美术

当前位置:首页 > 美术百科网 > 世界美术家网 > 国外油画家网

威廉斯.本杰明.领袖Benjamin Williams Leader

威廉斯.本杰明.领袖Benjamin Williams Leader(1831年3月12日- 1923年3月22日)是一位英国风景画家。

  • 中文名威廉斯.本杰明.领袖
  • 外文名Benjamin Williams Leader
  • 性别
  • 国籍英国
  • 出生地伍斯特
  • 出生日期1831年3月12日
  • 逝世日期1923年3月22日
  • 职业画家
最新新闻更多
尽显领袖与人民群众的亲和力 ——刘文西谈“创作”

中国美术网 09-18 浏览

1950年,17岁的刘文西走出浙江嵊州山村水竹安,到上海育才学校插班学美术,第一次听到老师讲读毛泽东《在延安文艺座谈会上的讲话》的著名段落,从此对陕北老区心向往之。1958年,刘文西从浙江美...
相关作品更多
中文介绍

生活和工作

早期和培训

 

一个安静的池Glenfalloch(1857)

领袖出生在伍斯特本杰明·威廉姆斯领袖儿子,和十一个孩子的第一个孩子,引人注目土木工程师爱德华领袖威廉姆斯(1802 - 79)撒拉怀廷(1801 - 88)。他的父亲被形容为一个“不墨守成规的持”和他的母亲是一个贵格会教徒,他们的婚姻在一个英国国教导致他们被否认社会的朋友.

领导人的父亲是一个敏锐的业余艺术家——的一个朋友John Constable——在素描和便雅悯常常陪他旅行的银行塞文河.他的兄弟,也爱德华·威廉姆斯领袖,后来成为一位著名的土木工程师工作,被封为爵士,现在主要是因设计曼彻斯特运河——这是成为领导者最大的绘画的主题。家庭最终驻留在“Diglis房子”——现在旅馆。

受过教育的领导者皇家文法学校最初,伍斯特,在他父亲的办公室作为一个制图员在学习艺术在晚上伍斯特学院的设计在空闲时间他还做了很多“露天”山水画。

1854年,23岁的他被承认作为一个学生皇家学院在伦敦,不寻常的是,在他的第一年,在那里接受图片展览,“小屋孩子吹泡泡”,后来卖给了一个美国买家£50 -一大笔。 随后他的作品出现在每年夏天展览在学校直到1922年,当领导人已经91岁了。他也有一些早期作品展出的“国家机构”,波特兰1857 - 58。 

职业生涯

 

英文河在秋天(1877)

 

1875年本杰明领袖金夜

这些早期作品的灵感是附近的乡村伍斯特本身,“农舍,农舍,车道,树篱和教堂,所以非常别致、美丽”。 然而,领导人并没有完成他的课程研究r .,他也不需要,他的画被证明是需求量很大的买家和他取得了令人羡慕的富裕程度的商业上的成功只有几年内他的第一笔生意。

1857年,他将自己的名字改为本杰明·威廉姆斯领袖来区分自己从许多其他画家姓威廉姆斯。在那一年秋天,他前往苏格兰,和彩绘“格伦Falloch安静池”——在1859年的r·A·展出。这一年是他最成功的但是有四个油画挂在学院和所有出售,一个买家的艺术品交易商阿格纽在他的一生中谁买了他的大部分工作。这样是最好的需求,他的大部分工作现在去私人画廊和从未公开展出。

 

晚上下雨后,伍斯特郡(1886)

在接下来的10年,领袖把绘画之间的时间塞汶河流域伍斯特郡,威尔士,产生许多油画。其中,“秋天的最后一线”被认为是最好的风景在皇家艺术学院1865年的展览。1862年,他从伍斯特搬到附近惠廷顿(居住直到1889年)成为了一个最喜欢的草图。1863年,他的工作”在墓地Bettwys-y-Coed“由总理本人购买,威廉•格拉德斯通.

