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约翰·埃弗里特.米莱斯John Everett Millais

约翰·埃弗里特.米莱斯John Everett Millais(1829年6月8日——1896年8月13日),英国画家。

人物关系
  • 中文名约翰·埃弗里特.米莱斯
  • 外文名John Everett Millais
  • 性别
  • 国籍英国
  • 出生地南安普敦
  • 出生日期1829年6月8日
  • 逝世日期1896年8月13日
  • 职业画家
相关作品更多
人物介绍

米莱斯出生在南安普敦,英格兰在1829年,一个突出的新泽西州为基础的家庭。他的父母是约翰·威廉·米莱斯和Emily玛丽米莱斯。他的大部分幼儿的花在在泽西岛,为他保留在他的生活一支事业心强。作者萨克雷曾问过他“时,英格兰队战胜新泽西。”米莱斯回答说:“从来没有!泽西征服英格兰。” 全家搬到迪南布列塔尼在他的童年了几年。

他的母亲的“性格泼辣”是在他早期的生活中最强大的影响力。她在艺术和音乐有着浓厚的兴趣,并鼓励她儿子的艺术天赋,促进家庭到伦敦的重新定位,以帮助开发在艺术皇家学院联系。他后来说:“我一切都归功于我的母亲。”

他惊人的艺术才华为他赢得了在一个地方皇家学院学校十一前所未有的时代。在那里,他遇到了威廉·霍尔曼·亨特和但丁·加布里埃尔·罗塞蒂与他形成的人拉斐尔前派兄弟在他家上(称为“PRB”)1848年9月高尔街,关贝德福德广场。

1855年,她的婚姻拉斯金被废除后,艾菲和约翰·米莱斯结婚了。他和艾菲最终有八个孩子:埃弗里特,出生于1856年;乔治,出生于1857年; 艾菲,出生于1858年; 玛丽出生于1860年; 爱丽丝,出生于1862年; 若弗鲁瓦,出生于1863年;约翰于1865年; 和索菲于1868年。他们的最小的儿子,约翰·吉尔米莱斯,成为著名的博物学家,野生动物艺术家和米莱的遗作传记。

艾菲的妹妹索菲灰坐了由米莱斯多张图片,引发了人们的他们显然酷爱关系的性质一些猜测。

人物作品

米莱斯的基督在他父母的房子(1849至50年),是因为一个工人阶级的现实写照的饱受争议的神圣家族在一个混乱的木工车间劳动。后来的作品也有争议,但并非如此。米莱斯取得了普遍的成功与胡格诺派教徒(1851年至1852年),描述一对年轻夫妇因有关宗教冲突的分开。他在许多后来的作品中重复这一主题。所有这些早期作品被涂上非常注重细节,往往集中于自然世界的美丽和复杂性。在绘画,如欧菲(1851年至1852年)创建米莱密集和阐述的基础上自然要素的整合图形表面。这种方法已被描述为一种“图案的生态系统。” 马里亚纳是一幅画的画米莱在1850年至1851年基础上,发挥措施为措施由莎士比亚和同名的诗阿尔弗雷德,丁尼生的1830年在该剧中,年轻的马里亚纳是要结婚了,但被她的未婚夫拒绝了,当她的嫁妆在一次海难中丢失了。

这种风格是由评论家推动约翰·拉斯金,谁对他们的批评辩护前拉斐尔派。米莱斯与罗斯金的友谊给他介绍了拉斯金的妻子埃菲。他们相识不久后,她为模仿他的绘画释放令。由于米莱斯画艾菲他们坠入爱河。尽管已经结婚,拉斯金好几年了,艾菲还是处女。她的父母这才意识到出事了,她申请了一个废标。


他结婚后,米莱斯开始在更广阔的风格,这是由罗斯金指责为画“的灾难。” 有人认为风格这种变化从米莱的需要增加自己的产量来支持他增长的家庭造成的。无情的批评,如威廉·莫里斯指责为“出卖”,实现人气和财富他。他的崇拜者,而相比之下,指出了艺术家对连接惠斯勒阿尔伯特·摩尔,和影响力约翰·萨金特。米莱斯自己辩称,他变得更加自信,作为一个艺术家,他可以更加大胆作画。在他的文章“在我们今天的艺术思考”(1888年),他建议委拉斯开兹和伦勃朗作为模型为艺术家跟随。绘画如圣艾格尼丝前夕及的梦游者清楚地表明了艺术家和惠斯勒,他们的工作米莱斯大力支持之间进行对话。19世纪50年代后期和19世纪60年代的其他画作可以理解为预期的方面运动美学。许多部署安排和谐的色彩广泛块,是象征,而不是narratival。从1862年,米莱家就住在7克伦威尔广场,肯辛顿,伦敦。

