巴伯罗·毕加索 (1881-1973)从十九世纪末从事艺术活动，一直持续到二十世纪七十年代最具有影响力的现代派画家。 一生画法和风格迭变。早期画近似表现派的主题；后注目重原始艺术简化形象。1915-1920年，画风一度转入写实。1930年又明显的倾向于超现实主义。晚期制作了大量的雕塑和陶器等，亦有杰出的成就。他的作品对现代西方艺术流派有很大的影响。
这个运动的起源是西班牙画家毕加索（Pablo picasso，1881—1973）示来自非洲雕塑的t程式化几何形，和后印象派（Post-lmpressionism）画家赛尚（Paul Cezanne 1839—1906）他主意到画家应该“用圆柱和球体及圆锥处理自然，”这幅画是处理空间表达人的感情的新探素。把人像抽象成为几何形的面，且打破了人像的古典标准。
透视的空间幻觉让位于两向平面的摸糊一移动。人们同时从多个视点看那坐着的人像。毕加索在后几年里与他的亲密合作者勃洛克（Georges Braque 1881—1963）把立体派发展成为艺术运动，用创造无限可能性的造形，代替描绘外貌。人们称他们1910—1912年前后的作品为分析的立体派。
格里斯（Juan Gris 1887—1927）是综合立体主义发展中的一位主要画家。例如1912年毕加索肖像组合自然构图和画面空间的独立结构设计。首先，他计划了精确的构图结构，用黄金分割比例和模数的构图网格，然后他“把主题放在”这个设计方案上。格里斯对几何形艺术和设计的发展深有影响；他的绘画有点基于感性的艺术，和由各几何形面相互关系实现的艺术之间的“中途停息所”。
他更接近象他在“城市”这幅画中的视觉感受。他把色彩、形状招贴和城市环境建筑的感受—信息的一瞥和片断一集和到由许多鲜明色彩的平面组成的构图中。在这幅绘画中的字形，和利格为沈达勒（Blaise Cendrar）的书“世界末日”（La Fin du Monde）。。。。。的视觉传达作品，指向几何字形的道路。他的近乎象形文的程式化人像和物体，是图面现代主义（Pictorial Modernism）的主要启示，而图画现代主义在20年代成为复兴的招贴艺术的主要推进力量。利格的平涂色彩面、城市主题和他的轮廓明确的机器造形，帮助确定第一次大战后现代设计的情调。
Three dimensional School: Cubism
A movement and genre in the history of western modern art. In 1908, it began in france. The occurrence of this name contains the. In 1908, G. Braque exhibited in Kahn weller Gallery, Matisse criticized Black's painting is depicted in the cube. Critic L. Gil. Blass Arguelles in "piston" magazine quoted this commented: "Mr. Braque will restore everything...... A cube ", hence the name of this style.
The Lord is cubist P. Picasso and Braque. Picasso's painting "playing the mandolin girls" (1910),
The factors were considered to contain works of cubism.
Cubism method has experienced a process of brewing. At the beginning of twentieth Century, Paris painting is very active. Following the Impressionism, symbolism, young artists pay more attention to innovation, to show people in the rapid changes in the industrial society in the inner emotional and psychological.
New schools have emerged in France, Germany, Italy and russia. In France, following the rise of Fauvism, another group of literature in the "flow of homemade monmarte laundry" party. In Picasso, Braque, M., G., A. salmonis apoilinaire Laurencin, M. J., F. Griess, reynaldo Leger etc..
They have the support dealer D.-H. Kahn Weller in 1907, he opened a gallery in Paris, which is known as cubism community. Participate in the activities of R., as well as cubism delaune gleizes A..
In 1910, J. vinyon as the center, set up a new Cubist community, often known as pitot in France, pitot group. Holland, Mexico artist P. Rivera and Mondrian pitot group contact. They gave the analysis of Cubism by order and rules, so as to promote the Cubism toward a more abstract and subjective direction.