1876年8月,领导结婚的艺术家玛丽东湖牌(生于1852年c。)[12]他们继续有6个孩子——首先,本杰明东湖牌领袖(1877 - 1916),也是一个艺术家,是在第二次世界大战中阵亡了。

1881年,“2月填堤”是在皇家美术学院展出,广受好评和领导助理(ARA)在1883年,1898年成为英国皇家院士(RA)。

 

以后的生活

1889年,全家搬到了“洞穴”,谢尔吉尔福德附近的萨里郡,一个大豪宅设计的诺曼·肖RA -领袖住在这里,直到他生命的最后。[14]在同一年,他的骑士荣誉军团勋章推荐,获得这一殊荣的法国艺术家Meissonier.在1914年他成为了城市的荣誉弗里曼的伍斯特承认他的服务(如主管皇家伍斯特Porcerlain和土生土长的城市)。

除了家乡伍斯特和威尔士,领导也画在英国其他地区包括德文郡、萨里和在欧洲大陆在德国,瑞士,法国和比利时。他在1923年死于萨里。

工作

 

村里的教堂(1900)

领导人的早期作品的影响拉斐尔前派艺术家关注细节,强调绘画的灵感来自大自然“en”练习。在晚年,他采取了宽松的风格,更多的是给人深刻印象的自然而不是一个精确的拷贝,这被证明是更受欢迎。

评论家詹姆斯Dafforne,写于1871年艺术杂志说领导者的风格:

他展示了一个好自然的美女,在不同方面,盟军与诗意的感觉。先生领导的风格是一个快乐的媒介之间多余的细节和能说会道一方面,执行和破折号。有足够的完成他的作品来满足那些寻找仔细,但是这个质量不沦为影响鸡毛蒜皮的事情,虽然他们显示宽度的方式和杰出的效果光与影的明智的安排。他的色彩,也通常是纯粹和真实的本性。

根据1901年的艺术杂志,在领袖一生最受欢迎的作品,“在秋天必有光”,“2月填堤”和“Llugwy谷”。和在他最好的作品时认为:“浪漫的诗——做梦在月光下”,“晚上应当光”和“老霍路通过北威尔士”。

领导人的画作目前在公开展出维多利亚和艾伯特博物馆泰特美术馆在伦敦,哈德斯菲尔德艺术画廊,伯明翰博物馆和艺术画廊,在伍斯特郡(英国最大的收藏他的作品到目前为止),在英国曼彻斯特和其他地区。剑桥画廊圣塔莫尼卡美国也有他的一些作品。很多,此外,保存在私人收藏家手中。有一个纪念,设计的艾拉奈培领导人在圣Buryan教堂.2003年,“一个夏季的一天”(1888)拍卖£168000索斯比拍卖行.

English Introduction

Life and work

Early years and training

Leader was born in Worcester as Benjamin Leader Williams, the son, and first child of eleven children, of notable civil engineer Edward Leader Williams (1802–79) and Sarah Whiting (1801–88). His father was described as a "non conformist dissenter" and his mother was a Quaker – their marriage in an Anglican church resulted in them being disowned by the Society of Friends.

Leader's father was a keen amateur artist – a friend of John Constable – and Benjamin would often accompany him on sketching trips along the banks of the River Severn.[4]His brother, also Edward Leader Williams, later became a notable civil engineer who was knighted for his work, and is now mainly remembered for designing Manchester Ship Canal– which was to become the theme of Leader's largest painting. The family eventually came to reside at "Diglis House" – now a hotel.

Leader was educated at the Royal Grammar School, Worcester, and initially worked at his father's office as a draughtsman while studying art in the evenings at the Worcester School of Design. In his free time he also did a lot of "open air" landscape painting.

In 1854, at the age of 23, he was admitted as a student to the Royal Academy Schools in London, and, unusually, in his first year, had a picture accepted for exhibition there, "Cottage children blowing bubbles", which was subsequently sold to an American buyer for £50 – a large sum in those days. Subsequently his work appeared in every summer exhibition at the academy until 1922, when Leader was 91 years old. He also had some early works exhibited at the "National Institution", Portland Place in 1857–58.

