印象主义
  • 外文名Impressionism
最新新闻更多
伦敦蘇富比印象主义&现代艺术夜场6月22日举槌

中国美术网 09-05 浏览

伦敦蘇富比印象主义&现代艺术夜场将于2011年6月22日周三举行,届时将呈现系列精品,其中有很多画作在私人收藏中保存了几十年,之前并未在拍卖会上出现过。除了马格...
背景

19世纪西方美术的中心在法国,主宰法国画坛的仍然是有势力的官方学院派。19世纪下半叶法国画界有一部分青年画家反对官方学院派艺术的墨守成规,由于自己的创新作品不能在官方沙龙展出而强烈反对官方的审查制度,他们要求艺术上的革新和创作自由,经常聚集在巴黎的盖尔波瓦咖啡馆自由交换对艺术的见解,共同寻求艺术创新道路。
19世纪后半期形成于法国的一个重要的绘画运动,包括1867~1886年期间一批持有相近的观点和采用相近技巧的画家的活动。这些画家个性十分鲜明,非常讲究实际,没有确定的共同遵守的具体原则。但印象主义最明显的特点则是,力图客观地描绘视觉现实中的瞬息片刻,主要是表现纯粹光的关系。
在广义上,印象主义一词有时也用于19世纪后期的其他艺术(通常指音乐,但有时也指文学),它们所采用的技巧和达到的效果同印象主义绘画相似。主要的印象主义画家有莫奈马奈毕沙罗雷诺阿西斯莱(Alfred Sisley)、德加(Edgar Degas)、摩里索(Berthe Morisot)、吉约曼(Armand Guillaumin)和巴齐耶(Frederic Bazille),他们一起工作,相互影响,并一起独立展出作品,只有继续谋求官方赞许的马奈例外。这些画家在其早期的创作生涯中,就对统治欧洲艺术达200年之久的种种清规戒律表示不满。
1860年代后期,马奈的艺术反映了一种新的美学观点,有史以来第一次把画家从传统上占统治地位的以题材为中心的创作方法中解放出来;他主张把重点严格地放在绘画艺术的组成部分--颜色和形体上。在大约同一时间内,莫奈毕沙罗、雷诺瓦、西斯莱和巴齐耶在风景画中努力探索一种更有直接的方法来描绘灿烂的光和色。莫奈以他出类拔萃的敏锐目光一马当先。当时这方面的科学研究表明∶颜色不是物体所固有的特性,而是物体反射出来的光线。在这种观点影响下,这些画家努力探索一种有效的方法,以突破物体的单一的,表面看来一成不变的“固有”色;他们力图捕捉物体在特定时间内所自然呈现的那种瞬息即逝的颜色,那种受一时的气氛条件、距离和周围其他物体影响的颜色。他们从画水开始,把水波反射出来的许多颜色完全按照他们亲眼目睹的那样表现出来。他们把这一做法扩大到从建筑物到天空的所有其他物体,笔触简短明了,远看是一堆混合的颜色,其实是用未经调合的颜色,以此描绘阳光反射所产生的形形色色的颜色。在马奈的“纯绘画”实验启发下,他们努力寻找色彩最鲜明的题材,通常不再注意感情色彩和文学特性。
1874年,这批画家首次举行独立画展,以与法国美术学院的官方沙龙相抗衡,后者一再拒绝展出他们的大部分作品。莫奈的《印象∶日出》一画(1872,现藏巴黎马摩坦博物馆〔Musee Marmottan〕),最初曾使人们用印象派这一名称讥笑这批画家。他们后来陆续举办了7次画展,最后一次在1886年举行。在此期间,他们继续发展自己的个人和个性风格。1886年以后,印象派团体宣布解散。其存在时间虽然很短,但在艺术史上却完成了一次革命,使西方后来产生的各种绘画得以从画家和题材之间的既定束缚关系中解放出来。
在音乐方面,德彪西通常被认为是主要的印象主义者。德布西音乐从他的第一部作品到最后一部作品,都各有不同的特点,因此只有约1892~1903年间完成的乐曲和一些风格上同这个时期乐曲酷似的后期作品,才可以说具有一般含义上的印象主义。他的印象作品有歌剧《佩利亚斯与梅丽桑德》(Pelleas et Melisande,1902年首演),交响诗《云雾》(《夜曲》〔Nocturnes〕之一,1899年作)和钢琴曲《帆》(见《两套前奏曲》〔Douze Preludes〕第一册,1910)。其他被认为属于印象派的作曲家有拉威尔(Maurice Ravel)、戴流士(Frederick Delius)、雷史碧基(Ottorino Respighi)、席曼诺夫斯基(Karol〔Maciej〕Szymanowski)和葛利菲斯(Charles Griffes)。音乐上的印象主义往往被认为是指一种微妙脆弱、消极杂乱、情绪暧昧的音乐。印象主义音乐的特点,说得确切些则是拘谨、克制、平静,一种由于作曲家把纯音响想像为美和神秘的目的本身,从而形成的丰富多彩的效果。印象主义虽被认为是摆脱浪漫主义的过分放纵的一种运动,但其许多特点可以在一些又被称为表现主义的浪漫主义先驱者的作曲家(如李斯特、华格纳和斯克里亚宾〔Aleksandr Scria! bin〕)的作品中找到根源。
文学方面的印象主义,一般来说是一种高度个性化的写作手法,反映作家的个人气质。一些作家的作品以其感染力很强而被认为可与绘画方面的印象主义相提并论,他们是托玛斯曼(Thomas Mann)、赫塞(Herman Hesse)、福特(F. Madox Ford)和沃(Evelyn Waugh)。

