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埃格伦范德.内尔Eglon van der Neer

埃格伦范德.内尔Eglon van der Neer(1635年——1703年5月3日),荷兰画家。

  • 中文名埃格伦范德.内尔
  • 外文名Eglon van der Neer
  • 性别
  • 国籍荷兰
  • 出生地阿姆斯特丹
  • 出生日期1635年
  • 逝世日期1703年5月3日
  • 职业画家
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生活

范德的Neer出生在阿姆斯特丹,很可能是第一个由他的父亲,教AERT范德的Neer,谁在阿姆斯特丹1629年结婚,从未来霍林赫姆。矶伦有至少五个兄弟姐妹,谁被洗礼,在新教堂 1640 1650年他把教训之间雅各面包车噜,谁当时在阿姆斯特丹最重要的人物画家之一。

大约1654年,范德的Neer,谁可能刚刚完成了他的面包车噜教育,前往橙,沃克吕兹省在法国南部,进入弗里德里希·冯·Dohna(1621年至1688年),在州长的服务橙色的公国。范德的Neer在Orange呆了三,四年,回到阿姆斯特丹由1658年底在那里,他结了婚(二月)玛丽亚Wagensvelt,一个富裕的鹿特丹公证的女儿。1663年,范德的Neer和他的家人搬到了鹿特丹,其中迪恩范德Werff成了他的学生。他留在鹿特丹直到他的妻子在1677年去世。1679年他移居到海牙。1680年他成为了成员Confrerie Pictura那里。那年晚些时候,他再次移动,占用了他的住所在布鲁塞尔,在那里他娶了微型画家玛丽·杜CHASTEL在接下来的一年。她给他生了九个孩子。


在布鲁塞尔,范德建立的Neer与西班牙荷兰,Castanaga侯爵州长良好的关系。在1687年,范德的Neer被任命为宫廷画家的西班牙国王西班牙的查尔斯二世。1689年,当卡洛斯的第一任妻子去世后,范德描绘的Neer新婚礼候选人之一,诺伊堡的安娜·玛丽亚。

1695年,约翰·威廉,选举人宫廷中买了一幅画由范德的Neer 鹿特丹,通过荷兰旅行时。这幅画一定是他高兴了,因为不久之后选举人宫廷直接联系范德的Neer,给他的佣金。同年布鲁塞尔被法国军队和van der的Neer开始寻找另一个地方开始新的生活轰炸。选举人帕拉丁一直在寻找自从他最后一次宫廷画家的替代约翰内斯Spilberg在1690范德的Neer的第二任妻子曾在1692死了死了,他遇到了Spilberg的女儿,自己是一个合格的画家,阿德里安娜Spilberg。他们在1697年结婚,1698年约翰·威廉提出范德的Neer在他的法庭作为头画家的位置。范德这样的Neer入驻杜塞尔多夫并在那里停留了这些最后几年他的生活。

遗产

在他阿姆斯特丹和鹿特丹期间,范德主要的Neer画流派的场景和肖像透露出一个惊人的多种风格。他的室内场景表现的影响,彼得·德·霍赫杰拉德之三博创,加布里埃尔梅特苏弗兰斯面包车Mieris。范德的Neer只涂神话和圣经的场面屈指可数。早期的例子非常相似,他的风格的场景和在当代室内设计展的数字。后来,在布鲁塞尔和杜塞尔多夫,范德设置的Neer他的历史场景户外,与景观环境。在这些画中,他跟随的榜样亚当Elsheimer。他的纯山水,不从文学来源的数据,显示其他风格的影响,如扬勃鲁盖尔长辈,和雅克·德Arthois。大多数范德的Neer的画作都很小,他的风格是高度成品。不过,他可以大规模工作,然后将调整他的绘画方式。

 

English Introduction

Van der Neer was born in Amsterdam, is likely to be the first taught by his father, AERT van der Neer, who married in 1629 in Amsterdam, Gorinchem in the future. Eglon there are at least five siblings, who were 16401650 years of baptism, in the new church he took lessons between Jacob van loo, who was one of the most important figure painter in Amsterdam.
Around 1654, van der Neer, who may have just completed his education to van loo, orange, vaucluse in southern France, enter Dohna von Friedrich (1621 to 1688), the governor of the Principality of orange service. Van der Neer stayed in for three or four years and returned to Amsterdam by the end of where he married (February) Maria Wagensvelt, a wealthy daughter of the Rotterdam notary. In 1663, van der Neer and his family moved to Rotterdam, where Dean van der Werff became his student. He stayed in Rotterdam until his wife died in 1677. He moved to Hague in 1679. In 1680 he became a member of Confrerie Pictura there. Later that year, he moved again, taking up his residence in Brussels, where he married a miniature painter Marie Du CHASTEL in the following year. She gave birth to nine children.
In Brussels, van der Neer and established Holland in Spain, the Marquis of Castanaga governor good relations. In 1687, van der Neer was appointed court painter of the Spanish king Charles S of spain. In 1689, when Carlos's first wife died, one of van der Neer wedding ceremony depicting the candidate, Anna Maria of neuburg.
In 1695, John William, the Elector of the court bought a painting by van der Neer of Rotterdam, traveling through Holland. The picture must have been pleased with him, for soon after the elector's court directly contacted van der Neer, giving him the commission. In the same year Brussels was der by the French army and van Neer began looking for another place to start a new life bombing. Elector palatine has been looking for since his last court painter to replace Johannes Spilberg in 1690 van der Neer's second wife had died at 1692 dead, he met the daughter of Spilberg, he is a qualified painter, Adriana Spilberg. They were married in 1697, and in 1698 John William presented van der Neer's position as a head painter in his court. Van der Neer settled in Dusseldorf and stayed there for the last few years of his life.

During his time in Amsterdam and Rotterdam, van der Neer's main painting genre scenes and portraits reveal an astonishing variety of styles. The performance of his indoor scene was influenced by Peter de Hoche, Gerrard's three Bo Chuang, and van Mieris of. Van der Neer's only mythological and biblical scenes are numbered. Early examples are very similar to his style scenes and figures in contemporary interior design exhibition. Later, in Brussels and Dusseldorf, van der Neer set his historical scene outdoors, with landscape environment. In these paintings, he followed the example of Adam Elsheimer. His pure landscape, not from the source of literature data, shows the influence of other styles, such as Yang Bruegel elders, and Jacques de Arthois. Most van der Neer's paintings are small, his style is highly finished. However, he can work on a large scale, and then will adjust his painting style.

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