Career

The inspiration for these early works was the countryside around Worcester itself, "the cottages, farmhouses, lanes, hedgerows and churches, so exceedingly picturesque and beautiful". However, Leader did not finish his course of studies at the R. A, nor did he need to – his paintings proved to be in great demand by wealthy buyers and he achieved an enviable degree of commercial success within only a few years of his first sale.

In 1857 he changed his name to Benjamin Williams Leader to distinguish himself from the many other painters with the surname Williams. In autumn of that year he travelled to Scotland, and painted "A Quiet pool in Glen Falloch" – exhibited at the R. A. in 1859. That year was his most successful yet with four paintings hung at the Academy and all sold, one of the buyers being the art dealer Agnew's[10]who bought much of his work during his lifetime. Such was the demand that much of his best work now went to private galleries and was never publicly exhibited.

For the next 10 years, Leader divided his time painting between the Severn Valley, Worcestershire, and Wales, producing many canvases. Amongst them, "Autumn's last Gleam" was regarded as the best landscape in the Royal Academy's 1865 exhibition. In 1862 he moved home from Worcester to nearby Whittington (where he lived until 1889) which became a favourite sketching ground. In 1863, his work "The Churchyard at Bettwys-y-Coed" was purchased by the Prime Minister himself, William Gladstone.

In August 1876, Leader married fellow artist Mary Eastlake (born c. 1852) and they went on to have 6 children – the first, Benjamin Eastlake Leader (1877–1916), also an artist, was killed in action during World War I.

In 1881, "February Fill Dyke" was exhibited at the Royal Academy to great acclaim and Leader was made an associate (ARA) in 1883, becoming a Royal Academician (RA) in 1898.[13]

 

Later life

In 1889, the family moved to "Burrows Cross", Shere near Guildford, Surrey, a large mansion designed by Norman Shaw RA – Leader lived here until the end of his life.[14] In that same year he was made a Chevalier of the Legion of Honour, an honour secured on the recommendation of French artist Meissonier.[15] In 1914 he was made an Honorary Freeman of the City of Worcester in recognition of his services (as a director of Royal Worcester Porcerlain and a native of the city).

Apart from his native Worcestershire and Wales, Leader also painted in other parts of Britain including Devon and Surrey and on the continent in Germany, Switzerland, France and Belgium. He died in Surrey in 1923.

Work

Leader's early works bore the influence of the Pre-Raphaelites with their attention to fine detail and emphasis on painting from nature "en plein air". In his later years he adopted a looser style which was more impressionistic rather than being an exact copy of nature and this proved to be more popular.

Critic James Dafforne, writing in 1871 in The Art Journal said of Leader's style:

he shows a fine sense of the beauties of nature, in her varied aspects, allied with much poetic feeling. Mr. Leader's style is a happy medium between excess of detail and over-elaboration on the one hand, and dash of execution on the other. There is enough of finish in his works to satisfy those who look for carefulness, but this quality does not degenerate into affected trivialities, while they show breadth of manner and brilliant effect by judicious arrangement of light and shade. His colouring, too, is generally pure and true to nature.

According to The Art Journal of 1901, amongst Leader's most popular works during his lifetime were, "In Autumn there shall be light", "February Fill Dyke" and "The Valley of the Llugwy". And amongst his best works at the time it considered: "Romantic Tintern – dreaming in the moonlight", "In the evening it shall be light" and "The Old Holyhead road through North Wales".

Leader's paintings are currently exhibited publicly at the Victoria and Albert Museum and Tate Gallery in London, Huddersfield Art Gallery, Birmingham Museum and Art Gallery, and in Worcester (the largest collection of his works in Britain by far), Manchester and other regions in Britain. The Cambridge gallery in Santa Monica, USA, also has several of his works. Many, in addition, are held by private collectors. There is a memorial, designed by Ella Naper to Leader in St Buryan's Church. In 2003, "A Summer's Day" (1888) sold at auction for £168,000 at Sotheby's.

