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卡济.马列维奇Kazimir Malevich

卡济.马列维奇Kazimir Malevich(1878年2月23日——1935年5月15日),俄罗斯画家。

人物关系
  • 中文名卡济.马列维奇
  • 外文名Kazimir Malevich
  • 性别
  • 国籍俄罗斯
  • 出生地乌克兰
  • 出生日期1878年2月23日
  • 逝世日期1935年5月15日
  • 职业画家
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拍卖史上最重要的马列维奇油画《至上主义,第18号构造》首次亮相拍场  “二十世纪国际艺坛最重要艺术家之一, 创造抽象新领域”拍卖史上最重要的卡兹米尔。马列维奇油...
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卡济马列维奇出生卡齐米Malewicz到波兰家庭,谁附近定居基辅在基辅省的的俄罗斯帝国的过程中瓜分波兰。他的父母,Ludwika和Seweryn Malewicz,是罗马天主教最喜欢的种族波兰人,虽然他的父亲参加了东正教服务也是如此。他们两人都来自英联邦(的当今Kopyl地区前东部领土逃往白俄罗斯)基辅在失败的后果波兰1863年一月起义反对沙皇军队。他的母语是波兰语,虽然他谈到乌克兰语在公众面前。随后,马列维奇甚至写了一系列关于乌克兰艺术的文章。

卡济的父亲管理的糖厂。卡济是最早十四个孩子中,[10]只有九人存活到成年。他的家人经常感动,他花费了大多数他的童年在乌克兰的村庄,一片甜菜种植园,远离文化中心。直到十二岁,他什么都不知道的专业艺术家,但艺术曾在童年包围了他。他喜欢刺绣的农民,并在装饰的墙壁和火炉。他能够在农家风情画。他曾在基辅绘制1895年至1896年。
马列维奇在57岁1935年5月因癌症去世,在列宁格勒15日,他的朋友和弟子埋葬他的骨灰在标有黑色方块严重。他们没有履行他的既定愿望与他的摩天大楼般的“architekton”一体荣登严重的设计草图的抽象形式,配备了望远镜,通过它参观者在木星凝视。

在他临终前马列维奇已展出的黑色方形他上面,并且被允许在他的葬礼集会悼念者挥动旗帜带有一个黑色的正方形。马列维奇曾问一棵橡树下被埋在Nemchinovka的郊区,一个地方,他感到一种特殊的债券。[25]他的骨灰被送往Nemchinovka,葬在靠近他的场乡间别墅。尼古拉Suetin的,马列维奇的朋友和老乡艺术家,设计了一个白色立方体采用了黑色方形标记的埋葬地点。纪念二战期间被摧毁。列宁格勒市赋予马列维奇的母亲和女儿的退休金。

2013年,公寓楼建在卡济马列维奇墓和埋葬地点的地方。附近的其他纪念碑马列维奇,于1988年提出了,现在也坐落在一个为由大门的社区。

艺术生涯

从1896年至1904年卡济马列维奇住在库尔斯克。1904年,他的父亲去世后,他搬到了莫斯科。他曾就读于绘画,雕塑,建筑的莫斯科学院 1904年至1910年,并在工作室费奥多尔Rerberg在莫斯科(1904至1910年)。1911年,他参加了第二次展览组,联盟Molodyozhi(青年联盟)的圣 圣彼得堡,连同弗拉基米尔·塔特林,并在1912年,该集团召开了第三次展览,其中包括工程亚历山德拉Ekster,塔特林,等等。同年,他被集体参加展览驴的尾巴在莫斯科举行。到那时他的作品受到影响纳塔利娅察洛娃和米哈伊尔·拉里奥诺夫,俄罗斯前卫画家,谁在俄罗斯民间艺术被称为特别感兴趣鲁保。马列维奇形容自己是画在一个“立方未来派”的风格在1912年[14]在1913年三月的大型展览Aristarkh Lentulov的绘画在莫斯科开幕。本次展会的效果与可比塞尚在巴黎于1907年,作为时间(包括马列维奇)所有主要的俄罗斯前卫艺术家立即吸收了立体主义原则,在他们的作品使用它们开始。早在同年立方未来主义歌剧,击败太阳,以马列维奇的舞台设定,成为一个巨大的成功。1914年马列维奇展出他的作品独立沙龙在巴黎一起亚历山大·阿契,索尼亚·德劳内,亚历山德拉Ekster和瓦迪姆梅勒,等等。[ 来源请求 ]马列维奇还共同表示,与帕维尔Filonov,与后记诗选, 1907年至1914年由韦利米尔Khlebnikov并于1914年通过Khlebnikov另一部作品名为吼!护手,1908至1914年,与弗拉基米尔BURLIUK。

艺术市场

黑方,他的第四个版本代表作画在20世纪20年代,于1993年被发现在萨马拉和购买Inkombank为US $ 250,000。2002年4月这幅作品的拍卖为100万$的等价物。此次收购是由俄罗斯慈善家资助弗拉基米尔·波塔宁,谁捐款给俄罗斯文化部, ,并最终向国家冬宫博物馆收藏。根据冬宫的网站,这是国内最大的民营贡献由于国家艺术博物馆十月革命。

2008年11月3日马列维奇题为工作至上主义成分,从1916年设置任何艺术俄罗斯工作和拍卖这一年的任何工作的世界纪录,在销售苏富比在纽约市刚刚超过US $ 59亿美元(超过他以前的美国创纪录的2000年的$ 17百万套)。

