奥古斯特.马克August Macke

( 表现主义集团 )

    奥古斯特・马克August Macke(1887年1月- 1914年9月26日)是德国的主要成员之一表现主义集团(蓝骑士)。他住在一个特别创新的时间对德国艺术:他看到主要的德国表现主义运动的发展以及连续的前卫运动,这是他们的到来在欧洲其他国家形成。像一个真正的艺术家,Macke知道如何融入他的画前卫的元素,最感兴趣的他。

  • 中文名奥古斯特.马克
  • 外文名August Macke
  • 性别
  • 国籍德国
  • 出生地德国
  • 出生日期1887年1月3日
  • 逝世日期1914年9月26日
  • 职业绘画家
  • 代表作品《The artist's wife in blue hat》,《Tightrope walker》
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文艺研究当下任务应当聚焦何处?毫无疑问,除了其基本的专业性职能外,那就是把“巩固马克思主义在意识形态领域的指导地位”落到实处,为“巩固全党全国人民团结奋斗的共同思想基础”贡献力量运用...
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生活

罗伯特·路德维希Macke 8月出生在德国1887年1月3日Meschede,威斯特法利亚。他是唯一的儿子八月弗里德里希·赫尔曼Macke(1845 - 1904),一个建筑承包商和业余艺术家,和他的妻子玛丽亚罗伦萨,娘家姓的阿道夫,(1848 - 1922),他来自一个农民家庭在威斯特法利亚的Sauerland地区。8月出生后不久家庭定居在科隆,在Macke当时教育Kreuzgymnasium(1897 - 1900),成为汉斯Thuar的一个朋友,他也会成为一个艺术家。1900年,当他十三岁时,全家搬到了波恩,Macke Realgymnasium和研究成为沃尔特格哈特和格哈特氏姐姐的一个朋友,伊丽莎白,他将几年后结婚。

第一个艺术作品让人眼前一亮的男孩被他父亲的图纸,他的朋友收集的日本版画Thuar的父亲和鲁迅的作品阿诺德Bocklin '他看到访问1900年巴塞尔协议。1904年Macke的父亲死了,当年Macke进入Kunstakademie杜塞尔多夫下,阿道夫Maennchen(1904 - 1906)。在此期间他也采取了夜校在弗里茨·赫尔穆特•Ehmke(1905),做了一些工作的舞台和服装设计师Schauspielhaus杜塞尔多夫,参观了意大利北部(1905)和荷兰、比利时和英国(1906)。

职业生涯

 1912年Rokoko,油画,89 x 89厘米,国家博物馆的艺术、建筑和设计、挪威
 走钢丝,1913此后Macke一生大部分创造性的生活波恩,除了一些时间花在图恩湖在瑞士和各种前往巴黎,意大利荷兰和突尼斯。在巴黎,他在1907年第一次旅行,Macke看到的工作印象派画家后不久,他去柏林和花了几个月洛维斯哥林多的工作室。他的风格是法国印象派和模式内形成的Post-impressionism后来经历了野兽派画家时期。在1909年他娶了伊丽莎白格哈特。1910年,通过他的友谊弗朗兹马克,Macke遇到了康定斯基和一段时间共享非客观的审美和的神秘和象征性利益Der数.

Macke的会见罗伯特·德劳内1912年在巴黎为他是一种启示。德劳内的彩色立体主义,这Apollinaire召俄耳甫斯主义从这一点开始,影响Macke的艺术。他的商店窗户可以被认为是一个个人的解释德劳内的窗口,结合图像的同时发现在意大利未来主义.

突尼斯的异国情调的氛围,Macke旅行1914年4月保罗克利路易Moilliet是基本的创建luminist的方法他最后的时期,在此期间他创作了一系列的作品现在被认为是杰作。8月Macke的作品可以被认为是表现主义(在原德国的繁荣在1905年到1925年之间),也作为野兽派的一部分。绘画主要集中在表达情感和情绪而不是再现客观现实,通常颜色和形式的扭曲。

Macke职业生涯的剪短了他早期死亡的第二个月第一次世界大战在前面香槟,法国,1914年9月26日。他最后的绘画,告别描绘了悲观的情绪,在战争爆发后解决。这也是同年,他画了著名的油画,Turkisches咖啡馆在慕尼黑(1914)。
 

English Introduction

Robert Ludwig Macke was born in Germany in August January 3, 1887 Meschede, Mr Faria. He is the only son of August Friedrich Herman Macke (1845 - 1904), a building contractor and amateur artist, and his wife Maria Florence, nee Adolf, (1848 - 1922), he came from a peasant family in the Faria Sauerland area. Shortly after his birth in August, the family settled in Cologne, where Macke was educated at Kreuzgymnasium (1897 - 1900) and became a friend of Hans Thuar, who would also become an artist. In 1900, when he was thirteen years old, the family moved to Bonn, Macke and Realgymnasium research has become a friend, Walter Gerhardt and sister Gerhard S Elizabeth, he will get married after a few years.
One of the first works of art to make a bright boy was his father's drawings, his friends collected by the Japanese prints of Thuar's father and Lu Xun's works by Bocklin, he saw a visit to the Basel agreement of 1900. Macke's father died in 1904, when Macke entered Kunstakademie Dusseldorf, Adolf Maennchen (1904 - 1906). During this period he also took classes in Fritz Helmut Ehmke (1905), has done some work in the stage and costume designer Schauspielhaus Dusseldorf, visited northern Italy (1905) and Holland, Belgium and the UK (1906).1912 Rokoko, oil painting, 89 x, 89 cm, National Museum of art, architecture and design, Norway
Walking the tightrope, 1913 after Macke most of the creative life of Bonn, in addition to some time spent in Lake Thun in Switzerland and a variety of trips to Paris, Italy and tunisia. During his first trip to Paris in 1907, Macke saw the work of an impressionist painter shortly after he went to Berlin and spent months in Rovis Corinto's studio. His style is French Impressionism and the formation of Post-impressionism within the model was later experienced by the period of the period of the painters of the wild. He married Elizabeth Gerhard in 1909. In 1910, through his friendship with Franz Mark, Kandinsky and Macke met for a period of time the number of non shared aesthetic and mysterious and symbolic interests Der objective.
Macke's meeting with Robert Delaunay in Paris in 1912 was an inspiration for him. The Apollinaire of the Delaunay color Cubism, called Orpheus, from this point, the influence of Macke art. His shop window can be considered a personal interpretation of the Delaunay window, combined with the image found in Italy futurism.
Tunisia's exotic atmosphere, Macke travel April 1914 Paul Klee and Louis Moilliet is the basic method to create luminist his last period, during this period, he created a series of works is now considered a masterpiece. In August, Macke's works can be considered expressionism (in the original German prosperity in 1905 to 1925), as a part of fauvism. Painting focuses on the expression of emotions and emotions rather than the representation of objective reality, the distortion of the usual colors and forms.
Macke occupation career was cut short his early death in second months of the first World War in front of champagne, France, September 26, 1914. His last painting, farewell depicts a pessimistic mood, after the outbreak of the war to resolve. It was also the same year that he painted a famous oil painting, Turkisches cafe in Munich (1914).
 

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