美术家百科信息声明创建我的百科档案

1、本站美术家百科信息均来自于美术家自己投稿或网络,本站无法确定每条信息或事件的真伪,信息仅做浏览者参考。

2、只要用户使用本站则意味着该用户以同意《美术网(Meishu.com)注册及使用协议》,否则请勿使用本站任何服务。

3、信息修改或删除请联系美术网客服QQ800015090。

美术百科参考资料
关于美术网

美术网(www.meishu.com)是国内专业的艺术类门户网站,下设美术百科网,365美术网,美术视频网,美术资源网等二十余个板块,专注为书画家、收藏家、艺术品公司等提供免费的艺术资讯,艺术展览等信息服务,是广大美术爱好者的展示学习平台!

Copyright (c) 2013-2020 中国美术网 All Rights Reserved 鲁公网安备 37068702000079号 鲁ICP备12031715号-1 工商电子标识 法律顾问:山东百融律师事务所 建议反馈 帮助中心 关于我们
会员 百科 客服
公众号二维码 长按二维码,进入公众号
汉斯·赫尔曼Hans Herrmann
巴塞尔布鲁因Bruyn, Barthel
乔尔乔内 Giorgione
弗洛里斯.范.克拉斯Dijck, Floris Claesz van
查尔斯·弗雷德里克·戈尔迪Charles Goldie
伊夫林.德.摩根Evelyn De Morgan
让.德尔维尔Jean Delville
亨利.马丁
皮耶特·埃特森Pieter Aertsen
彼得Ilsted
托马斯·戴维Thomas Wilmer Dewing
托马斯·劳伦斯Thomas Lawrence
约翰.亨利Heirich von Zugel
杰勒德Gerard Portielje
康斯坦·特鲁瓦永Constant Troyon
托马斯·罗兰森Thomas Rowlandson
纪尧姆.西涅克Guillaume Seignac
保莱蒂Antonio Paoletti
武埃Vouet, Simon
弗雷德里克·古道尔Frederick Goodall
亚伯拉罕.米尼翁Abraham Mignon
威廉Koekkoek,Willem Koekkoek
奥雷利亚诺·德·贝洛特·y·莫雷Aureliano de Beruete y Moret
亨利·富塞利Henry Fuseli
马泰奥.埃尔南德斯Mateo Hernandez
扬·希勃瑞兹Siberechts, Jan
艾德里安·路德维格里希特Adrian Ludwig Richter
弗朗西斯科·迪亚兹德莱昂Francisco Díaz de León
马斯登.哈特利Marsden Hartley
马克斯·贝克曼Max Beckmann
阿尔伯特 纽格里斯Albert Neuhuys
杰.茹弗内Jean Jouvenet
奥迪隆·雷东Odilon Redon
约翰·拜厄姆·利斯顿·肖Shaw, John Byam
埃米尔·卡尔·劳Emil Rau
巴伦德.科内利斯.库库克Barend Cornelis Koekkoek
古斯塔夫·卡勒波特Gustave Caillebotte
阿尔弗雷德·史蒂文斯Stevens, Alfred
胡安·格里斯Gris Juan
朱尔斯.斯卡尔贝Jules Scalbert
乔凡尼·洛伦佐·贝尼尼Bernini, Gian Lorenzo
弗朗索瓦 · 爱德华皮科特Francois Edouard Picot
多梅尼科.贝卡富米Domenico Beccafumi
杰纳斯.拉库尔Janus la Cour
康拉德韦茨Witz, Konrad
安东尼·卡诺·科雷亚Antonio Cano Correa
威廉·冯·科贝尔Wilhelm von Kobell
雅各布·德威特Wit, Jacob de
吉尔斯.阿约Gilles Aillaud
约翰·康斯特布尔John Constable
基思.帕金森Keith Parkinson
约阿希姆·布克莱尔Joachim Beuckelaer
阿帕德·塞奈什Arpad Szenes