马列维奇的生活激发了许多具有参考事件和绘画的球员。马列维奇的绘画走私出俄罗斯是作家的情节线的关键马丁·克鲁兹·史密斯的惊悚片红场。诺亚查尼的小说,艺术大盗讲述了两个被盗马列维奇白的故事在白画,并讨论了在艺术世界马列维奇的激进至上主义成分的影响。英国艺术家基思·考文垂采用了马列维奇的作品,以现代主义的意见,特别是他画村。马列维奇的作品也是在拉斯冯提尔电影,突出特色忧郁症。

1911年Brocard&Co.生产的称为古龙水Severny酒店,与包装和标签由马列维奇设计的。科隆制作,直到20世纪90年代初。

English Introductio

Kazimir Malevich was born to the family of Kazimierz Malewicz Poland, [7] [8] [9] of the Russian Empire who settled near Kiev in Kiev province in the partition of Poland. [10] his parents, Ludwika and Seweryn Malewicz, are ethnic poles in Rome Catholic love [1], although his father attended too orthodox service. [11] the two of them came from the Commonwealth (the former eastern territories of today's Kopyl region fled to Belarus) Kiev in the aftermath of the defeat of the Poland uprising in January 1863 against the Czar's army. [12] his mother tongue is polish, although he said Ukraine [7] [11] in front of the public. Later, he even wrote a series of articles about the art of Ukraine. [11]
Father Kazy the sugar factory management. Kazy is the oldest of fourteen children in [10], only nine people survived to adulthood. His family often moved, he spent most of his childhood in a village in Ukraine, a beet plantation, away from the cultural center. Until he was twelve years old, he knew nothing about the professional artist, but art had surrounded him in childhood. He likes to embroider the farmers and decorate the walls and the stove. He can draw in the farmhouse. He was drawn in Kiev from 1895 to 1896.
When Malevich died of cancer at the age of 57 in May 1935, 15 in Leningrad, his friends and disciples buried his ashes in the black box marked with serious. Abstract form they did not fulfill his wishes and established his skyscraper "architekton" topped the whole design sketches of serious, equipped with a telescope, through which visitors stare at jupiter. [24]
On his deathbed Malevich has exhibited a black square above him, and was allowed in his funeral gathering of mourners waving flags with a black square. [21] Malevich asked under the oak tree was buried on the outskirts of Nemchinovka, a place where he felt a special bond. [25] his ashes were sent to Nemchinovka, buried in a nearby village villa. Nicola Suetin, Malevich's friends and fellow artists, design a white cube with the burial place of black squares mark. To commemorate the destruction during World War ii. Leningrad city to Malevich's mother and daughter pension.
In 2013, the apartment building built in the tomb and Kazimir Malevich burial place. Other monuments near Malevich, proposed in 1988, is now located on the grounds of a gated community.From 1896 to 1904 Kazimir Malevich in Kursk. In 1904, after his father died, he moved to moscow. He studied in the painting, sculpture, and architecture of the Moscow academy from 1904 to 1910, and at studio Fedor Rerberg in Moscow (1904 to 1910). In 1911, he participated in the second exhibition group, Molodyozhi Alliance (Youth League) of St. St Petersburg, together with Vladimir Tatlin, and in 1912, the group held third exhibitions, including the works of Alexandra Ekster, Tatlin, etc.. In the same year, he was taken to the donkey's tail in moscow. By then his works were influenced by Natalia Tsalova and Mikhail Larionov, the Russian avant-garde painter, who was particularly interested in Russian folk art. Malevich described himself as being painted in a "cube futuristic" style at the 1912 [14] in, a large exhibition of Aristarkh Lentulov in moscow. The exhibition effect compared with Cezanne in Paris on 1907, as time (including Malevich) all major Russian avant-garde artists immediately absorbed the principle of cubism in their works, they began to use. The sun beat early in the same year, set in a futuristic cube opera, Malevich stage, became a huge success. 1914 Malevich exhibited his works independent salon in Paris with Alexander Archie, Sonia Delaunay, Alexandra Ekster and Vadim Mailer, etc.. [source] request Malevich together said, with Pavel Filonov, and postscript poems, from 1907 to 1914 by velimir Khlebnikov and in 1914 by Khlebnikov another work called roar! Hand, from 1908 to 1914, and Vladimir BURLIUK.Black, his version of the fourth representative painting in 1920s, was discovered in 1993 in Samarra and the purchase of Inkombank US $250000. The auction of this work in April 2002 was equivalent to $1 million. The acquisition was funded by Russian philanthropist Vladimir Potanin, who donated to the Russian Ministry of culture, and ultimately to the national Winter Palace Museum collection. According to the Winter Palace site, which is the largest private contribution to the National Art Museum of the October revolution.
November 3, 2008 Malevich entitled work oriented components, set any Russian art auction this year work and any work from 1916 world record sales in Sotheby's in New York city just over $US $5 billion 900 million (more than 17 million sets of his former American record in 2000 $).
Malevich's life has inspired many reference events and painting players. Malevich paintings smuggled out of Russia is the key writers Martin Cruz Smith plot line thriller Red Square. Noah Charney's novel, tells the story of two art thieves stolen Malevich white story in white paint, and discussed the influence on radical supremacy of the composition of the art world of malevich. The British artist Keith Coventry Malevich works with modernism views, especially his painting village. Malevich also works in Lars von Trier film, highlighting the characteristics of depression.
In 1911 BrocardCo. production called Cologne Severny Hotel, and packaging and labelling by Malevich design. Cologne made until early 1990s.

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