奥古斯特・马克August Macke（1887年1月- 1914年9月26日)是德国的主要成员之一表现主义集团(蓝骑士)。他住在一个特别创新的时间对德国艺术:他看到主要的德国表现主义运动的发展以及连续的前卫运动,这是他们的到来在欧洲其他国家形成。像一个真正的艺术家,Macke知道如何融入他的画前卫的元素,最感兴趣的他。
罗伯特·路德维希Macke 8月出生在德国1887年1月3日Meschede,威斯特法利亚。他是唯一的儿子八月弗里德里希·赫尔曼Macke(1845 - 1904),一个建筑承包商和业余艺术家,和他的妻子玛丽亚佛罗伦萨,娘家姓的阿道夫,(1848 - 1922),他来自一个农民家庭在威斯特法利亚的Sauerland地区。8月出生后不久家庭定居在科隆,在Macke当时教育Kreuzgymnasium(1897 - 1900),成为汉斯Thuar的一个朋友,他也会成为一个艺术家。1900年,当他十三岁时,全家搬到了波恩,Macke Realgymnasium和研究成为沃尔特格哈特和格哈特氏姐姐的一个朋友,伊丽莎白,他将几年后结婚。
第一个艺术作品让人眼前一亮的男孩被他父亲的图纸,他的朋友收集的日本版画Thuar的父亲和鲁迅的作品阿诺德Bocklin '他看到访问1900年巴塞尔协议。1904年Macke的父亲死了,当年Macke进入Kunstakademie杜塞尔多夫下,阿道夫Maennchen(1904 - 1906)。在此期间他也采取了夜校在弗里茨·赫尔穆特•Ehmke(1905),做了一些工作的舞台和服装设计师Schauspielhaus杜塞尔多夫,参观了意大利北部(1905)和荷兰、比利时和英国(1906)。
1912年Rokoko,油画,89 x 89厘米,国家博物馆的艺术、建筑和设计、挪威
Robert Ludwig Macke was born in Germany in August January 3, 1887 Meschede, Mr Faria. He is the only son of August Friedrich Herman Macke (1845 - 1904), a building contractor and amateur artist, and his wife Maria Florence, nee Adolf, (1848 - 1922), he came from a peasant family in the Faria Sauerland area. Shortly after his birth in August, the family settled in Cologne, where Macke was educated at Kreuzgymnasium (1897 - 1900) and became a friend of Hans Thuar, who would also become an artist. In 1900, when he was thirteen years old, the family moved to Bonn, Macke and Realgymnasium research has become a friend, Walter Gerhardt and sister Gerhard S Elizabeth, he will get married after a few years.
One of the first works of art to make a bright boy was his father's drawings, his friends collected by the Japanese prints of Thuar's father and Lu Xun's works by Bocklin, he saw a visit to the Basel agreement of 1900. Macke's father died in 1904, when Macke entered Kunstakademie Dusseldorf, Adolf Maennchen (1904 - 1906). During this period he also took classes in Fritz Helmut Ehmke (1905), has done some work in the stage and costume designer Schauspielhaus Dusseldorf, visited northern Italy (1905) and Holland, Belgium and the UK (1906).1912 Rokoko, oil painting, 89 x, 89 cm, National Museum of art, architecture and design, Norway
Walking the tightrope, 1913 after Macke most of the creative life of Bonn, in addition to some time spent in Lake Thun in Switzerland and a variety of trips to Paris, Italy and tunisia. During his first trip to Paris in 1907, Macke saw the work of an impressionist painter shortly after he went to Berlin and spent months in Rovis Corinto's studio. His style is French Impressionism and the formation of Post-impressionism within the model was later experienced by the period of the period of the painters of the wild. He married Elizabeth Gerhard in 1909. In 1910, through his friendship with Franz Mark, Kandinsky and Macke met for a period of time the number of non shared aesthetic and mysterious and symbolic interests Der objective.
Macke's meeting with Robert Delaunay in Paris in 1912 was an inspiration for him. The Apollinaire of the Delaunay color Cubism, called Orpheus, from this point, the influence of Macke art. His shop window can be considered a personal interpretation of the Delaunay window, combined with the image found in Italy futurism.
Tunisia's exotic atmosphere, Macke travel April 1914 Paul Klee and Louis Moilliet is the basic method to create luminist his last period, during this period, he created a series of works is now considered a masterpiece. In August, Macke's works can be considered expressionism (in the original German prosperity in 1905 to 1925), as a part of fauvism. Painting focuses on the expression of emotions and emotions rather than the representation of objective reality, the distortion of the usual colors and forms.
Macke occupation career was cut short his early death in second months of the first World War in front of champagne, France, September 26, 1914. His last painting, farewell depicts a pessimistic mood, after the outbreak of the war to resolve. It was also the same year that he painted a famous oil painting, Turkisches cafe in Munich (1914).