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威廉·丹尼尔William Daniell

威廉丹尼尔(1769 - 1837)是英国景观和海洋画家,版画复制匠,著名的为他的铜版画。他在印度旅行的同伴他叔叔托马斯•丹尼尔和他合作时期的最好的插图作品之一——东方风景。后来他游历英国画水彩画的海岸线航行轮英国同样雄心勃勃的书。他的工作是在皇家美术学院展出和英国机构,他于1822年成为英国皇家院士。

  • 中文名威廉·丹尼尔
  • 性别
  • 国籍英国
  • 出生日期1769
  • 逝世日期1837
  • 职业画家
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早期生活

William Daniell出生在 泰晤士河畔京士顿 ,萨里。他的父亲是在附近的一个泥瓦匠和公共房子的主人叫天鹅 彻特西 。丹尼尔的未来极大地改变了,当他跟他叔叔住在一起,山水画家 托马斯·丹尼尔 (1749–1840)1779在他父亲过早去世后。1784威廉陪同他的叔叔去印度,曾有一系列的照片,作为他的助手准备图纸和草图。 威廉的哥哥 塞缪尔·丹尼尔 独立于他的叔叔也成了地形的艺术家;他1801赴南非,他返回英国后出版的 非洲的风景和动物 (1804–5),收集aquatints。1806他住在 锡兰 。
Daniell是十六岁的时候,他陪同他的叔叔到印度。17七月1786,他们的到来,在几个月后 加尔各答 Thomas Daniell放在一个广告中, 加尔各答纪事报 ,宣布一套十二的城市观点即将出版。 [ 3 ] 这似乎是一个好主意,因为加尔各答正在迅速扩大其欧洲居民愿意购买版画展示其最新的建筑。他和威廉都是没有经验的版画家,不得不把印度工匠的帮助,但是,执行的版画, [ 3 ] 在1788十一月完成,卖的很好。然后托马斯开始规划的印度北部的一个雄心勃勃的旅游,可能灵感来自山清水秀的财富显示 威廉·霍奇斯 收藏的aquatints, 在印度选择的观点 (1785–8)。1789八月,托马斯和威廉开始沿着河过去穆希达巴德到Bhagalpur,在那里他们呆在一起 塞缪尔·戴维斯 (1760–1819)的员工, 东印度公司 一个熟练的业余艺术家。他们继续向坎普尔再由陆路去 德里 阿格拉,参观,Fatehpur Sikri和Mathura的路上;次年四月他们开拓旅游了 斯利那加,北安恰尔邦 和 加瓦尔 在 喜马拉雅 。

托马斯和William Daniell回到了1791年底在加尔各答。他们举行了一个彩票自己所完成的工作,用所得资金到南方旅行。自 第三次迈索尔战争 在进步的丹尼尔斯怀疑在英国的领域中,冲突发生的油画和素描存在市场。他们及时走访各山炮台向南的道路上,以及巨大的精雕细刻的寺庙在马杜赖,默哈伯利布勒姆,拉姆斯沃勒姆。一旦回到 马德拉斯 他们举行了一个彩票的工作,踏上了参观印度西部。他们的到来 孟买 1793三月相遇 杰姆斯威尔士 (1747–95),然后忙着画的面积 石窟寺 。他把他们带到 象岛 , 卡里 和 甘赫瑞 在其他的地方。

返回英国

1794九月,丹尼尔斯返回英国。期间1784至1794威廉保存有详细的旅行日记。这是现在在大英图书馆。1794后他不再写日记了,所以我们没有信息在他自己的手一辈子。皇家院士,Joseph Farington,自己是一个风景画家和地形绘图,一直写日记,从1793直到他死在1821。 法灵顿的丹尼尔斯是亲密的朋友。John Garvey已经通过日记和提取瞥见威廉的私生活和他的艺术作品。日记几乎是唯一的文字记录我们生活的William Daniell。

1794、威廉和他的叔叔收拾屋子37豪兰街,菲茨罗伊广场。他们的首要目标是发布一个选择自己画的印度。所选观点制成凹版版画,呼唤威廉的技能在这微妙的介质。这些技能是辛苦赚来的。法灵顿记录在日记中,威廉曾告诉他,在他回到英国,他花了七年的工作从早上六点到午夜完善他的 aquatinting 技法

English is introduced

William Daniell was born in Kingston Upon Thames, surrey. Chertsey swans in the vicinity of a Mason and his father is the owner of the house public. Daniel's future has greatly changed, when he was staying with his uncle, landscape painter Thomas Daniel (1749 - 1840) 1779 in his father's untimely death. 1784 William accompanied his uncle to India, there have been a series of photographs, as his assistant to prepare drawings and sketches. William's brother Samuel Daniel and his uncle became independent from the topography of the artist; he went to South Africa in 1801, he returned to the UK after the publication of the African landscape and animal (1804 - 5), aquatints. 1806 he lives in Ceylon.
Daniell was sixteen years old when he accompanied his uncle to India. 17 July 1786, they come in a few months after the Calcutta Thomas Daniell placed an advertisement in the Calcutta chronicle, and announced a twelve city view to be published. [3] this seems to be a good idea, because Calcutta is rapidly expanding its residents are willing to buy European prints show its latest building. He and William are inexperienced printmaker, had to help India craftsmen, but the execution of the prints, [3] in November 1788, sell well. An aspiring tour of northern India and Thomas began planning, possibly inspired by the wealth of picturesque scenery shows William Hodges aquatints collection in India, select View (1785 - 8). In August 1789, Thomas and William began along the river past Muhi Daba De to Bhagalpur, they stay together where Samuel Davis (1760 - 1819) of the East India Company employees, a skilled amateur artist. They continue to Kanpur to Delhi by road to Agra, visit Fatehpur Sikri road and Mathura; in April the following year, they develop the tourism of Srinagar, Bei'an city and Gavar in Himalaya.
Thomas and William Daniell back to the end of 1791 in Calcutta. They held a lottery ticket to do their own work, with the proceeds to travel to the south. Since the third Mysore war in progress Daniels suspected in the UK in the field of conflict, painting and drawing market. They promptly visited the Fort Hill South of the road, and a huge carved temple in Madurai, Mamallapuram, Rameswaram. Once back to Madras, they held a lottery work, set foot on a tour of Western India. They come to Mumbai in March 1793 met James Welsh (1747 - 95), then busy drawing area of the cave temple. He took them to Elephant Island, and to where he and other places.
1794 in September, Daniels returned to the United kingdom. During the period 1784 to 1794 William kept a detailed travel diary. This is now in the British library. 1794 after he no longer keep a diary, so we have no information in his own hand for a lifetime. The Royal Academy, Joseph Farington, he is a landscape painter and topographic mapping, kept a diary from 1793 until his death in 1821. Farrington Daniels is close friends. John Garvey has caught a glimpse of William's private life and his works of art by diary and extraction. Diary is almost the only literal record of our lives William Daniell.
1794, William and his uncle to clean up the room 37 Howland street, Fitzroy square. Their primary goal is to publish a selection of their own painting of India. The selected view made of intaglio prints, calling William's skill in this delicate medium. These skills are hard earned. Farlington recorded in his diary, William told him that when he returned to England, he spent seven years working from six a.m. to midnight to perfect his technique aquatinting

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