维克多鲍里索夫穆萨托夫Victor Borisov-Musatov

维克多鲍里索夫穆萨托夫(1870年11月8日-1905年10月26日])是俄罗斯著名的画家,俄罗斯象征主义风格的创造者。鲍里索夫出生在 萨拉托夫 (他补充说,俄罗斯的姓氏鲍里索夫后)。他的父亲是一个小的铁路官员曾出生为 农奴 。在他的童年,他遭受了脊髓损伤,这使他 驼背 他的余生。1884他进入萨拉托夫 真正的学校 作为一个艺术家,在被他的老师瓦西里耶夫和Konovalov发现了他的才华,Fedor。

  • 中文名维克多鲍里索夫穆萨托夫
  • 外文名Victor Borisov-Musatov
  • 性别
  • 国籍俄罗斯
  • 出生日期1870年11月8日
  • 逝世日期1905年10月26日
中文介绍
English is introduced

维克托鲍里索夫- musatov" data-src="Victor Borisov-Musatov" style="background: none transparent scroll repeat 0% 0%"> Victor Borisov-Musatov

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

维克多elpidiforovich鲍里索夫Musatov" data-src="Victor Elpidiforovich Borisov-Musatov" style="background: none transparent scroll repeat 0% 0%"> Victor Elpidiforovich Borisov-Musatov  ( 罗斯人" data-src="Russian"> Russian :  Ви́ктор Эльпидифо́рович Бори́сов-Муса́тов), (April 14 [ O.S. April 2] 1870 - November 8 [ O.S. October 26] 1905) was a 罗斯人" data-src="Russian" style="background: none transparent scroll repeat 0% 0%"> Russian  painter, prominent for his unique  Post-Impressionistic  style that mixed Symbolism , pure decorative style and  realism . Together with  Mikhail Vrubel  he is often referred as the creator of  Russian Symbolism  style.

Biography

 

The Pool. 1902

Victor Musatov was born in  萨拉托夫" data-src="Saratov"> Saratov 罗斯的姓氏鲍里索夫后)。他的父亲是一个小的铁路官员曾出生为" data-src=", Russia (he added the last name Borisov later). His father was a minor railway official who had been born as a " style="background: none transparent scroll repeat 0% 0%"> , Russia (he added the last name Borisov later). His father was a minor railway official who had been born as a  serf . In his childhood he suffered a spinal injury, which made him  humpbacked 萨拉托夫" data-src=" for the rest of his life. In 1884 he entered Saratov " style="background: none transparent scroll repeat 0% 0%">  for the rest of his life. In 1884 he entered Saratov  real school , where his talents as an artist were discovered by his teachers Fedor Vasiliev and Konovalov.

He was enrolled in the  Moscow School of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture  in 1890, transferring the next year to the  Imperial Academy of Arts  in  彼得堡" data-src="Saint-Petersburg"> Saint-Petersburg , where he was a pupil of  Pavel Chistyakov 维克托的健康良好,1893年他被迫返回" data-src=". The damp climate of Saint-Petersburg was not good for Victor's health and in 1893 he was forced to return to " style="background: none transparent scroll repeat 0% 0%"> . The damp climate of Saint-Petersburg was not good for Victor's health and in 1893 he was forced to return to  Moscow  and re-enroll to the Moscow School of painting, sculpturing and architecture. His earlier works like May flowers, 1894  were labelled  decadent 领袖。" data-src=" by the school administration, who sharply criticised him for making no distinction between the girls and the apple trees in his quest for a decorative effect. The same works however were praised by his peers, who considered him to be the leader of the new art movement." style="background: none transparent scroll repeat 0% 0%">  by the school administration, who sharply criticised him for making no distinction between the girls and the apple trees in his quest for a decorative effect. The same works however were praised by his peers, who considered him to be the leader of the new art movement.

维克多再次离开莫斯科学绘画,雕塑和建筑纳入" data-src="In 1895 Victor once again left Moscow School of painting, sculpturing and architecture and enrolled in " style="background: none transparent scroll repeat 0% 0%"> In 1895 Victor once again left Moscow School of painting, sculpturing and architecture and enrolled in  科尔蒙" data-src="Fernand Cormon" style="background: none transparent scroll repeat 0% 0%"> Fernand Cormon 's school in  Paris 萨拉托夫。他着迷于他的法国同时代的艺术,特别是绘画之父”的法国象征主义”" data-src=". He studied there for three years, returning in summer months to Saratov. He was fascinated by the art of his French contemporaries, and especially by the paintings of "the father of French Symbolism" " style="background: none transparent scroll repeat 0% 0%"> . He studied there for three years, returning in summer months to Saratov. He was fascinated by the art of his French contemporaries, and especially by the paintings of "the father of French Symbolism"  皮埃尔·皮维·德·夏凡纳" data-src="Pierre Puvis de Chavannes"> Pierre Puvis de Chavannes  and by the work of  莫里索" data-src="Berthe Morisot"> Berthe Morisot .