美术领域

概念
印象派画作常见的特色是笔触未经修饰而显见,构图宽广无边,尤其着重于光影的改变、对时间的印象,并以生活中的平凡事物做为描绘对象。
背景
西方绘画在发展历程中,画家总是将当时的科学成就引进艺术创造之中。由于光学和色彩学研究成果问世,后来又经查理士·亨利把光和色彩直接与美学相结合,运用到艺术法则上,这使追求创新的画家们深受影响和启发,他们尝试着纯粹的“外光”描绘,以及新的色彩关系分析,并把这种自然科学的法则和他们的艺术观点结合起来进行创作。他们认为自然界的一切物体都是光的照射作用,才显现出它的物象;而一切物象又是不同色彩的结合,太阳光是由七种原色组合而成。如果离开了光和色彩便没有这个世界。他们还认为:画家要认识这个世界,主要是从“光”和“色彩”的观点上去认识,“光”和“色彩”既然成为这个世界的中心,也是画家认识世界的中心,所以画家的任务也就在于如何去表现光和色彩的效果。“光”为“色”之母,有光才有色,世界上任何具体的物象和事件只是传达光和色彩的媒介罢了,它本身的意义是次要的!这种艺术观念成为他们的主导思想,从而支配他们的创作活动。
由于他们把“光”和“色彩”看成是画家追求的主要目的,就不可避免地将画家对客观事物的认识停留在感觉阶段,停止在“瞬间”的印象上,这就导致创作中竭力描绘事物的瞬间印象,表现感觉的现象,从而否定事物的本质和内容。在他们看来世界万物在阳光下一律是平等的。雷诺阿曾说过:“自然之中,决无贫贱之分。在阳光底下,破败的茅屋可以看成与宫殿一样,高贵的皇帝和穷困的乞丐是平等的。”这种艺术观念导致他们在创作中全力以赴地描绘“光”。只重艺术的形式,忽视乃至否定艺术的内容。如支持印象主义的左拉所说:“绘画所给予人们的是感觉,而不是思想。”所以我们在印象派的画中所看到的是充满阳光的色块组合,充满空气感。总的说来印象派创作只重感觉,忽视思想本质,以瞬间现象取代之;以习作代替创作;以素材代替题材;以偶然代替必然;以次要代替主要的。既然是凭感觉,那必然是主观的,所以印象派所描绘的是主观化了的客观事物。这标志着与传统艺术观念、艺术表现方法和艺术效果的决裂。所以说印象派是西方绘画史上一个划时代的艺术流派。不可否认印象派画家在阳光探索和色彩分析上有重要发现,在对光与色的表现上丰富了绘画的表现技巧,他们倡导走出画室,面对自然进行写生,以迅速的手法把握瞬间的印象,使画面出现不寻常的新鲜生动的感觉,揭示了大自然的丰富灿烂景象,这是对艺术创造的一大贡献。他们的艺术是属于现实主义范畴的,是追求民主、自由、平等思想在艺术中的反映。他们的艺术创造是具有革新和进步意义的。
产生
印象派产生是西方绘画发展的必然结果。绘画自16世纪威尼斯画派起就关注光和色彩的描绘,尤其是提香,尔后经鲁本斯、委拉斯开兹、伦勃朗哈尔斯维米尔,在他们的作品中都闪耀着迷人的色彩,尤其是善于描绘阳光的维米尔,他曾描绘过充满阳光的房间,可谓印象派的先驱者;英国风景画大师透纳和康斯太勃尔画中充满阳光和空气,使法国的德拉克洛瓦如获至宝,他在自己的画中就已竭力表现过,人们称他是“打开印象主义天窗”的画家;巴比松画派的画家已经将自己的画架移到室外大自然中去对景写生,为印象主义画家开了先河;库尔贝的画中已经充满了阳光,有人称他是“印象派之父”,在所有这些大师们的探索成就之上,必然产生印象主义画派。