后来的作品,从19世纪70年代起展示米莱斯对崇敬古典大师,如雷诺兹和委拉斯开兹。许多这些画是一个历史题材的并且是的米莱的天赋更多的例子。其中值得注意的是两位王子爱德华和理查塔(1878年)描绘了在塔王子,西北航道(1874年)和罗利的少年时代(1871年)。这样的画作表明米莱斯在连接到英国的历史和扩大帝国科目的兴趣。米莱斯也与他的孩子们的绘画中,特别是取得了很大的知名度泡沫出名,或者臭名昭著的,在的广告中使用- (1886)梨香皂 -和樱桃成熟。他的最后一个项目(1896年)是被一幅画名为最后的跋涉。根据他的插画为儿子的书,它描述了一个白色猎人横尸在非洲大草原,他的身体由两个非洲人设想。

English Introduction

Millais was born in Southampton, England in 1829, based on a prominent family in New Jersey. His parents are John William Millais and Emily Mary Millais. Most of his childhood spent in Jersey, he kept in his life a strong devotion. Author Thackeray once asked him, "when England beat New Jersey." Millais replied, "never! The conquest of England jersey." The family moved to Brittany Ferdinand in his childhood years.
His mother's "forceful personality" is the most powerful in his early life influence. She has a strong interest in art and music, and encourages her son's artistic talent, promote family relocation to London to help develop the Royal Academy of arts. "I owe it all to my mother," he later said."
His amazing art was only eleven years old when he won the Royal Academy in a local school of HUAWEI. There, he met William Holman Hunt and Dante Gabriel Rossetti and the man whom he had formed a brother in his family (called "PRB") in September 1848, Gower street, Bedford square.
In 1855, her marriage was abolished after Ruskin, Effie Millais and John married. He and ivy eventually have eight children: Everett, born 1856; George, born on 1857; Ai Fei, born on 1858; Marie was born on 1860; Alice, born 1862; geoffroi, born on 1863; John in 1865 and Sophie in 1868. Their youngest son, John Gil Millais, became a famous naturalist, artist and wild animal Miley's posthumous biography.
Effie's sister Sophie sat by the Milaisiduo gray picture, led to the nature of one's relationship with some speculation they clearly love.

Millais's Christ in his parents' house (1849 to 50 years), is a realistic portrayal of the working class of the controversial Holy Family in a chaotic carpentry workshop labor. Later works are controversial, but not so. Millais has achieved widespread success with the Amish (1851 to 1852), describing the separation of a young couple from religious conflicts. He repeated the theme in many of his later works. All of these early works were painted with great attention to detail, often focusing on the beauty and complexity of the natural world. In the painting, such as the Oufei (1851 to 1852) to create Miley intensive and integrated graphics surface on the basis of natural elements. This approach has been described as a "patterned ecosystem." Mariana is a picture of the Miley from 1850 to 1851 based on the measures for the play by Shakespeare and the name of the measures of the poems of Alfred, Tennyson in 1830 in the play, the young Mariana is going to get married, but her husband refused, when her dowry was lost in a shipwreck.
This style was promoted by critics of John Raskin, who defended their criticism of the former school of Rafael. Millais's friendship with Ruskin's wife Effie Ruskin introduced to him. Not long after they met, she released a copy of his painting. The painting Millais Effie they fall in love. Although he's been married for years, she's still a virgin. Her parents realized that she had an accident, for an annulment.
After he got married, Millais on a broader style, which is blamed for the painting by Ruskin "the disaster." Some people think that this style changes from what need to increase their output to support his growing family caused by. Relentless criticism, such as William Morris accused of "betrayal", to achieve popularity and wealth he. His admirers, by contrast, pointed out the artist's connection to Whistler and Albert Moore, and the influence of the word of the Lord, and the influence of the artist, and the influence of the power of the people of the world. Millais himself argued that he became more confident and, as an artist, he could paint more boldly. In his article "in our art thinking today" (1888), he suggested Velazquez and Rembrandt as a model for artists to follow. On the eve of painting such as Saint Agnes and the sleepwalker clearly shows the artist and Whistler, their support for dialogue between the work of millais. Other paintings in the late 1850s and 1860s can be interpreted as the expected aspect of sport aesthetics. Many deployment arrangements for a wide range of harmonious colors are symbolic, not narratival. From 1862, Miley family lived in 7 Cromwell square, Kensington, london.
The later works show the reverence for classical masters, Millais from 1870s onwards, such as Reynolds and velazquez. Many of these paintings is a historical theme and the Miley talent more examples. It is noteworthy that the two princes Edward and Richarta (1878) depicted the prince in the tower, the northwest passage (1874) and the boyhood of the year of the year (1871) of the year of the year (the year of the). This painting shows that Millais in connection to British history and expand the Empire subjects of interest. Millais is also known for his children's paintings, in particular, made a great popularity of the bubble, or infamous, used in the ads - (1886) pear Soap - and cherry ripe. His last project (1896) was a painting called the last trek. According to his son the illustration for the book, which describes a white hunter lying dead in the African savannah, his body is composed of two African ideas.

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