 

The Emerald Necklace

罗斯,立刻就成了什么叫做“翼德四èCLE怀旧”。他抱怨“残酷的、真正的铁器时代”、“肮脏和无聊”,“魔鬼的沼泽”,他患的是急性的钱的问题,一定程度上缓解了只有在他生命的最后几年,当收藏家开始买他的画。Musatov的反应是创建一个半虚幻世界中的第十九世纪的贵族,他们的公园和席位的国家。这个世界是部分基于王子prozorvky地产—" data-src="In 1898 Borisov-Musatov returned to Russia and almost immediately fell into what it is called "fin de siècle nostalgia". He complained about "the cruel, the truly iron age", "dirt and boredom", "devil's bog", and he had acute money problems that were somewhat alleviated only in the last years of his life when collectors started to buy his paintings. Musatov's response was creating a half-illusory world of the 19th century nobility, their parks and country-seats. This world was partially based on the estate of princes Prozorvky-" style="background: none transparent scroll repeat 0% 0%"> In 1898 Borisov-Musatov returned to Russia and almost immediately fell into what it is called "fin de siècle nostalgia". He complained about "the cruel, the truly iron age", "dirt and boredom", "devil's bog", and he had acute money problems that were somewhat alleviated only in the last years of his life when collectors started to buy his paintings. Musatov's response was creating a half-illusory world of the 19th century nobility, their parks and country-seats. This world was partially based on the estate of princes Prozorvky- Galitzines  Zubrilovka  and partially just on Musatov's imagination. Borisov-Musatov also abandoned oil paintings for the mixed  tempera  and  watercolor  and  pastel  techniques that he found more suitable for the subtle visual effects he was trying to create.

Borisov-Musatov was a member of the  罗斯艺术家联盟" data-src="Union of Russian Artists"> Union of Russian Artists  and one of the founders and the leader of the  Moscow Association of Artists , a progressive artistic organization that brought together  Pavel Kuznetsov ,  彼得Utkin" data-src="Peter Utkin"> Peter Utkin ,  Alexander Matveyev ,  Martiros Saryan ,  Nikolai Sapunov , and  Sergei Sudeikin .

 

The Pool. Sketch

The most famous painting of that time is  The Pool, 1902 . The painting depicts two most important women in his life: his sister, Yelena Musatova and his bride (later wife), artist Yelena Alexandrova. The people are woven into the landscape of an old park with a pond.

Another famous painting is  The Phantoms. 1903  depicting ghosts on the steps of an old country manor. The painting was praised by the contemporary Symbolist poets  Valery Bryusov  and  Andrey Bely .

In 1904 Borisov-Musatov had a very successful solo exhibition in a number of cities in  Germany , and in the spring of 1905 he exhibited with  Salon de la Société des Artistes Français  and became a member of this society.

The last finished painting of Borisov-Musatov was  Requiem . Devoted to the memory of Nadezhda Staniukovich, a close friend of the artist, the painting may indicate Borisov-Musatov's evolution towards the  Neo-classical style.

Borisov-Musatov died on October 26,  O.S.  1905 of a  heart attack  and is buried on a bank of  Oka River  near  Tarusa . On his tomb there is a sculpture of a sleeping boy by Musatov's follower  Alexander Matveyev .

 

中文介绍

 鲍里索夫出生在 萨拉托夫 (他补充说,俄罗斯的姓氏鲍里索夫后)。他的父亲是一个小的铁路官员曾出生为 农奴 。在他的童年,他遭受了脊髓损伤,这使他 驼背 他的余生。1884他进入萨拉托夫 真正的学校 作为一个艺术家,在被他的老师瓦西里耶夫和Konovalov发现了他的才华,Fedor。

 

他被编入 莫斯科学校的绘画,雕塑和建筑 1890,转移到明年 皇家艺术学院 进入 圣彼得堡 ,在那里他是一个学生 帕维尔Chistyakov 。Saint Petersburg的气候潮湿,不是为维克托的健康良好,1893年他被迫返回 莫斯科 并重新注册为莫斯科画派、雕塑与建筑。他的早期作品 幸运花,1894年 标记 颓废 由学校管理,他严厉批评他让女孩和他所追求的一种装饰效果的苹果树之间没有区别。同样的工作却受到了同行的好评,他们认为他是新艺术运动的领袖

 

1895维克多再次离开莫斯科学绘画,雕塑和建筑纳入 费尔南·科尔蒙 的学校 巴黎 。他在那里学习了三年,回国在夏季的几个月里,萨拉托夫。他着迷于他的法国同时代的艺术,特别是绘画之父”的法国象征主义” 皮埃尔·皮维·德·夏凡纳 通过工作 贝尔特·莫里索

 

English Introduction

 Borisov was born in Saratov (he added that Russia's last name after Borisov). His father was a small railway official who was born as a serf. In his childhood, he suffered a spinal cord injury, which made him the rest of his life. 1884 he entered the real school in Saratov as an artist, his teacher Vasiliev and Konovalov found his talent, Fedor.

He was enrolled in the Moscow School of painting, sculpture and architecture 1890, moved to Royal College of Art next year to enter St Petersburg, where he was a student of Pavel Chistyakov. Saint Petersburg of the humid climate, not for Victor's good health, he was forced to return to Moscow in 1893 and re registered for the Moscow School of painting, sculpture and architecture. His early works, the lucky flower, 1894 marked the decadence of the school management, and he severely criticized him for making no distinction between the girl and the apple tree he was seeking a decorative effect. The same job was praised by his peers, who thought he was the leader of the new art movement.

1895 Victor once again left the science of painting, sculpture and architecture into the Paris School of Fernand Cormon. He studied there for three years, returning home in the summer months, Saratov. He was fascinated by his French contemporary art, especially painting "the father of French Symbolism" through the work of Belt Morisot Pierre Pivi de Havana.

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