From the beginning of 1912, Picasso and other comprehensive test of cubism. In the analysis of the structure and clear broken Cubism, still retains a strong light and a sense of space. The artist observes the objects observed in different states and different viewpoints, and is focused on a single plane.
Comprehensive analysis of anatomy, from cubism is no longer a certain object to proceed, but the use of a variety of different material combinations to create a new motif, and the use of physical collage artists trying to make close to the life of ordinary real.
As the art movement of cubism in early 1914 will lose vitality. The concept of art is full of cubism. It mainly pursues the beauty of a geometric shape, the pursuit of the form of the combination of the aesthetic. It negates the traditional way of observing things and expressing things from one perspective, and the three dimensional space is reduced to a flat, two-dimensional space.
Do not look at things from a point of view, from a different point of view to observe and understand the shape of the screen, so as to show the continuity of time. In this way, we do not rely mainly on visual experience and perceptual knowledge, but mainly rely on reason, ideas and thinking.
The two major factors: one is the analysis of Cubism abstract visual Cezanne painting, "the nature of the objects can be composed of spherical, conical, cylindrical representation"; the other is Picasso found in the African National mask, anti naturalism style. From Picasso's "Yawei farm girl" you can see the combination of these two concepts.Although as a branch of the golden agency cubism in 1920 and 1925 continue to hold exhibitions, but as the Cubism art movement in early 1914 will lose vitality. The concept of art is full of cubism. It mainly pursues the beauty of a geometric shape, the pursuit of the form of the combination of the aesthetic.
It negates the traditional way of observing things and expressing things from one perspective, and the three dimensional space is reduced to a flat, two-dimensional space. The taste of light and shade, light, air and atmosphere is made up of the shape and the surface of the line, the surface of the block and the accumulation of the fun and mood. Do not look at things from a point of view, from a different point of view to observe and understand the shape of the screen, so as to show the continuity of time. In this way, we do not rely mainly on visual experience and perceptual knowledge, but mainly rely on reason, ideas and thinking.
It is a kind of art school with rich ideas, the main purpose is to pursue the beauty of a geometric form, the aesthetic feeling of the arrangement and combination of the form. It negates the traditional way of looking at things from one point of view and expressing things, and the three dimensional space into a plane. Because of the different views of the observation and understanding of the shape of the appeal to the screen, thus showing the continuity of time.
With the straight line, the contour of the curve, the surface of the block and the accumulation of interest and sentiment, to replace the traditional light and shade, light, air, gas surrounded by the fun. Obviously, these skills are not dependent on the visual experience and perceptual knowledge, but mainly depend on reason, idea and thinking.Pablo Picasso
Pablo Picasso (1881-1973) engaged in artistic activities from the end of nineteenth Century, until the most influential modernist painter in 1970s. Life style and style. The early painting is similar to the theme of expressionism; the latter pays more attention to the simplification of primitive art. 1915-1920, once transferred to the realistic style. In 1930, there was a clear tendency toward surrealism. A large number of sculptures and pottery were produced in the late period. His works have a great influence on the modern western art schools.
George Burak (Georges Braque, 1882 - 1963), French painter, representative of cubism. Senna was born on May 13, 1882 in Riverside Argenteuil, his father is a real estate broker. August 31, 1963 in Paris. His influence is no less than that of Picasso. He is the founder, and Picasso with cubism and the name "Cubism" or by his works and. In addition, the cubist movement has a number of innovations are made by him, for example, the letters and numbers into the painting, by means of collage, etc..
Most of the works of Braque still life painting and landscape painting, style simple, rigorous and unified. "He is analysis of all other Cubist artists can not be reduced to more specific and incisive, brings rare color harmony and any of his companions are incapable of action elegant smooth lines.
In 1907, he met with Picasso, overwhelmed by the deep works of "Ya Weinong girls", two people became friends, common planning from cubism. Braque and Picasso in the analysis of the Cubism period works, style is very close, so as to put together the enemy is for the people.
