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库兹马.彼得罗夫Kuzma Petrov-Vodkin

库兹马.彼得罗夫Kuzma Petrov-Vodkin(1878年11月5日——1939年2月15日),俄罗斯画家、作家。

人物关系
  • 中文名库兹马.彼得罗夫
  • 外文名Kuzma Petrov-Vodkin
  • 性别
  • 国籍俄罗斯
  • 出生地赫瓦伦斯克
  • 出生日期1878年11月5日
  • 逝世日期1939年2月15日
  • 职业画家、作家
相关作品更多
早年生活

库兹马彼得罗夫- Vodkin出生于赫瓦伦斯克(萨拉托夫州)进入家庭本地的鞋匠。他第一次接触到艺术在他童年时代的早期,当他花了一些经验教训,从一对夫妇的图标画家和一个招牌的。尽管如此,彼得罗夫,Vodkin并没有完全看到自己在当时的艺术; 初中毕业后,他花了一个夏天的工作在一个小船厂,并计划进入铁路在大学萨马拉。没有他的考试结束后,他就以“艺术类费奥多尔波罗夫 ”1896年

1895年4月,波罗夫死亡,一段时间彼得罗夫- Vodkin萨拉托夫附近采取了不同的绘画工作。一次偶然的机会,他的母亲的雇主邀请了著名的建筑师,R.梅尔策。彼得罗夫- Vodkin被介绍给来宾和打动了他够得邀请在学习艺术圣彼得堡。教育是由当地商人之间的慈善资金认购。他还会见了在这个时候鲍里索夫- Musatov的重要画家居住在萨拉托夫,谁鼓励彼得罗夫- Vodkin继续他的学业。

彼得罗夫- Vodkin留在圣彼得堡1895年至1897年在研究男爵Stieglits学校,移动到前绘画,雕塑与建筑学院莫斯科。有彼得罗夫- Vodkin是学生瓦伦丁·谢罗夫,伊萨克列维坦,尤其是康斯坦柯罗文。1901年,他前往慕尼黑搭班与安东Ažbe。

他毕业于1904年。

独立工作开始(1899年至1912年)
而在巴黎在1906年他相识结婚玛丽亚·约万诺维奇(1885-1960),塞尔维亚移民酒店和人员的女儿。她仍然是他的终身伴侣。他们有两个女儿,其中一个夭折[未经证实。

即使他在大学里,彼得罗夫,Vodkin设法进入与冲突的俄罗斯东正教会,其丢弃在萨马拉教堂他的工作,并最终摧毁了它是不可接受的。他的一些早期作品被认为过于色情。他的第一个知名的作品是梦(1910年),这引发了当代俄罗斯艺术家之间的讨论。这幅画的主力后卫是亚历山大BENOIS ;他的主要批评者是伊利亚列宾(因此,彼得罗夫,Vodkin是由两个当时的俄罗斯主要画家讨论)。当时其他主要作品包括男孩在玩耍,而且,值得注意的是,一个赤兔马的沐浴,(1912年)他最具代表性的作品-的未来社会变革的象征。[1]后者成为一个经典的瞬间,而且,从某种意义上讲,商标为艺术家。

在这个阶段在他的艺术发展,彼得罗夫,Vodkin广泛使用的东正教图标的审美与明亮的色彩和不同寻常的组合在一起。他的作品经常被视为亵渎神明和色情。

成熟度(1912-1928)
从1924年至1926年彼得罗夫- Vodkin住在法国与他的家人。1922年,他画的俄罗斯诗人的肖像安娜·阿赫玛托娃。

在他早些年,彼得罗夫,Vodkin开发了他的“ 球形透视 ”:一个独特的风味歪曲图纸为代表观众足够高,以实际看到地球的球形曲线。

他用它广泛通过他的作品像一个政委的死亡和火线狙击,使观察者似乎更加遥远,但实际上接近。据认为,这种扭曲已经在建拜占庭式的视角 -在肖像使用倒置的观点。

彼得罗夫- Vodkin用于时间深色调,但他的画变得更细。他开始画静物和肖像,辞去他以前的主题渐行渐远。

从苏联政府的帮助下,他做了整个苏联好几趟,产生许多作品以达到教育目的。
 

后期经历

1927年,彼得罗夫,Vodkin染上肺结核,不得不缩减画了好几年。他转向文学,写了三个主要的半自传体量,赫瓦伦斯克,欧几里德的空间和Samarkandia。其中前两个被认为与当时的最优秀的俄罗斯文学相提并论。

1932年春,中国共产党中央委员会下令,所有现有的文学艺术团体和组织应解散,与创意专业的统一的协会所取代。因此,艺术家的列宁格勒联盟成立1932年8月,这带来了革命后的艺术史有着密切2。苏联艺术的时代开始了。彼得罗夫 - Vodkin当选艺术家的列宁格勒联盟在1932年的第一位总统。

彼得罗夫-Vodkin在此期间的其他重要作品包括1919年报警。(1934年)。

1939年2月,彼得罗夫,Vodkin中死于肺结核列宁格勒
直到60年代中期,彼得罗夫,Vodkin在苏联差点忘了他的绘画缩减后向着写作。

彼得罗夫 - Vodkin著作在20世纪70年代被重新发布到一个大获好评,忽视经过长时间。他最著名的文学作品是3自出自传中篇:“Khlynovsk”,“欧氏空间”和“Samarcandia”。这些二是特别重要的,因为它传递彼得罗夫 - Vodkin世界观作为非常详细的艺术家。