由于官方学院派的压制,这批年轻画家探索创新的作品不能在官方沙龙展出,于是他们共同于1863年举办了“落选沙龙画展”,遭到学院派古典主义的猛烈攻击。年轻画家们没有灰心,又埋头奋斗10年,于1874年在巴黎的闹市区举办了震惊画坛的“无名艺术家、油画家、雕塑家、版画家协会”展览。在这次画展中展出莫奈的一幅风景画,题名《印象·日出》。有位叫勒罗瓦的作家发表了一篇小品文评论这次展览,题为“一次印象主义的展览”。“印象派”由此而得名。1876年举办第二次展览,有20位画家参加,这次展览干脆打出了“印象主义画展”的旗号,从此印象派登上了法国画坛,扩及欧洲,影响世界。
印象主义作为绘画流派出现于法国。1874年3月25日 ,C.莫奈 、P.-A.雷诺阿、C.毕沙罗、A.西 斯莱、E.德加、P.塞尚、B.莫里索等一群年轻的法国画家,在巴黎举办了无名画家、雕塑家、版画家展览会,因莫奈展出的一幅题为《日出·印象》的油画的题目被一位观点守旧的记者借用,撰文嘲讽此展览为“印象主义画家展览会” ,遂产生印象主义或印象派之名。
艺术观点
在艺术观点上,印象主义画家反对当时占正统地位的古典学院派,反对日益落入俗套、矫揉造作的浪漫主义绘画 ,而是在C.柯罗、巴比松画派和G.库尔贝等人的写实画风的推动下,吸收荷兰、英国、西班牙、日本、中国等国家绘画的营养,同时受现代科学,尤其是光学的启发,认为一切色彩皆产生于光,于是他们依据光谱赤橙黄绿青蓝紫七色来调配颜色。由于光是瞬息万变的,他们认为只有捕捉瞬息间光的照耀才能揭示自然界的奥妙。因此在绘画中注重对外光的研究和表现,主张到户外去,在阳光下依据眼睛的观察和现场的直感作画,表现物象在光的照射下,色彩的微妙变化。由此印象主义绘画在阴影的处理上,一反传统绘画的黑色而改用有亮度的青、紫等色。由于个人的兴趣不同,印象主义画家又分为重光和色彩与重造型和素描两种类型,前者以莫奈雷诺阿为代表,后者以德加为代表,毕沙罗则介于两者之间。
由于追求外光和色彩的表现,印象主义画家主要把身边的生活琐事和直接见闻作为题材,多描绘现实中的人物和自然风景。在构图上多截取客观物象的某个片断或场景来处理画面,打破了写生与创作的界限。[3]
印象主义画家先后举办了8次展览 ,前两次均受到当时舆论界的猛烈抨击,以后逐渐成为具有很大影响的美术流派,并扩大到其他艺术领域。印象主义绘画在形成和发展过程中,曾得到E.马奈的支持与鼓舞。
创作特点
印象派强调人对外界物体的光和影的感觉和印象,在创作技法上反对因循守旧,主张艺术的革新。
绘画技巧方面,印象派对光和色进行了探讨,研究出用外光描写对象的方法,并认识到色彩的变化是由色光造成的:色彩是随着观察位置,受光状态的不同和环境的影响而发生变化。
印象派着重于描绘自然的霎那景象,使一瞬成为永恒,并将这种科学原理运用到绘画中。印象派观察、直接感受表现色彩变化的微妙的画风,影响后来的现代艺术非常深远。
早期印象派追求光的描写,把画架从室内搬到户外,在野外作画,因此又称为外光派。
印象派脱离了以往艺术形式对历史和宗教的依赖,艺术家们大胆地抛弃了传统的创作观念和公式。艺术家将焦点转移到纯粹的视觉感受形式上,作品的内容和主题变得不再重要,和表现主义表现内心情感、忽视描绘对象的外在形象不同。

