安妮·弗朗索瓦·路易Anne-François-Louis Janmot

安妮·弗朗索瓦·路易Anne-François-Louis Janmot是一位法国画家和诗人。代表作品《诗的灵魂》

  • 中文名安妮·弗朗索瓦·路易
  • 外文名Anne-François-Louis Janmot
  • 性别
  • 国籍法国
  • 出生地里昂
  • 出生日期1814年5月21日-
  • 逝世日期1892年6月1日
  • 职业画家、诗人
  • 毕业院校里昂美术学院
  • 代表作品《诗的灵魂》
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中文介绍

早期

Janmot出生在里昂、法国的天主教父母是虔诚。他非常感动他的弟弟的死亡在1823年和1829年他的姐妹们。他成为了皇家学院的学生里昂,他遇到了弗雷德里克Ozanam他的哲学教授和其他追随者,阿贝Noirot。1831年,他考入了美术学院里昂,一年之后,他获得了最高荣誉,金色的桂冠。1833年,他来到巴黎参加绘画课程维克多OrselJean-Auguste-Dominique安格尔里昂与其他画家,他进入了圣文森特德保罗的社会1835年,他去了罗马克劳迪斯Lavergne,让-巴蒂斯特·Frenet和其他学生和满足希波吕忒Flandrin.

1836年他回到里昂后,Janmot会吸引的评论家的注意巴黎沙龙开展大规模的绘画等宗教灵感的复活寡妇的儿子拿(1839)或基督在客西马尼(1840)。1845年之后,他引起了的兴趣查尔斯。波德莱尔与他的画花的字段让他获得1846年的沙龙。讯息Gautier印象深刻的肖像Lacordaire(1846)。但失败的他的诗的灵魂环球展览1855让他失望了。那一年他娶了利奥妮Saint-Paulet 12月,从一个贵族家庭Carpentras.

1856年,Janmot获得一个委员会来描绘了一幅壁画(自毁)表示最后的晚餐教堂的圣公元。其他订单跟踪,包括装饰教堂的圆顶的圣弗朗西斯德赛尔斯教堂和市政厅,被他的朋友建筑师t·德斯贾丁斯翻新。他被任命为美术学院的教授。

在巴黎和土伦

令人惊讶的是,1861年Janmot搬到巴黎后承诺圣奥古斯丁教堂委员会,但三年后这个项目被放弃了。在经历重大家庭和金融问题,Janmot接受Arcueil多米尼加学校的教授职位。那时,在他的家乡Bagneux,他让他的家人的许多肖像(目前只有照片)。

她的第七个孩子出生后1870年8月,他的妻子死于Bagneux。当普鲁士军队接近并占领了他的家,他逃到阿尔及尔与他的继父和风景画。他返回第二年6月在巴黎和过着孤独的生活。他的房子在Bagneux洗劫过。1878年,他的湿壁画产生的方济各会教堂圣地,但这项工作之后,任何进一步的秩序。

面对家庭和增加金融问题,Janmot来到土伦,尽管一些订单(新画像Lacordaire(1878年,凡尔赛宫博物馆),罗塞尔(Saint-Germain-en-Laye,1880),殉难圣克里斯汀(Sollies-Pont1882年),他过着退休的生活。他完成了这首诗的第二部分的灵魂守护和前工业Felix Thiollier愿意出版。

Janmot嫁给了一个以前的学生,1885年,安托瓦内特Currat,返回里昂。他使木炭图画的主题黑社会,它可以被视为一种延续的诗的灵魂,包括炼狱结束(1885)和(1888)。1887年发表在里昂和巴黎在500页的书《对一个艺术家对艺术的看法,包括以前Janmot写的文章。五年后他去世,享年78岁。

艺术风格

 

L 'Assomption de la Vierge

Janmot一直被视为图之间的一个过渡浪漫主义象征意义中看,法国的一部分拉菲尔前派的兄弟会,羡慕他的工作Puvis de通知,Odilon贺东,莫里斯·丹尼斯.[1]

就像Jean-Hippolyte Flandrin从里昂和安格尔的学生,另一个画家,Janmot许多教堂装饰委员会进行。在他的画中安格尔的完美的完成结合神秘主义,在他同时代的人的工作有相似之处拿撒勒拉斐尔前派艺术家.[1]

英文介绍

Janmot was born in Lyon, France of Catholic parents who were deeply religious. He was extremely moved by the death of his brother in 1823 and his sisters in 1829. He became a student at the Royal College of Lyon where he met Frederic Ozanam and other followers of his philosophy professor, Abbe Noirot. In 1831 he was admitted to the École des Beaux-Arts de Lyon and a year later, he won the highest honor, the Golden Laurel. In 1833, he came to Paris to take painting lessons from Victor Orsel and Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres. With other Lyon painters, he entered the Society of St. Vincent de Paul. In 1835, he went to Rome with Claudius Lavergne, Jean-Baptiste Frenet and other students and met Hippolyte Flandrin.

After his return to Lyon in 1836, Janmot would attract the attention of critics of the Salon de Paris in conducting large-scale paintings with religious inspiration such as The Resurrection of the son of the widow of Nain (1839) or Christ in Gethsemane (1840). After 1845, he attracted the interest of Charles Baudelaire with his painting Flower of the Fields that allowed him to access to the Salon of 1846. Theophile Gautier was impressed by his Portrait of Lacordaire (1846). But the failure of his Poem of the Soul at theUniversal Exhibition of 1855 disappointed him. In December of that year he married Leonie Saint-Paulet, from a noble family in Carpentras.

In 1856, Janmot obtained a commission to paint a fresco (since destroyed) representing the Last Supper for the church of St. Polycarp. Other orders followed, including the decoration of the dome of the Church of St. Francis de Sales and for the town hall that had been renovated by his friend the architect T. Desjardins. He was then appointed professor at the École des Beaux-Arts.

In Paris and Toulon[edit]

Surprisingly, Janmot moved to Paris in 1861 after having been promised a commission for the Church of St. Augustine, but this project was abandoned three years later. In experiencing significant family and financial problems, Janmot accepted a professorship at the Dominican School of Arcueil. At that time, in his home in Bagneux, he made many portraits of the members of his family (only photographs are currently available).

After the birth of her seventh child in August 1870, his wife died in Bagneux. While the Prussian troops approached and occupied his home, he fled to Algiers with his stepfather and made landscape paintings. He returned in June of the following year in Paris and led a solitary life. His house in Bagneux had been looted. In 1878, he produced a fresco in the chapel of the Franciscans in the Holy Land, but this work was followed by any further order.

Faced with family and increasing financial problems, Janmot came to Toulon, and despite some orders (new Portrait of Lacordaire (1878, Museum of Versailles), Rosaire (Saint-Germain-en-Laye, 1880), Martyrdom of St. Christine (Solliès-Pont, 1882), he lived a retired life. He finished the second part of the Poem of the Soul that the patron and former industrial Félix Thiollier was willing to publish.

In 1885, Janmot married a former student, Antoinette Currat, and returned to Lyon. He made charcoal drawings on the theme of the underworld, which can be regarded as a kind of continuation of the Poem of the Soul, including Purgatory (1885) and The End of Time (1888). In 1887 was published in Lyon and Paris an over 500-page book entitled Opinion of an artist on art and includes articles previously written by Janmot. He died five years later at the age of 78.

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