迭戈.里维拉Diego Rivera
沃尔特 · 兰利Walter Langley
让.巴蒂斯特.格勒兹Jean Baptiste Greuze
简.范.霍延Jan van Goyen
威廉·布莱克William Blake
康斯坦丁.马科夫斯基Konstantin Makovsky
埃尔·格列柯El Greco
路易吉·卢瓦尔Luigi Loir
吉日.格奥尔格·多考皮尔Jiri Georg Dokoupil
费蒂,多米尼克Fetti, Domenico
塞维林·罗森Severin Roesen
皮德尔.莫门斯泰兹Peder Mork Monsted
费迪南德.波尔Ferdinand Bol
菲利普·沃维曼Wouwerman, Philips
约翰·弗雷德里克·陶洛Thaulow, Frits
霍华德.派尔Howard Pyle
汉斯·穆尔彻 Hans Multscher
英国里维埃尔Briton Rivière
查尔斯.亨利.约瑟夫 Charles Henri Joseph Leickert
安德鲁 · 汉堡André Hambourg
杜比尼 Charles Francois Daubigny
乔治·英尼斯George Inness
法尔斯特伦Oyvind Fahlstrom
图卢兹·罗特列克Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec
贝纳多·贝洛托Bernardo Bellotto
吉拉德特Eugène-Alexis Girardet
朱利奥 · 坎皮Campi, Giulio
以赛亚范德维德Velde ,Esaias van de
费迪南德·霍德勒Ferdinand Hodler
约翰.拉威利John Lavery
詹姆斯·沃德James Ward
哈里森.费舍尔Harrison Fisher
阿梅代奥·莫迪利亚尼Amedeo Modigliani
威廉.惠特克William Whitaker
路易丝·布雷斯劳Breslau, Louise
阿图罗·苏由托Arturo Souto
费尔南德.科尔蒙Cormon, Fernand
伊萨克·伊里奇·列维坦
阿德里亚诺·切基Adriano Cecchi
鲍里斯·克斯托依列夫Boris Kustodiev
雷内·马格利特Ghislain Magritte
詹姆斯·爱德华Buttersworth, James
欧内斯特·比尔Ernest Biéler
汉斯·鲁道夫.吉格H.R.Giger
奥古斯特·罗丹Auguste Rodin
汉斯·荷尔拜因长老Hans Holbein the Elder
弗朗索瓦.勒莫因François Lemoyne
王元友
埃瓦里斯特Evariste Vital Luminais
游允常
王经春
陈德祥
陈章鹏
宋雨树
毕尚斌
林少芳
诸迪
朱关田
吴介琴
杨宝诚
全山石
张德俊
王宠
蔡家祥
埃米尔·伯纳德Emile Bernard
代钰洪
李笑娟
程嗣立
郭俊生
李蒸蒸
肖文陵
吕延明
毕颐生
谢振瓯
吴彰桦
林涛
朱培尔
肖秉纯
周岩
李克霞
徐邦洽
李豫玲
张柯南
郭熙
宋绍喜
段江华
罗小珊
王敬铭
查尔斯.安格朗Charles Angrand
李鑫
马萨乔Masaccio
韩英凌
李飒
赵磊
荆桂秋
王元寿
虚谷
陈晋
杜大成
查尔斯.斯彭斯莱赫Spencelayh, Charles
台双垣
孙茂祥
王晓明
余涛
刘兴淼
徐砚
李军良
王纯祥
刘建坤
赵保国
叶玉立
黄雪芳
刘东朝
谭智生
王振锁
马明耀
李胜彬
陈继儒
弗朗斯·弗兰肯Francken, Frans II
黄自省
李凡丁
诸升
卢柏森
常桂林
阿戈斯蒂诺·塔西Tassi, Agostino
吕山川
张继国
何玉春
夏清泉
中国瀚江书画博物院
彭开天
陈天遥
尹鲍华
汤玛斯·库伯·高奇Thomas Cooper Gotch
唐锐鹤
孙艳萍
曹国昌
格桑
吴秀生
李明
田世信
西奥多-斯梯尔Theodore Clement Steele
魏忠善
孙林
方干民
陈敬友
李流芳