English Introductio

In nineteenth Century the Western Art Center in France, master of French painting is still a powerful official school. Draw circles in France in the second half of nineteenth Century a part of young artists against the official school of art, because of their innovative work in the official salon and not strongly opposed to official censorship, they require the art of innovation and creative freedom, often gathered in Paris's Cafe Gail Beauvais, free exchange of opinions on art, seek common the road of art innovation.
In the latter half of the nineteenth Century, an important painting movement in France, including a group of artists who held similar views and adopted similar techniques during the period from 1867 to 1886. These painters are very distinctive personality, very practical, there is no specific principles of common compliance. But the most obvious characteristic of Impressionism is trying to objectively describe the visual reality of ephemeral moments is mainly the relationship between the performance of pure light.
In a broad sense, the term is sometimes used for other Impressionist Art in the late nineteenth Century (usually refers to the music, but sometimes also refers to the literature, they) the technique and effect of impressionist painting with similar. The main impressionist painter Monet, Ma Nai, Pissarro, Renoir, Sisley (Alfred Sisley), Pedja (Edgar Degas), Molisuo (Berthe Morisot), Guilloman (Armand Guillaumin) and Bazille (Frederic Bazille), they work together, mutual influence, and with independent works, only to seek official approval MANET exception. These painters in his early writing career, many of the European art rule of the sacred rules of the religious order for 200 years of dissatisfaction.
In late 1860s, Manet's art reflects a new aesthetic point of view, the first ever liberated creative methods to centering on the theme of painters from the traditional dominant; he advocated focusing on strictly part of the art of painting - color and form. At about the same time, Monet, Renoir, Pissarro, Sisley and Bazille in landscape painting to explore a more direct method to depict brilliant light and color. Monet with his keen eyes of the lead rise above the common herd. At that time, scientific research in this area showed that color is not the intrinsic property of an object, but the light reflected by the object. In the view of the impact of these artists, to explore an effective method to break the single object, seemingly immutable and frozen "inherent" color; they are trying to capture the objects of nature in the specific time that fleeting color, a kind of atmosphere, distance and other objects around effect color. They start by drawing water, and many of the colors reflected in the water are shown as they have seen. They took this approach to expand from the building to all other objects in the sky, brush short and clear, far see a bunch of mixed colors, is without blending colors to depict the reflection of the sun from the color of every hue. Under the inspiration of Manet's "pure painting" experiment, they try to find the most distinctive color theme, usually no longer pay attention to emotional and literary characteristics.
In 1874, the artists held their first independent exhibition to compete with the official salon at the Academy of Fine Arts, which has repeatedly refused to show most of their work. "Impression: Sunrise" Monet painting (1872, now in the possession of Paris horse Museum Tanzania Musee friction Marmottan), initially sent people with this name at the Impressionist painter. They held 7 exhibitions, the last time in 1886. In the meantime, they continue to develop their own personality and style. After 1886, the Impressionist group announced the dissolution. Although the existence of the time is very short, but in the history of art has completed a revolution, so that the future of the western painting can be drawn from the relationship between the artist and the subject matter of the liberation of the shackles.In music, Debussy is generally considered to be the major impressionist. The music of Debuchy from his first work to the last work, each have different characteristics, so only about 1892 to 1903 years to complete the music and style with the late works of this period of music like, can be said to have the general meaning of impressionism. His works have the impression opera "Pelli Yayse and Meryl Sander" (Pelleas et Melisande, 1902 Premiere), "cloud" symphonic poem ("nocturne" Nocturnes, 1899) and Piano "sail" (see "prelude" two sets of Douze Preludes 1, 1910). The other is considered to belong to the Impressionist composer Ravel (Maurice Ravel), Dai Liushi (Frederick Delius), Ray Gao Beki (Ottorino Respighi), Seemann Andrianof J Ki (Karol Maciej Szymanowski) and Gerd Leigh Faith (Charles Griffes). The Impressionist music is often considered refers to a delicate and negative emotional clutter, ambiguous music. The characteristics of Impressionist music, or rather it is stiff, restraint and calm, as a result of the pure sound as a composer of beauty and mysterious purpose itself, thus forming the rich and colorful effect. "Although it is considered to be a movement to get rid of overindulgence of romanticism, but many of its features can be in some is also known as the pioneer of expressionism romantic composers (such as Lester, Wagner and Scriabin Aleksandr Scria! Bin) to find the source works.
Impressionism literature, is a kind of highly personalized writing techniques generally reflect the writer's personal temperament. Some writers with a strong appeal and is considered to be the Impressionism and painting par, they are Thomas Man (Thomas Mann), Heresy (Herman Hesse), Ford (F. Madox Ford) and wo (Evelyn Waugh).