This is a rare phenomenon in the history of art. Two people not only the same painting, but also very similar to the selected topics. They all prefer to draw a musical instrument. Braque in the picture for image decomposition, more extreme than Picasso. He is the most shape analysis in the still life experiment. Perhaps this is because the painting to say it to him less constraint.
There is a strong tendency of formalism of cubism in the anti traditional slogan. However, its exploration in the form of art, but also to the modern arts and crafts, decorative arts, architectural art and other forms of practical arts focus on the form of a small role in promoting.
Cubism through the creation of an independent and natural design concept, to start a new art tradition and observation methods, the end of the 400 year old Renaissance painting tradition.
The origin of this motion is the Spanish painter Picasso (Pablo Picasso, 1881 - 1973) shows from African sculpture t stylized geometric shape, and post impressionist painter Sishan (Post-lmpressionism) (Paul Cezanne 1839 - 1906) he noticed the painter should "use cylinder and sphere and cone with nature," this painting is a new exploration of treatment the expression of one's feelings in space. The portrait is abstracted into a geometric surface, and breaks the classical standard of portrait.
The perspective of the illusion of space allows the two plane to move a paste. At the same time, people look at the sitting figure from multiple perspectives. Picasso and his close cooperation in the next few years (1881 - 1963 Georges block Braque) to become the Cubist art movement, with the creation of infinite possibilities form, instead of depicting the appearance. People call them 1910 to 1912 before and after the work of three-dimensional analysis.
During this period, artists often analyze various aspects of the subject from different perspectives, and use these perceptual knowledge to form a picture composed of a rhythmic geometry. The three-dimensional form of visual language become real, to create a highly artistic structure. Analysis of the Cubist has a compelling charm, the picture structure and rational sense really attractive, and are often in conflict between the challenge and interpretation of the theme, which caused tensions unresolved, which has the charm to stimulate interest.
In 1912, Picasso Blok put the collage elements into their works. Collage allows independent theme free composition, and the expression of the painting is two objects to reality. Collage elements can represent objects. For example, Picasso put the chair with a tarpaulin attached to the Teng pattern in a picture, on behalf of a chair. In the sense of touch, they often take shape and newspapers as a combination of visual words.
In 1913, to the development of the so-called Synthetic Cubism Cubism (Synifhefic Cubism) Cubist Painters based on past observations, creating a symbolic form, rather than the performance of the theme of the form. Describe the nature of an object and its external appearance.
Griess (Juan Gris, 1887 - 1927) is one of the main painters in the development of synthetic cubism. For example, in 1912, Picasso portrait combination of natural composition and screen space of the independent structure design. First of all, he planned the precise composition of the structure, with the golden scale and the modulus of the composition of the grid, and then he "put the theme on" the design. Griess has a profound influence on the development of the geometric art and design; his paintings are based on the perceptual art, and the art of "midway"".
Join the cubist movement around Picasso and Griess of the artists in the League (Fernand Leger1881 1955). It also allows the Cubism to move away from the creator's initial shock. From about 1910, ljig than other Cubist artists more seriously about the famous motto, cylinder, ball and cone Cezanne, like "naked in the forest" theme was turned into a large colorful stove smoke, scattered in the picture. Ljig may develop to the pure color and shape the relationship between art, but his citizens in the French working class in four years of military service, and he developed during the war to strengthen the vision, to his more recognizable, more accessible and more popular style.
He is closer to his visual perception of the city. He put the color, shape and poster city environment of the building feel the glimpse of a piece of information and to set a plane composed of many brilliant colors in the picture. In the painting of the font, and - Shen Dale (Blaise Cendrar) of the book "the end of the world" (La Fin Du Monde)..... The visual communication works, pointing to the geometric shape of the road. Stylized portraits and objects near his pictograph, is drawing Modernism (Pictorial Modernism) the main enlightenment, and pictorial modernism in 20s to become the main driving force for the revival of the poster art. - the plane color surface, the theme of city and his clear outline of machine form, to help determine the modern design of the first World War after the mood.