彼得罗夫-Vodkin的作品最大的集是在俄罗斯博物馆在圣彼得堡,在那里,截至2012年,整个房间的常设展览是专门用来画家。一个纪念博物馆还设置了彼得罗夫,Vodkin在他在赫瓦伦斯克的家乡建造了他父母的房子。它显示其他赫瓦伦斯克画家选择他的作品,以及作品。
 

Early life

Kuzma Petrov Vodkin was born in Hector khvalynsk (Saratov) into the family of a local shoemaker. He first came into contact with art in his early childhood, when he took some lessons from a couple of icon painters and a signboard. Nevertheless, Petrov, Vodkin did not fully see himself at the time of the arts; after graduating from junior high school, he spent a summer working in a small shipyard, and plans to enter the railway at the University of Samarra. He did not have the exam after the end of the art of Fedor Polo 1896
In April 1895, the death of, a period of time in the vicinity of Vodkin - Petrov took a different painting. By chance, his mother's employer invited the famous architect, R. Mel. Petrov - Vodkin was introduced to the guests and moved him enough to invite in studying art in St Petersburg. Education is funded by charitable funds between local businessmen. He also met at this time Borisov - Musatov, an important painter living in Saratov, who encouraged Petrov - Vodkin to continue his studies.
Petrov - Vodkin stayed in St Petersburg from 1895 to 1897 at the school of Baron Stieglits, moving to the former Academy of painting, sculpture and architecture. Petrov Vodkin is a student of Valentin Serov, Isaacs Levitan, especially Konstantin Co Rowan. In 1901, he went to Munich to assist with Anton A Z be.
He graduated in 1904.
Independent work starts (1899 to 1912)
While in Paris in 1906 he met Maria Jovanovic (1885-1960), the daughter of the Serbia immigrant Hotel and staff. She's still his life partner. They had two daughters, one of whom died.
Even if he is Petrov in the University, Vodkin, managed to get into conflict with the Russian Orthodox Church, the Church of Samarra to abandon work in his, and eventually destroyed it is not acceptable. Some of his early works were considered too erotic. His first known work was the dream (1910), which sparked a discussion among contemporary Russian artists. This picture is the main defender Alexander BENOIS; his main critic is Ilya Repin (hence, Petrov Vodkin, is discussed by two at the time of the main Russian painter). The other major works include the boy in the play, but it is worth noting that a red horse bath (1912), a symbol of his most representative works - the future of social change. [1] the latter becomes a classic moment, and, in a sense, a trademark for an artist.
At this stage in his artistic development, Petrov, widely used Vodkin ORTHODOX ICON aesthetic with bright colors and unusual together. His work is often regarded as blasphemy and pornography.
Maturity (1912-1928)
From 1924 to 1926 Petrov - Vodkin lived in France with his family. In 1922, he painted the portrait of the Russian poet Anna Akhmatova.
In his early years, Petrov, Vodkin developed his "spherical perspective": a unique flavor of distorted drawings to represent the audience high enough to actually see the earth's spherical curve.
He used it extensively through his works and death in the line of fire like a political commissar of the observer, which seems to be more distant, but actually close. It is believed that this distortion has been built in the Byzantine perspective - the inverted view of the use of portraits.
Petrov - Vodkin is used for deep shades of time, but his paintings become thinner. He began painting still life and portraits, he resigned from the previous theme ".
With the help of the Soviet Union, he made several trips to the Soviet Union and produced many works to achieve the purpose of education.

Post experience

In 1927, Petrov, Vodkin infected with tuberculosis, had to cut down for several years. He turned to literature, wrote three major semi autobiographical volumes, khvalynsk Euclidean space and Samarkandia. The top two are considered to be at the same time as the best Russian literature.
In the spring of 1932, the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China ordered that all existing literary and artistic groups and organizations should be dissolved and replaced by a unified association of creative professionals. Therefore, the Leningrad Artists Alliance was founded in August 1932, which brought a revolution in the history of art is closely 2. The Soviet era began. Petrov Vodkin was elected as the first artist of the Leningrad alliance president in 1932.
Petrov -Vodkin other important works during this period include 1919 alarm. (1934).
In February 1939, Petrov Vodkin, died of tuberculosis in Leningrad
Until the middle of the 60s, Petrov, Vodkin in the Soviet Union almost forgot his painting to the writing.
Petrov - Vodkin works in 1970s was re released to a great acclaim, ignored after a long time. He is the most famous literary works from the 3 autobiography: "Khlynovsk", "Euclidean space" and "Samarcandia". These two are particularly important as it delivers the Petrov Vodkin worldview as a very detailed artist.
The largest collection of works by Petrov -Vodkin is in the Russian Museum in St Petersburg, where, as of 2012, the permanent exhibition of the entire room is devoted to painters. A memorial museum is set in Petrov Vodkin, he built his parents' house in khvalynsk hometown. It shows that other khvalynsk painters choose his works, and works.

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