English Introduction

concept
The common characteristics of Impressionist paintings is obvious strokes without modification and composition, boundless, especially in the light changes, the impression of time, and in the ordinary things in life as a description of the object.
background
In the course of the development of Western painting, the artist will always be the scientific achievements of the art creation. Because the optical and color research results come out, and later by Rice Henry put the light and color combination and aesthetics, applied to the rules of art, the pursuit of innovation and painters influenced and inspired them to try the pure "light" description, analysis and new color, and the natural sciences the rules and their artistic ideas combine creation. They think all the objects in nature are irradiated with light, to show its image; and all images are combined with different colors, light from the sun is composed of seven primary colors. If there is no light and color, there is no world. They also argue that artists need to know the world, mainly from the "light" and "color" views on the understanding of "light" and "color" since becoming the center of the world, is also a painter known as the center of the world, so the painter's task is how to show the effect of color and light. "Light" for the "color" of the mother, only light colored, the world of any specific objects and events only convey light and color media. Its significance is secondary! This kind of artistic idea becomes their dominant thought, thus dominating their creative activities.
Because of their "light" and "color" as the main purpose of the painter pursuit, will inevitably be the artist's understanding of objective things stay in the sensory stage, stop in the "instant" impression, which led to the creation of efforts to portray things instant impression, feeling expression phenomenon, thus negating essence and the content of things. In their eyes the world is equal in the sun. Renoir once said: "nature, no poor divide. In the sun, dilapidated cottage can be seen as the same with the palace, the emperor noble and poor beggar is equal." This kind of artistic concept leads them to portray the light in their works". Only in the form of art, ignore and even deny the content of art. As Zola said: "the impressionist painting is to give people the feeling, rather than thought." So what we see in the Impressionist paintings is a combination of color and full of sunshine, full of air. Generally speaking the Impressionist creation only heavy feeling, ignore the ideological essence, replaced by instant phenomenon; with exercises instead of creation; to replace material to replace the subject; accidental inevitable to replace the main secondary. Since it is a feeling, it must be subjective, so the impressionist painting depicts the subjective objective things. This marks a break with the traditional artistic concepts and methods of artistic expression and artistic effect. So Impressionism is an epoch-making art genre in the history of Western painting. Undeniable Impressionist painters are found in the analysis and Exploration on the color in the sun, the light and color performance to enrich the painting skills, they advocate out of the studio, in the face of nature of painting, with a rapid gimmick grasp instant impression, make the picture appear unusual fresh and vivid feeling, reveals the nature of the splendid scene, which is a great contribution to the artistic creation. Their art belongs to the category of realism, which is the reflection of the pursuit of democracy, freedom and equality. Their artistic creation is of innovation and progress.
produce
Impressionism is the inevitable result of the development of Western painting. Since sixteenth Century, Venice began painting painting depicting attention light and color, especially Titian, then through Lubensi, Velazquez, Rembrandt, HALS and Vermeer, in their works are shining the charming colors, especially good at depicting the sun Vermeer, he had described the sunny room, is the pioneer of impressionism; British landscape painting master Turner and Constable painting is full of sunshine and Air France, Delacroix treasured in his own painting has tried to act, people called him "the impressionist painter; open the window" Barbizon painters have their easel outdoors in nature to sketch to the view. Open the door for impressionist painter Courbet's paintings; has been full of sunshine, he's been called "the father of impressionism", Above all the masters of the exploration achievements, must produce the impressionism.Due to the pressing of official school, this group of young artists to explore innovative works cannot be exhibited in the salon, and they jointly held in 1863 the "unsuccessful Salon", suffered a serious attack from the classical school. Young artists did not lose heart, and his struggle for 10 years, in 1874 in downtown Paris, held a shocking "nameless artist, painting painter, sculptor, printmaker Association" exhibition. A painting of Monet in the exhibition, entitled "impression sunrise". A writer named Leroi published an essay on the exhibition, entitled "an impressionist exhibition". "Impressionism" thus named. Held in 1876 second exhibition, 20 artists in this exhibition, simply hit the "Impressionism Exhibition" banner, then boarded a French impressionist painting, extended to Europe, affecting the world.
