扬·凡·斯科列里Scorel, Jan van

扬·凡·斯科列里(1495年- 1562年6月)是荷兰画家。意大利文艺复兴时期的绘画到荷兰和佛兰芒文艺复兴时期绘画的引进起主导作用。

  • 中文名扬·凡·斯科列里
  • 外文名Jan van Scorel
  • 性别
  • 国籍荷兰
  • 出生日期1495年
  • 逝世日期1562年6月
  • 职业画家
传记

 凡Scorel出生于斯霍尔,北部阿尔克马尔,靠近的Egmond修道院。目前还不知道他是否开始了下他的研究阿尔克马尔大师,彼得Gerritsz在哈勒姆,雅各Cornelisz在阿姆斯特丹,或扬Gossaert在乌得勒支,但可以肯定的是,最后两个人的绘画大师,他会在以后的满足他生活中,谁都会对他的技术的影响最大。凡Scorel被记录在哈勒姆在1517年,他或许与同时代合作马腾面包车Heemskerck,谁喜欢他,已经诞生近阿尔克马尔(他们当然在合作中哈莱姆1528)。

 

1524年一月Gossaert被记录在Duurstede城堡,乌得勒支附近,那里的Jan van Scorel是他的学生。[4]凡Scorel开始走访乌得勒支通过后,欧洲二十出头的旅行。在1518年至1522年,他被登记威尼斯,[3]一路上,前往纽伦堡上通过,然后奥地利阿尔卑斯山。在村庄上韦拉赫在1520年,他完成了在圣马丁教堂。他的第一个代表作,有“Sippenaltar” 乔尔乔是他在任职期间的面包车Scorel具有相当影响力的威尼斯。离开威尼斯后,[3]面包车Scorel在罗马 1522年至1524年,并提出了朝圣的圣地。他在经历耶路撒冷在他的许多后期作品的描绘。也许面包车Scorel的例子鼓励面包车Heemskerck晚些时候前往罗马自己。

 

在1521年,面包车Scorel回到了罗马,在那里他遇到了荷兰教皇教皇阿德里安六世,谁他可能已经在乌特勒支相见恨晚。教皇任命他画家到梵蒂冈。教皇坐在由Van Scorel肖像。凡Scorel经历的影响,米开朗基罗拉斐尔,并成功拉斐尔作为守护者丽城。

 

当他回到荷兰于1524年,他在乌得勒支定居[3] ,在那里他开始了一个成功的职业生涯作为一个画家和一个老师。凡Scorel是一个很有教养的人,技术精湛的工程师和建筑师,以及作为一个艺术家。他还多语种,无疑为他的旅行的结果。他做了计划,建立一个圩田在他的家乡北荷兰,叫做Zijpe- EN Hazepolder,即后来被他的朋友从资金安特卫普,商家Servaes德黑泽。[5]也许是因为在这圩田的工作,他注册在哈莱姆在1528年,[3] ,在那里他合作过Heemskerck,并与学校有没有帮助Dirck Volckertszoon Coornhert后来运行。

 

English Introduction

 All Scorel were born in Holzer, north of Alkmaar, near the Egmond monastery. It is not known whether he began his study of the Alkmaar masters, Peter Gerritsz in Haarlem, Jacob Cornelisz in Amsterdam, or Yang Gossaert in Utrecht, but it is certain that the last two personal painting master, he will meet later in his life, who will influence on his biggest technology. Where Scorel was recorded in Haarlem in 1517, he may be with the same time cooperation Maarten van Heemskerck, who love him, was born near Alkmaar (of course they cooperate in Harlem, 1528).

January 1524 Gossaert was recorded at Duurstede castle, near Utrecht, where Jan van Scorel is his student. [4] where Scorel began to visit Utrecht, Europe's twenty years after the trip. From 1518 to 1522, he was registered in Venice, [3] along the way, went to Nuremberg to go through, and then Austria the Alps. In the village on 1520, he completed the church in Saint Martin. His first masterpiece, there was "Sippenaltar" Giorgio was a very influential Venice during his tenure in Van Scorel. After leaving Venice, [3] van Scorel in Rome from 1522 to 1524, and made a pilgrimage to the Holy land. He is experiencing the depiction of many of his later works in Jerusalem. Perhaps van Scorel's example encourages van Heemskerck to travel to Rome later.

In 1521, van Scorel returned to Rome, where he met Holland Pope Adrian VI, who he may have been in Utrecht xiangjianhenwan. The Pope appointed him to the vatican. The Pope sits on a portrait by Van Scorel. Where the effects of experience Scorel, Michelangelo and Rafael, and Rafael as the guardian of the belvedere.

When he returned to Holland in 1524, he settled in Utrecht [3], where he began a successful career as a painter and a teacher. Where Scorel is a highly educated man, a skilled engineer and architect, as well as an artist. He also multilingual, no doubt for the results of his trip. He made plans to build a Polder in his hometown of North Holland, called Zijpe- EN Hazepolder, which was his friend from the capital Antwerp, businessman Servaes de kurosawa. [5] is perhaps because in the polder work, he registered in Harlem in 1528, where he worked with [3], Heemskerck, and Dirck Volckertszoon Coornhert have not helped the school run later.

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