约翰·辛格·萨金特（ 1856年1月12日- 1925年4月14日）是美国的艺术家。他被认为是“肖像画家的龙头”。在他的职业生涯中，他创作了大约900幅油画和超过2000水彩，以及无数的草图和木炭画。他的作品源于全球旅游，从威尼斯到蒂罗尔，科孚岛，中东，蒙大拿州，缅因州和佛罗里达州。
范妮·沃茨，萨金特的童年朋友。在巴黎沙龙，1877年，第一张画费城艺术馆萨金特出生之前，他的父亲菲茨威廉（B。1820 格洛斯特，马萨诸塞州），是一位眼科医生在遗嘱眼科医院在费城1844年至1854年。经过约翰的姐姐在两岁的时候去世，他的母亲玛丽（姓歌手）遭受了破裂，夫妻俩决定到国外去恢复。他们保持游牧的外籍人士为他们的生活休息。 虽然总部设在巴黎，萨金特的父母随季节大海和山区度假胜地在法国，德国，意大利和瑞士定期感动。虽然玛丽怀孕了，他们停止了佛罗伦萨，托斯卡纳因为中，霍乱 疫情。萨金特于1856年出生在那里一年后，他的妹妹玛丽出生。她出生后，菲茨威廉勉强辞去他的职务在费城和接受了他的妻子恳求留在国外。他们谦虚地住在一个小的继承和储蓄，过着平静的生活与他们的孩子。他们通常避免社会和除了在艺术世界的朋友其他美国人。四个更多的孩子在国外出生的，其中只有两个活过童年。
Fanny Watts, Sargent's childhood friend. In 1877, before the first salon in Paris, Philadelphia Museum of art painting Sargent was born, his father Fitz William (B. 1820 Gloucester, Massachusetts, is an ophthalmologist at Wills Eye Hospital in Philadelphia from 1844 to 1854. After John's sister died at the age of two, his mother, Marie, suffered a break, and the couple decided to go abroad to recover. They keep nomadic expatriates to rest for their lives. While based in Paris, Sargent's parents moved regularly with seasonal sea and mountain resorts in France, Germany, Italy and switzerland. Although Marie was pregnant, they stopped in Florence, Tuscany because of the cholera epidemic. Sargent was born in 1856, a year later, his sister, Marie, was born. After her birth, Fitz William reluctantly resigned from his position in Philadelphia and received his wife to stay abroad. They lived modestly in a small inheritance and savings, lived a quiet life with their children. They usually avoid society and other Americans in addition to friends in the art world. Four more children born abroad, only two of them survive childhood.
Although his father is a basic subject of patience with the teacher, young Sargent is a rude child, more interested in his study of outdoor activities. As the father wrote home, "he was animated by a pretty close observation of nature." His mother is very confident that traveling around Europe, visiting museums and churches will give young Sargent a satisfactory education. Many attempts to get him to accept a formal education failure, mainly due to their mobile life. Sargent's mother was a good amateur artist and his father was a skilled medical illustrator. In the early days, she gave his sketchbook, and encourage drawing tour. Sargent and nursing young in his paintings, he enthusiastically copied images from the Illustrated London News ship, and puts forward the detailed landscape sketch. William had hoped that his son's ship and maritime rights could lead him to a naval career.
At the age of thirteen, his mother reported that John "sketches quite well, with extremely fast and right eyes. If we have the ability to give him a really good lesson, he will soon be quite a little painter." At the age of thirteen, he received a number of watercolor painting lessons from Carle, German landscape painter. Although his education was far from complete, Sargent grew up to be a very educated and cosmopolitan young man, in art, music and literature. He speaks fluent French, Italian and german. At the age of seventeen, Sargent was described as "deliberate, confident, determined and strong" (his mother) also shy, generous, gentle (his father). He also met a lot of masters, from first hand observation, because he wrote in 1874, "I have been in Venice to appreciate the great Tintoretto, and that he may be behind Michelangelo and titian."
El Nino (Spanish Dancer), C racket. From 1879 to 1882, the Isabella Stuart Gardner Museum in 1879, 23 year old Sargent portrait painting teacher Carolus Duran; performers strive to meet the public approval, and announced his mature work will take the direction. It shows that the salon in Paris is due both to his teacher and the portrait of the Commission ad. In early works, Sargent Henry James wrote, "the little artist with a" bizarre "spectacle, in the very threshold occupation career has no more understanding. "
Leave the Carolus Duran studio after Sargent's visit to spain. There, he studied painting Velazquez and passion, absorbing master technology, and gather in his journey to the idea for future work. He was fascinated with Spanish music and dance. This trip has rekindled his musical talent (which is almost equal to his artistic talent), and found that visual expression of El Nino racket in his early representative (1882). Music will continue to play an important part in his social life as well, as he is skilled in the accompaniment of amateur and professional musicians. Sargent became a modern composer, especially to advocate for Gabriel Faure. Italy Venice tourism street provides sketches and schools of thought, paintings, so as to effectively capture gestures and postures, he will find in later portraits is useful. In his return, Sargent soon received several portrait commissions. His career officially started. He proved at once that he was able to work as well as a worker with 25 years of concentration and endurance. He fills the gap between the Commission with friends and colleagues with a lot of non commissioned portraits. His gentle manners, perfect French, and superb skill made him a new portrait painter, and his fame spread rapidly. He confidently set high prices and refused to be dissatisfied with the nanny. He directed his friend Emil Fox who in the portrait in oil.