As the Impressionist school of painting in france. In March 25, 1874, C. P.-A. Renoir, Monet, Pissarro, Sisley, C. A. E. P. B., Cezanne Degas, Morisot and a group of young French painter in Paris held a nameless painter and sculptor, printmaker for exhibition, a painting entitled "sunrise impression" painting Monet exhibition is a topic the reporter wrote in their views of borrowing, this exhibition is "at the Impressionist painters Exhibition", then the name of Impressionism or impressionist.
Artistic views
In view of art, Impressionist painters against the leading classical school, against the increasingly fall into the stereotypes and artificial romantic painting, but in the promotion of C. Connor, Barbizon school and G. Courbet's realistic style under the absorption of Holland, Britain, Spain, Japan and other countries, China painting nutrition, at the same time by modern science, especially optical inspiration, that all colors are produced in the light, so they are based on the spectra of red orange yellow green blue purple color to color. Because the light is changing, they think only capture the momentary light to reveal the secrets of nature. So pay attention to research and performance of the external light in the painting, stand outdoors in the sun, according to eye observation and field sense of painting, showing images under the irradiation of light, subtle changes in color. The Impressionist paintings in the shadow of the processing, the traditional painting black instead of brightness blue and purple color. Due to personal interest, Impressionist painters are divided into light and heavy color and shape and sketch of two types, the former to Monet, Renoir as the representative, the latter to degas as representative, Pissarro is somewhere in between.
Because the pursuit of the light and color performance, mainly to the Impressionist painters life and direct knowledge around as the theme, many characters portrayed in reality and the natural scenery. In the composition of a multi object scenes interception to handle images, breaking the boundaries of painting and writing. [3]
The impressionist painter has held 8 exhibitions, the first two were severely criticized by public opinions at that time, after gradually become a great impact in art schools, and expanded to other fields of art. Impressionist painting in the process of formation and development, has received support and encouragement E. manet.
Creation characteristics
Impressionism emphasizes the light and shadow of objects outside the feeling and impression in the creation technique against conservative, advocates the art of innovation.
The painting technique, discusses the Impressionist light and color, with light research object description method, and realize the color change is caused by color: the color is light with the observation position, different state and environment change.
Impressionism focuses on depiction of natural that scene, the moment will become eternal, and the scientific principle is applied to the painting. Direct observation, Impressionist color changing subtle feelings of modern art style, very profound influence later.
Early Impressionist light description, the easel from indoors to the outdoors, in the field of painting, also known as pleinairism.
Impressionism has been separated from the past art form to the history and the religious dependence, the artists boldly abandoned the traditional creation idea and the formula. The artist will focus to a purely visual experience form, content and theme works will become less important, and the expressionism inner feelings, ignore the external image description of different objects.

美术家百科推荐
美术百科信息统计与合作
  • 1
  • 2
关于美术网

美术网(www.meishu.com)专注解决美术家网络推广问题,全力打造美术家专属网络经纪人服务,美术网站内设美术搜索,网络美术展,美术报,美术知识库,名家档案,美术视频库,资源库,美术论坛,美术高考网及书画衍生品的加工与分销等为一体的名画库等总共20余个栏目,我们以弘扬中华民族的文化事业为己任,以建设世界一流的美术文化生态系统为目标,诚邀合作共赢。

Copyright (c) 2013-2019 中国美术网 All Rights Reserved 鲁ICP备12031715号-1 法律顾问:杨俊涛律师 客服QQ:800015090 微信①:4081532
会员 客服 名家 我的
复制链接 微信 QQ好友 QQ空间 新浪微博